Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

admit of a doubt, that the individual, have been widely disseminated, and against whom the inhibition of Arch- have been deposited in the minds of bishop Magee was issued, was the de- many of the Roman Catholic clergy of cided enemy of revcaled religion, and, Ireland. We do not believe that the consequently, of the Protestant Churchi. "healing measure” of 1829, which has The illustrious Prelate, therefore, who made the country sore, had the power displaced him rendered the Church a to blast the good fruits for which we service. The opinions of dispassion- were taught to look inmediately beate men appear made up that Mr. fore that year, although it certainly had Nolan is one whose exertions, Roman the effect of checking their growth, Catholics think, would be beneficial to and of defacing those manilestations of Protestantism—the act of silencing him promise which encouraged even the therefore was, in their judgment, the superficial and the distrustful to exdepriving the reformed religion of an

pect them.

The Roman Catholic etcient minister. To complain that clergy had been engaged in controverMr. Taylor was silenced and to pane- sial discussions. In the endeavour to gprise the offering an indignity to Mr. defend their church, they had been Nolan, are, therefore, acts ascribable frequently constrained to abandon and to the same consistent policy.

deny her principles; their assaults upon Let it be, here, clearly understood, the Church of England had provoked that we confine our observations within replies which taught them for the first the letter of their meaning. We in- time that antiquity bore testimony in sinuate nothing-We suggest nothing. favour of that pure

faith which was apWe affirm, and we contend, on sufficient proved by Scripture and right reason ; grounds, that Archbishop Whately is and although boldness of assertion and eulogised and encouraged by the par- denial often secured to them a tempotizans of Popery, because they think he rary triumph or a happy escape, it has done injury to the Protestant could not protect them against a reChurch ; but we do not say, nor hare currence of thoughts which disturbed we formed a judgment on the subject, the trust with which they relied on that it was with a design to injure Pro- their church, and increased their retestantism, or to purchase the praise of verence for the great rule of faith and any party, Dr. Whately performed the morals with which they had become act in which the enemies of his church habituated to compare it. The conseare exulting. We shall consider im- quence was beginning to be apparent partially what the Most Rev. Prelate, in the conduct of priests and people, in the administration of his high office, when the political measures of 1829, bas thought it becoming of him to do; interrupted the progress of religious we shall consider such reasons as have discussion by giving a new direction to been officially given to justify his ex the public mind, and by causing the intreme exercise of authority ; we feel it terest of argument and reasoning to within our province to advert also to fade in the more commanding splenthe consequences likely to wait upon it ; dor of what the great mass of the Robut into the motives from which it

pro

man Catholic people were taught to ceeded, we feel our inability to pene- acknowledge as their miraculous detrate, nor do we think ourselves at li. liverance. bertyeven to speculate concerning them. An interruption of what had become Premising, therefore, that wherever we a popular pursuit, thus produced, could are constrained to complain of the not be permanently effectual. The exconduct of the Archbishop of Dublin, citement to which sober enquiry had we shall do so openly ; that when we been distasteful, subsided, and the indo not directly complain, we hold it terrupted studies would have been reunworthy of us to insinuate, we pro- sumed, had not new topics of agitation ceed fearlessly with our review. The been discovered and adopted. Ineulogies of the liberal

press

we have re stead of meeting the advocates of Progarded as lights which served to shew testantism, to discuss points of faith, the tendency of the Most Rev. Prelates the priests entered into associations to act, not the motives from which it pro- discuss and advance political interests, ceeded. A very brief consideration of instead of defending the doctrines of the difficulties besetting the Church of their own church, they assailed the Rome will show that they gave correct temporalities of the Protestant estabintelligence.

lishment, and instead of appealing to It is well known, that doubts which truth, and Scripture, and righteousness threaten the demolition of their system, for the justice of their cause, they ad

ment.

dressed themselves to the passions of a will spread, whether the confessional or misguided people, to men's discontent, the sacrifice of the altar may not have and envy, and uncharitableness, and been invaded by uncertainties and strove, by such auxiliaries, to maintain doubts, such as disturb the intention of themselves in the station of power to the officiating priest and mar the sacrawhich they had been raised, and to

