Obrazy na stronie
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CHAPTER XXXII.

15 | But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked : 1 Moses' song, which setteth forth God's mercy and thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou

vengeance. 46 He exhorteth them to set their hearts art covered with fatness; then he forsook upon it. 48 God sendeth him up to Mount Nebo to

God which made him, and lightly esteemed see the land and then die.

the Rock of his salvation. Give ear, 0 ye heavens, and I will speak; 16 They provoked him to jealousy with and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. I strange gods, with abominations provoked they

2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my him to anger. speech shall distil as the dew, as the small 17 They sacrificed unto devils, 'not to rain upon the tender herb, and as the showers God; to gods whom they knew not, to new upon the grass :

gods that came newly up, whom your fathers 3 Because I will publish the name of the feared not. LORD : ascribe ye greatness unto our God. | 18 Of the Rock that begat thee thou art |

4. He is the Rock, his work is perfect : for unmindful, and hast forgotten God that all his ways are judgment: a God of truth formed thee. and without iniquity, just and right is he. 19 | And when the LORD saw it, he 'ab

5 "They have corrupted themselves, "their horred them, because of the provoking of his spot is not the spot of his children : they are sons, and of his daughters. a perverse and crooked generation.

20 And he said, I will hide my face from 6 Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish them, I will see what their end shall be : for people and unwise ? is not he thy father that they are a very froward generation, children hath bought thee? hath he not made thee, | in whom is no faith. and established thee ?

| 21 They have moved me to jealousy with 79 Remember the days of old, consider | that which is not God; they have provoked the years of many generations : ask thy me to anger with their vanities : and 'I will father, and he will shew thee; thy elders, and move them to jealousy with those which are they will tell thee.

not a people ; I will provoke them to anger 8 When the Most High divided to the with a foolish nation. nations their inheritance, when he separated 22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, the sons of Adam, he set the bounds of the and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and people according to the number of the children | ''shall consume the earth with her increase, of Israel.

and set on fire the foundations of the moun9 For the Lord's portion is his people ; tains. Jacob is the ‘lot of his inheritance.

23 I will heap mischiefs upon them ; I will 10 He found him in a desert land, and in spend mine arrows upon them. the waste howling wilderness; he 'led him * 24 They shall be burnt with hunger, and about, he instructed him, he kept him as the | devoured with "burning heat, and with bitter apple of his eye.

destruction: I will also send the teeth of 11 As an eagle stirreth up her nest, flut- beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents tereth over her young, spreadeth abroad her of the dust. wings, taketh them, beareth them on her 25 The sword without, and terror "within, wings :

shall **destroy both the young man and the 12 So the Lord alone did lead him, and | virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray there was no strange god with him.

hairs. 13 He made him ride on the high places 26 I said, I would scatter them into of the earth, that he might eat the increase corners, I would make the remembrance of of the fields; and he made him to suck honey them to cease from among men : out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty 27 Were it not that I feared the wrath rock ;

of the enemy, lest their adversaries should · 14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with behave themselves strangely, and lest they fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, should say, "Our hand is high, and the and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; LORD hath not done all this. and thou didst drink the pure blood of the 28 For they are a nation void of counsel, grape.

neither is there any understanding in them. 1 Heb. He hath corrupted to himself. 2 Or, that they are not his children, that is their blot. 8 Heb. generation and generation. + Heb. cord.

7 Or, despised. 14 Or, Our high hand, and not the LORD, hath done all this.

5 Or, compassed him about.

10 Or, hath consumed.

6 Or, which were not God. n Heb. burning coals.

9 Or, hath burned.

12 Heb. from the chambers.

8 Rom. 10. 19.

13 Heb. bereare.

law.

29 O that they were wise, that they under- | blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; and stood this, that they would consider their latter | that with the blood of the slain and of the end !

captives, from the beginning of revenges upon 30 How should "sone chase a thousand, the enemy. and two put ten thousand to flight, except 43 24 **Rejoice, Oye nations, with his their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had people: for he will avenge the blood of his shut them up ?

servants, and will render vengeance to his 31 For their rock is not as our Rock, even adversaries, and will be merciful unto his our enemies themselves being judges.

land, and to his people. 32 For their vine "øis of the vine of Sodom, | 44 | And Moses came and spake all the and of the fields of Gomorrah: their grapes words of this song in the ears of the people, are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter : he, and ?Hoshea the son of Nun.

