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vacancies of the bishoprics (save and except the bishoprics of Waterford, Ossory, and of Cork and Ross), named in the first column of the Schedule (B), or from and after the annexation thereof to any other bishopric, as any successors thereto would have been respectively bound to pay to the person, or his executors, &c., by whose promotion or death such vacancy shall have been occasioned, or who shall become the bishop of any united bishoprics, apply all sums which have heretofore been charged upon the said bishoprics upon the same becoming void.
11. Commissioners may demise see-houses and demesne lands of bishoprics in the first column of Schedule (B), except the bishoprics of Ossory, and of Cork and Ross, on their becoming vacant, or united, unless the bishop of any such united bishoprics prefer such see-houses, &c., to continue the see-houses of the united bishoprics.
13. Commissioners, with respect to bishoprics vested in them, to possess the leasing power vested in the bishops.
14. Archbishoprics of Cashel and Tuam to be annexed to Armagh and Dublin respectively.
15. Bishopric of Kilmore to be united to Ardagh, on the avoidance of the see of Tuam; and the temporalities of Ardagh to be vested in the Commissioners.
16. Temporalities of the deanery of Christ Church to be deemed part of the temporalities of the bishopric of Kildare.
17. Dean of St. Patrick's to be dean of Christ Church; but the patronage of the dean of Christ Church to vest in the Archbishop of Dublin.
18. That, as the revenues of the archbishopric of Armagh and the bishopric of Derry have so increased that, without affecting the just and competent support of the said dignities, a portion thereof may be beneficially applied for the other purposes of the Established Church in Ireland, when the said archbishopric of Armagh shall become void, the successor thereto, and his successors for ever, shall, out of the revenues of the said archbishopric, pay over to the said Commissioners the annual sum of 45001.; and that the now Bishop of Derry, having freely assented thereto, shall, out of the revenues of the said bishopric, pay over to the said Commissioners the annual sum of 41601.; and when the said bishopric shall become void, the successor thereto, and his successors for ever, shall, out of the revenues of the said bishopric, pay over to the said Commissioners the annual sum of 61601.; which several sums shall be applied as the other funds vested in the said Commissioners.
19. Primate Boulter's and Robinson's charities to be vested in Commissioners, and kept distinct, and to be applied towards the payment of annual salaries granted by the trustees of first-fruits, for the augmentation of any benefice, and towards buying of glebes, and augmenting poor livings in Ireland.
20. The funds vested in the said Commissioners (except as above), are to be applied for providing things necessary for the celebration of divine service in the church or chapel of every parish, union, perpetual curacy, or chapelry, or chapel of ease in Ireland, as required by any rubric or canon in force in England or Ireland, and also for payment of the salaries for maintenance of the parish clerks or sextons, or the clerks or sextons of any chapelry or chapel of ease, and also for defraying expenses of building, rebuilding, enlarging, or repairing any church or chapel, and fencing and
maintaining any church-yard, and for keeping in repair cathedral and parochial churches.
21. No vestry in any parish, union, or chapelry, or place in Ireland, or any person, shall make or levy any rate or assessment for
whatsoever. 22. Any provision heretofore made by vestry assessment for maintenance of curates, &c., shall cease, and the Commissioners shall provide for the same.
23. Commissioners may advance part of surplus for building churches,
24. Commissioners may advance money for building glebe-houses, &c., to be repaid by the incumbent, at 4 per cent. per annum.
25. Where the average annual value of any benefice, or of any perpetual curacy, not augmented, shall not amount to 1001., and there shall be no glebe-house thereon, the said Commissioners gratuitously may grant 100l. to the incumbent, as they shall think fit
, to enable him the better to carry on the building of a glebe-house.
26. Commissioners may augment benefices under the clear yearly value of 2001., either by the purchase of glebes, or other lands, or tithes, or compositions for tithes, or both, or by granting to the incumbent, &c. an annual salary: but such benefice, when augmented, is not to exceed the value of 2001. by the year.
27. If incumbent of augmented benefice do not reside, &c., salary to cease; or, if he take a second cure, the first to be void.
28. Provisions of this act, relative to augmenting single benefices, to extend to united benefices not of the value of 2001.
29. Commissioners, with the consent of the Lord-Lieutenant, archbishop or bishop of the diocese, and the respective patrons, may divide any parish in Ireland of the average annual value of 8001., and separate and disunite from such parish any townland, district, or parcels of land, and all tithes, composition for tithes, dues, and ecclesiastical emoluments whatsoever, from such townland, &c., payable to the ecclesiastical incumbent of such parish, and thenceforth annex and unite in perpetuity, any such townland, &c., and all such tithes, &c., to any other adjoining parish, the annual average value of which shall not exceed 2001.: but the annual value of any such parish so divided as aforesaid, shall not by such division be reduced below 3001.
30. Commissioners may suspend appointment of clerk to any benefice in the gift of the King, or any ecclesiastical corporation, where divine worship shall not have been celebrated for three years, the tithes and profits whereof are to vest in the Commissioners, to be by them applied to the building or repairing of the church and glebe-house in the said benefice; and if not thus required, then to be paid into the general fund; and an officiating minister may be appointed, with a moderate stipend or salary, or the duties shall be committed to the incumbent of some adjoining parish, to be remunerated by a moderate stipend or salary.
