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oita to the meeting of the Metropolitan and of which the proceedings should Conservative Society, we have to be reported. This meeting was fixed notice several other nost gratifying for the 16th of November, and its proand cheering demonstrations of Pro- ceedings furnish us with the text for testant feeling in Ireland, singularly these observations. It is the intention enough embracing within their com of the society to reprint the proceedpass the entire extent of the island. ings in the shape of a pamphlet. We Literally from Cork to Carrickfergus have not, however, as yet been able to the voice of Protestantism has been procure a copy, and we are obliged to raised. Cork, Dublin, Enniskillen, take our extracts from the newspaper Banbridge, and Ballymena,, have all eports. had their mectinys with signal spirit To the character, the objects, and the and success. A few days more will proceedings of the Association, inadd to the list the most splendid of cluding in these last their general them all—we meani, of course, the meeting, we have no hesitation in sayanniversary dinner of the Belfasting that we give an entire and unSociety—and we trust that the spirit qualified approval. Our readers may thus excited will not soon or easily perhaps recollect that some time since subside, but that Protestants will unite we stated our views on the occasion of wherever there is the pressure upon the dissolution of the Orange Lodges.* Protestantism, and in their union as We then recommended the formation suredly there will be strength.

of Protestant Associations, and the adA brief sketch of the history of the vice which we thought it our duty to Metropolitan Conservative Association offer, inet, we believe, with the conmay, perhaps, be neither uninstructive

currence of most persons whose opior inappropriate. There may be suine nions were entitled to respect. The thing in its progress to cheer the ex

very saine principles which then inertions of those who attempt, under Anenced us in offering that advice, now discouragements, to carry out the great determine us in expressing our approval principle of Protestant union-the prin- of the Metropolitan Association, and ciple upon the practical development it only needs ihat its example should of which, we cannot disguise from our be generally followed to ensure for selves, the very existence of Irish Pro- every part of Ireland an unobjectiontestantism depends.

It was

able system of Protestant Union, of a menced, we believe, by eleven indic character at once temperate and firm, viduals, who felt the necessity of some meeting the wishes of the most ardent bond of union between Protestants, of our friends, and presenting no and who acted on what they felt. Re- ground for the cavils of the most membering the old and universally captious of our opponents. adopted proverb), “ Dimidium facti qui The objects of the Association have cæpit habet,” they determined that been fearlessly and honestly put forthey would at least begin. They ward--they are such as none but the went straightforward to work, and enemies of Protestantism can take exformed themselves into a Protestant ception to. From the report of the Association; and this is the nucleus from Committee we take the following,

wbich originated that great and influ- which is the original declaration of the · ential body, the Metropolitan Society- objects of the society, and presents the

a society including in its members up- great principles which constitute, if wards of a thousand persons of re we may so speak, the charter of its spectability and influence in their re- incorporation. Their objects as here spective stations, and including in put forward areits members much of the rank and the

“ To maintain by every means in our talent of the country.

power the Protestant interests in Ireland. The society had been for some time

“ To unite together all who are willmaturing their plans and carrying ing to make common cause in upholding on their operations in silence, when it the religion of the Reformation, and the was proposed by some of their mem- principles of civil and religious liberty, bers that it would be desirable to hold of which, under God, it has been the a general meeting of the Association, foundation. to which persons not members might, 'And for that purpose to employ such under certain restrictions, be admitted, means as may seem advisable and consti


• See Dublin University Magazine for June 1836, vol. 7.

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tutional to facilitate and promote the of Mr. George Alexander Hamilton. registration of Protestant voters, and the At first we were disposed to regard dissemination of sound political and reli- the appearance of this letter with regious information amongst our Protestant gret. We still think it would have brethren throughout the empire.

been better that it should not have * And to give, in every way, by the been published ; but its publication establishment of Loan Funds, and all may have its good. The sentisach other means as may be practicable, ments of this letter are sentiments protection and assistance to the humbler entertained by a section of the Conclasses of Protestants."

