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measure that is intended to be proposed to the Legislative Council, to the inhabitants of the islands; and causing every petition or protestation that is made, to be entered on the minutes of the Council, which, being sent to England halfyearly, may be called for by any member of Parliament. The system of compulsory labour has also been abolished, and every native allowed to work or not, as he pleases, as freely as an English labourer. A savings' bank has been established under the auspices of the Governor; and a mail-coach set up (the first successful one in India, if not the very first), to run between Colombo and Kandy, a distance of eighty miles; while the government has just commenced the work of prolonging to Trincomalee the magnificent road, the Simplon of India, which now connects Kandy with Colombo.

CHINA.—Accounts received from Canton, in the spring of 1833, stated, that the Americans were adopting energetic measures to extend the trade between the United States and the Celestial Empire. There were a greater number of American vessels than usual, and the United States' ship-ofwar Peacock was about to proceed to Cochin China and Siam, for the purpose of opening negociations for the extension of traffic. The Chinese empire was in a disturbed state; fresh rebellions had broken out, and it was not expected that the rebels, who had just been put down, would long continue amenable to the law. At Leen Chou, the Government forts had been destroyed by the highlanders.

At Canton, orders had been issued to have all the gates locked at 10 o'clock at night, in consequence of the numerous robberies that had been committed.

In a letter from Canton, dated June the 15th, received in England in December, it is stated “We have been going on very quietly here of late, and, strange to say, the attempts to open a trade along the coasts of China have had a good effect upon the conduct of the local authorities in Canton, by calling the attention of the Pekin Board of Trade to the grievances complained of. The Emperor orders them to inquire why foreigners leave the port of Canton to proceed to the northern ports, and infers misconduct on the part of the Hoppo and Hong merchants.” Advices from Canton, of the same date, stated that there exists in China, and on the east coast in particular, a decided wish to open a trade with foreigners, which is with difficulty suppressed by the Mandarins an er officials, who view with great apprehension this innovation upon the customs of that exclusive empire. It appears, in fact, to be only required that foreign speculators should attempt to open a general commerce along the coast, for it to be successful, either with or without the direct consent of the government at Pekin, and that this would place at their command the whole of the valuable trade of the east coast of China. The British government are fully alive to the advantages which may result from a free intercourse with China. The London Gazette, of the 13th of December, contained an Order in Council, authorizing the supercargoes of the East India Company at Canton to enforce regulations for the good order of his Majesty's subjects trading to China; another authorizing the establishment of a court, with criminal and admiralty jurisdiction, for the trial and punishment of offences committed in that part of the world; and another authorizing the collection of two shillings per ton on all shipping trading to China, the proceeds to be expended in the support of the establishments which will be rendered necessary by the foregoing provisions.

The Chinese are strongly prejudiced against female education ; but prejudices are giving way among the people of that nation, at Malacca and Penang. There are at Penang, (says the Rev. S. Dyer, in a letter dated April 15, 1833,) three Chinese female schools; and, what was never known before, the children come without solicitation. The numbers in the schools are not, indeed, great: this is partly owing to the smallness of the juvenile population at Penang, a large portion of the Chinese being merely emigrants, who, cherishing the idea of returning to China, do not settle here. The largest number in one school is 13 or 14 girls. The expense of the schools is confessedly very great; but this is principally occasioned by the expensive habits of the people. A Chinese workman's wages are double those of the natives of Madras or Bengal, and more than double those of a Malay.

Lord Napier has received the valuable appointment at Canton, fixed by the legislative arrangements of last session of Parliament. The salary is 6,0001. per annum.

WEST INDIES-JAMAICA.-According to Jamaica papers of the 18th of December, 1832, the new Governor, the Earl of Mulgrave, and the Board of Council, on the one part, and the House of Assembly on the other, had been in such collision, that his Excellency had found it necessary to dissolve the Assembly. The ostensible cause of the dissolution is found in a resolution taken by the House of Assembly on the 12th of December, denying the right and power of the Board of Council to originate any bills, and stating that the House would not receive any bill originating in the Council. This produced a declaration from the latter that the Board would not do any further business with the House of Assembly, until full and ample reparation had been made, by the House acknowledging, in the most unequivocal terms, the right of the Board to originate bills on every subject, save and except bills of impost.

Accounts received from Jamaica stated that the planters and slaveholders generally were excessively alarmed and exasperated, upon receiving intelligence of the first edition of Mr. Stanley's emancipation project, by which they were to be deprived of their slaves without any compensation, except the loan of fifteen millions for twelve years, to be returned out of the wages paid by the planters to the slaves. When this news arrived a public meeting was held, and the following memorial was drawn up and subscribed :- :-“We claim from the general government security from future interference with our slaves. We claim that sectarian missionaries shall be left to the operation of those laws which govern the other subjects of his Majesty. We ask for such alterations in the revenue acts as shall revive our prosperity; and, should compensation also be refused, we finally and humbly require that the island of Jamaica should be separated from the parent country, and that being also absolved from allegiance to the British crown, she be free either to assume independence, or to unite herself to some state by whom she will be cherished and protected, and not insulted and plundered.”.