33 Their wine is the poison of dragons, 45 And Moses made an end of speaking and the cruel venom of asps.

all these words to all Israel : 34 Is not this laid up in store with me, and 46 And he said unto them, ""Set your hearts sealed up among my treasures ?

unto all the words which I testify among you 35 To me belongeth "vengeance, and re this day, which ye shall command your compense; their foot shall slide in due time: children to observe to do, all the words of this for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make 47 For it is not a vain thing for you ; behaste.

cause it is your life : and through this thing 36 For the LORD shall judge his people, ye shall prolong your days in the land, *®and repent himself for his servants, when he | whither ye go over Jordan to possess it. seeth that their power is gone, and there is | 48 T°20Ănd the LORD spake unto Moses none shut up, or left. .

that selfsame day, saying, 37 And he shall say, Where are their 49 Get thee up into this mountain Abarim, gods, their rock in whom they trusted,

unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of 38 Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, Moab, that is over against Jericho ; and beand drank the wine of their drink offerings ? hold the land of Canaan, which I give unto let them rise up and help you, and be your the children of Israel for a possession : protection.

50 And die in the mount whither thou 39 See now that I, even I, am he, and goest up, and be gathered unto thy people ; there is no god with me : "I kill, and I make as "Aaron thy brother died in mount Hor, alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there and was gathered unto his people: any that can deliver out of my hand.

51 Because >øye trespassed against me 40 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and among the children of Israel at the waters of say, I live for ever.

**Meribah-Kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin ; 41 If I whet my glittering sword, and mine because ye sanctified me not in the midst of hand take hold on judgment; I will render the children of Israel. vengeance to mine enemies, and will reward 52 Yet thou shalt see the land before thee; them that hate me.

to heaven

Vengeanke hold my glitto..

but thou shalt not go thither unto the land 42 I will make mine arrows drunk with 1 which I give the children of Israel. 15 Josh. 23. 10. 16 Or, is worse than the vine of Sodom, &c. 17 Ecclus. 28. 1. Rom. 12. 19. Heb. 10. 30. 18 2 Mac. 7. 6.

19 Heb. hand.
23 Rom. 15. 10.

20 Heb. an hiding for you. 21 1 Sam. 2, 6. Tob. 13. 2. Wisd. 16. 13. 22 Or, Praise his people, ye nations; or, Sing ye.
24 Or, Joshua.
25 Chap, 6, 6, and 11. 18.

26 Num. 27. 12.

7 Num. 20. 25, 28, and 33. 38. 28 Num. 20, 12, 13, and 27. 14.

29 Or, strife at Kadesh.

Verse 5. Their spot is not the spot of his children.'— and is probably the true one. Although the English word This unquestionably alludes to the spot which idolaters 'found” has also this sense in some applications, it does not were wont to bear on their foreheads (Rev, xx. 4), to shew seem to have it in this place, unless we may suppose that what deity they served, and to whom they belonged. This the translator chose it for the express purpose of covering is still the custom in idolatrous regions. In India the wor both interpretations by one word. shippers of Siva have a spot on the brow, in a line with the - Waste howling wilderness.' – ‘Howling' correctly nose, made with the ashes of cow's dung. The followers of Vishnu have yellow marks, others have vermilion, and

expresses the Hebrew 55 yelēl; but the Samaritan and some black.

Septuagint read sandy,' and are followed in some modern 10. · Found him in a desert land.'-'Found,' in the ordi

versions. There is, however, nothing difficult in the nary sense (invenit), is warranted by the present Hebrew