servative party; and it is well that

they should find expression in a tanIn this simple, brief, and yet com; gible shape in which they may be prehensive statement of the objects of brought to the test of discussion. the society, there is included every There are often prejudices vaguely thing that ought to be the object of a floating through the mind which asProtestant association and there is

sume the appearance of unanswer. included nothing more. This state- able arguments, until their baselessment of their objects is just in charac- ness is detected in the attempt to ter with the entire spirit of the shape them into words : and this is proceedings of the society — marked by just the case with the vague prejudices temperance, calmness, and moderation, to which Mr. Hamilton's letter gives a and yet, at the same time, presenting a shape. He embodies idle and intangifull, and a steady, and an uncompro- bie speculations in a form in which they nising declaration of principle: and in may be refuted. So far, we trust, he this union of firmness and mildness, Hoes service. We know that in dealthere is a lesson, which we do not hesi- ing with his letter we are dealing tate to say, the Protestants of Ireland with feelings which are predisposneeded to be taught. Some men have ing many to listen to the sirensebeen tvo apt to confound integrity of ductions of indolence and pleasure ; principle with violence of expression, and Aatter themselves into the belief, and to imagine that a furious partizan, that in yielding to the seduction they ship is the most unequivocal proof of are acting a prudent part. It is always attachinent to the cau-c of truth-while pleasant to find in our own minds an others, again, still wore foolishly jina

excuse for yielding to inclination-still gined that the way to exhibit molerio

more pleasant when the excuse is of tion was to compromise and give up such a nature as to enable us to find some portion of principle. But it is fault with the exertions of those whose cheering and gratifying to observe, stern adherence to the path of duty that the Protestants of Ireland, are

puts our reinissness to the blush. It is learning the truil, that, indeed to be ine evil of Mr. Hamilton's letter that consistent, it is not necessary to be in it furnishes, under the sanction of temperate, and that true moderation is

a respected name, such excuses something very far different iudcell those who ever are ready to stand from a suppression or abandonment of aloof from every movement of their principle. They have seen that it is

Protestant bretiren. It is the euthe duty of the advocate of the cause

bodying of these excuses-and, as such of truth to declare the truth, and the it is worth the trouble of a calm and whole truth ; but it is equally his duty debberate examination— 10 which pernever to encumber that declaration hapis otherwise it might got be enwith a single occasion «f unnecessary tijel; for while we entertain an offence. It is the double stamp of firm undiminished respect for Mr. Hamiladherence to principle, and of inolera. ton's integrity and honesty of pourtion in asserting it, which is impressed pose, candour obliges us to acknowupou all their proceedings, that makes ledge that his conduct on this occasion us regard this society as likely to prove has not been marked by the strength of a powerful auxiliary to the Protestant mind or sounduess of judgment which cause. It is time, however, that we

we woulil have expected from the should come to the cousidcration of the

writer. We trust that Mr. Hamilton meeting itself.

will believe us, That nothing but a In the very front of the proceed- sense of duty could induce us ings we are met by a feature perhaps speak thus. But the publication of his the most striking in the entire. We letter has thrown on us the painful mean the singular, and, we cannot duty of exposing calmly and yeny', help thinking, the unfortunate letter but, at the sainc time, fully, the



mon cause,

weakness of his positions, and the mis- shall have no other alternative than again chievous character of their results. to resort to Protestant agitation and

The following is Mr. Hamilton's organization, I confess 1 shall prefer the letter :

re-construction of the Orange Institution, “ Hampton Hall, Nov. 14, 1834.

with certain modifications, to any other “ MY DEAR PLUNKETT—The absence of general political association. one of the Conservative members of the

“I beg of you to assure the meeting nietropolis from a meeting of the Metro- that while I think it necessary to explain politan Protestant Association, may pog- my reasons, as an individual, for declining sibly create a remark-certainly it requires to join the Protestant Association at this an explanation.

present time, I am far from intending to “ Will you, therefore, be so kind as lo discourage, still less to find fault with, the state for me, that having been recently exertions you are using, in conjunction consulted by several gentlemen who were

with them, for the promotion of our commembers of the late Orange Institution, with regard to the expediency of re-estab

“ Believe me, my dear Plunkett, lishing that Institution under existing always, sincerely yours, circumstances—having expressed myself

«Geo. A. HAMILTON, very strongly against its re-organization

· The Hon. R. E. Plunkett, M.P." at this present time, and the intention

Our object in this article is to urge having bien, I believe, abandoned, partly, upon Irish Protestants the necessity of perhaps, in deference to my advice and exertion ; and perhaps all that we have opinion, I feel that I should be acting unfairly towards them, and inconsistently

to say upon the subject may most conwith that advice, if I was now to become veniently be thrown into the shape of a member of another general political

a reply to Mr. Hamilton. Before we association of similar principles and baving proceed to a task, in the discharge of similar objects in view.

which we are sure that he would not By the voluntary dissolution of that wish us to soften down a single sentidearly-cherished institution, in submission ment of what we feel, we beg distinctly to the wishes of our King, and on an

to repeat, that our respect for Mr. understanding, or engagement, as I am

Hamilton's principles and character is informed, that all adverse political associe undiminished by a step which we must itions should be discouraged by govern- fairly tell him has had a different effect ment, the real character of that much- upon the minds of others.

