Obrazy na stronie

and it shall come to pass, that every one all his people together, and went out against that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall Israel into the wilderness : and he came to live.

Jahaz, and fought against Israel. 9 And "Moses made a serpent of brass, | 24 And ''Israel smote him with the edge and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, of the sword, and possessed his land from that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.

Ammon: for the border of the children of 10 And the children of Israel set for- | Ammon was strong. ward, and pitched in Oboth.

25 And Israel took all these cities : and 11 And they journeyed from Oboth, and | Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, pitched at 'Ije-abarim, in the wilderness in Ileshbon, and in all the 2° villages thereof. which is before Moab, toward the sunrising. 26 For Heshbon was the city of Sihon the

12'From thence they removed, and pitched king of the Amorites, who had fought against in the valley of Zared.

the former king of Moab, and taken ail his - 13 From thence they removed, and pitched land out of his hand, even unto Arnon. on the other side of Arnon, which is in the 27 Wherefore they that speak in proverbs wilderness that cometh out of the coasts of say, Come unto Heshbon, let the city of Sibon the Amorites : for Arnon is the border of be built and prepared : Moab, between Moab and the Amorites.

28 For there is a fire gone out of Heshbon, 14 Wherefore it is said in the book of the a flame from the city of Sihon: it hath conwars of the LORD, 'What he did in the sumed Ar of Moab, and the lords of the high Red sea, and in the brooks of Arnon,

places of Arnon. 15 And at the stream of the brooks that 29 Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, goeth down to the dwelling of Ar, and "lieth 10 people of Chemosh: he hath given his upon the border of Moab.

sons that escaped, and his daughters, into cap*16 And from thence they went to Beer: tivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites. that is the well whereof the LORD spake unto | 30 We have shot at them; Heshbon is Moses, Gather the people together, and I will perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid give them water.

them waste even unto Nophah, which reacheth 17 Then Israel sang this song, "Spring unto Medeba. up, 0 well ; *sing ye unto it :

31 Thus Israel dwelt in the land of the 18 The princes digged the well, the nobles Amorites. of the people digged it, by the direction of the 32 And Moses sent to spy out Jaazer, and lawgiver, with their staves. And from the they took the villages thereof, and drove out wilderness they went to Mattanah :

the Amorites that were there. 19 And from Mattanah to Nahaliel : and 33 | "And they turned and went up by from Nahaliel to Bamoth :

the way of Bashan: and Og the king of 20 And from Bamoth in the valley, that is Bashan went out against them, he, and all his in the country of Moab, to the top of ''Pisgah, people, to the battle at Edrei. which looketh toward 'Jeshimon.

34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Fear 21 | And Israel sent messengers unto him not: for I have delivered him into thy Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

hand, and all his people, and his land; and 22 "Let me pass through thy land : we 23 thou shalt do to him as thou didst unto will not turn into the fields, or into the vine- Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at yards; we will not drink of the waters of the Heshbon. well : but we will go along by the king's high 35 So they smote him, and his sons, and all way, until we be past thy borders.

his people, until there was none left him alive : 23 'And Sihon would not suffer Israel to and they possessed his land. pass through his border : but Sihon gathered

1 2 Kings 18. 4. John 3. 14. 8 Chap. 33. 43. Or, heaps of Abarim... 10 Or, Vaheb in Suphah. 11 Heb. Icaneth.

12 Heb. Ascend. 13 Or, answer. 14 Heb. field,

h ield.