31. Lord-Lieutenant may disappropriate, disunite, and divest any rectory, vicarage, tithes, or portions of tithes, and glebes, or parts thereof, from and out of any archbishopric, bishopric, deanery or archdeaconry, dignity, prebend, or canonry, and unite them to the vicarages, and perpetual or other curacies, of parishes in which they are situate.
32. In case any bishopric be reduced below 4,0001., Commissioners are to make up deficiency.
33. Archdeacons in Ireland are to have the same powers as archdeacons in England.
The remainder of the act relates to tenants of bishops' lands.
The following is an analysis of the Church Temporalities' Bill, as it affects the rank and succession of the Irish Bishops, and the taxation to which all incumbents, both episcopal and parochial, are liable; to which is annexed the value of the Sees, according to Parliamentary Returns, the odd shillings and pence being omitted:
Sees condemned. Armagh £14,494 Clogher
7,786 Kildare (doubtful) 4,110 Cashel
6,308 Killala (no change) 3,697 Tuam 6,996 Dromore
4,471 Meath 4,094 Raphoe
4,812 Down 4,250 Elphin
12,159 Ossory (no change) 3,343 Kilmore 6,807 Cork
4,132 Ferns 5,494 Clonfert
4,132 The Sees in the second column merge in those in the corresponding line in the first—the income of those suppressed becoming vested in the Board.
The taxation on bishoprics is, where annual incomes do not exceed 4,0001. 5 per cent. Exceeding 4 and not exceedIng 6,0001. 7 per cent, Exceeding 6 and not exceeding 8,000). 10 per cent. Exceeding 8 and not exceeding 10,0001. 12 per cent. All above this, 151.
The taxation on the incomes of parochial clergy, is 3001.. per annum, 21. 10s. per cent. Every 101. over the sum is an increase of 5s. and when it reaches 4001. it is 51. and 2s 6d. increase on every 101., till on an income exceeding 1,1951. it is 151. In the dioceses of Meath and Limerick, no change takes place, except with regard to taxation. An option as to residence is given by the Act, where one see merges in another, except in the case of Cloyne and Ferns. The Bishop of Cloyne must reside in Cork; the Bishop of Ferns in Kilkenny. The present Bishop of Derry is Tiable to an annual tax of 4261. payable to the commissioners. To the see of Limerick, recently vacant by the death of Dr. Jebb, the Bishop of Killaloe has been translated, and Killaloe and Clonfert consequently coalesce.
And with respect to benefices, it appears by an account presented to the House of Commons, and printed by its authority, that the number of benefices in Ireland of above 20001. a year value, is eleven, one of them being of the annual value of 2800l.; of above 1000l. and under 20001. value, the number is 91 ; of 7501. to 1000l. there are 96; of 5001, to 7501. there are 250; of 2501. to 5001. there are 425 livings; and all the remaining livings in Ireland, to the number of 583, are below the annual value of 2501., many of them being very considerably below that amount. This account, it should be observed, is drawn from the income of the Church at a period anterior to the commencement of passive resistance.
The public works which have been undertaken by the aid of the loans made by the Commissioners of Public Works in Ireland, up to January, 1833, may be thus enumerated : 1st. The Inland Navigation of Ireland; 2d. The Fisheries; 3d. Roads and Bridges under the Act 6 Geo. IV. c. 101; 4th. Public buildings in Dublin and elsewhere; 5th. Dunmore Harbour; 6th. Kingston Harbour. There are nine works carrying on under special Acts of Parliament, and the sums granted to these up to January, 1833, amount to 167,9491. 198. 2d. The first of these is the Wellesley Bridge and Docks at Limerick, to which have been lent, up to the above-mentioned time, 25,000l. ; 2d. The Dublin and Kingston Railway, 75,000l. ; 3d. Athlunkard Bridge, across the Shannon, 9,8891. 198. 2d.; 4th. Galway Dock, 17,0001.; 5th. Ardglass Harbour, 6,6501. ; 6th. Limerick Navigation, 8,9101. ; 7th. Newry Navigation, 12,0001. ; 8th. Drogheda Harbour, 10,000l. ; 9th. Dublin and Blessington Road, 3,5001. Seven loans have been granted to private companies and to individuals, amounting to 11,8001. Sixteen loans have been made on grand jury presentments, amounting to 36,8121. 18s. 9d.
In the early part of the year 1833, the cholera was still making frightful ravages in Ireland, but it abated with the advance of summer. In March and April, the returns of cases averaged 400 a week, of which nearly one-half ended fatally.
SCOTLAND.-A Royal Commission has been issued during the year for inquiring into the existing state of municipal corporations in Scotland.-Messrs. J. B. Greenshields, Thomas Thompson, Robert Bell, James Campbell, Robert Graham, Andrew Skene, John Cuninghame, Robert Jameson, James Ivory, Robert Hunter, Cosmo Innes, and Robert Handyside, advocates, are the Commissioners.
An act was passed by the legislature during the session of Parliament for 1833 for a Reform of the Scottish Boroughs, for which see our “ Parliamentary Register.” Other events of interest relating to Scotland will be found in our“ Chronicle of Events and Occurrences.” At the close of the year some alarm was beginning to be felt by the conservative party and some neutral writers, on account of the increase of Trades' Unions in Scotland in particular.