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my deportment was just the same, as if I had been no such man; for first, I knew that I was but thy steward and minister, and placed there to serve thee and those ends which thou proposedst in my preferment, and not to serve myself, much less my paflions or corruptions. And further, I very well and practically knew, that place, and honour, and preferment, are things extrinsical, and have no ingredience / into the man : his value and estimate before, and under, and after his greatness

, is still the fame in itself, as the coun. ter that now stands for a penny, anon før fix pence, anon for twelve pence, is still the fame counter, though its place and extrinsical denomination be changed. ba 5. I improved the opportunity of my place, eminence, and greatness to serve thee and my country in it, with all vigilance, diligence, and fidelity : 1 protected, countenanced, and encouraged thy worship, name, day, people; I did faithfully execute justice according to that station I had, I rescued the oppressed from the cruelty, malice, and insolence of their oppreffors; I cleared the innocent from unjust calumnies and reproaches ; I was instrumental to place those in offices, places, and employments of trust and consequence, that were honest and faithful ; I removed those that were dishonest, irreligious, false, or unjust; I did discountenance, and as they justly fell under the verge of the law, I punished profane, turbulent, atheistical, licentious persons. My greatness was a shelter to virtue and goodness, and a terror to vice and irreligion ; 1 interposed to cool the ferocity and violence of others against good men, upon mistake or flight and inconsiderable differences: in fum, I fo used my place and greatness, and so carried myself in all things, as if all the while I had seen Thee, the great Master of all the families in heaven and earth standing by me. I often consulted my instructions, by Thy written Word, and the impartial answers of my conseience, and I strictly pursued it; and when I found myself at any time at a loss, by rea19. form no essential ingredient in the composition of the man.


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son of the difficulty and perplexity of emergencies, I did in an especial manner apply ınyself unto Thee for advice and direction.

17. Touching my REPUTATION and credit. 1. I never affected the reputation of being rich, great, crafty, politic; but I esteemed much a deserved repu. tation of justice, honesty, integrity, virtue, and piety,

2. I never thought that reputation was the thing primarily to be looked after in the exercise of virtue; for that were to affect the fubstance for the fake of the shadow, which had been a kind of levity and impotence of mind: but I looked at virtue, and the worth of it, as that which was the first desirable, and reputation as a handfome and useful accession to it.

3. The reputation of justice and honesty I'was always careful to keep untainted, upon these grounds; 1. Because a blemish in my reputation would be difhonourable to Thee. 2. It would be an abufe of a talent which Thou hadît committed to me. 3. It would be a weakning of an instrument which Thou hadst put into my hands, upon the strength whereof much good might be done by me,

4. I found both in myself and others, a good reputation had these two great advantages in it; 1. In respect of the party that had it, it was a handsome incentive to virtue, and did strengthen the vigilance and care of them that had it to preserve it. There is a certain honest worth and delight in it, that adds fomewhat to the care and jealousy of good minds not rafhly to lose it. The value and worth of virtue, though it far exceeds the value of that reputation that ariseth from it, yet it is more Platonic and spiritual, and hath not always that impression upon us, as the sense of our reputation hath; and I always looked upon it as no small evidence of thy wisdom in governing men, in adding a kind of external fplendor and glory to goodness and virtu”, which might be, and is a means to preserve the other, as the thell or husk to preserve a kernel,

2. In respect of others, because it is both an allurement to the practice of that virtue which attends, and also gives a man a fairer opportunity, and strength to exercise any worthy and good actions for the good of others. A man of a deserved reputation, hath oftentimes an opportunity to do that good which another wants, and may practise it with more security and fuccefs.

5. These temptations I always found attending a fair reputation, and I still watched and declined them as pests and cankers. 1. Pride and vain-glory; I esteemed this as that which would spoil and deface, not only my soul, but even that very reputation which I had acquired. There is nothing sooner undoes reputation, than the pride and vain-glory that a man takes in it. 2. Idleness and remissness, when a man begins to think that he hath such a stock thereof, that he may now sit still, and with the rich man in the Gospel, please himfelf that he hath enough laid up for many years, and therefore he at once itarves both his goodness and reputation. 3. A daring to adventure upon some very ill action, upon a secret and deceitful confidence in his reputation, thinking now he hath acquired such a stock of reputation, that he may with fecrecy, and safety, and success, adventure upon any thing, in confidence that his reputation will bear him out. 4. A man of great reputation shall be fure, by those in power, to be put upon actions that may serve turn: This is the devil's skill; for if he carry it out upon the strength of his reputation, the devil makes the very result of virtue and worth the instrument of injustice and villany; but if he miscarry, the devil hath

got his end upon him, in that he hath blasted him, and wounded Thy honour, which suffers in his disreputation. 5. A great reputation, and the sense of it, and delight in it, is apt to put a man upon any shifts, though never so unhandsome to support it. 6. It makes a man of. tentimes over-timorous in doing that which is good and just, least be should suffer in his reputation with some party, whose concernment may lie in it. 7. It is apt to make a man impatient of any the least blemish that may be causelessly cast upon him, and to sink under it. Å man of great reputation, and (who) lets his heart upon it, is desperately sensible of any thing that may wound it. Therefore,


6. Though I have loved my reputation, and have been vigilant not to lose or impair it by my own default or neglect; yet I have looked upon it as a brittle thing, a thing that the devil aims to hit in a special manner, a thing that is much in the power of a falle report, a mistake, a inisapprehension to wound and hurt; notwithstanding all my care, I am at the mercy of others, without God's wonderful over-ruling providence. And as my reputation is the esteem that others have of me, so that esteem may be blemished without my default. I have therefore always taken this care, not to fet my heart upon my reputation, I will use all fidelity and honesty, and take care it shall not be loft by any default of mine ; and if, notwithstanding all this, my reputation. be foiled by evil or envious men or angels, I will patiently bear it, and content myself with the serenity of my own conscience: Hic murus abeneus esiol.

7. When thy honour, or the good of my country was concerned, I then thought it was a seasonable time to lay out my reputation for the advantage of either, and to act it, and by and upon it, to the highest, in the use of all lawful means; and upon such an occafion the counsel of Mordecai to Hefter was my encouragement 2. Who knoweth whether God hath given thee this reputation and esteem for fuch a time as this? I Let conscience be as a wall of brass.

• Hester 5.






1. Any man that compares the perfection of the buman nature with that of the animal nature, will easily find a far greater excellence in the former than in the latter : For, 1. The faculties of the former are more sublime and noble. 2. The very external fabric of the former much more beautiful and fuller of majesty than the latter. 3. The latter seems to be in a very great measure ordained in subserviency to the former ; some for his food, some for clothing, fome for use and service, some for delight. 4. All the inferior animals seem to be placed under the discipline, regiment, and order of mankind ; so that he brings them all, or the most of them, under his order or subjection.

2. It is therefore just and reasonable for us to think, that if the inferior animals have a kind of felicity or bappiness attending their being, and fuitable to it, that much more man, the nobler being, should not be deftitute of any Happiness attending his being, and suitable

3. But rather confequently, that man, being the nobler creature, should not only have an Happiness as well as inferior animals, but he should have it placed in fome more noble and excellent rank and kind than that wherein the brutes have their Happiness placed. 4. It is plain that the inferior animals bave a Happic


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