Obrazy na stronie

ginia, and about the close of the day, stopped at a public house to obtain refreshment, and spend the night. He had been there but a short time before an old man alighted from his gig, with the apparent intention of becoming his fellow-guest at the same house. As the old man drove up, he observed that both the shafts of his gig were broken, and that they were held together by withes, formed from the bark of a hickory sapling. Our traveller observed further, that he was plainly clad, that his knee-buckles were loosened, and that something like negligence pervaded his dress. Conceiving him to be one of the honest yeomanry of our land, the courtesies of strangers passed between them, and they entered the tavern. It was about the same time that an addition of three or four young gentlemen was made to their number-most, if not all of them, of the legal profession. As soon as they became conveniently accommodated, the conversation was turned by one of the latter upon an eloquent ha rangue which had that day been displayed at the bar. It was replied by the other, that he had witnessed the same day a degree of eloquence, no doubt equal, but that it was from the pulpit. Something like a sarcastic rejoinder was made to the eloquence of the pulpit; and a warm and able altercation ensued, in which the merits of the Christian religion became the subject of discussion. From six o'clock until eleven the young champions wielded the sword of argument, adducing with ingenuity and ability every thing that could be said pro and con. During this protracted period the old gentleman listened with all the meekness and modesty of a child, as if he was adding new information to the stores of his own mind; or, perhaps he was observing, with philosophic eye, the faculties of the youthful mind, and how new energies are evolved by repeated action; or, perhaps, with patriotic emotion he was reflecting upon the future destinies of his country, and on the rising generation upon whom these destinies must devolve; or, most probably, with a sentiment of moral and religious feeling he was collecting an argument, which (characteristic of himself) "no art would be able to elude, and no force to resist." Our traveller remained a spectator, and took no part in what was said.

At last, one of the young men, remarking that it was impossible to combat with long and established prejudices, wheeled round, and with some familiarity, exclaimed, "Well, my old gentleman, what think you of these things?" If, said the traveller, a streak of vivid lightning had at that moment crossed the room, their amazement could not have been greater than it was with what followed. The most eloquent and unanswerable appeal was made for nearly an hour by the old gentleman that he had ever heard or read. So perfect was his recollection, that every argument urged against the Christian religion was met in the order in which it had been advanced. Hume's sophistry on the subject of miracles was, if possible, more perfectly answered than it had already been done by Campbell. And in the whole lecture there was so much simplicity and energy, pathos and sublimity, that not another word was uttered. An attempt to describe it, said the traveller, would be an attempt to paint the sunbeams. It was now a matter of curiosity and inquiry who the old gentleman was. The traveller concluded it was the preacher from whom the pulpit elo. quence was heard ;-but no,-it was the CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES'

Visit to Henerae.

August 1. As we wished to improve the present opportunity to explore the district of Henerae, a place of primary importance in this part of the island, and five or six miles distant, Tamoree sent a canoe to carry us, and a messenger on foot to see that a dinner should be provided for us there. Henerae has a small fort, built of clay, on a verdant hill, eligibly situated, but of little value; a considerable harbour, which is said to be tolerably safe for vessels most of the year; a pleasant river, 60 or 80 yards wide, but which, like most of the rivers, has a bar at its mouth; several thousand of acres of valuable land, little

cultivated, though watered with frequent showers, and apparently fertile; together with a small population, who might, with Christianity, be happy.

Hospitable attentions of the Natives.

