Obrazy na stronie

of the navy

102 Piague

ib Razee


Letler gen. Dearhorn's to the Meigs, Fort 81 190 210 212 243 Picture of a soldier's life 166, Surveyor, the cutter

193 239
scretary at War
200 271 305 371 387 Pierce, John, murder of 73 Swanton

362 271 305 Mediation for peace 53 59 Pilkin, Mr. his resolution 258 Swedish manifesto

sec. of war to the gov.
Mediation of Russia, respecto
Pike, gen. 2. N. 225 304 358


of Maryland
219 ing the 3 5 8 100182

eulogy on

228 Sweden and Denmark 4.3
Messrs. Dorsey & Mar.

159 200 337 342 331

general order


tin to do.
378 402 the trigate

374 Taylor, gen.

gen. Levis to general Mexico, the war in 48 120 248 Platısburg. 388 402, 403 Teazer, the 308 325 354

280 313 392 408 Plaster of Paris

408 Tennessee volunteers 223
com. Chatincey to sec. Messages of the President 201 Powhaten, the ship voyage of 51 Terrible, the

of the Navy

404 421 -on the British order, Oc Pope, the, his concord at with


- grn. Brown to governor

tober 26


110 Tonnage, how to ascertain it 64

241 Mellish, extract from 199 Presidents speech 15-mes- Tonquin, ship loss of the 267
the sec. at war 260 Message of the gov. of Ma- sage 201 358--proclama-

Torpedoes 293 325 326 337
gen. Lewis to the sec. ryland 204 218–of Vir- tion for a fast


344 365 401
at war
271 ginia
206 President and Belvidera 51 Travis, capt.

278 404
lient. Budd to the sec. Merino sheep

218 President frigate

181 Trappings of royalty 220
290 Merchants bonds
55 Preston, col.

260 Traitors

177 189 259 288
com, Cassin to the same 291 Miami rapids, map of 314 Private armed vessels 267 358

322 386 401 403
292 Military proinotions 13 100 132

362 True Blooded Yankee priv'r 117
gen. Pike to his father 304


65 Prisoners, respecting the ex- Treasury Report 236 362
maj. Crutchfield to the Militia, captains orders 304

change or 45 195 22: 245 323 Treaty of Utrecht

gov. of Virginia 309 Militia of the U.S.


the usage of 71 102 117 Troup, Mr. in reply to Mr.

capt. Cooper to the lt.
Miller, gen.

161 163 223 263 289

gov. of do.
310 334 Mississippi river 344 392

304 338 370 385 Treaties of Sweden

gen. Taylor to the sec. Monsters at Hanfiton

332 Proctor, gen.
238 "Tug of war"

at War
324 Mobile 132 209 223 239 Prospect of peace

112 Tyrie, David

com, Lewis to the sec. Moore capt. S. H.

193 Prussian manifesto


of the Diary
326 Montgoniery privateer

359 Uniform of officers

Dr. Rush to master Monsoon, the ship 336 402

U. States-exports to Spain

329 Muraler, singular

32 Quaker gencrals


loan for 1813 54 65 81
Messi's. Griffin & Livc- Murder of the wounded 54 Qusenstown


131 350 362



stocks at London 115
to the editor of the En.
Navy U. S. Pension fund 6 Raisin, the river 49 66 67

army 145 146 160

91 244

187 208
gru). Jones to the gov.

200| U. States and Macedonian 52
of Virginia and reply 342
-on Ontario 13 132 226 Report-of the sec. of the

80 404
maj. Chapin to general

290 339 354 404


352 Naval promotions 31 404

of the com. of ways and
col. Berstler to his fa-
balties, comparative loss-

256 Vaccination

352 es 61-prowess 162
of the secretary of state Vermont election

gen. Boyd to the sec. at
astairs on lake Cham-


329 -- volunteers 970 288

353 418
plain 203 307 324 354 of the com), of foreign Vixen, the U. S. brig

gin. Lewis to the same ib Navy department, 267 339—- relations

296 321 | Virginia election 168 184
midshipman M'Clintock

general order

of the sec. of war 364

governor's message 206
to the sec. of the navy 356 Nelson, Mr.

