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originally lay property. The Lord Chief Justice summed up, and the jury returned a verdict for the defendant, thereby affirming the liability of the inhabitants to pay.

14.-At the Maidstone assizes, John Bodle tried for the murder of his grandfather. The evidence for the prosecution was the same as that given on the inquest. (See Nov. 6.) The defence of the prisoner produced a great effect on the jury. There were four causes of suspicion against him : 1st, that he filled the kettle with water on the morning in question; 2d., that he absconded from home on the following Tuesday, the 5th Nov.; 3d., that a quantity of arsenic was found in his box; and, 4th, that he had previously used expressions of ill-will towards the deceased, and had evinced a desire for his death. The first of these he met by showing, that he had been accustomed to fill the kettle at other times; the second, by proving a previous appointment for leaving home; the third, by explaining the fact of his using arsenic as a medicament; and the last by a denial. Some passages of this defence we must give in his own words. “You will recollect," said he, “ that my own father is the first person to accuse me of this dreadful crime; he it is who goes to the magistrate, and puts this charge in motion against me; he it is who, after an interview with Mary Higgins, at five o'clock in the morning, produces her as a witness to insure my condemnation, by swearing to a conversation that never occurred, and in the relation of which they falter and equivocate in the way you have heard.” Again he proceeded : “ Gentlemen, my father has not, I grieve to say it, set a fit or worthy example to his family. It has been the lot of his children to see him imprisoned for malicious injury, and guilty of profligacy of all kinds; but still the voice of nature cannot be so absolutely dead within him as not to have left him the ordinary regard which even the brute creation exhibit towards their offspring. What, then, is the great, the overwhelming motive that has made him thrust himself forward, uncalled for, unsolicited, to take away my life through the medium of this prosecution ? To this question, gentlemen, I fear it will be your painful duty to give a fearful, a dreadful answer. I would fain have avoided this topic; but a sense of the duty I owe to that Supreme Being, before whom I may (however unjustly) be presently called to appear, as well as the desire of self-preservation, which is the first and most powerful law of nature, compel me to enter upon it.” After this, the prisoner adduced and compared various facts, tending to show how much more likely it was that his father had perpetrated the crime rather than himself. The facts stated by the prisoner, as part of his defence, were confirmed by witnesses, who likewise testified to his good character. The jury delivered their verdict of “ Not Guilty" without a moment's hesitation.

On Sunday, the 15th Dec., the accused attended divine service at Plumstead church, where a public thanksgiving took place for his acquittal

16.-The Commissioners appointed to inquire into the affairs of Municipal Corporations commenced their sittings in Guildhall, for the purpose of obtaining information relative to the Corporation of the City of London. The inquiry has since been carried on, and the corporation have afforded every facility.

18.-Furzey, who was for some time in custody on a charge of being connected with the Calthorpe-street riot, obtained a verdict, with 401. damages, against the proprietor of the Morning Chronicle, for a libel, setting forth that Furzey had been clearly identified as the murderer of the unfortunate policeman, Cully.

20.–Benjamin Bedwell indicted at the Kingston assizes for the murder of his wife, and acquitted on the ground of insanity. He was ordered to be detained in custody. See Nov. 19 and 23.

23.—After several days' hearing, an important case, as affects religious trusts, was decided in the Vice Chancellor's Court. The object of it was to take out of the hands of the trustees, members of a Unitarian chapel, certain funds known by the name of Dame Sarah Hewley's Charity, and left for the purpose of inculcating Trinitarian doctrines. St. Saviour-Gate Chapel, to which the funds belong, is now in the possession of Unitarians; and it was contended by counsel, that the doctrines promulgated by the Rev. Mr. Wellbeloved, the minister, were in opposition to those entertained by the founder. Mr. Pepys, on behalf of the trustees, argued that Lady Hewley, at the time she made the gift, was fully aware that some of the “Presbyterians,” to which sect she belonged, held the doctrine of the Trinity, and that it was denied by others. He did not deny that Lady Hewley was a Trinitarian, but he had the means of proving that she did not go the whole length of the Trinitarian doctrine. The Vice-Chancellor, after having referred to the wills of Sir John and Lady Hewley, said that it was quite clear, from the contents of those instruments, that both Sir John and Lady Hewley were persons who firmly believed in the divinity of Christ. It was evident from this that, when Lady Hewley used the terms “godly preachers of Christ's Holy Gospel” in the deed, that she intended that the bounty of her charity should be only enjoyed by persons who believed in the divinity of Christ, and that she would have shrunk with horror at the thought that the fruits of her charity should be given for the sustenance of persons who held religious opinions diametrically opposed to the divinity of Christ. He was therefore of opinion, that Mr. Wellbeloved, and the other defendants, holding such opinions as they did, were not objects of Lady Hewley's charity; and the court could not allow, therefore, the charity any longer to be administered by persons who denied the Divinity of Christ and the doctrine of original sin.

An inquest held at Mr. Truby's vapour baths, No. 34, St.

Mary Axe, touching the death of Mr. John Hatfield Kennedy, aged 60, chief clerk in the Transfer Office at the East India House, who blew out his brains with a pistol. Mr. Truby deposed, that about half-past nine on Sunday morning, the deceased wished to have a warm bath. Witness left the room, when, in about a quarter of an hour, there was a loud report of fire-arms heard.

