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æconomy were united in her court; when spirit and prudence equally marked her regulations; when men of the greatest ability, vigilance, and virtue, were patronised and employed; when military skill and valour were eminently encouraged ; when politeness and gallantry walked in the train of literature and knowledge ; when the fashionable pleasures, and established pastimes, were moderate, hardy, animated, and rational; in those illustrious days the People of England appeared with real majesty: they baffled with ease the machinations and attempts of their enemies, though the most powerful and political in Europe : they excited, in other countries, terrors which they had never felt for their own : nothing could appall their bravery, corrupt their loyalty, or cool their zeal; unbought and uncourted, they espoused and executed the measures of a Sovereign, whom they had so many reasons to revere and trust. While neighbouring nations were over-run with con
spiracies, feditions, and scenes of blood., they enjoyed all the benefits of peace :: commerce was extended; manufactures were improved ; arts and learning were cultivated with success : in a word, they enforced veneration from the whole world; their capacity, courage, regularity, discipline, and splendor, were admired and extolled by the best judges in foreign lands.; while at home they were happy in their abundance, in their order, in their unanimity, and in their queen.
From the habits of temperance and wifdom which they had contracted under her inspiring influence, they were generally. disposed rather to contemn than.copy the imbecillity, luxury, and vanity of her pe-dantic fucceffors however vilely he might be flattered by too many individuals, who facrificed their understanding and independence to avarice or ambition. The meanness and worthlessness of James would not, you may believe, disgust the better
part the less for their comparing him with a predecessor so respectable on many aca counts, though it must be owned much to blame on some; nor would their discontent be diminished, when they found that his administration was reproached and de fpised abroad, at the same courts where the preceding had been applauded and honoured. There indeed they themselves continued to be objects of just esteem, for the spirit of sobriety, manliness, and elevation, which they still retained, being neither infected by the low vices, nor allured by the liccle amusements, nor awed by the arbitrary maxims, of their monarch.
Through several subsequent reigns the fame dignified character failed not to display itself. In that of the First Charles, it operated too powerfully to leave room for any public diversions, but such as were decent, temperate, and chaste. Such indeed was the character of the prince himself, at the same time that, with a Vol. II.
regularity of conduct not very common in persons of his rank, he was by no means an enemy to elegant pleasures, or inno-, cent mirth. Then, as we learn, began to appear a strictness of principles and manners, which in those days was treated, by light and by prejudiced minds, with every inark of derision, and which continues in ours to be frequently branded with the odious names of fanaticisin and hypocrisy. That it was disfigured by these in great numbers, will be questioned by none who reflect on the frailties and disorders incident to human nature. That in not a few who were sincere it ran into a gloomy scrupulofity, and unamiable austerity, will also be acknowledged. Nevertheless, we must still think, that the vigour and purity of the most eminent writers at that period; the exemplary fortitude and self-denial discovered, not long after, by a large body of men, in the expensive sacrifices they made to the rights of conscience; the tender sympathy and esteem expressed for them, and for others who suffered on account of what they beJieved to be their duty; the just indignation felt at their persecutors, and the arduous struggle perseveringly maintained' against the most dangerous encroachments ;--we must, I say, be still of opinion, that such effects proceeded, on the whole, from a strong sense of whatever was important and sacred among men.
In the scenes which quickly followed, a peculiar strain of seriousness and magnanimity was often manifested, notwithtanding the fanctimonious affectation too frequently blended with it. ; Efreminacy, and her languid wanton train, could hope for little indulgence, at a conjuncture when the plainness and parlimony of an unpolished Soldier, who assumed the gravest airs. of religious folemnity, were united with a determined aim to render the nation prosperous, great, and formidable. The profound reverence which its manly and