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rence, who flourished not long after order. The indiscretion of the Irish Dante, the antiquity of the woollen ma- parliament, respecting the regency, led nufacture in Ireland. It is recorded of io many dismissals from office ; and some of our countrymen, that the severe this, again, caused an accession of blow which that manufacture sustained, strength to the opposition, which it somewhat more than a century ago, was had not known before, and from owing to their boast of its extent and which, on the part of the government, prosperous condition. Had Lord Char, considerable embarrassment might be lemont lived in those days, he would apprehended. The conduct of Lord have defended its privileges with no less Buckingham was fully justified by the ardour as a senator, than in the present provocation which he received, (for he traced its history with the ingenuity parliament had passed a vote of cenof a learned academician."

sure upon him for his refusal to for. The Marquess of Buckingham, (for- ward the address ;) and those who merly Lord' Temple,) now succeeded were made to feel the weight of his a second time to the Irish viceroyalty, displeasure, for what they conceived to which was vacated by the death of the be a strictly constitutional exercise of Duke of Rutland. His administration their parliamentary privileges, must moved on with a tolerable degree of naturally have felt very strong resentsmoothness, until the discussion of the ment. It was when these feelings were regency question, which was caused rankling in the minds of himself and by the illness of the king. Here, the his friends, that Lord Charlemont proevil of two jarring legislatures again moted the establishment of the Whig strikingly presented itself, and, had it Club, a society which comprised most not pleased Providence to restore his of the eminent persons with whom he majesty to health, the consequences was in the habit of acting in public might have been very fatal. The life, and which served to give that English parliament maintained the right energy and concentration to their of the two houses of assembly to exertions, which rendered them not choose a regent; the Irish, the duty only formidable to their antagonists in of nominating to that office the heir parliament, but dangerous at that parapparent to the throne. The English ticular crisis, to the peace of the emparliament elected the Prince of Wales pire. For never was there a time when with conditions ; the Irish called upon a strong government was more impehim to assume the functions of royalty, ratively required to quell the insubordiin all the plenitude in which they were nation and the disaffection which now exercised before disease had impaired began to be ripe in many parts of Ire: the intellect of the king. Could any land. Of this, Lord Charlemont could propositions be more directly at vari- not be persuaded, nor was it to be exance ?

And could any differences be pected that he should. And we only inore important ? And this second do him common justice when we say, contlict with the English parliament that had he been fully aware of the occurred only six years after the asser- dangerous spirit which it was the tention of our independence !

dency of the measures which he proLord Charlemont again took the moted to excite and to cherish, these wrong side, his nationality prevailing measures would never have had, from against his reason. He was the mover, him, the countenance with which they in the House of Lords, of the resolu- were regarded. But where lie only tion requesting the Prince of Wales saw the workings of constitutional to take upon bim the office of regent. principle, others could discern the This resolution the Lord Lieutenant heavings of secret treason.

And well refused to transmit. And Lord Char

was it for the country that those whose lemont, then, accompanied a deputa- views were juster, and whose foresight tion to England, who were authorised was clearer, were at that time placed to wait upon his royal highness, and in stations of authority, which enabled present the address in person. This them to exercise such a vigilant guarthey did. It was graciously received. dianship over the public weal, that the But the matter turminated there; as machinations of the disatłected were recovery of the king rendered it unne. defeated. We shall take occasion, in cessary to proceed in this perilous bu- a future number, to present to the siness any faither.

reader a full-length portrait of Lord Now it was that Lord Charlemont's Clare, who now filled the important political conduct began to cause some office of Irish Lord Chancellor, and, aların to the best friends of social without whose energy and determina

tion, it is our firin belief, that the re- The difference of sentiment between him bellion, the seeds of which now began and his friend, seemed to be clrefly with 10 appear, and which afterwards blazed regard to some claims of the Catholics, out with so much fury, would have which it was expected would be brought terminated in the separation of Great forward in the session of parliament then Britain and Ireland.

fast approaching * As to the politics of Ireland,” says

“ • For heaven's sake, let us not amuse Burke, writing to Lord Charlemont at

ourselves with dangerous experiments. this period, (1789,) “as I see nothing in In one of Lucian's Dialogues, the wily. them very pleasant, I do not wish to re- Proteus desires Merclaus, who doubted vive in your mind what your best philo- the reality of that tire into which he was sophy is required to niake tolerable.

about to transform himsell, to try the Enjoy your mansion, and your amiable effect, by taking him by the hand : to and excellent family. These are com

which the shrewd Spartan laconically fortable sanctuaries, when more extensive replies, 'Ovx åspaans ń IIcīga ū Ngottő."" views of society are gloomy, unpleasant, Already had the Whig Club, which, or unsafe."