We do not set this down as in overthrow all obstacles which impeded itself a severe injury to the Church of them in their efforts to obtain still Rome, but we regard it as one of the higher dominion, or menaced them approaches by which doubt may enter with insecurity in the positions they into her citadel. It will furnish an already occupied. But reflection occasion for thought and enquiry and comes to all men. Such a policy was speculation, and will, to many minds, desperate. It was impossible that at suggest consequences arising out of times it must not have appeared to Romish doctrine, by which their unmany who were guided by it, dishonest soundness will be rendered more apas well as uncertain. Many a priest prehensible than by the scriptural tesmust have thought the cause bad which timonies which condemn thein. was driven to the adoption of such It requires little sagacity to determodes of defence. Many a laic must mine what should, and what must be have felt that the boasted characteris. the policy of the Church of Rome in tic of sanctity had been effaced from this emergency. Whatever can dis. the aspect of a church whose ministers parage the testimony of reformed were engaged in so unholy practices; priests who bear witness against her ; and the natural result has followed, in whatever is likely to deter waverers the well-known disposition of many to from renouncing her authority, and atrenounce the errors of Rome, in the taching themselves to those who have actual withdrawal of many laics and gone out from her, she must naturally ecclesiastics from her communion, and hold desirable. The inhibition of the in the doubts which it is ascertained, Archbishop of Dublin, and the reasons have been awakened in the minds of assigned for it serves to both uses.multitudes by the exertions of Protes- To all who respect the authority or tant instructors, and, still more, by the judgment of the Most Rev. Prelate, it confessions which their own clergy damages the authority of Mr. Nolan's have made, or the methods of counter- teaching-to those who, within the acting the efforts of their antagonists, Church of Rome in profession, and to which they have resorted.

estranged from it in belief, meditate Of all the incidents which, at the upon the course they will pursue, it same time, betray the unsoundness of utters a dissuasive from the making a the Church of Rome, and increase the good confession. They are wise in evil of her condition, the most remark- their generation, therefore, who apable and the most dreaded is the fre- plaud the conduct of the Archbishop quent withdrawal of priests from her of Dublin, and pour their invectives on communion. The injury is two-fold the reformed priest, Mr. Nolan. the affections of soine go after the ec There might have been one unclesiastics who have departed—the re- avoidable drawback on the satisfaction Jiance of others is shaken in the eccle- with which the radical press lent itself siastics who remain. The reformed to the defence of a Protestant Arch. priest is a witness against the church bishop. It might have done so under from which he has separated ; and, in circuinstances which involved a defence proportion to the frequency of such se- of the church in which he was a ruler. parations, will be the facility with which To vindicate episcopal authority from the minds of men may be drawn into calumnious aspersions, to assert the conjectures and presages of new con- duty of submission to canonical goversions, and the degree in which the vernment, might have become a necesstability of their dependance will be sury part of the duty undertaken by the weakened on the priests who have not men who discontinued their assaults on yet avowed a change. When a con Mr. Nolan, only while they panegygregation has learned that a vehement rised the judge who had exposed him asserter of the superiority of their to their fury. This would have been a church has joined the ranks of those distressing necessity. It would not who testify against it, some among them perhaps have released the sufferer from will be led to believe in the possibility his tormentors, but it would, to some that his successor may also change; little extent have abated the gratification and, gradually, something like distrust with which they dealt their blows, and

hurled their foul missiles at him. The also, by the tenor of these presents, inmanner in which the Archbishop bibit that he presume not to preach, or thought proper to proceed the ground perform any other clerical office within on which he justifies his proceeding--has our said dioceses and jurisdiction, without enabled the adversaries of the Church our special license and authority first had to enjoy their freedom without alloy. and obtained, under pain of the law and There is no necessary connection be- coutempt thereof; and that you certify tween the vindication of Dr. Whately, to us, or our Vicar-General, or some other and a defence of the episcopal order. judge competent in this behalf, what you There is no difficulty in pronouncing a

shall do in the premises, together with eulogy on his Archiepiscopal judge these presents. Dated under our Arment, without ascribing authority to chiepiscopal Seal, the eighteenth day of

Lord the canons by which his decisions November, in the year of our should be governed. In short, a Ro

one thousand eight hundred and thirty

six. man Catholic may praise the late inbibition with its accompanying com

(Seal.) « RICHARD DUBLIN.

“ John SAMUELS, mentary, because it not only restrained

" Deputy Registrar." a preacher whom he dreaded, but cast disparagement also on the heads of the Before we offer any observations on Protestant Church; because, in his the substantial matter of this docujudgment, the Prelate who proclaimed ment, we think it right to enter our the ignorance, and censured the pre- protest against-wbat we conceive to be sumption, and punished the disobedi a very objectionable form of expression. ence of the convert from Popery, be- Mr. Nolan's alleged offence is declared trayed in his own acts, unacquaintance to be “contrary to the laws and canons with the canons according to which it of the Church of Ireland.” We would behoved him to rule, disregard for the ask respectfully, what is the “ Church judgment of those whose authority he of Ireland ?” Is it a Church, in its was bound to respect, and a fixed de- constitution, character, doctrine, or termination to take his own will and discipline, different from the established wisdom, as more trust-worthy guides, church of these realms ? As we read that the spirit of those laws by which the 5th article of Union, it runs thuschurch government is edifyingly conducted. The Roman Catholic may be Ireland, as now by law established, “ be