The black population was perfectly quiet; and on the 29th of June, the Governor, Lord Mulgrave, had issued a proclamation exhorting peace and obedience to the intended laws for the regulation of negro slavery.

The Emancipation Bill was introduced on the 25th of October, when the House presented a scene of great confusion; but the sentiments of the greater part of the members seemed to be, that it would be madness to resist the demands of the British nation; and it was also argued, that as it was not a scheme emanating from the colonists, the government at home would have to blame themselves alone if the measure proved too precipitate, or if any serious evil should result from it. A committee of twenty-four persons was appointed to take the government plan into consideration, according to a resolution carried by a majority of seven; the numbers being, For the committee,

21 Against it,

14 On the 18th, a petition, signed by 181 of the most respectable and wealthy inhabitants of Jamaica, was presented to the House of Assembly, praying the House to afford its cordial co-operation in carrying into effect such a plan for the improvement of the condition of the slave population as would combine their welfare with the interests of the owners, and with the security and tranquillity of the island. They also prayed that the House, when considering this all-important subject, would lay aside all former political differences, and direct their attention exclusively to the best means of giving effect to those great changes in their constitution which were then rendered necessary.

The following are the essential passages of the address, in reply to the Governor's speech :

“ When your Excellency shall be able to lay before the House the information alluded to, connected with a measure upon which the fate of this colony depends, it will be received with that serious attention which so important a subject demands from us, and our best exertions will be directed, at this momentous crisis, to secure to our constituents all the advantage that can possibly result from the contemplated change in the state of our society, and to endeavour to avert any evils that may arise from an experiment in legislation, of which history furnishes no parallel example.

“ We beg to assure your Excellency the House will, with that liberality of intention which has ever marked the Jamaican Legislature, provide for such expenses as are essential to the public service; but the impoverished state the island renders absolutely necessary, that we should exercise the most rigid economy, consistent with the public faith.

“ We thank your Excellency for the able disposition you have made of the forces at your command, and for the precautions you have taken to maintain public tranquillity. We sincerely hope your exertions may prove successful, and that under Divine Providence, this island may be preserved in peace.

“The people of Jamaica have never advocated slavery in the abstract, but as connected with their rights of property. Upon the principle of compensation, they are ready to relinquish the system, and will be proud to show, that they have feelings as favourable to the improvement of the labouring population as their fellow-subjects in the mother-country. All they claim is, to be fairly dealt with.

« The House can confidently assure your Excellency, that it

will be their endeavour, as it is their duty, to promote the welfare of all classes of society, and it will be a subject of rejoicing (should the period ever arrive) when the present agitated and perilous condition of the island shall be settled into permanent prosperity.”

ANTIGUA.—The Legislature met on the 31st of October, when the joint committee of both Houses, appointed to take into consideration Mr. Stanley’s dispatch, brought up their report, in the form of a letter to his Excellency Sir Murray M'Gregor, who was requested to lay it before his Majesty's government,“ in order,” says the report, “ that we may have, if possible, timely rescue from the most obnoxious and repulsive system to be introduced by virtue of an act of parliament -a system, the difficulties of which, our experience teaches us, no local acts could possibly overcome.”

BARBADOES.-—The House of Assembly has recorded on their books a document, thus entitled:—“A memorial exhibiting the injustice of the principle proposed for the distribution of the parliamentary grant of 20,000,0001.,” and grounds its objection in stating, that the principle proposed for the distribution of the grant would be most unjust in its operation upon the proprietors of Barbadoes, for that the exports afforded no criterion of the actual bonâ fide profit upon the capital invested in that island, and that therefore to make exports the chief element in a calculation of the value of that description of property would necessarily lead to most erroneous results.

ST. VINCENT'S.—The legislature of St. Vincent's protest with great solemnity against the Slavery Abolition Bill, as an invasion of their rights, as a hasty and ill-advised measure, as a dangerous precedent, as a partial measure, as establishing a ruinous system, as granting to a third person the right of continued interference between master and servant, as removing all wholesome authority from the master, and as affording a most uncertain and inadequate compensation. The Council refused to agree in the protest, and it was recorded as the measure of the House of Assembly only.

The French government has not been backward in following the course pursued by England. The Minister of Marine has received from the Governors of Martinique, Guadaloupe, and French Guiana, reports, making known the emancipation granted in those colonies pursuant to the royal ordonnance of

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