by his encouragement at least, he had As the French revolution progress- contributed to establish in Belfast, beed, so the designs of the disaffected gan to take the bue of treason. He in Ireland becaune more and more ap- thus writes, in 1796, to the saine reparent ; and although the policy of spected individual, and give's way to Lord Charlemont was not calculated an indignation never before exhibited to counteract them, it is needless to by him, wlien he found that the body, sar that, with the principles of that for whose good reputation he was so dangerous faction, le never syınpa. solicitous, had rejected a declaration thised. Almost to the latest period of recommended by him, in which a prohis life, he continued an enemy to fession was made of attachment to the Carbolic emancipation. We have constitution. Lord Plunkett's' authority for say

“Dublin, September 12th, 1796. ing, that in the end, he parted with " What! Do the good people of your what he called his prejudice upon

tow'n consider it as a matter of very that subject; but had he lived to

little moment, to be confounded in the vitness the experiment that has since mass of those whose principles they must been made, he would, perhaps, ac- detest? Is the present situation of this count bis first his most enlightened con- country, and more especially of your viction. He thus writes to Dr. Hal- neighbourhood, such as to render an liday with reference to that subject :- avowal of amity to the constitution, a

** Thank you for your letter ;-thank matter of very little moment ? As for you for the explicit, manly, and friendly the arguments, if such they may be mauber in which you avow and explain called, omade use of by those who wished Four sentiments; a manner worthy of to refuse their signature, they are really my friend, and for which I must thank too futile to deserve an answer. That you, notwithstanding the painful situa. the spirit of discontent has struck its tion into which your letter, kind as it is, roots deep indeed, I am alas ! well aware. has cast me. Not to be able perfectly to But is it merely a spirit of discontent? agree with you, must at all times give I also am discontented; yet that shall me pain ; but the sensation is aggravated not prevent me from endeavouring, to tenfold by my finding myself utterly in- save my country from destruction. But capable of explaining, as I could wish, the spirit that has gone abroad, is, I fear, the reasons of my disagreement. I can- of a far worse nature, and proceeds from not entirely adopt your opinions, nor co- the machinations of a set of wretches, incide with your reasoning, and yet the who wish for confusion, because by that wretched state of my nerves absolutely alone they can hope to thrive. They precludes my entering into the argument, wish for a restoration of Chaos, not from or endeavouring to justify iyself where I the hope, though that would be suffici. differ.'

ently foolish, that a better world might “ As the best part of this letter was be created out of it, but, because they confidential, it would be improper to suppose that in the confusion of elements, publish it altogether ; I shall only insert the lightest must necessarily float at the such extracts from it as cannot be con- top. The divine Milton, certainly no sidered as strictly so, and do credit to the courtier, has well, and beautifully, pointbead and heart of the noble writer. ed out the close connection which exists

• The experiment is not easy, Proteus.

between Chaos and the author of all Dr. Halliday, bears date, June 9th, evil, where Satan addresses the powers 1797 : and spirits of the nethermost abyss, in words not ill-adapted to a modern anar

“ Dublin, June 9th, 1797. chist.

“ Deplorable indeed, is the account

you give, and your experience of my sen-Direct my course;

timents will enable you readily to judge, Directed no mean recompense it brings

how sensible I feel the misfortune of a To your behoof, if I that region lost,

town, which, with all its errors, must All usurpation thence expelled, reduce To her original darkness, and your sway,

ever be dear to me; neither does my hay. Which is my present journey, and once more ing long foreseen, and fruitlessly warned Erect the standard there of ancient night' your fellow citizens against what has hap" To whom the old Anarch answers,

pened, tend in any great degree to lessen with the utmost kindness, and bids him

my concern, since, perhaps, they are the • Go, and speed.' • Havoc and spoil, and

most unhappy, and consequently the most ruin are my gain.' There was a time

to be pitied, who suffer from their own

faults or follies; and far be from me that when my opinion miglat have had some little weight at Belfast, but those halcyon

hardness of heart, which can view with

indifference, or sometimes even with pleadays are fled. My only consolation is, that I am no way changed, whatever

sure, the sufferings of a friend, merely they inay be who formerly honoured me

because he brought them on himself, with their esteem.”