15 Or, the hill.

15 Or. The hill. 16 Or, the wilderness, 18 Deut. 29. 7. 19 Josh, 12.2. Psal. 133. 10, 11. Amos 2. 9. 20 Heb, daughters.

22 Deut. 3. 1. and 29. 7.

23 Psal. 135, 10, 11.

17 Deut. 2, 27. Judg. 11. 19. 21 1 Kings 11, 7, 33.

Verse 1. 'King Arad the Canaanite:'-More properly | vowed, that if the cities of this king were delivered into the king of Arad, a Canaanite. We understand this to their hands they would utterly destroy them. They thus mean, that when this king heard of their approach and devoted them to future destruction, and called the place their designs, he marched out to meet them, and took some Hormah (the devoted place), to remind themselves of that of them captives, in consequence of which the Israelites ban and the obligation it imposed. It would therefore

seem that the account of their destruction here given, is Sea, to compass the land of Edom, and when the “ Lord interpolated by a later hand to complete the history; for sent fiery serpents among the people.”' (Travels in we find that effect was not given to this devotion till after Syria, p. 499.) To these testimonies we may add that of the death of Joshua (Judges i. 16, 17), although the king Herodotus, who speaks of the immense number of serpents of Arad had before this been defeated by that general which are found in Arabia. It is true that he describes (Josh. xii. 14). Indeed, it seems obvious that a name them as 'winged' and migratory, and his account is mixed describing its devoted condition would scarcely have been with much hearsay fable; but thus much we may cergiven to the place if it had at the time been utterly de tainly gather, that the parts of Arabia near Egypt had a stroyed. [APPENDIX, No. 8.]

dreadful renown for the number and venom of their ser4. They journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the pents. After speaking of the serpents worshipped at Red sea.'-Down the Wady el-Arabah, towards the head Thebes in Egypt (apparently the cerastes), he proceeds of the Gulf of Akabah. This Wady el-Arabah is undoubt abruptly to speak of the winged' serpents of Arabia. He edly the way of the Red sea' of the text; and the dis says there was a district of Arabia, nearly opposite to couragement which the Israelites felt because of the way' Butos, which he visited for the sake of obtaining informa. may be accounted for no less by the naturally depressing tion concerning these serpents. He does not tell us that influence of the obligation of going so far about to their he saw any winged' serpents there ; but he does say that destination, which they had hoped to reach by a shorter he beheld the skeletons of an immense multitude of ser. and more pleasant route, than by the naturally cheerless pents in heaps of various sizes. The district where he aspect of the country which they were traversing. The found these was, as described by him, in a mountain defile Wady el-Arabah, although a natural road to the countries opening upon an extensive plain which bordered upon the north and north-west of the Red Sea, is yet as sterile as plain of Egypt. (Euterpe, 75.) Returning to the same the desert, although the small bushy tufts, which grow subject in a subsequent page (Thalia, 108), he observes, here and there in the sand, retain for some time a little of that Arabia would not be habitable if the serpents multithe verdure which they receive during the rainy season. plied so fast as their nature admits; but that their numIt is indeed in some respects worse than the common de bers were checked by a strange propensity among these sert, being, to an extent beyond the latitude of Mount Hor, reptiles to destroy one another. It would thus appear an expanse of shifting sand, of which the surface is broken that no creation of serpents for this occasion was required; by innumerable undulations and low hills. This sand but that they were collected, perhaps in extraordinary appears to have been brought from the shores of the Red numbers, and endued probably with a stronger propensity Sea by the southerly winds. The few travellers who than usual to assault all persons who fell in their way, have visited this region reiterate the complaints of the Is until it pleased God, through an agency which would have raelites as to the scarcity of water in this district. Indeed been wholly inoperative but through Him, to heal those when we consider the general want of water in the Arabian who had been wounded and were dying of their wounds. deserts, and the vast quantity which the Hebrew host must 9. “A serpent of brass.'— The power of God alone could have required, there is less cause to wonder at their fre have given efficacy to the mode of core here described. quent complaints on the subject, than that they were The brazen serpent was preserved as a memorial of this enabled, for so many years, to subsist in a collective body miracle till the time of Hezekiah, when, in consequence of in regions thus consumed with drought. It is our firm its having become an object of idolatrous reverence to the conviction that they must utterly have perished long before Israelites, it was destroyed. (See the note on 2 Kings but for the miraculous supplies which, on occasions of xviii. 4.) It is thought by some writers, not, perhaps, emergency, were granted to them.