358 on the barbarities of the


of the officers at Fort Ned, the schooner

379 Vittoria, battle at

George to gen. Dear- New York-military appro- Reed, capt.


born &c.
371 priations 27-ilection 200 Register, terms of the 1 Wasp and Frolic

lient. Augus to the see.
432-privateers 325

fil's of

360 Washington monument at
of the pary
375 422 New York (city) 101 289 337 Remarkable coincidence


col. M. Dowll to the
News making

166 Retaliation
238 270 402 Warren, admiral

gor. of Virginia 376 Vewark U. C. letter from 242 Rhode Island-governor's Wales, the princess of 139
com. Perry to the sec. New Hampshire-governor's message

169 War of the allies

of the navy

spech 250-election
264 Rio Janeiro

14 War tables, European 253
miss Barron to Mr. Niagara lails

150 181 Richmond
65 116 216 War in Europe

407 North Carolina-congression-
volunteers 418 Wasp, the privateer

- J. Putnam to gen. King
al districts 32-election Rodgers, com.

150 Westwood, John

and reply

407 184-the ene nyini 339 358 Roger Quartes privateer 228 Webster's resolutions 257 318
from Fort George 419 North Western country, rcs. Russe), Jonathan


gen. Proctor to Harri-

preting the
47 Russian mediation, see medi- Weapons, new

87 402
son and reply

ariny 148 178 190
ation of Russia


72 328
Bin Harrison to gov. * Xun-descripts"

149 Russian victories

89 Wheat imported in England 254


Rush, Dr. B. 136 168 328 Williams, Isaac

Letters, the regulation of

Occasional remarks

409 Rules and regulations of the Winchester, gen. l-account
them by government 100 Ogdensburg 9 29 50 82, 238


100 176 187 of his defeat 10-resolves
115 Ohio, the falls of
280 Russci, col.

3_3 of the officers of his army
Lishoui, impurtations 204 312 -
topography of 313--con-


13-bis letter to the sec'ry
Literary property

stitution of
425 Savage barbarity


at war 29--his biography 129
Liverpool packet, the 273 O'neil John

183 322 Sackett's Harbor

157 Wilmington

119 195 228 352
Licensel vessels 228 351 385 393 Oiders in council-inscrip

attacked 232 241 Williams, Helen Maria 199
Lloyd James
296 tion for 46-effects of

200 326 338 418 Wilkinson, gen.

200 224
Louisiana 142-constitution
the 105 121 137 169 Sandusky, Lower

388 403 Winder, gen.

262 307
42A Oswego
289 Scalps, báles of them in 1787 95

Wine, domestic

Louis XVIII 152 157 184 Otis' sprech on the Russian Scalp found at York 190 259 Woodward, A. B.

Ludlow Charles


remarks on


Segourney, Mr.

356 Wood, price of at Baltimore 120

Passtime for the moment 54 Scarun, the Register dedica Woleot, Oliver
Vassachusetts-eport on buildi. Painting exibiled ai Charles-

tion to

57 Wonderful preservation
ing a vess of War 41 ton

63 Serious proposition


-ilution 136~-vo!!!!. Patriotism, pleasing iustance Senate on Gallatin's appoint- Yankee privateer

86 420
Utis 143— governor's

377 Yeo, sir James L.

speech 233-report re- Paul Jones, the

72 180 Shelby, gov.

403 Yeas & nays, in the sanate-
harins ") aruis 251-on Presage remnırkably quick 101 Shead, Win.


on the seamens bill 7
the estrusion of turti Parliwilient British-vole on Ship building


on the tax bills 357
Lory on the vole of the American War 126- Sicily

280 368 ---- on the embargo

thanks to Lawrence 287 the orders in council 105 Six nations, the


on Gallatin's no
noustrane 247

121 137 169 Smuggling

88 288

proiest of minority 301 Parish, Mr.

