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Average Prices of Birds.

151

in the belief that this will prove a valuable addition to a Manual on Bird-keeping.

Cockatoo, Leadbeater's, £5.

Do. Lemon-crested, £3 5s.

Mackaw, £5.

Parrot, Grey African, from £1 5s. to £2.

Parrot, Talking, from £5 to £10.

Do. Amazon Green, from £1 to £2.
Do. Ceylon, £1.

Australian King Parrot or Parrakeet, from £3 to £5. The Rose-hill and Pennant's Parrakeets (sometimes called Lories), from 25s. to 6os.

Blossom-headed or Ring-necked Bengal Parrakeets, from £1 to £2 each.

Cockateels, £2 per pair.

Ground Parrakeets, £3 per pair.

Grass Parrakeets, many-coloured, £3.

Do.

Budgerigars, from 10s. to 30s. per pair.

Turquoisine Parrakeets, from 40s. to 6os. per pair.

Red-rumped do., from 25s. to 35s.

African Love Birds (Swindern's), 25s.

Brazilian Green do., £1.

Collared Turtle Doves, 10s. per pair.
Troopials, from £2 to £3 each.
American Mocking Bird, £4.
Indian Mina Bird, from £4 to £10.
Tanager, Superb or Septicolor, £3.
Do. Scarlet, from 25s. to 35s.
Virginian Nightingale, from 20s. to 30s.
Green or Black-crested Cardinal, £2.
Red-crested do., 25s.

Pope, £1.

Nonpareil, 15s. to £1.

Indigo Bird, 12s.

Whydah Bird, from 12s. to 15s.

Pin-tailed do., from 12s. to 15s.

Madagascar Bird, £1.

Grand Bishop Bird, £1 to £1 10s.
Common Bishop Bird, 12s. to 16s.

Crimson Bishop Bird, £1.

Weaver Birds, 10s. to 12s. per pair.

Java Sparrows, from 8s. to 10s. per pair.

Cutthroat or Coral-necked do., from 8s. to 10s. per pair.

Diamond Sparrow, from 12s. to 15s. each.

American Goldfinch, 10s. each.

Saffron Finch, 12s. each.

Cuba and Negro Finches, £1 per pair.

Senegal or St. Helena Canaries, 125. per pair.

Green and Yellow Singing Finches, 125. per pair.

African Grey do., from 15s. to 20s. per pair.

Australian or Rockhampton Finches (the Banded Grass Finch, Chestnut-breasted Finch, and Red-tailed Finch), from 30s. to £3 per pair.

Brisbane Finch, from £1 to £1 10s. per pair.

Cambasso Birds, 12s. per pair.

Spice or Nutmeg Birds, 125. per pair.

Silver-Beaks, African, 10s. per pair.

Do. Indian, 10s. per pair. Manikins, African, Bronze, 10s. per pair. Do. Black-headed do., 12s. per pair. White-headed do., 12s. per pair.

Do.

Cordon Bleu, 15s. per pair.

Fire Finch, 12s. per pair.

Avadavat or Amandava, 12s. per pair.

Waxbills, African, Ios. per pair.

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St. Helena, 12s. per pair.

Orange-cheeked, 12s. per pair.

Zebra or Orange-breasted, 12s. per pair.

Australian do., £1 per pair.

Average Prices of Birds.

153

CANARIES.

German Canary, from 8s. 6d. to 21s., according to song. Hens, 2s. 6d. to 3s. 6d.

Lizard Canary, 15s. to 30s., according to markings—a clear cap indispensable.

Norwich Canary, from 8s. 6d. to 25s. each, according to colour.

Belgian Canary, from 25s. to £3, according to fineness of breed. (It should have high shoulders, smooth feathers, straight legs, and hold its tail close to the perch). Cinnamon Canary, from 12s. to 30s.

London Fancy Canary, 30s. (This breed is dying out.) The cocks and hens of these varieties are about the same price, as this depends upon the plumage, and shape, and size of the birds.

Mule birds vary according to plumage and song. A common brown mule would cost 8s.; if a very good songster, LI. The bird-dealers have made pied mules very dear: £10, and in one instance £13, has been given for one of great beauty. The hens have no value.