without reason, that the worship of Æsculapius, the god 6. ' Fiery serpents.'— It is disputed whether the epithet

of physic, under the form of a serpent, was derived from

some tradition concerning the animal the sight of which Dipy seraphim, or fiery, is given to these serpents on made the Hebrews whole. account of their brilliant appearance, or because of the -'Put it upon a pole.'The word rendered pole' (D burning agony occasioned by their bites or stings. The nés) is often used in the Prophets and Psalms in the sense latter seems the most probable opinion, and appears to be

of an ensign or banner, used for assembling the people, sanctioned by the Septuagint which renders DELS TOUS

particularly, it would seem, from its being erected on the Oavatourtas "deadly serpents; and the Arabic version of

hills for that purpose, on the invasion of an enemy or after the Pentateuch has serpents of burning bites.' In another

a defeat. It is also used to denote the ensign of a ship. place (Deut. viii. 15), the region through which the Is- |

Although the word is different from that employed in raelites wandered is thus described, probably with a particular reference to this part: The great and terrible

ch. ii. to denote the great standards (527 degel), and also wilderness wherein were fiery serpents, and scorpions, and from that which describes the standards of the individual drought, where there was no water. This description tribes (nix aoth), still it is a remarkable fact that a pole, answers, to this day, with remarkable precision to these upon which an animal figure was fixed, should be dedesert regions, and particularly to that part, about the head scribed by the same general word which in other places of the Gulf of Akaba, where the Israelites now were. denotes an ensign. See the note on standards in Num. ii. Scorpions abound in all the desert, and are particularly ! 10. •The children of Israel set forward.'-On their common here, and they inflict a wound scarcely less burn. | arrival somewhere near the head of the Ælanitic gulf, ing than the serpents of the same region. As to the ser- | the Hebrew host must have turned to the east. They pents, both Burckhardt and Laborde bear witness to the doubtless took the first practicable opening which occurred extraordinary numbers which are found about the head of for this purpose south of the Ghweir, through which they the gulf; but it is to be regretted that neither of these seem to have desired in the first instance to pass. Such travellers took particular notice of the species. Burck- an opening occurs in the ridge of Mount Seir, a little to hardt, who, at the time of making this observation, did not the south of Ezion-geber, where Burckhardt remarked himself see much of the head of the gulf, and was only on from the opposite coast that the mountains are very much the western coast, nearly opposite the spot where the Is- | lower than more to the northward. In following this diraelites appear to have been thus visited, says :- Ayd rection, they of course came into the great elevated plains told me that serpents are very common in these parts; which are traversed by the Syrian pilgrims in their route that the fishermen were much afraid of them, and extin to Mecca, and which we have already described in the guished their fires in the evening before they went to note to Gen. xxxvi. 9. After proceeding for an undesleep, because the light was known to attract them. As termined period in an easterly direction, the divine comserpents then are so numerous on this side, they are proba mand came: 'Ye have compassed this mountain long bly not deficient towards the head of the gulf on its oppo enough: turn you northward. (Deut. ii. 3.) In telling site shore, where it appears that the Israelites passed when them thus to pass through or along the comparatively they journeyed from Mount Hor, by the way of the Red | weak and exposed eastern frontier of the Edomites, whose