131 Smith, gen. general orders 190

on Russel's do. 409
Missacinul lor prisuants 91 Party nant's

147 Sodus

189 Yeas & pays, in the H. R. on
Macintosh, Joha 9.
127 Party writers
166 Soldier's life


the meeting of congress 8
131 24* Pay of the army V. S. 158 Something strange


on the bill to prohi-
Slavine volunteer3
2.39 407 Paciiic fur company
264 205 Spain, exports to

bit exportation

I1*cetlunian, the
245 Parker, col. R. E.
408 artwies in

on licenses

371 Pennsylvania-Igislative nets Spanish neutrality


-on Webster's reso-
Maryland-orders of the adj. 32-the banking bill 58---



gen. 2-legislative pro- law of respecting time Del. St. Lawrence


on direct tas
coulings 204 218-inthe and Ches. Cada! 173-mil- Si. Michael

on stills

280 tia
148 Statesinan, the


on the embargo 368
Marine artillery
270 Perry com.

391 Star,(new)

JO8 424 York, capture of 178 210 225
Mkhar's narrative 244 Periodica papers

230 Steam boats


238 288 405 419
Alrigs, R.J.
06 Duplo Lotion 3 408, Stury, Jeden

some account of 199

ib.Wool, capt.





Xo. 1 of you, IV.)


(WROLL NO. 79.

Aec olim meminisse juvabit.-VIRGIL. Printed and published by H. NILES, South-st. next door to the Merchants’ Coffee House, at $ 5 per anum. Volume iv. of the Register

From No. 53, (No. 1 of vol. III.) published Sept.

5, 1812, by paying $750-being $250 for the vot. This day commences with the most flattering pros received, and $5 in advance. pects. It is presumed that the period of its publi

From No. 79, (No. 1 of vol. IV.) by paying $45 in cation (the ensuing six months) will embrace advance. more important and interesting events than any other

asof vol. II. and those that follow, 630 copies space of time that has lapsed since the colonization are for sale. Of vol. IV. 500 additional impressions of America ; or that may, perhaps, for many years will be made, to meet the constant increase of sub occur. No industry shall be wanting or expence scribers. spared, to keep pace with the history of the tinies,

Baltimore, March 6, 1813. and give value to the Register as well for present use as future reference. As ability is received the will shall be exerted, ar.d many gratuitous supplementary British Declaration. tumbers may be expected, as the current of matter demands. them

Londox, January 10. The elitor has seen no cause to abandon any part the earnest endeavors of the prince regent to of the general rule by which this work has been con. ducted. On the contrary, the public judgment has preserve the relations of peace and amity with the passed a vote of approbation on his labors, that gra

United States of America having tortunately failtitude and interest alike forbid him to disregard. No ed, his royal highness, acting in the name and on oficial paper bag hitherto been neglected on account

the behalf of his majesty, seems it proper publicly of its political tendency; nor has an article been in to declare the causes and origin

of the war in which serted, with electioneering views. The same honest the government of the United States has compelled

him to engage impartialitranet inviolable neutrality shall be pursued

No desire of conquest, or other ordinary moin these things. But in regard to the war against Great Brittin-athongh we would not knowingly in- tive of aggression, has been, or can be with any singate a'falsehood, or distort a fact, we cannot, dare color of reason in this case imputed to Great Britain dot, will not, stand with our arms folded, neutral that her commercial interests were on the side of and insensible. By diligent investigation, truth shall peace, if war could have been avoided, without the be ascertained, and faithfully recorded in the “Events sacrifice of her maritime rights, or without an inju

(rious submission to France, is a truth which the of the War”-yet we will use our best efforts to rouse