In acting calumniated body, and of the Protestants as he did, we are confident that he acted of Ireland generally, has beeu already, I from a conviction that the course he trust, set right in the eyes of the English was pursuing was the best for the intepeople, and their teelings awakened on rests of Protestantism ; aud while we our behalt.

think his letter altogether a niistaken • But, however it may injure us in one, we readily acknowledge that it some respects, I cannot help thinking bas emanated from an honest and an that the cessation of all general political honourable mind. agitation on our side, for some time

This letter does not appear written longer, till Government and Parliament with the clearness of one who undershall bave been unsuccessfully appealed stood distinctly the grounds of his to, wiil renıler more essential service to conviction. The general tenor of the our cause, than any other measures we

sentiments is unquestionably to discould now adopt. • Mosleration, such as that on our part,

courage as impolitic the efforts of the while agitation has been carried on with Metropolitan Association; and yet at

its close Mr. Hamilton, as if conscious redoubled violence on the part of our opponents , and while it hns been pro- in discouraging Protestant exertion, at

that he was strangely out of his element moted, instrad of discouraged by the copiluet of Government, will enable the tempts as it were to neutralize the effect people of England to appreciate more

of all that he had previously written, by fully the faith that has been kept on both saying that while he thinks it necessides, and will excite their sympathies sary as an individual to explain his reamore strongly in our favour, while it will sons for declining to join the Protestant also prove to them that Protestant ayi- Association at the present time, he is tation and organization are defensive and far from intending to discourage, still not aggressive.

less to find fault with the exertions " When Protestant forbearance shall they are making." have been further abused, and Parliament Now, begging Mr. Hamilton's paran dGovernment shall have been appealed don, we must say that if this sentence to in vain, and whes, consequently, we has any meaning at all, it simply is Liis


_that the rest of his letter has none. similar principles, and having similar obThe entire drift of the letter was to dis. jects in view." courage any exertion on the part of

There is in this sentence a mistake, Protestants, and even beyond this, to which it is important to correct discourage the particular exertions of regarding the respective characters events that ought to be adopted. “The of the Orange societies and the reasons that he puts forward do not apply ciples are unquestionably similar, but

Metropolitan Association: their printo biar as an individual with one bit more force than to every other Protestant in their character is different; and their the community. If it be prudent for objects, if they are parallel

, for that very Protestants to remain quiet until their in full existence tomorrow, we say that

reason are distinct. Were Orangeism forbearance is further abused,” this pru- it would not in the slightest degree dence is equally obligatory upon all. interfere with the operations of the If the revival of Orangeism be the best Metropolitan Society, or supersede the and the only mode of uniting Protestants together, this is a considera necessity of its existence. The Orange tion which should influence every Pro- tion of physical force; the Metropolitan

lodges were adapted for the concentratestant equally for the preferences or

Society aims at the attainment of moral predilections of an individual

influence. It was the boast of the cept as they rest upon reasons calculated to convince the public mind Orange Institution that it was essenare not matters of the slightest public right hearted and the loyal combined

tially a defensive society, in which the concern. The truth is, that throughout to resist outrage and violence, and to his letter Mr. Hamilton dealt with the matter on public grounds, and he exhibition of strength the menaces of

overcome by their calm but resolute should never have hesitated one in- force by which Protestantism is asstant in openly appealing to the com- sailed. "We do not hesitate to say that mon sense and judgment of the Pro- the character of the Metropolitan testant public to discourage exertions which he believed injudicious. He Society is in one sense an aggressive

one: it endeavours to gain political seems, from an unacknowledged con

influence for right principles—it aims sciousness of the weakness of his arguments, afraid to make that ap- of appeals to that reason which !!

at convincing our opponents by means peal: we know well what would be its result. It would require a great deal the human soul-it aims at gaining

party spirit can altogether silence in of argument to pluck from the hearts of Irish Protestants the con

power for our friends by securing the

registration of the franchise of true viction which a stern necessity has implanted—that they can no longer teniplated by the Orange organization,

These are objects never conwith safety or consistency with the and objects which ought not to be neobligations of duty remain inactive. There is indeed one sentence of his beside the position which Orangeism

glected ; and this ground, altogether letter in which he gives something like occupied, the Metropolitan Society has a personal reason for declining to join taken. Upon this point we cannot do the Metropolitan Society, and this seu

better than employ the admirable lantence we cannot help lamenting as the most unfortunate of the entire guage of the report of the committeeletter; it is that in which he says