“ That the Churches of England and lavish of encomium, because, as it seems

united into one to him, the blow aimed at the reputa- Church, to be called the United Church of

Protestant Episcopal tion of the convert was so awkwardly England and Ireland, and the doctrine, levelled, that Protestant discipline must worship, discipline, and government of take burt from it. We shall see whe- the said United Church shall be, and ther such an anticipation is ground shall remain in full force for ever, as the less.

same are now by law established for the Although the terms of the inhibition Church of England, &c. &c. &c.” against Mr. Nolan may be familiar to our reader's memory, we think it not Such is the article of Union. We unsuitable, for many reasons to give it ask-are the laws and canons which a place in our pages :

Mr. Nolan has transgressed, different

from those of this United Church 2 * Richard, ly Divine Providence,

If they are, we propose another ques. Archbishop of Dúblin, Primate and Me- tion-was it right that he should be tropolitan of Ireland, and Bishop of judged by them? Are they the same ? Glandelagh, to all and singular clerks and Are the times such as justify an abanliterate persons within our dioceses of donment of the appellation to which Dublin and

the Church in Ireland has become enGlandelagh, greeting. Whereas the Rev. L. J. Nolan hath titled? Is it right to familiarize the taken upon himself to officiate in perform- public mind to the idea of a separation ing divine offices in the parish churches of between churches which have been, so Lucan and Saint John, within our said far as laws have power, indissolubly diocess and jurisdiction, without our li- united ? We know that something cense or authority, contrary to the laws may be said respecting adherence to and canons of the Church of Ireland, in form. We have no opportunity of that case made and provided : We, there comparing the form of inhibition isfore by these presents, strictly charge and sued against Mr. Taylor with that of command you, that you inhibit peremp- which we now complain.

We can, torily the said L. J. Nolan, whom we however, imagine, that an inadvertence

« INHIBITION.

censure.

may have been committed in 1822, is primarily due. The canons bearing which, in 1836, it is much more diffi- reference directly to the qualifications cult to excuse ; and we earnestly hope which a stranger must possess in order that the heads of the church, if their that he be permitted to perform a interposition be necessary, will rectify clerical office, are two, the 38th and an error which should nvt at any time 39th. The latter enjoins that, trave been permitted, but which the

“ Neither the minister, churchwardens, temper of the present day renders peculiarly obnoxious to

or other officers of any parochial or col

In times when a minister of the crown

legiate church, shall suffer any stranger can rear up his scheme of municipal churches, except they know him to be

to preach unto the people in their reform on an assimption that in every su{ficiently authorised thereto as is aforething by which legislation should be

said;" affected, there is sameness in the condition and circumstances of Great Bri- And the “aforesaid" authority is detain and Ireland, while his accompany- clared, in the preceding canon, to be, ing measure of Church Reform is based on the recognition of a difference and diocese, or ordinary of the place, as afore

“ The testimony of the bisliop of the discrepancy amounting to not less than said, whence they came, in writing, of irreconcileable opposition, it would be their honesty, ability, and conformnity to well to have provided that no Tigellius the ecclesiastical laws of the Church of of law-makers-!10 present or future Ireland.” Lord John Russell-should avail himself of the precedent set by an Arch

All this is rational and intelligible. bishop of Dablin as his excuse for for. The ministers and officers of each getting that the Protestant Church in parochial or collegiate church are reIreland had not become disentitled to sponsible for the doctrines which shall the protective guarantee assured to it be preached in their respective pulpits. in the articles of the legislative union. If they invite strangers to officiate,

But to come to the more substan- they are bound to see that they select tial matter of the inhibition. It alleges persons duly qualified; for which purthat the Rev. L. J. Nolan has taken pose it is incumbent upon them to proupon him to officiate in the diocese of cure, not a license from the bishop of Dublin, without authority or license the diocese in which their offices are from the Archbishop, “ contrary to the held, but to have assurance that the laws and canons of the church." This stranger has been duly authorised to is to be regarded either as a general officiate in the place from whence he proposition, affirming that a stranger came. In a word, the ministers and officiating in the diocese of Dublin, officers of the church may admit without license from the Archbishop, strangers to officiate under certain transgresses, and infringes the canons, specified restrictions.