king had repelled them from his strong and inaccessible hardt, whose observations were made about twenty miles western border, the Lord assured the Israelites that the from the æstuary of the river, and certainly at no great Edomites would now be afraid of them: but they were distance from the point where the Hebrew host first saw not to avail themselves of the alarm which that kindred it, with that intense delight which their long sojourn in people would feel in seeing the Hebrews on their weak the thirsty desert must have inspired, says: The view frontier, nor make any attempt to revenge the insult with which the Modjeb (here) presents is very striking : from which they had been treated ; as the Lord had given to the bottom, where the river runs through a narrow stripe the eldest son of Isaac, Mount Seir for a possession, in of verdant level about forty yards across, the steep and which his descendants were not to be disturbed. There barren banks arise to a great height, covered with immense fore they were to march along peaceably, adhering, in this blocks of stone which have rolled down from the upper passage against the consent of the Edomites, to the very strata, so that, when viewed from above, the valley looks same terms which they had purposed to observe if that like a deep chasm, formed by some tremendous convulsion consent had been granted. (See Deut. ii. 1-8, and com of the earth, into which there seems no possibility of depare with Num. xx. 14–21.) They were to purchase scending to the bottom; the distance from the edge of one their meat and water for money,' in the same manner as precipice to that of the opposite one is about two miles in the great pilgrim caravan is at the present day supplied | a straight line. (Travels in Syria, p. 372.) He adds, by the people of the same mountains, who meet the pil that he was thirty-five minutes in descending to the valley grims in the Hadj route, and many of whom at this season of the river, and that in all his travels he never felt such make a profit sufficient to support them during the rest of suffocating heat as he experienced there, from the concenthe year. This treatment of the king of Edom is remark trated rays of the sun, and their reflection from the ro

rocks. ably contrasted with that of Sihon, king of the Amorites, This was in July. The common road crosses the valley in the sequel of this chapter, in very nearly similar cir this place, where there are the remains of a bridge, of cumstances. But the latter monarch was not protected by which one arch only now remains. Burckhardt calls it any affinity to the seed of Israel. Of the stations men modern, but Dr. Macmichael says it is ancient Roman ; tioned in this chapter and in ch. xxxiii. 43, which are and he is probably right, as a Roman causeway, about Zalmonah, Punon, Oboth, and Ije-Abarim on the border fifteen feet broad, and which was well paved, though at of Moab, we know nothing precisely, and therefore the present in a bad state, begins here, and runs all the way map-makers conveniently place them at about equal dis up the mountain and from thence as far as Rabbah. The tances from one another. Of Punon, however, it may be bridge is not now of any use. It took Burckhardt an hour observed, that its name is nearly identical with that of and three quarters in ascending, from the bridge, the oppoPhanon or Phynon, an ancient town to which Eusebius site or southern declivity of the mountains cut by the assigns a position answering, as nearly as may be, to that valley of the Arnon. of the modern Tafyle (N. lat. 30° 48', E. long. 35° 53'), 14. The book of the wars of the LORD.' _ What book which name Burckhardt says, has some resemblance to this was has been largely debated by Biblical critics, whose the other. The resemblance is certainly very faint. This opinions are thus summed up by the Rev. T. H. Horne. town of Tafyle, which is surrounded by fruit trees, con- • Aben-Ezra, Hottinger, and others, are of opinion that it tains about six hundred houses, and is situated in a very refers to this book of the Pentateuch, because in it are pleasant and fertile neighbourhood, which might well in related various battles of the Israelites with the Amaleduce the Israelites to select it for a resting-place. The kites. Hezelius, and after him Michaelis, think it was an inhabitants are chiefly employed in cultivation, the produce Amoritish writing, containing triumphal songs in honour of which they dispose of advantageously to the great pil- l of the victories obtained by Šihon, king of the Amorites, grim caravan. If this were Punon, probably its ancient from which Moses cited the words that immediately follow. inhabitants did the same to the Israelites.

