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XIV. out of compliment to King Charles, offered five hundred pounds to any one who should secure him in the dominions of France. He was at length seized at Leyden, brought over to England, and condemned to die by Judge Jefferies, who treated him in a very unbecoming manner.

Bishop Burnet observes that he died with great meekness and resignation, expressing a hearty repentance for his past profligate life. King Charles, about the time of Sir Thomas's execution, told several people, that he had been lately assured Sir Thomas had been suborned by Cromwell, to take away his life when he waited on him in Holland, but he found no opportunity of perpetrating his crime; for failing in which, the Protector imprisoned him on his return home. Tho this story came from a royal mouth, few people believed it; yet it is certain, that Cromwell kept him a year in prison.

He was hanged at Tyburn on the twentieth of June, 1684: his head was fixed upon Westminster-Hall, between those of Cromwell and Bradshaw, and his quarters upon Temple-Bar, Aldgate, Aldersgate, and the town-wall of Stafford. It is said he was a native of Nimeguen, a city of Guelderland, and would have claimed from the states-general the protection of a native, if he had not been carried away as soon as he was arrested.

I find in Wood's Fasti, mention made of one James Aston, a divine, of whom no more is faid than that he was a zealous loyalilt, and about this time well beneficed. It is not unlikely, that it is the same person whom we find here celebrated for dullness; for, had he excelled in any thing else, Wood would not have failed to remark it.

Hho would not be as filly as Dunbar,

As dull as Monmouth rather than Sir Carr. There was a Lord Viscount Dunbar, and a colonel of the same name, about this time at court ; but to which to apply this character I cannot tell, as I never met with any of their private history.

Monmouth is said to have been trave, soft, gentle, and fin, cere, open to the grofleft adulation, and strongly addicted to his pleasures : he was, upon the whole, a man of very weak parts, graceful in his perfon, and of an endearing placid deportment. See our notes upon Abjalom and Achitophel.

Sir Carr Scrope is the third person in this verse : he was the fon of Sir Adrian Scrope, a Lincolnshire knight, and bred at Oxford, where he took a master's degree in 1664; and in 1666 ke was created a baronet. He was intimate with the most cele


brated genuises of King Charles's court, had a very pretty turn
for poetry, and was certainly something more than a half-wit.
His translation of Sappho to Phaon,, among the epistles of Ovid,
is in some estimation; and many loose satires, handed about in
manuscript, were set down to his account. He is mentioned thus
in the first vol. of State Poems, p. 200,

“ Sir Carr, that knight of wither'd face,
" Who, for reversion of a poet's place,
“ Waits on Melpomene, and sooths her grace.
" That angry

miss alone he strives to please,
“ For fear the rest should teach him wit and ease,
“ And make him quit his lov'd laborious walks,
« When fad or silent o'er the room he stalks
“ And strives to write as wisely as he talks.”


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And again, in the third vol. part I. p. 148,

- no man can compare For carriage, youth, and beauty, with Sir Carr." He died at his house in St. Martin's-fields, Westminster, in the latter end of the



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celey ull

Nor shall the royal miftreffes be nam'd. About the time of the writing this poem, the king, if we may rely upon Bishop Burnet's authority, divided all his spare time between the Dutchess of Portsmouth and Nell Gwin,

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Ernely and Ailesbury, with all that race
Of busy blockheads, shall have here no place,

Åt council Jet as foils on Danby's fcore.
Sir John Ernely was bred to the law : he was chancellor of the
exchequer in the year 1686, and made one of the lords commif-
Lioners of the treasury, in the room of the lord-treasurer Hyde,
Earl of Rochester.

Robert, the firft Earl of Ailesbury, was the son of Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin in Scotland, and created by King Charles Lord Bruce in England. In 1685 he fucceeded the Earl of Arlington as lord-chamberlain of the king's houfhold, and died a few months afterwards. Wood gives him the character of a man of learning, a benefactor to the clergy, a great antiquarian, and says he was well skilled in the history of his owu country.

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Thomas, Earl of Danby, ancestor to the prefent Duke of Leeds, came out of Yorkshire, and was very zealous in forwarding the reftoration ; for which special service he was made treasurer of the navy, then a privy-counfellor, and in 1673, lord high-treafurer of England. He enjoyed a great share of the royal favor, which, perhaps, promoted his being impeached by the commons for monopoly and mismanagement: he was pardoned by the king, which occafioned much discontent; was zealous in procuring a match between the Prince of Orange and Lady Mary, afterwards King and Queen of England; a principal actor in the revolution, and chairman of that committee of the whole house, which, on King James's flight, voted an abdication, and advanced William to the throne ; wherefore he was made president of the council ; and raised to the dignity of Marquis of Carmarthen and Duke of Leeds, about three years afterwards. He died in the year 1712, aged eighty-one.