American government will not deny. and encourage our fellow-citizens to such deeds of patriotism as may lead to a glorious termination of His royal highness does not however mean to rest the controversy, 'so far forth as the same shall be in on the favorable presumption, to which he is enour power. Our country, the best and most happy titled. He is prepared by an expesition of the cirin the world, reqnires this of all who breathe its free cumstances which

have led to the present war, to air and partake of its manifold blessings. Let the show that Great Britain has throughout acted to

wards the United States of America, with a spirit of discontended compare its state with the condition of the old world-and he will cling to it as the refuge

amity, forbearance and conciliation, and to de

monstrate the inadmissable nature of those pretenof "peace, liberty and safety."

sions, which have at length unhappily involved the CONDITIONS OF THE WENKLY REGISTER.

two countries in war. It is published every Saturday, at $5 per annum, invariable object of the ruler of France to destroy

It is well known to the world, that it has been the making two volumes a year; payable in advance.

the power and independence of the British empire, The original subscribers pay annually in March-the work commenced in September, 1811. See (origi- ambitious designs.

as the chief obstacle to the accomplishment of his nal conditions” vols. I and III. Ist page in each. the REGISTER is packed with unparalleled care such a naval force in the channel, as combined with

He first contemplated the possibility of assembling and attention, and reaches the most distant post a numerous flotilla, should enable him to disembark offices in safety. Missing numbers are liberally sup. in England an army sufficient, in his conception, tip plied, without charge, to any reasonable demand ; subjugate this country, and through the conquest of if lost or damaged in the mails.

Great Britain he hoped to realize his project of uniSubscribers must begin and end with a volume : versal empire. and may receive the work as follow

By the adoption of an enlarged and provident syaFrom No. 1, published Sept. 7, 1911, by paying $15 tem of internal defence, and by the valor of his mas --for which will be delivered the three volumes pub- jesty's fleets and armies, this design was entirely lished with a receipt for the 4th, 5th and 6th volumes. frustrated; and the naval force of France, after the Or, in other words, for three years subscription : most signal defeats, was compelled to retire from the 18 months for the files delivered, and 18 months in ocean. adrence. There are only 130 complete setts re- An attempt was then made to effectuate the same Inaining for sale.

(purpose by other means; a system was brought for From No. 27, (No. 1 of vol. II.) which issued on ward, by which the ruler of France hopeil to annihiz March 7, 1812, (and contains all the papers, &c. con-late the commerce of Great Britain, to shake her nected with the war) by paying $10 j.e. 95 for the public credit, and to destroy her revenue, to rende two volimes delivered, and $5 in mlsance fuseless frer maritime superiority, and so tharail him VO., IV


self of his continental ascendancy, as to constitute, without first touching at a port in Great Britain, and himself in a greater measure the arbiter of the ocean, her dependencies. At the same time his majesty innotwithstanding the destruction of his fleets. timated his readiness to repeal the orders in council

With this view by the decree of Berlin, followed whenever France should rescind ber decrees, and by that of Milan, be declared the British territories return to the accustomed principles of maritime war. to be in a state of blockade; and that all commerce tare ; and a subsequent period, as a proof of his maor even correspondence with Gitar Britain vas pro-ljesty's sincere desire to accommodate, as far as possihibited. He decreed that every vessel and carge, ble, his defensive measures to the convenience of which iad entered or was found procedding to a Bri- neutral powers, the operation of tbe orders in countish port, or which, under any circumstances, had cil w:rs, by an order issued in April,1809, limited to a been visited by a British ship of war, slıould be law. blockade of France, and of the countries subject to ful prize: he declared all British goods and produce, her immediate dominion. wherever found, and however acquired, whether Systems of violence, oppression and tyranny, can coming from the mother country, or from her colo- never be suppressed, or even checked, if the power nies, suhject to confiscation : he further declared to against which such injustice is exercised, be debarbe denationalized the flag of all neutral ships that red from the right of full and adequate retaliation ; should be found offending against these his decrees; or, if the nieasures of the retaljating power are to and he gave to this project of universal tyranny, the be considered as matter of just oilence to neutral name of the continental system.

nations, whilst the measures of original aggression For these attempts to ruin the commerce of Great and violence are to be tolerated with inditlerence, Britain, by means, subversive of the dearest rights submission or complacency. of neutral nations, France endeavored in vain to rest The government of the United States did not fail her justification upon the previous conduct of his to renonstrate against the orders in council of majesty's government.

