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CHAPTER VII.

15 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb I The offering of the princes at the dedication of the

| of the first year, for a burnt offering: tabernacle. 10 Their several offerings at the dedica 16 One kid of the goats for a 'sin offering: tion of the altar. 89 God speaketh to Moses from 17 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, the mercy seat,

two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs And it came to pass on the day that Moses of the first year: this was the offering of Nahhad fully 'set up the tabernacle, and had shon the son of Amminadab. anointed it, and sanctified it, and all the in- | 18 On the second day Nethaneel the son struments thereof, both the altar and all the of Zuar, prince of Issachar, did offer: vessels thereof, and had anointed them, and 19 He offered for his offering one silver sanctified them;

charger, the weight whereof was an hundred 2 That the princes of Israel, heads of the and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy house of their fathers, who were the princes of | shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both the tribes, and were over them that were num- | of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a bered, offered :

meat offering : 3 And they brought their offering before 20 One spoon of gold of ten shekels, full of the LORD, six covered wagons, and twelve incense: oxen; a wagon for two of the princes, and for 21 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb each one an ox: and they brought them before | of the first year, for a burnt offering: the tabernacle.

22 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : 4 4 And the LORD spake unto Moses, 23 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, saying,

two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs *5 Take it of them, that they may be to do of the first year : this was the offering of Nethe service of the tabernacle of the congre thaneel the son of Zuar. gation; and thou shalt give them unto the | 24 | On the third day Eliab the son of Levites, to every man according to his service. Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun, did

6 And Moses took the wagons and the oxen, offer : and gave them unto the Levites.

25 His offering was one silver charger, the 7 Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto weight whereof was an hundred and thirty the sons of Gershon, according to their service : shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after

8 And four wagons and eight oxen he gave the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them full unto the sons of Merari, according unto their of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offerservice, under the hand of Ithamar the son of ing: Aaron the priest.

26 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of 9 But unto the sons of Kohath he gave incense : none : because the service of the sanctuary 27 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb belonging unto them was that they should bear of the first year, for a burnt offering: upon their shoulders.

28 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: *10 And the princes offered for dedicating 1 29 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, of the altar in the day that it was anointed, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs even the princes offered their offering before of the first year: this was the offering of Eliab the altar.

the son of Helon. 11 And the LORD said unto Moses, They 30 T On the fourth day Elizur the son of shall offer their offering, each prince on his Shedeur, prince of the children of Reuben, did day, for the dedicating of the altar.

offer: 12 | And he that offered his offering the 31 His offering was one silver charger of first day was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, of the tribe of Judah :

one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the 13 And his offering was one silver charger, shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them full the weight thereof was an hundred and thirty of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after offering: the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them were 32 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of full of fine flour mingled with oil for a 'meat | incense : offering:

33 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb 14 One spoon of ten shekels of gold, full of of the first year, for a burnt offering : incense :

34 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : 394

1 Exod. 40. 18.

# Heb. who stood,

8 Levit. 2. 1.

4 Levit, 4. 23.

35 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, the son of Pedahzur, prince of the children of two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of Manasseh : the first year: this was the offering of Elizur 55 His offering was one silver charger of the son of Shedeur.

the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, 36 | On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon, shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of did offer :

fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: 37 His offering was one silver charger, the 56 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of weight whereof was an hundred and thirty incense: shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after 57 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them full of the first year, for a burnt offering : of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat 58 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : offering:

59 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, 38 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs incense :

of the first year : this was the offering of Ga39 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb | maliel the son of Pedahzur. of the first year, for a burnt offering :

60 T On the ninth day Abidan the son of 40 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin,

41 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, offered : two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs 61 His offering was one silver charger, the of the first year: this was the offering of She weight whereof was an hundred and thirty lumiel the son of Zurishaddai.

shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, 42 | On the sixth day Eliasaph the son of after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them Deuel, prince of the children of Gad, offered : full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat

43 His offering was one silver charger of offering : the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, a | 62 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel incense : of the sanctuary ; both of them full of fine flour 63 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb mingled with oil for a meat offering :

of the first year, for a burnt offering : 44 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of | 64 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : incense:

65 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, 45 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year, for a burnt offering:

of the first year : this was the offering of 46 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : Abidan the son of Gideoni.

47 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, two | 66 | On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the | Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan, first year: this was the offering of Eliasaph the offered: son of Deuel.