Hebrew reading, which probably refers to the howlings of text; but the transposition of a letter affords the reading wild beasts. The expression is still applied in the East to * sustained' or provided for,' which is the sense given in places frequented by wild animals. the Samaritan text and by some ancient versions of repute, I 11. · As an eagle stirreth up her nest,' etc.—This most

beautiful figure obviously refers to the first attempts of the with the termination 11, here used as a diminutive of enparent eagle to teach her young to fly. There are many dearment: such a reference to the name is probabiy vague stories which represent the female eagle as throwing intended in connection with whatever signification we may from her nest all her eggs but one, which she hatches; and assign to the word. others, which state that she indeed hatches more than one, 23. I will spend mine arrows upon them.'-The judgbut frequently destroys the most voracious of her brood. ments of God are frequently represented as arrows disIt is possible that these things may be done occasionally, charged by him to smite and punish a sinful people. (See as they might be by other birds; but all our real knowledge Job vi. 4; Ps. xxxviii. 2, and xci. 5.) The same striking of the habits and character of the eagle coincides with the figure occurs also in the heathen poets. Thus Horner restatement here made-namely, that, on the one hand, the presents the pestilence in the Grecian camp as caused by mother frequently rears more than one eaglet; and, on the the arrows of Apollo. other, she is most kind to the young she rears. But, 32. • Vine of Sodom.'—This metaphorical allusion has although attentive to them while helpless in the nest, she been supposed to refer to the same product, found on the does not encourage them in indolence when they are able | borders of the Asphaltic Lake, of which Josephus gives an to provide for themselves. She rouses them early to exer account, and which is also alluded to by Tacitus and other tion, and to the exercise of their energies; she watches and foreign writers. Josephus, after speaking of the confladirects, with interest and care, the first efforts to fly; and gration of the plain, and of the yet remaining tokens of the when finally assured that their powers are sufficiently ma divine fire, remarks that there are still to be seen ashes tured, obliges them to leave the parent nest, and provide reproduced in the fruits; which indeed resemble edible for themselves in future. From this care of them while fruits in colour, but on being plucked with the hands rehelpless, and this careful training to exertion, the text | semble smoke and ashes' (De Bell. Jud. iv. 8, 4). The takes its fine comparison, to illustrate the Lord's kindness plant thus indicated has been much sought after by travel. to the Hebrews, his care for them, and the measures he had lers. Seetzen, and Irby and Mangles, concurred in pointing taken to raise them from that condition of religious, moral, to the Osher plant, which, although not peculiar to the lake, and intellectual infancy into which they had fallen. Thus, grows here to a much larger size than in Nubia, where it is to paraphrase the text, the eagle 'stirreth up her brood' abundant, and is probably found in no other part of Pales(nest 'j from their inactivity and sloth—'fluttereth over tine. The best account of it has been given by Dr. Robinher young,' to incite them to try their wings—and spread son. He says, “One of the first objects which attracted our eth abroad her wings, taketh them, beareth them on her notice on arriving at Ain Jidy, was a tree with singular wings;' that is, assists by her wings their first faint and fruit; which, without knowing at the moment whether it feeble efforts, until, stimulated by her example, and ren had been observed by former travellers or not, instantly dered confident by the success of their first attempts, they suggested to our minds the far-famed fruitsat last plunge boldly into the air, and, exulting in their

“ which grew strength, return to the nest of infancy no more. Sir Near that bituminous lake where Sodom stood." I Humphrey Davy had an opportunity of witnessing the proceedings of an eagle family after the young had left

This was the Osher of the Arabs, the Asclepias gigantea the nest. He thus describes them: “I once saw a very

vel procera of botanists, which is found in abundance in interesting sight above one of the crags of Ben Nevis,

Upper Egypt and Nubia, and also in Arabia Felix, but as I was going, on the 20th of August, in the pursuit of

seems to be confined in Palestine to the borders of the Dead black game. Two parent eagles were teaching their

Sea. We saw it only at Ain Jidy; Hasselquist found it in offspring, two young birds, the manæuvres of fight.

the desert between Jericho and the northern shore; and They began by rising from the top of a mountain in

Irby and Mangles met with it of large size at the south end the eye of the sun. It was about mid-day, and bright

of the sea, and on the isthmus of the peninsula. We saw for this climate. They at first made small circles, and the

here several trees of the kind, the trunks of which were six young birds imitated them. They paused on their wings,

or eight inches in diameter, and the whole height from ten waiting till they had made their first flight, and then

to fifteen feet. It has a greyish cork-like bark, with long took a second and larger gyration, always rising towards

oval leaves; and in its general appearance and character it the sun, and enlarging their circle of flight so as to make a

might be taken for a gigantic perennial species of the milk. gradually extending spiral. The young ones still slowly

weed or silk-weed found in the northern parts of the Amefollowed, apparently flying better as they mounted ; and

rican States. Its leaves and flowers are very similar to they continued this sublime kind of exercise, always rising,

those of the latter plant; and, when broken off, it in like till they became mere points in the air, and the young ones

manner discharges copiously a milky fluid. The fruit were lost, and afterwards their parents, to our aching sight.'