Great Britain. Although they knew that these · Under circumstances of unparalleled provocation, orders would be revoked if the decrees of France, bás majesty bad abstained from any measure which which had occasioned them, were repealed, they the ordinary rules vf the law of nations did not fully resolved at the same moment to resist the conduct Warrant. Never was the maritime superiority of a lof both belligerents, instead of requiring France in belligerent more complete and decided. Never was the first instance, to rescind her decrees. Applying the opposite belligerent so formidably dangerorts in most unjustly the same measure of resentment to his power and in luis policy, to the liberties of all other the aggressor and to the party aggrieved, they atations. France had already tranıpled so orxanly and depted measures of commercial resistance against avistomatically on the most sacred rights of neutrai bothma system of resistance, which, however varicd powers, as might well have justified the placing her in the successive acts of embargo, non-intercourse, out of the pile of civilized nations. Yet in this ex- or non-importation, was evidently unequal in its treme case, Great Britain had so nised her naval as-operation, and principally leveller against the suberdancy, that her enemy could find no just cause perior commerce and maritime power of Great of complaint ; and in order to give to these lawiess Britain. decides the appearance of retaliation, the ruler of The same partiality towards France was observaFrance was obliged to advance principles of maritime ble in their negociations, as in their measures of law unsanctioned by any other authority than his own alleged resistance. arbitrary will

Application was made to both belligerents for the Tie pretext for these decrees were, first; that revocation of their respective edicts, but the terms Great Britain had exercised the rights of war against in which they were made were widely different, private persons, their ships and goods; as if the only of France was required a rcvocation only of the object of legitimate hostility on the occan were the Berlin and Milan decrees, although many other c. public property of a statc, or as if the edicts, and clicts, grossly violating the neutral comuicrce of the the courts of France itself had not at all times en- Cnited States, kad Leen promulgated by that pow. forced his right with peculiar rigor; secondly, that er. No security was demanded, that the Berlin and the British orders of blockade, instead of being con- Milan decrees, even if rescinded, should not under fined to fortifed towns, had, as Francc asserted, becu some other form be re-established; and a direct en. untawfully extended to commercial towns and poris, gegenient was off red, that upon such revocation the and to the months of rivers : and thirdly, that they American government woull take part in the war 4had been applied to places, and to coasts, which gainst G. 13. if she did not immediately rescind her neither were, nor could be actually blockaded. The orders. Whereasho corresponding engagement was last of these charges is not founded upon fuct; whilst offered to Great Britain, of whom it was required, the others, eron by the admission of the Americango- not only that the orders in council should be re vernment, are utterly groundless in point of law. pealexi, but that no others of a similar nature should

against these decrees, his majesty protested and be issued, and that the blockade of May 1806, should appealed. he called upon the United States to as- be abandoned. This blockade, established and ensert their own rights, ani to vindicate their indepen- forced according to accustomed practice, had not cence, thus menaced and attacked ; and as Prance been objected 10 by the United States at the time it buri declureri, that she would confiscate every ves- was issueil