The canons orit contemplates some peculiarity in his which limit their power, by prohibitparticular instance, by which Mr. Nolan ing them from iniroducing improper was rendered culpable. In either case persons to their pulpits, recognise we think his Grace took an erroneous and secure their right to avail themview of the subject. In the explana- selves of the services of such ministers tion which has been given, (we believe as are not canonically disqualified. officially) of his procedure, we have It would seem, therefore, that a certainly seen nothing to satisfy us stranger solicited by the minister of a that he did not act under a miscon- Dublin church to preach in his pulpit, ception.

does not necessarily violate the canons That a stranger officiating in Dub- by accepting the invitation. He is lin is not accounted a transgressor of justified in assuming that he would ecclesiatical rule, although he has not not have been requested to officiate sought or obtained a license or autho- if any local regulation excluded him rity from the Archbishop, the fre- if it were necessary to obtain a special quency of such ministrations renders permission from the diocesan, he is abundantly manifest. Nor is usage at justified in assuming that it should be variance with the canons of the Church, sought, not by him, but by the minister which direct, not that a stranger shallobe of the place; and that, indeed, bad not tain authority from the bishop of the dio- such a permission been generally uncese in which he performs an occasional derstood, or, in that particular instance office, but that be beliccnscd by the dio- obtained, he would not bave received cesan to whom his canonical obedicnce the invitation to officiate. As to the

tant

or

[ocr errors]

canons, he knows that they do not the point by a simple statement of facts, Tequire of him to obtain an episcopal which have come under our knowledge. sanction to his preaching other than The travsaction alluded to is, in reality, that which he has received from the totally unconnected with any thing rebishop of the diocese in which he holds lating to the church of Rome, in its docbis eure or preferment.

So much for trines, or to its members, considered as the question as affecting strangers such. The Archbishop proceeded exgenerally. We shall now consider it actly in the same manner in which he, as it may be effected by peculiarities and it is to be presumed every other in the recent case of inhibition.

Bishop would, in the cause of an indiMr. Nolan, it appears, about three

vidual brought up either in the Protesyears since, having withdrawn from the

Roman Catholic persuasion. Church of Rome, applied to the Arch

Mr. Nolan having some time ago apbishop of Dublin, requesting employ- for some clerical appointment, was found

peared before the Archbishop, applying ment in bis Grace's diocese. The ap

on examination not to possess that knowplication was entertained, and Mr.

ledge which Nolan was required to undergo an ex

required for candidates for amination, for the purpose of ascer

Holy Orders. His Grace was of course taining his competency to discharge time what would be equivalent to or

obliged to decline giving him at that clerical duties. He did not succeed

dipation, permission to officiate as in obtaining the Archbishop's appro; clergyman. The Archbishop at the same bation, and was accordingly refused

time pointed out a course of study, and permission to officiate. His Grace, expressed his readiness to admit him to a however, did not bid Mr. Nolan de re-examination when better prepared. In spair ; he pointed out to him a course an interview with us lately, Mr. Nolan of study, and declared his willingness admitted that he wes ignorant of the to admit him, when better prepared, to Scriptures at the period of that examinaa re-examination. So far the conduct tion, and that the Archbishop had acted of the Archbishop may have been con- rightly in refusing him leave to preach. sistent with a due regard to the He added that since that period he had interests of religion, and with a bene- acquired religious knowledge. Of this Folent consideration for the individual the Archbishop had no opportunity of whom he pronounced deficient in judging, Mr. Noian having never prescriptural knowledge. Of all this we sented himself a second time to his Grace. are officially informed. We are fur- When, therefore, Mr. Nolan commenced ther instructed, that Mr. Nolan was preaching in the diocese of Dublin, after recently refused permission to officiate having been refused permission as above in Dublin, on the ground that he had stated, it became necessary, as a matter been found incompetent when he was

of course, to direct an inhibition against formerly examined, and that the him, without any reference whatever to Archbishop of Dublin had not had any topics introduced or designed to be an opportunity of ascertaining that introduced in his discourses, and without he had so benefitted by his Grace's

reference to any popular commotion,

The whole counsel as to have becoine capable of actual or apprehended. discharging clerical duties with ad- transaction was, as we bave before said, vantage. We subjoin the document

from first to last, totally unconnected in which this explanation is given with lics and Protestants. We remain, your

with any question between Roman Cathoauthority

obedient humble ssrvants, * To the Editor of Saunders' News-Letter.

« CHARLES DICKENSON.

« JAMES Wilson, « Nov. 26, 1836.

Chaplains to the Archbishop of Dublin, “SIR,-Many statements and remarks having appeared in various newspapers

This must be regarded as a docurelative to Mr. Nolan, who has been in

ment of importance. Answering as it hibited by the Archbishop of Dublin

does for the motives by which the from officiating in his diocese, we ob- Archbishop of Dublin was influenced, serve that the transaction in question is it is natural to suppose that it was subassumed to have some connexion with

mitted to his Grace's inspection. Inthe circumstance of Mr. Nolan's having deed it would imply a degree of subeen formerly a Roman Catholic Priest, pine indifference, of which we should and that accordingly the whole matter is be sorry to accuse the Archbishop, were mixed up, more or less, with Roman he to permit such a statement to go Catholic controversy. We think it right, forth to the public without his consent therefore, to undeceive the public as to and approbation. It profisses to de

« PoprzedniaDalej »