“ The charge that you are but a revival “ Having been recently consulted by of Orangeism is to be received in two several gentlemen who were members of lights. The enemies of the Protestant the late Orange Institution with regard religion did not certainly attack the to the expediency of reestablishing that Orange Institution, from any belief that institution, under existing circumstances; it was injurious to the country; nor having expressed myself very strongly did they place the slightest faith in the against its reorganization at the present charges which themselves brought against time, and the intention having been, I it. The truth of this assertion is suffibelieve, abandoned partly in deference to ciently manifest from the very ingenious my advice and opinion, I FEEL THAT I but dishonourable artifice which they emWOULD BE ACTING UNFAIRLY TOWARDS ployed to prevent that body from entering THEN, and inconsistently with that ad- into its justification-au artifice tvo well vice, if I were now to become a member known to make it necessary for your comof another general political association of mittee to refer to it. It is probable, how



ever, that these persons had some hopes tion and the Metropolitan Society are. that if they could succeed in putting down so distinct, that the propriety of reOrangeism, they would be able to pro- viving the one and establishing the duce schism and disunion among the Pro- other rests upon grounds perfectly testants, and before they would rally again separate. That their principles are might effect a considerable portion of their similar it is true; but each has taken a wicked designs. They, therefore, are separate position in the maintenance fully determined to pretend that every of their principles. “The Metropolitan form in which Protestants may unite, Society was never intended either as a and every system which they employ for substitute for or revival of Orangethe preservation of their properties and ism.” The question as to the prudence lives, is but a revival of Orangeism; and of encouraging either body is hardly if they will certainly affect to imagine that inconsenting to dissolve the grand Orange

at all affected by the existence of the lodge of Ireland there was an implied other, except so far as this—that unipromise that all the Protestants should questionably in the present state of abstain from any further opposition to

Irish society some form of Protesttheir nefarious designs.

antism is necessary to give heart to “ The two objections we have referred the friends of Protestantism—this is to, as arising from the supposition that the only point in which the two can you are either a revival of Orangeism or

meet, and in which they can never iná substitute for Orangeism may be thus tertere with each other. The metaphor answered : had the grand Orange lodge of may not perhaps be a good one, but it Ireland never been dissolved, or were it to will convey what we mean if


that be revived with the fullest sanction of the the wishes of their respective operalegislature, in neither case would the ne tions touched each other in this one cessity for your Society be in the least point-and of course they come in degree altered, or its objects either dimi- contact in no other. We are bound to nished or enlarged.

hope that all our male readers have at “ The charge is merely one of dates ; least enough of mathematical science to for from no other circumstance, except perceive what we have attempted to the appearance of your Society imme- indicate by the analogy. Jiately after the event referred to, could

We regret much that Mr. Hamilton it have arisen. Your objects, and your should have fallen into this misconcepmode of attaining them, as well as your tion on a point on which it is essential whole constitution, are essentially different that our notions should be distinct. We from those of the Orange Institution;

are inclined to believe that be incauand the sole effect which that dissolution tiously expressed his opinions without produced upon it was to increase the activity of your members, who are anxious taking sutficient pains to inform himself to prove to the world that to make Pro- of the character or constitution of the

Association. His whole letter bears testants lay down their arms and desert the defence of their religion and liberties the marks of haste. Unless we are tar

mistaken in Mr. Hamilton, a moment's was a vain expectation.”

reflection would have made him This point, too, was put clearly, suppress a half-expressed sentiment, and with sound discrimination, by Mr. which in the letter of a person less Plunket, in moving the adoption of devoted to Protestantism we would the report:

consider deserving of severe animad“ This Association is neither an offshoot. version, and which even in hiin we of nor a substitute for Orangeism. It is cannot pass without reproof. not the former, because it evidently wants He speaks of unfairness towards those the flowers, if not the fruit, of the main to whom he had previously given an trunk—it has no secret signs or symbols, advice not to revive the Orange Insticolours, badges, or similar organization ; tution! Surely when he thus expressed and, secondly, it is not a substitute for himself' he did not perceive that there is Orangeism, for a reason that all here but one inference to be drawn from present may not be sufficiently able to ap. this language, and it is this—that those preciate, viz.-that many of us, and I,

persons, whoever they may be, to whom for one, think that there never can be an

this advice was given were men who adequate substitute for much mal' gned,

" like nothing but what is hammered much misunderstood, and purposely mis

upon their own anvil,” and who will represented Orangeism.”

regard with jealousy any attempt to Thus the objects, the character, and serve the cause of Protestantisni that the constitution of the Orange institu, is not fashioned by themselves. Aud

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