. Its provisions were on the contrary sel that shou touch in Great Britain, or be visited { represented by the Ameriran minister resident in by British ships of war, bis majesty, laving previ- London at the time,' to have been so framed as to ously issued the order of Jamary, 1507, as an act of afford, in his judgment, a proof of the friendly mitigated retaliation, was at length corapeiled, by ciisposition of the British government towards the the persevering violence of the enemy, and the con- United States. tilucci acquiescence of neutral powers, to revisit Great Britain was thus called upon to abandon upon France, in a more effectu:ai nuanner, the me.- one of her most important maritime rights; by acsure of her own injustice, by declaring, in an order knowledging the order of blockade in question to be in comcil, bearing date the 11th of November, 1807, one of the edicts which violated the commerce of the thai no ventral vessel should proceed to France, or u. States, although it had never been so cousidered in to any of ihe countries to which, in obedience to the the previous negociation; and although the Presidiclaies of Fruc, British commerce wis exciuded, Ident of the United States had recently consented to abreate the nonintercourse act, on the sole condi-, that in consequence of a previous act on the part f tion of the orders in comcil being revoked ; thereby the American government, they were repealed ina distinctly admitting these orders to be the only edict fivor of une belligerent to the prejudice of ihe otlier; ulich fell within the contemplation of the law, un- that the American government having adopted mezder which he acted.

sures restrictive upon the commerce of both bellige. A proposition so hostile to Great Britain could rents, in consequence of the edicts issued by both, re. not be proportionably encouraging to the pretensions scinded these measures as they affected thai power of the enciny. As hy thus alleging that the bloc. which was the aggressor, whilst they put them in kade of May, 1806, was illegal, the American go. full operation against the party aggrieved; although vertiment virtually justified, so far as depended on the edicts of both powers continued in forre; and them, the French' decrees.

lastly, that they excluded the ships of war belonging Atier this proposition has been made, the French to one belligerent, whilst they admitted into their minister of foreign affairs, if not in concert with go-ports anal harbors, the ships of war belonging to the vernment, at jcast in conformity with its views, in a other, in violation of one of the plainest and most despatch dated the 5th of August, 1810, and ad- essential duties of a neutral nation. dressed to the American minister resident at Paris, Although the instrument thn3 procured was by Biated that the Berlin and Milan decrees were re. no means that general and miqualifieel revocation of voked, and that their operation would cease from the Berlin ard Milon derrees, which Great Britain the 1st day of November following, provided his bad continually demanded, and had a full right to majesty would revoke his orders in council, and re-claim; and although this instrument, under all the nounce the new principles of blockade; or that the circumstances of its appearance at that moment, for U. Slates would cause their rights to be respected ; the first time, was open to the strongest suspicions meaning hereby, that they would resist tho retalia-of its authenticity; yet as the minister of the U.States lexy measures of Great Britain.

produced it, as purporting to be a copy of the instruAluorig) the repeal of the f'rench decrces thus ment of revocation, the government of G. Britain deannounced was evidently contingent, either on con- sirous of reverting, it possible, to the ancient and acsessions to be mule by Great Britain (concessions customed principles of maritime war, determined to which it was obvious Great Britain could never upon revoking conditionally the orders in council. submit) or on measures to be adopted by the United Accordingly, in the month of June last, his royal States of America; the American President at once higliness the Prince Regent was pleased to declare considered the repeal as absolute. Vider that pre. in council, in the name and on the behalf of his matence the non-importation act was strictly enforced jesty, that the orders in council should be revoked against Great Britain, whilst the ships of war and as far as respected the ships and property of the mercbant ships of the enemy were received into the United States from the 1st of August following: harbors of America.

The revocation was to continue in force, provided The American government, assuming the repeal of the government of the United States should, within the French decrees to be absolute and effectual, a time to be limitel, repeal their restrictive laws most unjustly required Great Britain, in conformity against British commerce. His majesty's minister to her declarations, to revoke her orders in council. in America was expressly ordered to declare to the The British government denied that the repeal, government of the United States, that "his measure which was announced in the letter of the French mi- Lad been alopted by the Prince Regent in the ear. nister for foreign affairs, was such as ought to satis- r.est wish and hope, either that the government of By Great Britain ; and in order to ascertain the true France, by further relaxations of its system, might character of the measure adopted by France, the go-render perseverance on the part of Great Britain in vernment of the United States was called upon to retaliatory mcasures unnecessary, or if this hope produce the instrument by which the alleged repeal should prove delusive, that his majesty's governof the French decrees had been effected. If these ment might be enabled, in the absence of all irritatdecrees were really revoked such an instrument ing and restrictive règulations on either side, to en.. must exist, and no satisfactory reason could be given ter with the government of the United States into for withholding it.

