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citous to avoid, for want, no doubt, of purer principles, and more comprehensive aims, than any of a secular kind. Trust me, Gentlemen, a conduct more regular and blameless, an integrity and a generosity of wider scope, with all those qualities of the heart which are most conducive to the happiness both of this world and the next, will be cultivated extenfively in such parts of the earth alone as are enlightened by true religion : I mean that Divine System which, while it enjoins and exemplifies all the duties incumbent on man, enforces them by fan&tions of infinite and eternal consequence, and instructs him by what power he may perform them. Its actual influence in meliorating the tempers, and regulating the lives, of its disciples in those nations where it was first embraced, has been acknowledged. even by some of its greatest adversaries.
When this light from Heaven was afterwards almost wholly intercepted by the
thick shades of superstition and ignorance, that enveloped Europe in the dark ages, what became of the virtues which had fourished under its influence ? Into what other regions were they transplanted, fo as to make amends elsewhere for the enormities and abominations which had grown up in Christendom during that gloomy night? Was not the world manifestly and greatly worse than it had been for a number of generations preceding ?
When a combination of causes sufficiently known had, under Providence, brought about the blessed Reformation from Popery; gracious God, what an improvement was instantly made, by religious knowledge, in the minds and morals of mankind! And this improvement has on the whole continued in every country where a rational piety is professed. In Britain its efficacy is still proved by the exalted virtue of some; by the decency, the humanity, and the moderation of more;
by the mild and equal temperament of the laws in general, and by the justice and equity of those who execute them. Nevertheless we must declare our opinion, that the age in which we live is a declining age with regard to its ruling manners and principles: it is degenerated from the principles and manners of some that went before.
Among other proofs of the melancholy fact, we have found in the foregoing Address, that this nation is unnerved and corrupted, by luxury and effeminacy, to a degree far beyond any former period. The disease is more largely spread, and more seriously threatening : that is to say, it has infected all classes of men, and extinguished in most individuals that lively reverence for the Almighty, and those generous feelings for the public, which only can preserve a people from ruin. The truth is, fuperfluous riches have always, and every where, sooner or later, produced this effect. There are but few men who have faith or virtue sufficient to withstand the enfeebling and contaminating tendency of affluence. Hence, I say Hence, have proceeded principally the decline and fall of the several states recorded in ftory, which, having risen to the summit of prosperity, were thrown down partly by the turbulent, and partly by the emasculating passions, that never fail to be engendered by ease and opulence. Still however “ there is a remnant in our “ land ;” and fain would we contribute to increase it. Our last attempt was to rem commend a Manly Spirit as opposed to Effeminacy. Let us now recommend the same Spirit as opposed to Cowardice: a topic closely connected with the other, and perhaps more needful at this time than may at first be apprehended.
· It is indeed certain, that when Britons
are thoroughly roused, there is no atchievement of which they are not still capable, in the rugged path of martial gallantry. Let France and Spain bear witness. But there are instances of courage, which I conceive to require more strength of mind than the other, and in which the present age appears to me exceedingly defective. We will touch on some of them, after we have pointed to the virtues that should adorn the Military character.
It seems natural to imagine, that Effeminacy would intimidate and unman her votaries, in the camp, and in the field. Yet the fact is different, with regard to many that are bred in the utmost softness and delicacy. It is but fair to own, that the greatest fops have been often found among the braveft men. We likewise know, that nothing can exceed the intrepidity of those savage nations, where it is the mode for every man to paint and de«corate himself in the most fantastic manner, and, except when engaged in war or hunting, to indulge the last degree of floth. Undoubtedly there are in many persons secret springs of resolution, whe