Firft let's behold the merries man alive. This character is so strongly and so juftly marked, that it is impoffible to mistake its being intended for Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury: “A man of little steadiness, but “ such uncommon talents, that he acquired great weight with “ every party he espoused : he was turbulent, restless, ambi“ tious, fubtle, and enterprising: he had conquered all sense of “ shame, was restrained by no fears, and influenced by no prin- ** ciples."

Smollett's Hift. In the first vol. of the State Poems, p. 140, he is mentioned thus :

« A little bobtail'd lord, urchin of state,
" A praise-god-bare-bone peer, whoin all men hate ;
« Amphibious animal-half fool, half knave."

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'as Nokes and Lee.. These were two celebrated comedians in Charles the IId's reign,

So Cat transformd, &c. Alluding to the fable of a cat's being turned into a woman, at the intercefsion of a young man that loved it ; but forgetting herself the ran after a mouse, and was reduced to her prifting shape.

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The new earl with parts deserving praise,
And wit enough to laugh at his own ways,

Yet loses all, &c.
This character was well known to be drawn for Arthur Earl of
Effex, fon to the Lord Capel, who was put to death by the regi-
cides ; but wherefore he should be called the new earl, I cannot
see, fince we find in Collins's Peerage, that he was created Earl
of Effex in the year 1661, eighteen years before the publication
of this piece. He was very fond of the lieutenancy of Ireland,
which he had held from July 1672, to 1677 ; and though the
Duke of Ormond was much fitter for that important post, as
being better acquainted with the genius and polity of the na-
tion, and more agreeable to the people ; yet he did every thing
in his power to undermine that nobleman, with a view of again
obtaining his government. He afterwards opposed the court,
piqued perhaps because he was not gratified in all his defires, and
perhaps from the republican principles, which he seemed to che-
rifh, tho fo different from those of his unfortunate father.

He was taken into custody and committed to the Tower, for
being concerned in the Ryehouse-Plot ; and he was found in his.
apartment there, with his throat cut from ear to ear, on the very
morning of Lord Russell's execution.

Lord Effex was a man of indifferent abilities, but what the
world calls cunning; his education had been neglected in the
civil wars, but he had a fmattering of Latin, knew something of
mathematics, and had a little knowledge of the law; he aspired
at being something greater than either nature or education had
fitted him for, and his disappointment perhaps gave him an at-
trabilarious fourness, that ended in suicide, for which he was a
profeffed advocate.

for filly Tropos' Sake.
Sir William Scroggs is meant by Tropos. He was lord chief
justice of the King's Bench, and a violent prosecutor of the per-
fons supposed to be concerned in the Popish plot: but when he
found that Shaftesbury had, in reality, no interest at court, he
quitted that party, and acted as much as poffibly he could againft
it. This occafioned an accusation to be preferred against him by
Oates and Bedloe, but it was never supported, his weight not be-
ing thought worth removing. He was refolute and penetrating,
had a good deal of wit, and fpoke fluently and boldly ; but he
often over-reached himself by being warm. He seems not to


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have been a man of muth estimation; and Roger North, in his Examen, fays, his course of life was scandalous.

Thus Dorset purring like, &c. Charles Earl of Dorset, about this time forty years of age, was one of the best bred men of his time. He was a lord of the bed-chamber, and sent several times with compliments, or on short embassies, to France, for the king could not bear to be long without him : he was a most munificent patron ; learning and genius were sure of his protection; and when our author was deprived of the bayes, he allowed him the laureat's annual stipend out of his own private purse. Arthur Manwaring, Mr. Prior, and many other men of abilities, owed to him their being advanced and provided for. Nor was he less brave than polite and learned; for he attended the Duke of York as a volunteer in the first Dutch war; and hy his coolness, courage and conduct thewed himself a worthy representative of his many illustrious ancestors. The night before the famous battle, in which the Dutch admiral Opdam was blown up, he made a celebrated song, with the greatest composure, beginning,

To you fair ladies now at land,

We men at fea indite, &c.


No man had more ease or good-humor; his conversation was refined and sprightly: he had studied books and men deeply, and to good purpose : he was an excellent critic, and good poet, with a strong turn to satire, for which he is thus highly complimented in the State Poems, vol. I. p. 200.

“ Dorset writes fatire too, and writes so well,
O great Apollo ! let him still rebel.
" Pardon a mufe which does, like his, excel,
« Pardon a muse which does, with art, support

“ Some drowsy wit in our unthinking court." He wrote with severity, but that severity was always justly pointed; and Lord Rochester calls him,

The beit good man, with the worst-natur'd muse.” His first wife the Countess-Dowager of Falmouth, had proved a barren: wife. Of her having been a teeming widow I am ignorant. His second wife, whom he married in 1685, was daughter to the Earl of Northampton, and mother to the present Duke of

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