greatly resembles, externally, a large smooth apple or 13. Honey out of the rock.' – Also Ps. Ixxxi. 16. Bees

orange, hanging in clusters of three or four together, and are not plentiful in Egypt, from the scarcity of flowers;

when ripe is of a yellow colour. It was now fair and dethe attention of the Israelites might well, therefore, be di

licious to the eye, and soft to the touch; but on being rected to their abundance in Palestine. The bee itself,

pressed or struck, it explodes with a puff, like a bladder or however, and its habits, would appear to be the same as in

puff-ball, leaving in the hand only the shreds of the thin Egypt. Sir J. G. Wilkinson says the species there is

rind and a few fibres. It is indeed filled chiefly with air, smaller than ours; and although he had met with them

like a bladder, which gives it the round form; while in the wild in many parts of Egypt, he never saw them in any

centre a small slender pod runs through it from the stem, numbers. The wild bees,' he adds, 'live mostly under

and is connected by thin filaments with the rind. The pod stones, or in the clefts of the rock, as in many other coun

contains a small quantity of fine silk with seeds; precisely tries; and the expressions of Moses and of the Psalmist

like the pod of the silk-weed, though very much smaller, shew that in Palestine their habits were the same.'

being indeed scarcely the tenth part as large. The Arals 15. Jeshurun' (90.).— The word is found only here

collect the silk and twist it into matches for their guns; and in ch. xxxiii. 5, 26, and Isa. xliv. 2.

preferring it to the common match, because it requires Do It is undoubtedly

sulphur to render it combustible.' a poetical name for Israel, but has been variously interpreted. Some look for its meaning in the Arabic, where

42. * I will make mine arrows drunk with blood.'-Mr it signifies one who prospers (790, jashur), upright, righ

Roberts says, “This figure of speech is often used in Hindog teous,' and therefore equivalent to rectulus ; justulus, the

books; and heroes are made to say of the foe, “ My sword

shall soon be matham (i.e. drunk or mad) with his blood." good little people.' Gesenius takes this view; but Grotius

Oriental Illustrations, p. 130. and others regard it simply as the name of Israel, 7870 / 49. · This mountain Aburim.' - See note to ch. xxxiv. 4. !

CHAPTER XXXIII.

14 And for the precious fruits brought forth

by the sun, and for the precious things 'put I The majesty of God. 6 The blessings of the twelve

| forth by the emoon, tribes. 26 The excellency of Israel.

15 And for the chief things of the ancient And this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the mountains, and for the precious things of the man of God blessed the children of Israel lasting hills, before his death.

16 And for the precious things of the earth 2 And he said, The LORD came from and fulness thereof, and for the good will of Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he him that dwelt in the bush : let the blessing shined forth from mount Paran, and he came come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the with ten thousands of saints : from his right top of the head of him that 'was separated hand went 'a fiery law for them.

from his brethren. 3 Yea, he loved the people; all his saints | 17 His glory is like the firstling of his bulare in thy hand : and they sat down at thy lock, and his horns are like the horns of unifeet; every one shall receive of thy words. corns : with them he shall push the people

4 Moses commanded us a law, even the together to the ends of the earth : and they inheritance of the congregation of Jacob. are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they

5 And he was king in Jeshurun, when the are the thousands of Manasseh. heads of the people and the tribes of Israel 18 And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, were gathered together.

Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in 6 | Let Reuben live, and not die ; and let thy tents. not his men be few.

19 They shall call the people unto the 7 | And this is the blessing of Judah : and mountain ; there they shall offer sacrifices of he said, Hear, Lord, the voice of Judah, and righteousness : for they shall suck of the bring him unto his people : let his hands be abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid sufficient for him ; and be thou an help to him in the sand from his enemies.