To avert these evils, you well know

what pains I have taken. My advice has, But the floodgates of democracy indeed, been lavished on both parties, had now been pulled up, and it was not with equally ill success; but how could I in Lord Charlemont's power to close expect that it would influence those them. The secret association of United with whom I was wholly unconnected, Irishmen was rapidly spreading through when it had produced little or no effect the country. While the friends of the upon my friends ? Would to heaven it people, as they were called, in parlia- had been otherwise ; but spurred on by ment, were denouncing ministers, for destiny, we seem on all hands to run a not yielding to the “pressure from rapid course towards a frightful precipice. without,” by granting reform in par

But it is criminal to despair of our counliament, and other measures of a like

try. I will then endeavour yet to hope. tendency, Wolfe Tone, M'Neven,

My conscience at least is clear, and with Emmet, and their associates, were

a clear conscience, utter despondency can secretly laughing at their folly, and

scarcely exist. Every thing in my power determined to rest satisfied with no

has been done. I have recommended thing short of the overthrow of the

conciliation, I have recommended conmonarchy and the church, and the cession, and, though my advice, however establishment of an independent re

strongly urged, has proved ineffectual,

still I have disburthened my mind ; neipublic in Ireland. But we shall re

ther is it utterly impossible that, in the serve what we have to say on this subject for our notice of Lord Clare, who opinion may yet prevail.”

fluctuation of these unsteady times, my was, indeed, at this period a terror to evil-doers, and who was afterwards of the dreadful scene which shortly acknowledged, (by one of the rebel after took place, it is not our intention leaders, in his examination before the to speak at present. A more fitting secret committee,) to have shaped his opportunity for so doing will be premeasures for the suppression of rebel- sented in some of our future numbers. lion with almost as much skill as if he But be must have been but a shorthad had an intimate knowledge of all sighted statesman, who could not now the hidden designs of the traitors. see the perils to which the country

Lord Charlemont's health was now must be exposed, if the boasted conivery much broken, and his anxiety now stitution of 1782 continued to constirespecting the state of the country did tute the basis of its government, and not contribute to improve it. The who was not fully persuaded that the arrest of the committees in Belfast, integrity of the empire could only be and the seizure of their papers, put guaranteed by a legislative union. government into possession of much It is not, however, surprising, that valuable information, and caused many, the fathers of that constitution should who were either hostile or neutral, to still continue to regard it with a pargive a cordial approbation to the tial fondness, and that every attempt vigorous measures of administration. to extinguish their national legislature The following extract from a letter to should be strongly and indignantly resented. When it was noised abroad readily perceive that this business is most that it was the intention of government certainly in agitation. Lord Clare, as I to propose the measure of an union, am told, makes no secret of its being a Lord Charlemont waited on the Lord principal cause of his voyage to England, Lieutenant for the purpose of offering and two things only can, I fear, prevent bis respectful but earnest remonstrauce its being brought forward; remonstrances against it. The interview he thus de- from the English trading towns, and the scribes, in a letter to Mr. Hardy :

firm opposition of individuals here. The

former is, I am assured, probable, but “ I prefaced my discourse by assuring may only tend to render the treaty worse him, that I expected no answer to what I

for this country; and as to the latter, meant to say, conscious as I was that, both you and I are too well acquainted considering bis situation, it would be im

with our fellow legislators, to put much pertinent even to desire it; but that, as

trust in them." a proposition of the highest importance

But his remonstrances were, happily, was openly and generally spoken of, ard

unavailing. When the measure was as there was a possibility, that the report first brought forward, it was, to his might be founded on truth, I had deemed it an incumbent duty, shortly to lay be great joy, defeated by a small majority. fore him my sentiments, not only for my his existence, in which, for a time, he

This gave a momentary sunshine to own sake, but for his also, as I could not doubt but that, in a matter of this nature, mities now pressed heavily upon him,

seemed to revive. But age and infirhe would wish to know the opinion, of and he was rapidly approaching to: every individual. That I deprecated the

wards his latter end. His health measure for many, many reasons, but would now troublé him with one only: visibly declined more and more every that it would, more than any other, con

day. His appetite almost entirely tribute to the separation of two countries, filed him ; his legs swelled, and it ibe perpetual connexion of which was one was evident, to all who saw him, that of the warmest wishes of my heart. His his dissolution was near at hand. After Excellency received my discourse with lingering for some time in this disthe utmost politeness ; expressed his obli- tressing state, a species of stupor gation, and his firm assurance, that every seized him which lasted some days, opinion of mine was founded on the best when he expired, at Charlemont house, motives ; but, in compliance with my de- in Dublin, on the 4th of August, 1799, sire, declined for the present, saying any in the 70th year of his age. Amongst more on the subject. From this you may his papers was found the following

My own epitaph.
Here lies the body of
James, Earl of Charlemont,
A sincere, zealous, and active friend

To his country.
Let his posterity imitate him in that alone,

And forget
His manifold errors."

66

THE TWO INHIBITIONS, AND THE “LIBERAL" PRESS.

