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SERMON III.

LU KE X. 36, 37.

Which now of these three, thinkest thou,

was neighbour unto him that fell amongst the thieves? And he said, he that bewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him

Go, and do thou likewise.

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N the foregoing verses of this chap

ter, the Evangelist relates, that a certain lawyer stood up and tempted JeSUS, saying, master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? To which enquiry, our Saviour, as his manner was, when any ensnaring question was put to VOL. I.

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him,

him, which he saw proceeded more from
a design to entangle him, than an honest
view of getting information instead :
of giving a direct answer which might
afford a handle to malice, or at best serve.
only to gratify an impertinent humour
he immediately retorts the question up-
on the man who asked it, and unavoid-
ably puts him upon the necessity of an-
swering himself; and as in the present
cafe, the particular profession of the en-
quirer, and his supposed general know-
ledge of all other branches of learning,
left no room to suspect, he could be ig-
norant of the true answer to his quer-
tion, and especially, of what every one
knew was delivered upon that head by
their great Legislator, our SAVIOUR
therefore refers him to his own memory
of what he had found there in the course
of his studies. What is written in the

lawa

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upon which

law, how readest thou ? the enquirer reciting the general heads of our duty to God and Man as delivered in the 18th of Leviticus and the 6th of Deuteronomy, — namely --That we should worship the Lord our God with all our hearts, and love our neighbour is. ourselves; our blessed Saviour tells him, he had answered right, and if he followed that leffon, he could not fail of the blessing he seemed desirous to inherit.This do and thou shalt live.

But he, as the context tell us, willing to justify himself — willing possibly to gain more credit in the conference, or hoping perhaps to hear such a partial and narrow definition of the word neighbour as would, fuit his own principles, and justify some particular oppref

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fions of his own, or those of which his whole order lay under an accusation says unto Jesus in the 29th verse, And who is my neighbour ? though the demand at first sight may seem utterly trifling, yet was it far from being so in fact. For according as you understood the term in a more or a less restrained sense - it produced many necessary variations in the duties you owed from that relation. -Our blessed Saviour, to rectify any partial and pernicious mistake in this matter, and place at once this duty of the love of our neighbour upon its true bottom of philanthropy and universal kindness, makes answer to the proposed question, not by any far fetch'd refinement from the schools of the Rabbis, which might have sooner silenced than convinced the man - but by a direct

appeal

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appeal to human nature in an instance he relates of a man falling amongst thieves, left in the greatest distress imaginable, till by chance a Samaritan, an utter stranger, coming where he was, by an act of great goodness and compassion, not only relieved him at present, but took him under his protection, and generously provided for his future safety.

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On the close of which engaging account — our Saviour appeals to the man's own heart in the first verse of the

- Which now of these three thinkest thou was neighbour unto him that fell amongst the thieves? and instead of drawing the inference himself, leaves him to decide in favour of fo noble a principle so evidently founded in mercy. The Jawyer, struck with the truth and justice of the doctrine, and frankly acknowledg

ing

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