Fonseca and others refer it to the book of Judges. Le 12. The valley of Zared.'--Some identify this brook Clerc understands it of the wars of the Israelites who valley with that of Beni-Hemad, mentioned below under v. fought under the direction of Jehovah, and instead of book, 15. We incline to the opinion that the brook in question he translates it, with most of the Jewish doctors, narration: might with more probability be found in the river Ahsa, the and proposes to render the verse thus :- Wherefore, in largest of several streams that flow into the back-water at the narration of the wars of the Lord, there is (or shall be) the southern extremity of the Dead Sea. It is not only mention of what he did in the Red Sea, and in the brooks the largest river south of the Arnon, but the first that the of Arnon.' Lastly, Dr. Lightfoot considers this book to Israelites would meet with in coming from the south ; have been some book of remembrances and directions whereas the Beni-Hemad is so very inconsiderable, that, written by Moses for Joshua's private instruction, for the as they must have crossed it near its source, it would be as prosecution of the wars after his decease. (See Exod. xvii. surprising to see it mentioned at all, as to find the river 14–16.) Mr. Horne thinks that this opinion is the most Ahsa not mentioned. It therefore appears probable that simple, and is, in all probability, the trve one. We must the latter rather than the former is the Zered, which seems confess, however, that, as the quotation in this chapter is to be here mentioned as a kind of boundary stream.

poetical, and as it does not seem likely that Moses would 13. • Arnon.'—This river, which is frequently mentioned have written in poetry private military instructions, we in Scripture, is undoubtedly that which is at present known incline to the opinion that the book consisted of poetical under the name of Modjeb, and which now divides the compositions celebrating particular events, and from which province of Belka from that of Kerek, as it formerly di so much is here introduced as seemed proper for the ocvided the dominions of the Moabites and Amorites. The casion. principal source of this stream is at a short distance north 15. The stream of the brooks.'—This stream of the east from Katrane, a station of the Syrian Hadj, or pilgrim brooks, near which år, the capital of Moab (see note to caravan. Katrane is in N. lat. 31° 8', and E. long. 36° 20'; Deut. ii. 9), was built, is probably that now called Benifrom this place the direction of about half its course is Hemad, which, after a course of about eighteen miles, N.N.W., after which it inclines W. by N. to the Dead Sea, nearly due west, falls into the Dead Sea, about twenty-five into which it empties itself a few miles below the N.E. miles south of the æstuary of the Arnon, or in . lat. extremity of that great lake, after a course of about eighty 31° 21'. The country for many miles south and north of miles. The river flows through a rocky bed, and is al this part consists of fine elevated plains richly cultivated most or quite dried up in summer, like most of the other in many parts, and almost every where susceptible of culsmall rivers of this region ; but even then its bed bears tivation. On entering this country the Israelites may evident marks of its copiousness and impetuosity during fairly be considered to have quitted permanently the desert the rainy season, the shattered fragments of large pieces of region to which they had so long been accustomed. The rock, detached from the banks nearest the river, and car ruins of numerous towns continue to indicate that it was at ried away by the torrent, being deposited at a considerable a former period no less populous than fertile. height above the summer channel of the stream. Burck 20. Pisgah'-See the note on Deut. xxxiv. I.

26. · Heshbon.'-This name is still preserved in the site We afterwards find it in the possession of Reuben (Josh. of a ruined town, built upon a hill, about sixteen miles xiii. 17), and it eventually reverted to the Moabites (Jer, north of the Arnon (N. lat. 31° 53', E. long. 36° 10'). xlviii. 22). The town must have been large, and among its ruins are - Medeba.'—This name is preserved in that of Mafound the remains of some edifices built with small stones : deba,' applied to a large ruined town about seven miles a' few broken columns are still standing; and there are a south from Heshbon. In Isaiah xv. 2, its name is connumber of deep wells cut in the rocks, and also a large nected with that of Mount Nebo :--Moab shall howl over reservoir of water for the summer supply of the inhabitants. Nebo and over Medeba. By which we are probably to This place is often mentioned in Scripture, and is cele understand that Medeba was, in the time of the prophet, brated in the Canticles (vii. 4) for its • fish-pools. Dr. the principal town of this rich district. Madeba' was Macmichael and his party went to look for these fish-pools; built upon a round hill, and is now most completely ruined. they found only one, which is described as extremely in There are many remains of the walls of private houses, significant. This was perhaps what Burckhardt mentions constructed with blocks of silex; but not a single edifice as a reservoir. The Doctor saw many bones and human is standing. On the west side of the town may be seen sculls in the cisterns among the ruins, which he describes the remains of a temple, built with large stones, and appaas of small extent.

