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destruction, whenever he shall be ordered to assist in the quarrels of kings, or of their ministers. Let me not be mistaken: I point to no particular conjuncture. Are the laws, the liberties, the constitution, the safety, or the real welfare of your country at stake in your opinion ; it well becomes you to step forth for her protection, " to play the men for your people, " and for the cities of your God,” as we mentioned on a former occasion : and he were a poltron, who should at such a crisis refuse his aid, if it became necessary. But, alas ! the general system of life is so perverted by ambition and avarice, that, to gratify these, multitudes of human beings, aye, and in christian nations too, are ready, at a moment’s warning, to plunge the world in blood and misery, without concern, sensibility, or hesitation. All this, we shall probably be told, is unavoidable. If it is, how deeply to be lamented ! But we will pursue the argument no further : it is too painful. Read Telemachus, and ftudy the New Testament,
In the mean time, let me caution you against that false species of courage, into which youthful fire is easily transported, unless where it happens to be of the gentlest kind. There indeed it appears but feldom, that is, when kindled by occasions of importance; and then it mounts into a fame, which subsides as soon as the purpose is served, without leaving behind it any mark of heat, or of boastfulness. This may be termed the Heroism of Nature, and when exalted by principle, as well as guided by judgement, produces a ftrain of the truest magnanimity. The other is fool-hardiness at beft, is often accompanied with a boisterous and braggart manner, and not rarely degenerates into savageness and brutality; forming the character of the mad hero, who, to borrow the very emphatical language of Solomon, “ castech firebrands, arrows, and death, “ saying, Am not I in sport ?”
Are any of you, my Auditors, naturally rash and impetuous? Claim not on that account the praise of a Manly Spirit. Such vehemence is often observed in the weakest and most womanish natures : it is mere noise and confusion. The helm of prudence is loft; the voice of conscience is not heard in the storm, a storm of your own raising: you drive before it without reflection, and dash on whatever lock lies in your way, without perceiving the mischief till you are wrecked : or, if you make some efforts to gain the haven, you are spent by their violence, and miss it in your rage. Those wild impatient sallies, which your self-love would willingly pass for courage, ;“ betray the succours of -66 Reason,” not less than fear itself. You often rush on lasting misfortune, for the pleasure of following a blind impulse, which in flames you in an instant, but for which you will severely condemn yourselves soon after. Thus you make life an alternate scene of perturbation
fomething, of which the remembrance will poison all your succeeding days, and add double bitterness to your last hour? You may flatter yourselves indeed, or be flattered by your companions, into an opinion, that you are wondrous brave: but, in good truth, you are at the utmost bold without discretion, and daring to no purpose. You consider not, that the hurricane of passion is a very different thing from the firm but calm proceeding of a well-directed and well-determined soul; that the last belongs to real dignity and strength of mind; that the first is frequent among the vicious and the vulgar; that, if the former could cease to be hurtful, it could yet never be beneficial, either to society or a man's self, whereas the latter is the regular path to. happiness and honour.
I know it is common to say, that such a person is very passionate, but very goodnatured. It appears however an odd way
of speaking. That in the intervals of his choler he may show much kindness, and the more for being desirous to make reparation, I do not question ; neither is it unusual for ardent spirits, that are easily kindled, to be capable of the highest generosity : but he seems to me fadly deficient in good-nature, who is not restrained: by it from saying or doing the rudeft, perhaps the most injurious things. That he did not deliberately intend them, is but a poor excuse for offences which are frequently repeated ; and as for any generosity, or kindness, he may be willing to display when he is cool, I must needs think them a sorry compensation to those who suffer from the starts of his passion. Learn, Sir, oh learn betimes, to command your temper. Without this you never can be uniformly amiable; and, let the Hectors of the world pretend what they will, without this you can never be truly gallant; your courage will be temerity, and your honour, pride. · To swell, to redden,