The bell also rang. On going to the door, it was found bolted in the inside. It was broken open, when the deceased was found stretched upon his back on the floor in the agonies of death. His head was almost blown to atoms. There was a pistol lying under him, while the barrel of another was on the sofa, and the lock on the floor. The deceased had not been in the bath. From other witnesses it appeared that the deceased had been thirty years in the Transfer Office, and had been recently afflicted with a pain in his head. He had been noticed to be in a desponding mood. Verdict, “ Temporary Insanity.”

30. — The metropolis was visited by a tremendous storm of wind and rain. On the river, several tiers of shipping in the upper and lower pools broke from their moorings, and extensive damage was done, particularly among the colliers, many of which sank; everything floating on the Thames became perfectly unmanageable. The watermen suffered much by the loss of their boats, not less than 100 being blown over or broken to pieces while the storm was at its height; and a skiff in Limehouse Reach, containing three persons, who were lying crouched in the bottom, was lifted out of the water, turned over, and instantly disappeared; all on board perished.

The stormy year 1833 has proved very disastrous to the shipping interest. The maritime losses recorded to the 15th of December amount to 20,000 tons of shipping.

CHAP. XIII.

Brief Abstracts of Public Acts.

SAVINGS' BANKS.

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[3 WILL. IV. c. 14, passed June 10, 1833.] An Act to enable Depositors in Savings Banks, and others, to

purchase Government Annuities, &c. Sect. 1.-From and after the 20th of May, 1833, or as soon as the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt shall cause notice to be given in the London Gazette, it shall be lawful for any two trustees, or managers of a savings' bank legally established, to receive from any depositor, or other person whom they shall think entitled to become a depositor, any sum or sums for the purchase of immediate or deferred life annuities, or annuities for a term of years; and all sums, paid on account of the purchase of every such annuity, shall be kept distinct from the funds of the institution, and be from time to time, when received, paid into the Bank of England, to be there placed to the account of the said Commissioners. Sect. 2.--No such annuity shall be contracted for upon the life

any nominee, who, on the day of the contract, shall be under the age of fifteen years; neither shall any such annuities, possessed by any one individual, exceed in the whole the sum of 201. per annum : nor (be) less than 41. And if any one individual shall be possessed at any one time of annuities so granted exceeding in the whole 201. per annum, the same shall immediately cease and be forfeited.

Sect. 3.-_That such trustees, &c. shall be empowered to take 28. 6d. as an admission-fee, and 1s. annually from persons entering into such contracts; the proceeds of such fees to be applied in defraying the expenses of executing the provisions of this act.

Sect. 7.—That it shall be lawful for any person, having contracted for any such annuity, with the consent of the said Commissioners, to make payments, or receive the annuity, through the trustees of any other savings' bank or society than that at which the contract was made.

Sect. 5.-Commissioners of the Treasury to direct the use and adoption of such tables for ascertaining the values of annuities as shall be approved by them, and all annuities granted under this act shall be purchased according to the values in such tables.

Sect. 10—For the purpose of ascertaining, from time to time, the amount of annuities for lives, or for terms of years, payable under this act, the Comptroller-General, or Assistant-Comptroller, acting under the said Commissioners, shall, within fourteen days preceding the 5th of July, the 10th of October, the 5th of January, and the 5th of April, in each year (commencing on the 10th of October, 1833), certify to the Treasury the amount of annuities payable under this act, the half-yearly payments of which shall be chargeable upon the said Consolidated Fund on each of such days respectively; and the Commissioners of the Treasury shall direct, by warrant, the sum specified in every such certificate to be paid out of the Consolidated Fund to the Bank of England, to the account of the said Commissioners, for the purpose of paying such annuities.

Sect. 11.-All annuities, purchased under this act, shall be payable half-yearly, on the 5th of January and on the 5th of July, or on the 5th of April and 10th of October, in each year, according to the periods within which any money shall be paid for their purchase; and the first half-yearly payment shall be made at the times following: (viz.) on the 5th of January, in respect of all purchases completed by the actual payment of money into the Bank of England to the account of the said Commissioners, at any time during the quarter ending on the 10th of October preceding such 5th of January; on the 5th of April, in respect of all purchases so completed at any time during the quarter ending on the 5th of January preceding the 5th of April; on the 5th of July, in respect of all purchases so completed at any time during the quarter ending the 5th of April preceding such 5th of July; and on the 10th of October, in respect of all purchases so completed at any time during the quarter ending on the 5th of July preceding such 10th of October; and all future half-yearly payments shall be made with reference to the time of such first half-yearly payments : provided, that upon the death of any nominee of any life annuity, a sum equal to one-fourth part of the annuity depending upon the life of such nominee (over and above such half-yearly arrears thereof respectively), shall be payable to the person or persons entitled to such annuity, or his, her, or their executors or administrators, on the half-yearly days of payment next succeeding to the production of proof certifying the death of such nominee, provided that such proof shall be produced within thirty days next preceding the 5th of January, 5th of April, 5th of July, or 10th of October respectively, and that such last-mentioned payment shall be claimed within two years after the death of such nominee, but not otherwise: provided also, that the fourth part of any expired life annuity, payable under this act, shall not be payable in respect

deferred life annuity, unless one half-yearly payment of such deferred life annuity shall have been actually paid, or become due at the time of the decease of such nominee.

of any

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