rently of great antiquity. A part of its eastern wall re30. Dibon.' -- This name is still preserved in a ruined mains; and at the entrance to one of the courts stand two town called Diban, about three miles north of the Arnon, Doric columns, which have the peculiarity of being thicker near the road mentioned, under v. 13, as that taken by in the centre than at either extremity; a circumstance Burckhardt and other travellers. This, with other towns which Burckhardt, to whom Scripture geography owes the of this district, was originally assigned to the tribe of Gad discovery of this site, never observed elsewhere in Syria. (ch. xxxii. 3, 33, 34), whence it is called, in xxxii. 34, There is no spring or river near this town; but the large which addition served to distinguish it from another place tank or reservoir of hewn stone still remains, which apof the same name in the tribe of Judah (Neh. xi. 25). | pears to have secured the inhabitants a supply of water.

and about "And Balak there that

not go


Balaam, and spake unto him the words of 1 Balak's first message for Balaam is refused. 15 Balak.

His second message obtaineth him. 22 An angel 8 And he said unto them, Lodge here this would have slain him, if his ass had not saved him.

night, and I will bring you word again, as the 36 Balak entertaineth him.

LORD shall speak unto me: and the princes And the children of Israel set forward, and of Moab abode with Balaam. pitched in the plains of Moab on this side 9 And God came unto Balaam, and said, Jordan by Jericho.

What men are thesc with thee? 2 And Balak the son of Zippor saw all 10 And Balaam said unto God, Balak the that Israel had done to the Amorites.

son of. Zippor, king of Moab, hath sent unto 3 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, me, saying, because they were many : and Moab was dis 11 Behold, there is a people come out of tressed because of the children of Israel. Egypt, which covereth the face of the earth:

4 And Moab said unto the elders of come now, curse me them; peradventure 'I Midian, Now shall this company lick up all shall be able to overcome them, and drive that are round about us, as the ox licketh up them out. the grass of the field. And Balak the son of 12 And God said unto Balaam, Thou shalt Zippor was king of the Moabites at that not go with them; thou shalt not curse the time.

5 'He sent messengers therefore unto 13 And Balaam rose up in the morning, Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which is by and said unto the princes of Balak, Get you the river of the land of the children of his into your land : for the LORD refuseth to give people, to call him, saying, Behold, there is a me leave to go with you. people come out from Egypt: behold, they 14 And the princes of Moab rose up, and cover the "face of the earth, and they abide they went unto Balak, and said, Balaam reover against me:

fuseth to come with us. 6 Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse 15 [ And Balak sent yet again princes, me this people ; for they are too mighty for more, and more honourable than they. me : peradventure I shall prevail, that we may 16 And they came to Balaam, and said to smite them, and that I may drive them out of him, Thus saith Balak the son of Zippor, 'Let the land : for I wot that he whom thou blessest nothing, I pray thee, hinder thee from coming is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is unto me: cursed.

17 For I will promote thee unto very great 7 And the elders of Moab and the elders honour, and I will do whatsoever thou sayest of Midian departed with the rewards of divi unto me: come therefore, I pray thee, curse nation in their hand ; and they came unto | me this people. 1 Josh. 24. 9. . . Heb. eye. Heb. I shall prevail in fighting against him. * Heb. Be not thou letted from, &e.

for they are bless up in the norm you


18 And Balaam answered and said unto I thine ass, "upon which thou hast ridden Sever the servants of Balak, 'If Balak would give since I was thine unto this day? was I ever me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot wont to do so unto thee? And he said, go beyond the word of the LORD my God, to Nay. do less or more.