A Piping Bullfinch varies in price from £1 to £5 55., according to the perfection of its tune or tunes. £3 3s. is the ordinary price of a good bird.

BRITISH SONG BIRDS.

British song birds may be purchased for a mere trifle, if newly caught. For aviaries they are generally from is. to 5s. each. A Siskin would cost about 3s. 6d.

Goldfinch, Linnet, Bullfinch, Chaffinch, from 5s. to 10s., according to beauty and domestication; educated birds, of course, would cost more. A Nightingale newly caught might be purchased for 7s. 6d; but a good, promising bird, caught in April and kept till the following autumn, would cost £1, and in full song, £2. A Blackcap would average

about the same prices; a Whitethroat and Garden Warbler somewhat less.

A Woodlark, newly caught, 5s.; in full song, from 10s. to £1. A Skylark, newly caught, 2s. 6d. to 5s.; in full song, from 10s. to £1. A Song Thrush from 5s. to £1. A Blackbird about the same. A Starling, taught to talk, from Ios. to £1.

CAGES.

I can

These abound in all sizes, shapes, and kinds. only mention a few of the most useful description. Aviary cage, with compartments having two movable partitions, waggon-shaped, 3 ft. 3 in., in lacquered brass, £5, in white wire, £3. This is a very useful cage for foreign birds, as the divisions would permit birds of various sizes to be kept in it: for instance, a number of tiny Waxbills, etc., might inhabit the centre, and Australian Finches, or Diamond and Cutthroat Sparrows, Indigo Bird, Nonpareil, Madagascar Bird, or Bishop Birds might live in the side compartments. Another pretty cage of the same kind has a dome and two arches. It is 3 ft. 6 in. by 18 in., and in lacquered brass costs £5, in white wire, £4; a smaller cage 3 ft. by 16 in. in lacquered brass, £4, in white wire, £3. A waggonshaped cage, suitable for eight or ten pairs of very small birds to live together in, 18 in. by 12 in., of lacquered brass, costs 255., in white wire, £1; the same, but smaller, 15 in. by 10 in., lacquered brass, 18s., white wire, 15s.; 13 in. by 9 in., lacquered brass, 14s. 6d., white wire, 12s.; 11 in. by 8 in., lacquered brass, 10s. 6d., white wire, 8s. 6d. All these cages are particularly nice and convenient for birds, no space or comfort being sacrificed to ornament. I have mentioned the prices of those made of the best mahogany,

with sand-drawers and bottoms in solid mahogany (less liable to warp and less likely to harbour insects than deal cages, which would be somewhat cheaper). Breedingcages may be had of various sizes and prices, from 3s. 6d. to 355., according to size and material. The most useful is, I think, about 22 in. long, 14 in. high, and 10 in. deep. This made in deal, with polished mahogany fronts, whitened inside, with a compartment for young birds, and completely fitted up with glasses, tins, etc., would cost 10s. 6d.

A Parrot's cage would vary in price from 15s. to 25s., and cages for single birds, made of wood and wire, bellshaped, from 7s. 6d. to 12s. 6d. An ordinary round cage for a Canary would be 3s. 6d., 4s. 6d., or 5s. 6d. Some of the metal cages are very handsome. The Zollverein cages vary from 3s. 6d. to £1; a pretty cottage cage of this kind would cost 7s. 6d. Bird-glasses cost from Id. to 4d. each; "pegging-pots" (small covered tins with round holes, preventing the birds from washing in them) 3d. or 4d. each; bird-hoppers for seed, with two holes, 1s. 6d., with three, 25., with four, 2s. 6d.—very useful for large cages. Baths in metal, Is. and 1s. 6d. each; in wood and wire, with pan, 3s. 6d. and 4s. 6d. each. Scrapers, 4d. each, used to scrape the cage when the drawer is taken out, are very useful; the sand and seed settle at the back, and cannot be cleared out without tilting up the cage, much to be deprecated when there are eggs or young birds in it.

SEED.

Canary-seed is sold at 6d. the quart, 3s. the peck, 125. the bushel. Hemp-seed at 6d. the quart, 3s. the peck. Flax and rape-seed each at 6d. the quart. These four seeds are sometimes sold mixed at 3s. the peck.

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