20 | And of Gad he said, Blessed be he 8 | And of Levi he said, 'Let thy Thum- | that enlargeth Gad : he dwelleth as a lion, mim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, and teareth the arm with the crown of the whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with head. whom thou didst strive at the waters of 21 And he provided the first part for Meribah;

himself, because there, in a portion of the 9 Who said unto his father and to his lawgiver, was he ''seated ; and he came with mother, I have not seen him ; neither did he the heads of the people, he executed the acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own justice of the LORD, and his judgments with children: for they have observed thy word, Israel. and kept thy covenant.

22 | And of Dan he said, Dan is a lion's 10 They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, whelp: he shall leap from Bashan. and Israel thy law: 'they shall put incense 23 | And of Naphtali he said, O Naphtali, 'before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice upon satisfied with favour, and full with the blessing thine altar.

of the LORD: possess thou the west and the 11 Bless, LORD, his substance, and accept south. the work of his hands : smite through the | 24 | And of Asher he said, Let Asher be loins of them that rise against him, and blessed with children ; let him be acceptable of them that hate him, that they rise not to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in again.

12 | And of Benjamin he said, The he- 25 "Thy shoes shall be iron and brass ; loved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by and as thy days, so shall thy strength be. him; and the LORD shall cover him all 26 T There is none like unto the God of the day long, and he shall dwell between his Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven in thy shoulders.

help, and in his excellency on the sky. 13 | And of Joseph he said, 'Blessed of 27 The eternal God is thy refuge, and the LORD be his land, for the precious things underneath are the everlasting arms : and he of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; coucheth beneath,

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and shall say, Destroy them. 1 Heb. a fire of law. 2 Exod. 28. 30. 3 Or, Let them teach, &c. Or, let them put incense. 5 Heb. at thy nose. 11 Or, Under thy shoes shall be iron.

6 Gen, 49. 25.

7 Heb. thrust forth.

8 Heb, moons.

9 Gen. 49. 26.

10 Heb. ceiled.

28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone : | unto thee, O people saved by the LORD, the the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of shield of thy help, and who is the sword of thy corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop excellency! and thine enemies 'shall be found down dew.

liars unto thee; and thou shalt tread upon 29 Happy art thou, O Israel: who is like | their high places. 12 Jer. 23. 6.

13 Or, shall be subdued,

Verse 2. The Lord came from Sinai, and rose up from unicorn, from their great strength. Their pushing the Seir......and shined forth from mount Paran,' etc.—The people together' is weil illustrated by Josh. xvii. 14-18. reader will hardly fail to observe that the successive clauses 19. They shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and op of this verse embody a beautiful metaphor, drawn from the treasures hid in the sand. --Zebulun was to have a mari. progressive motion and effects of the sun. This would be time situation, and this expresses the advantages of that more clear in the more distinct translation which Geddes situation. The abundance of the seas,' is understood by has given of it-'O Lord, who camest from Sinai; dawnost some to refer to commerce. It is however difficult to disupon them from Seir; shinest upon them from the moun cover that this or any other tribe did actually engage in tains of Pharan !' etc.