The inhabitants treated us hospitably. Coming thirsty to the foot of Fort Hill, I asked the natives, whose huts line the shore, for a neoo (cocoa-nut). One of them ran to a tree and brought me a large one, containing nearly a quart of milk. He tore off the thick fibrous husk with his teeth, and cracked the shell for me, and walked along, up and down the hill, draining the milk, and eating the meat of my cocoa-nut, and sharing it with my companions. We then sailed up the river a mile or two, gathered from a large tree a few oranges, conversed a few minutes with some of the natives, on our great object, and walked back to the river's mouth, where the head men of the place had prepared a dinner for us. A pig, baked with hot stones covered in the ground, set before us on a large shallow wooden tray; taro, baked in the same manner, pounded and laid on leaves; bananas, rich and yellow, handed to us as ripe fruit: and water served to us in a tumbler made of the neck of a gourd, composed our dinner, which, reclined on the mats, we received with thanksgiving. After dinner I went out upon the bank of the river, and with my pencil, took a rough and hasty sketch of the mountains, which, rising but a few miles distant, presented a very majestic scenery. The natives gathered around, amused to see me copying the figure of their rude country. I asked the names of the mountains, which they seemed much pleased to tell me. I desired to direct their attention only to Him, who had of old laid the foundations of the earth, and established the heavens, and who had here made such exhibitions of his power and majesty. I asked them if they knew who made these great mountains? They replied, "We know not." "Who made the earth, the sun, moon and stars?" "We know not."-I then told them, speaking in their tongue, as I had done before, that Jehovah, the great God of heaven, made these mountains and all things. One of them replied-"This is your God, is it not?""Yes, this is our God, and is he not yours also?" "No, our gods are all dead." I told them they must worship Jehovah, who alone is God.—I hope not many years will elapse before this interesting place will be adorned with a church and a school.

They return to the two Kings.

Taking our leave we embarked in a double canoe, with the aid of a sail, ran briskly before the wind, and, in less than an hour, landed at the place where we left the kings in the morning. Reho-reho encamped for the night in a grove of Laualla. The leaves of the trees being from four to six feet in length, and very thickly set, form a very dense and cool shade by day, and a pretty good canopy by night, in this climate. Some parts of this globe bear a resemblance to an orchard of apple-trees in a meadow ground. In the evening large torches, made of tootooe (oil-nut) illumined the king's camp, and presented a novel, and truly romantic scene.

Conversation with Reho-reho.

Before he slept, I went and sat down by the head of Reho-reho, who was now sober and accessible, but with whom we seldom get a favourable opportunity for any serious conversation. Bringing before him our great object, I asked him if he would like to have the missionaries teach all the people to observe the Sabbath, and make them acquainted with Jesus Christ and the way to heaven? To which he readily replied in the affirmative. I endeavoured kindly to dissuade him from intemperate drinking, and expressed my desire, that he might be a great, wise, and good king, that all the people might love him, and that he might be saved.


A profane coachman, pointing to one of the horses he was driving, said to a pious traveller, "That horse, sir, knows when I swear at him." "Yes," replied the traveller, "and so does One above." The coachman seemed to feel the reproof, and became immediately silent.

The Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, acknowledges the receipt of the following sums for their Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J. during the month of September last, viz.

Of David J. Burr, Esq. from Richmond, Virginia, for the Contingent

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And from Manchester, for ditto

Of E. Steel a quarter's rent, for ditto

Of Mr. Cornelius J. Blauvelt, per Divie Bethune, Esq. Greenbush,
Hudson Presbytery, for ditto

$43 68 11 32 87 50

10 50

Of Mr. Robert Hart, per ditto, Nyack, same Presbytery, for ditto
Of Rev. Dr. A. Alexander, the donation of Mrs. Esther Simpson, of
Augusta, Georgia, for ditto

7 00

5 00

Of Rev. Dr. Daniel Dana, the donation of deacon James Pinkerton,

Of Rev. John E. Latta, New Castle and Christiana Bridge, for ditto Of Robert Ralston, Esq. from Captain John Sowers, Staunton, Virginia, for ditto

New Providence, Rockbridge, for ditto

And the Augusta Church, for ditto

Of George Pomeroy, Esq. Cooperstown, New York, for ditto

of the west parish in Londonderry, to be considered as the contribution from that parish, for ditto

17 00

16 07

11 14

10 00



Of Rev. Dr. Samuel Miller, from the united congregations of Goose creek, and Harrisonburgh, Virginia, for ditto

30 00

Of Rev. Dr. Janeway, from Rev. Dr. Richards, First Presbyterian
Church of Newark, for ditto

48 50

5 00

Amount received for the Contingent Fund

$327 71 20 00

Of Rev. Dr. John M'Dowell, from Springfield, New Jersey, for ditto

Of Mrs. E. S. Ely, for a particular student
Of Rev. Dr. E. S. Ely, his first annual payment for the Oriental and
Biblical Literature Professorship