We believe it was in the first year of to an evil master as have procured for his Archiepiscopate, that the late la- him a title which is not likely to be dismented Prelate of this diocese found puted, bad found means to possess him. himself under the necessity of execut- self of two posts of a very commanding ing an extreme act of power, by issuing influence. He was principal assistant an lahibition. The circumstances of in a school in the vicinity of the metrothe case which called for this severity, polis, and had been appointed the subleft Archbishop Magee without alterna- stitute of the absent curate for the distive. They were these :-A gentle- charge of bis parochial duties. What man who has since become notorious use was likely to be made of the opporfor the perseverance with which he hss tunities afforded to him, the reader will inveigbed against the truths of revealed scarcely ask, after having learned that religion, and who has indeed been the instructor of boyhood and matuthought to have rendered such services rity of whom we speak was the Rev.

a

Robert Taylor. The use actually made under which it has been manifested ? of one at least was such as might have We shall see. been expected. The ministration of Robert Taylor was an Englishman, the pulpit was profaned to the office of having no clerical appointment either undermining Christianity.

in his own country or in this. L. J. It would occasion no surprise to

Nolan is curate in a very ostensible

any who should hear, now, for the first position in the diocese of Meath, within time, that an inhibition was issued less than thirty miles of this metropolis. against such a preacher; and yet, we

Mr. Taylor, it is said, was pursued into can remember well, when the whole his retreat in this country' by rumours force of Archbishop Magee's high cha- that in England he had acted in such racter was demanded to sustain him

manner as to have incurred the against the storm of calumny and in- penalty of suspension. Mr. Nolan envective which the conscientious disa tered upon the duties of his cure charge of an imperative duty brought

amidst unsuspicious testimonials that he down upon him.' We remember well had, to the utmost of his abilities, prothe placarded walls-the corners of moted the good of the reformed relievery street occupied by the busy and gion, and without any evil report, exbrawling agents who upheld standards cept from those who hated him

because testifying against episcopal intolerance, and was likely to prove an active and

he had entered the Protestant Church, and the shrill clamours of importunate zealous minister. Mr. Taylor preached urchins stiil ring in our ears, “ Mr. Taylor's letter, sir, to Magee ;"

« Mr. against the fundamental doctrines of Taylor, sir, giving it to the Archbishop discourses, the authority of Scripture,

revealed religion, and impugned, in his of Dublin." We remember, too, how the liberal press greedily seized upon

Mr. Nolan has preached Christ and the opportunity of assailing dignity-

him crucified, and strenuously conwith what unmitigated rancour it

tended for the great principle that the poured forth slanders against the illus- Bible contains all truths necessary to

salvation. trious guardian of the churches of this

Mr. Taylor was repre. diocese, and how pathetically it ap who sought privily to bring in dam

sented to Archbishop Magee as one pealed to the sympathies which distress

nable doctrine. awakens, to enlist the compassion of

Mr. Nolan, it is said, men against their sense of justice, and

has been represented to Archbishop to beguile them into a notion that be. Whately as one whose discourses, and cause Robert Taylor was a suffering, he whose life have taught and exemplified was an injured, man, and that Arch- genuine Christianity. These are not bishop Magee, because he exercised discrepancies which would seem to authority to restrain him, was a tyrant. lan, from the same class of persons by

call for eulogies on the silencer of NoAlter an interval of fourteen years, whom the inhibition issued against an Archiepiscopal Inhibition has again Taylor was stigmatised as an unparcreated some excitement in the public donable crime. Where then shall we mind. The circumstances under which find the essential difference? What is it it has issued are not similar to those which recommended Taylor and Archin which the former was called for- bishop Whately to the favour of the the subject of it is a man of zeal and liberal press” which provoked against piety; his discourses are of a character Archbishop Magee and Nolan its ranto procure many attestations in their corous hostility ? Can it be this. favour, and to provoke no complaint Taylor preached against Christianity; or censure-he has been inhibited Nolan against the errors of the Church from preaching in the diocese of of Rome? We bid Mr. Nolan be of Dublin, -and the same press which left good cheer. The press which calumno species of vituperative eloquence niates him is that which "so perseunattempted in the generous endeavour cuted also" William Magee. We do not to expose and bear down the despotism think it matter of congratulation to any of Archbishop Magee, bas“ • aggra- party, to add, that the champions of vated”its most gentle voice, and speaks Robert Taylor in times past are now simooth and small to justify and eulo- the apologists of Dr. Whately. gise the inhibition of the more enter- Our course begins to emerge into the prising Archbishop Whately. Does light. The motives for culogy and viihis change in the "spirit of the jour. tuperation are becoming intelligible, nals” admit of explanation? Is it to and the consistency of the liberal press be accounted for by the circumstances begins to be apparcut. No man will

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