amicable explanations, for the purpose of ascertain. At length, on the 21st of May, 1812, and not being wiether, if the necessity of retaliatory measures fore, the American minister in London did proluce a should unfortunately continue to operate, the particopy, or at least what purported to be a copy of such cular measures to be acted upon by Great Britain an instrument.

could be rendered more acceptable to the American It professed to bear date on the 28th of April, government, than those hitherto pursued."! 1811, long subsequent to the despatch of the French In order to provide for the contingency of a de.. minister of foreign affairs of the 5th August, 1810, claration of war on the part of the United States or eren the day named therein, viz. tie ist of No- previous to tire arrival in America of the said order vember following, when the operation of the French of revocation, instructions were sent to his majesty's decrees was to cease. This instiuincnt, expressly minister plenip entiary accredited to tie United. declared that these French decrees were repealed in States (the execution of which instructions, in conconsequence of the American legislature having, by sequence of the discontinuance of lr, Foster's functheir act of the 1st of March, 1811, provided, that lions, were at a subsequent period entrusted to adBritish ships and merchandise should be excluded iniral sir John Borlase Warren) directing lim to from the ports and harbors of the United States. propose a cessation of hostilities, should they have

By this instrument, thic only document produced commenced : and further to etter a simultaneous reby America as a repeal of the French decrces, it appeal of the orders in council on one side, and of the pears bevond a possibility of doubt or cavil, that the frestrictive laws on British ships and commerce on alleged repel of the French decrees was condition- the other. al, as Great Britain baci asserted; and not absolute They were also respectively empowered to acor final, as had been maintained by America ; that quaint the American government; in reply to any they were not repe: led at the time they were staterijenquiries with respect to the block:.de of Vay, 1806, to he repeated by the American government; that whilst the British gorciment must continue to ihey were not repealel in conformity with a propo-muntain its legality, "tint in point of fact, this sition sintaneously made to both beligerents, but particular blockide had been discoltinued to

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length of time, having been merged in the general. This most offensive proposition was also rejected. retulittory 'blockade of the enemy's ports under the being accompanied, as the former had been, by other orders i: council, and that his majesty's govern- demands of the most exceptionable nature, and espement had no intention of rccurring to this, or any cially of indemnity for all American vessels detainother of the blockades of the cnemy's ports founded ed and condemned under the orders in council, or upon the ordinary and accustomed principles of ma- under what were termed illegal blockades a com. ritime law, which were in force previous to the or. pliance with which demands, exclusive of all other ders in concil, without a netv notice to neutral objections, would have amounted to an absolute surpowers in the usual form.”

render of the rights on which those orders and blocThe American government before they received kacles were founded. Had the American governintimation of the course adopted by the British go- ment been sincere in representing the orders in vernment, had in fact, proceeded to the extreme council, as the only subject of difference between measite of declaring war, and issuing "letters of Great Britain and the United States, calculated to marque,” notisithstanding they were previously in lead to hostilities; it might have been expected, 30 possession of the French minister of foreign affairs soon as the revocation of those orders had been offiletter of the 12th of March 1812, promulgating a- cially inade known to them, that they would have pew the Berlin and Milan docrees, as fundamental spontaneously recalled their "letters of marque,” laws of the French empire, under lhe false and ex. and manifested a disposition immediately to restore travagant pretext, that the monstrous principles the relations of peace and amity between the two therein contained, were to be found in the treaty of powers. But the conduct of the government of the Utrecht, and were therefore binding upon all states. United States by no means correspond with such From the penalties of this codic no nation was to be reasonable expectations. The order in council of exempt, which did not accept it, not only as the the 23d Inne being officially communicated to Ame.' rule of its own conduct, but as a law, the observ- rica, the government of the United States saw noance of which it was also required to enforce upon thing in the repcal of the orders in council, wbich Great Britnia.