31 Then the LORD opened the eyes of 19 Now therefore, I pray you, tarry ye also Balaam, and he saw the angel of the LORD here this night, that I may know what the standing in the way, and his sword drawn in Lord will say unto me more.

his hand : and he bowed down his head, and 20 And God came unto Balaam at night, fell flat on his face. and said unto him, If the men come to call 32 And the angel of the LORD said unto thee, rise up, and go with them; but yet the him, Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass word which I shall say unto thee, that shalt these three times ? behold, I went out to thou do.

withstand thee, because thy way is perverse 21 And Balaam rose up in the morning, before me: and saddled his ass, and went with the princes 33 And the ass saw me, and turned from of Moab.

me these three times : unless she had turned 22 9 And God's anger was kindled be from me, surely now also I had slain thee, and cause he went: and the angel of the LORD | saved her alive. stood in the way for an adversary against him. 34 And Balaam said unto the angel of the Now he was riding upon his ass, and his two | LORD, I have sinned; for I knew not that servants were with him.

thou stoodest in the way against me: now 23 And the ass saw the angel of the LORD therefore, if it ”displease thee, I will get me standing in the way, and his sword drawn in back again. his hand : and the ass turned aside out of the 35 Ănd the angel of the LORD said unto way, and went into the field : and Balaam Balaam, Go with the men: but only the word smote the ass, to turn her into the way. that I shall speak unto thee, that thou shalt

24 But the angel of the LORD stood in a speak. So Balaam went with the princes of path of the vineyards, a wall being on this Balak. side, and a wall on that side.

. 36 | And when Balak heard that Balaam 25 And when the ass saw the angel of the was come, he went out to meet him unto a LORD, she thrust herself unto the wall, and city of Moab, which is in the border of Arnon, crushed Balaam's foot against the wall: and which is in the utmost coast. lie smote her again.

37 Aud Balak said unto Balaam, Did I 26 And the angel of the Lord went fur not earnestly send unto thee to call thee? ther, and stood in a narrow place, where was wherefore camest thou not unto me? am I not no way to turn either to the right hand or to able indeed to promote thee to honour ? the left.

38 And Balaam said unto Balak, Lo, I am 27 And when the ass saw the angel of the come unto thee: have I now any power at all LORD, she fell down under Balaam: and to say any thing? the word that God putteth Balaam's anger was kindled, and he smote the in my mouth, that shall I'speak. ass with a staff.

39 And Balaam went with Balak, and they 28 And the Lord opened the mouth of the came unto 'Kirjath-huzoth. ass, and she said unto Balaam, What have I 40 And Balak offered oxen and sheep, and done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these sent to Balaam, and to the princes that were three times ?

with him. 29 And Balaam said unto the ass, Because 41 And it came to pass on the morrow, thou hast mocked me: I would there were a that Balak took Balaam, and brought him up sword in mine hand, for now would I kill thee. into the high places of Baal, that thence he

30 And the ass said unto Balaam, Am not might see the utmost part of the people. 5 Chap. 24. 13. 62 Pet. 2. 16. Jude 11. 7 Heb. who hast ridden upon me. 8 Or, ever since thou wast, &c. Or, bowed himself.

10 Heb. to be an adversary unto thee.

11 Heb, be evil in thine eyes.

12 Or, a city of streets.

Verse 4. · Balaam the son of Beor.'— This person is this appellation may be best understood from the following

words of Philo, in his Vita Moysis, $ 481. “There was at in Joshua xiii. 22, called apip kosem, a “soothsayer,' a |

that time a man celebrated for divination, who lived in term which with its derivatives is always applied in a bad Mesopotamia, and was an adept in all the forms of the sense in Scripture. Josephus calls him an cminent divining art; but in no branch was he more admired than diviner' (Antig, iv. 6, 2): and what is to be learned from in "avgury ; to many persons, and on many occasions, he VOL. I. 2 c


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