maritime commerce; but both Zebulun and Issachar were 6. 'And let not his men be few.'-The word 'not’ is not doubtless advantaged by their immediate vicinity to the in the original; and it forms a gratuitous addition to the commercial Phænicians. The abundance of the seas,' sacred text which ought to be rejected. The verse then thus understood, they might receive from them, and dispose reads, “Let Reuben live, and not die, but let his men be of advantageously to the other tribes. Might not the few. As no obvious connection appears between the abundance of the seas' partly mean sea fish? The paraclauses-as there seems something wanting in the verse as phrase of Jonathan is curious and interesting, . They shall thus read-and as Simeon's name is the only one that does dwell near the Great Sea, and feast on the tunny fish, and not occur in the chapter, as now read-Biblical critics are catch the chalson, (or murer ; see the note to Exod. XXXV.) generally disposed to suppose that the last clause applies to with whose blood they will dye of a purple colour the him, and that his name has, from some early accident, or threads of their cloths: and from the sand they will make carelessness of transcribers, been dropped from the text. looking-glasses and other utensils of glass. The latter This opinion is supported by the Alexandrian manuscript part of this citation explains the “ treasures hid in the of the Septuagint, the most ancient and valuable extant; | sand :' and it is certainly a remarkable fact, in connection and by the Complutensian and Aldine editions; in all of with this text and with the particular situation of the which the name of Simeon occurs. Besides, Simeon comes tribes, that the Phænicians had, in after-times, famous manext in order of birth to Reuben, and therefore we should nufactures of glass made from the sands of the rivers Belus here look for a passage referring to him; and also the ex- and Kishon, which discharge themselves into the bay of pression. Let his men be few,' applies more correctly to Acre; and this fixes the seat of the manufacture on the Simeon than to Reuben. By the census in Num. xxvi. immediate borders of Zebulun and Issachar. We are not (see the table there), the tribe of Reuben was more nume to forget that these tribes, destined to have a maritime rous than Simeon, Levi, Gad, or Ephraim; while the num coast, did not expel, or only partially expelled, the ancient ber in Simeon was, most remarkably, the lowest of all. inhabitants, and therefore did not obtain all the advantages With this understanding, the verse will read, 'Let Reuben which their obedience to the Divine command would have live, and not die; and let Simeon's men be few. Zebulun

ensured. and Issachar are mentioned together, with equal brevity, in 20. Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad!'--Properly unv. 18. This explanation spares the necessity of speculation derstood, the prophet here blesses God for having enlarged on the reason for the supposed omission of Simeon; or for Gad, by the possessions-much larger, probably, than it trying to find, under the expressed declaration, in what would have received in Canaan--which had been given to other tribe he must be understood to be included.

the tribe on the east of the Jordan. What follows seems 7. .The blessing of Judah.'--This blessing' seems to turn to suggest that Gad had particularly distinguished itself in upon the fact that Judah was to take the lead in all warlike the conquest of the kingdoms of Heshbon and Bashan. enterprises.

22. He shall leap from Bashan.'-Not Dan, but the 9. Nor knew his own children.'--All this verse most lion to whom he is compared. The sense is, ‘Dan is like probably refers to the zeal with which the Levites pu the lion's whelp that leaps from Bashan.' The reference is nished, without respect of persons, those who had sinned in probably to the fact recorded in Judg. xviii., where we find the matter of the golden calf.

that the proper settlement of the Danites in the south of the 12. · He shall dwell between his shoulders.'--This is ge

country (Josh. xix. 47) being too small for them, they sent nerally referred to the manifestation of the Divine presence out an expedition which conquered a district at the northern in the temple of Jerusalem, which was within the lot of extremity of the land, which formed a colony very distant Benjamin.

from the proper territory of the tribe. This might well be 14. * For the precious fruits brought forth by the sun, and

compared to the leap of a lion. for the precious things put forth by the moon.' --The last 23. The west and the south,'—more exactly the sea word is plural, 'moons' (" jerachim), in the Hebrew. coast and the south. The inheritance of Naphtali lay on The reference is probably to annual and monthly products, the borders of the lakes of Merom and Chinnereth, and it or, less definitely, to the products of which there was but one lay to the south of the northern Danites, who were last crop in the year, and those of which there were several mentioned. crops in the course of one year. Mr. Roberts, however, 24. Let Asher be blessed.'-As the very Dame of Asher införms us ( Orient. Ilust., p. 131) that the Hindoos attri means blessedness, there is here a play of words which is bate to the moon a very strong influence on vegetation.

lost in translation. No human felicity can be higher than They think that, from the time of the new moon to its be

that which is here assigned to him. He is to be happy in coming full, all plants and all kinds of young grain gaiu his family and friends; his district is to be so productive in more strength than at any other period.

olive-trees that he may anoint even his feet with oil (comp. 17. Unicorns.'--See the note on Job xxxix. 9.

Job xxix. 6); instead of wooden bars, which are stilì com-. With them (his horus) he shall push the people toge- | mon in the East, his were to be iron and brass; in fine, ther.' -The possessions of the children of Joseph extended length of days and abundance of riches were to crown his like two horns, from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan prosperity: on the one side, and from the Jordan to the confines of 25. Thy shoes shall be iron and brass.'-Some under. Syria on the other. These are said to be the horns of an stand this to mean that there would be mines of iron and

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