Of Robert M'Neely, Esq. Trenton Church, for the Professorship to
be endowed by the Synod of New York and New Jersey
Of Rev. George Duffield, per Divie Bethune, Esq. Carlisle Church,
for the Professorship to be endowed by the Synod of Philadelphia
Of the Saving Fund Society, $30, and interest, deposited by Rev.
George S. Woodhull, which he received of Mr. M'Farland, for the
Scholarship to be endowed by the Senior Class of 1820

Of Mr. Benjamin Stillé, the four last instalments in full of his subscription for the Permanent Fund

50 00

67 00


33 12

40 00


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Of Rev. Dr. William Neill, from Mr. John Wilson, $4, and Mr. Charles Hawkins, $1, subscriptions on Dr. Neill's paper in Washington, Pennsylvania, for ditto

In this Magazine for June last, page 287, 14th line from the bottom, in

sert William, instead of Henry.


Presbyterian Magazine.





"And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you: and they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt. Now, therefore, be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. For these two years hath the famine been in the land; and yet there are five years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor harvest. And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. So now, it was not you that sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt."-GENESIS, xlv. 4-8.

The life of Joseph is one of the most interesting and instructive pieces of history in the Old Testament scriptures. The style is uniformly beautiful, the incidents eminently touching, and the moral lessons conveyed in the inspired narrative, are, in a very high degree, practical and useful. But that which principally claims our attention, in this portion of the sacred records, is the providence of God, as it is manifested in the preservation and enlargement of the visible church. To this grand object, indeed, our views are to be chiefly directed in these lectures. We purposely avoid going into minute details, either in relation to characters, or difficulties, which occur in the holy scriptures. Those who have the taste and the leisure for extensive inquiry on such subjects, will find them ably and elaborately discussed, by Dr. Henry Hunter, in his "Sacred Biography," the Rev. Thomas Robinson, in his "Scripture Characters," Dr. William Bengo Collyer, in his "Lectures on Scripture Facts;" by Stackhouse and Burder, in their respective "Histories of the Bible;" and by other writers of distinction, that need not be mentioned.

VOL. II.-Presb. Mag.

3 X

In these brief Sketches of Biblical History, our aim is to exhibit, in a plain and practical manner, the church of God, as distinguished from the world, by the revealed truths of which she was the repository, by her rites of worship, and by the special care of Divine Providence, in guarding her interests, chastising her for her sins, and promoting her edification by the agency of a great variety of means.

That we may attend, profitably, to the general subject presented in the passage of scripture now before us, let it be carefully noted, that the family of Jacob were, at the time referred to, the salt of the earth, in their collective capacity, though individuals among them manifested very little, if any thing, of the savour of godliness,-that they therefore needed chastisement to bring them to a sense of duty, and to reclaim them from their evil ways,--that they were, nevertheless, Abraham's seed, to whom the land of Canaan had been, long before, solemnly promised,--that they now sojourned there, in the midst of idolaters, whose manners were exceedingly infectious,-that it was, therefore, judged proper, by the Great Disposer of events and of nations, that they should be removed to Egypt, where, by a suitable course of discipline, they might be prepared to take exclusive possession of the promised inheritance, and to occupy it agreeably to the intention of the Divine Donor,--and, further, that Infinite Wisdom deemed it necessary, that one of their number, the most amiable, no doubt, of the whole family, the father alone excepted, should be sent before them, to provide for their reception and comfortable sustenance, during their feeble and defenceless condition. Let it be recollected, moreover, that the preservation of the family of Israel from extinction, and from entire apostacy to the vices and abominable idolatries of surrounding nations, was intended to be, ultimately, as it has actually proved already to many nations, a blessing of transcendant magnitude to the whole world of mankind. The truth and ordinances of the living God, in which is promulgated the gracious plan of redeeming love, are benefits of inestimable importance to our benighted and guilty race. Now, if these oracles of truth and grace were to be conferred at all, they must, from the nature of the case, be deposited, in the first instance, with some select and particular portion of the human family; and, if so, what objection can be made to the children of Jacob, that will not lie, with equal force, against any other tribe or nation that ever existed?

It was the holy and immutable purpose of God, that his people Israel should go down to Egypt, and that they should be nourished in the land of Goshen until, from a mere handful, they should become a great nation. The preparatory steps taken, and the means employed for the accomplishment of this

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