should of itself restore peace, unless Great Britain In a manifesto nccompanying their declaration of

were prepared in the first instance, substantially tu hostilities, in adelition to the former complaints when found on board American merchant ships. The

relinquish the right of impressing her own seamen, against the orders in council, a long list of grievan. ces was brought forward; some trivial in them. proposal of an armistice, and of a simultaneous re

peal of the restrictive measures on both sides, subseives, others which had been mútually adjusted, sequently made by the commanding officer of his by the American government to be grounds for majesty's nacal forces on the American cost

, vere received in the same hostile spirit by the govern. As if to throw additional obstaoles in the

ment of the United States. The suspension of the way of peace, the American congress at the same time passed a law, prohibiting al intercourse with correspondence which passed on that occasion, as a

practice of impressment was insisted upon in the Great Britain, of such a tenor, as deprived the exe- necessary preliminary to a cessation of hostilities. cative government, according to the president's own Negociation, it was stated, might take place withconstruction of that act, of all power of restoring out any suspension of the exercise of this right; the relations of friendship and intercourse between and also without any armistice being concluded; but the two states, so far at least as concerned their Gie..t Britain was required previously to agree,withcommercial intercourse, until congress should reassenible.

out any knowledge of adequacy of the system which

could be substituted, to negociate upon the basis of The president of the United States bas, it is true, accepting the legislative regulations of a foreign since proposed to Great Britain an armistice; not state, as the sole equivalent for the exercise of a however, on the admission that the cause of war right, which she has felt to be essential to the suphitherto relied on was removed; but on condition port of her maritime power. that Great Britain, as a preliminary step, should If America, by demanding the preliminary conJo away a cause of war, now brought forward as cession, intends to deny the validity of that right, soch for the first time; namely, that he should a- in that denial Great Britain cannot acquiesce ; nor bandon the exercise of the undoubted right of search, will she give countenance to such a pretension, by to take from American merchant vessels British acceding to its suspension, much less to its abanseamen, the natural born subjects of his majesty, donment, as a basis on which to treat. If the Ameand this concession was required upon the mere as- rican government has devised, or conceives it can surance that laws would be enacted by the legisla- devise, regulations wirich may safely be accepted by ture of the United States, to prevent such seamen Great Britain, as a substitute for the exercise of the from entering into their service; but independent right in question, it is for them to bring forward of the objection to an exclusive reliance on a foreign such a plan for consideration. The British govern. state, for the conseivation of so vital an interest, no ment has never attempted to exclude this question explanation was or could be afforded by the agent from amongst those on which the two states miglit who was charged with this overture, either as to have to negociate : it has, on the contrary, uniforitithe main principles upon which such laws were to ly professed its readiness to receive and discuss any be founded, or as to the provisions which thoy should proposition on this subject, coming from the Amecontain. This proposition having been objected to, rican government: it has never asserted any exclu. a second proposal was made, again offering an sive right, as the impressment of British seamen armistice, provided the British government would from American vessels, which it was not prepared secretly stipulate to renounce the exercise of this to acknowledge as appertaining equally to the goFight in a treaty of peace. An immediate and form-vernment of the United States, with respect to Ameal abandonment of its exercise as preliminary to a rican seamen when found on board British merchant cessation of hostilities, was not demanded; but his ships : But it cannot by acceding to such a basis in royal highness

the prince regent was required, in the the first instance, either assume or admit that to be name and on the behalf of his majesty, secretly to practicable, which, when attempted on former occaabandon what the former oresturs had proposed to sions, has always been found to be attended with bim publicly to congede:

great difficulties; such difficulties as the Britiska

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