67 His offering was one silver charger, the 48 T On the seventh day Elishama the son weight whereof was an hundred and thirty of Ammihud, prince of the children of Ephraim, shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after offered :

the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them 49 His offering was one silver charger, the full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat weight whereof was an hundred and thirty offering: shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, 68 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them | incense : full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat 69 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb offering :

of the first year, for a burnt offering: 50 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of 70 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : incense :

71 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, 51 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year, for a burnt offering :

of the first year: this was the offering of Ahi52 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : ezer the son of Ammishaddai.

53 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, 72 T On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs | Ocran, prince of the children of Asher, offered : of the first year: this was the offering of Eli | 73 His offering was one silver charger, the shama the son of Ammihud.

weight whereof was an hundred and thirty 54 1 On the eighth day offered Gamaliel shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels,

after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them 84 This was the dedication of the altar, in full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat the day when it was anointed, by the princes offering :

of Israel: twelve chargers of silver, twelve 74 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of silver bowls, twelve spoons of gold : incense :

85 Each charger of silver weighing an hun75 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb | dred and thirty shekels, each bowl seventy : all of the first year, for a burnt offering :

the silver vessels weighed two thousand and 76 One kid of the goats for a sin offering : four hundred shekels, after the shekel of the

77 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, sanctuary : two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of 86 The golden spoons were twelve, full of the first year: this was the offering of Pagiel incense, weighing ten shekels apiece, after the the son of Ocran.

shekel of the sanctuary : all the gold of the 78 T On the twelfth day Ahira the son spoons was an hundred and twenty shekels. of Enan, prince of the children of Naphtali, 87 All the oxen for the burnt offering were offered :

twelve bullocks, the rams twelve, the lambs of 79 His offering was one silver charger, the the first year twelve, with their meat offerweight whereof was an hundred and thirty ing: and the kids of the goats for sin offering shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, twelve. after the shekel of the sanctuary ; both of them 88 And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat | peace offerings were twenty and four bullocks, offering:

the rams sixty, the he goats sixty, the lambs 80 One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of of the first year sixty. This was the dediincense :

cation of the altar, after that it was anointed. 81 One young bullock, one ram, one lamb 89 | And when Moses was gone into the of the first year, for a burnt offering: - tabernacle of the congregation to speak with

82 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: 'him, then he heard the voice of one speaking

83 And for a sacrifice of peace offerings, unto him from off the mercy seat that was two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs upon the ark of testimony, from between the of the first year: this was the offering of Ahira | two cherubims : and he spake unto him. the son of Enan. .

3 That is, Gud.

Verse 6. Moses took the wagons, and the oxen, and have been generally used for draught in ancient times gave them to the Levites.'-The distribution among them, among other nations as well as the Hebrews; and they conof the draught carriages and cattle was regulated by the tinue still to be employed in dragging the few carts, which nature of their service. The Merarites had the largest pro are in use (as described in the note just referred to) in some portion, as they had the charge of the more unwieldy parts of parts of Western Asia; where also various other services the tabernacle, such as the boards, bars, pillars, and sockets; are required from these useful animals which we do not whereas the Gershonites had only the coverings and hang exact from them. ings. The Kohathites had no waggons, as the sacred uten 10. The princes offered.'— The occasion must have sils entrusted to them were to be carried on their shoulders. been one of great and striking solemnity, and, from the acThe unfortunate result of an attempt, on their part, to em count here given, reminding us strongly of the annual fesploy a cart in this service was calculated to instruct them tival of Nurooz in Persia, when the king sits in great state that they were not at liberty to depart from the appointed and glory, with the nobles of his court attending in their regulations (see 1 Chron. xiii. 7-10; and xv. 2, 12-15). most gorgeous attire, and thus receives in succession a long As to the waggons, see the note on Gen. xlv. 27. It appears series of costly offerings, which the princes who govern the that each cart was drawn by two oxen, and a greater nuin provinces of his empire send, at that time, to the capital ber does not seem to have been employed on any of the for his acceptance, and which are of such value as to form different occasions mentioned in Scripture. Oxen seem to one of the principal portions of his yearly revenue.

CHAPTER VIII. 1 How the lamps are to be lighted. 6 The consecra

tion of the Levites. 23 The age and time of their

service. And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

2 Speak unto Aaron, and say unto him, When thou 'lightest the lamps, the seven

lamps shall give light over against the candle- ! stick.

3 And Aaron did so; he lighted the lamps thereof over against the candlestick, as the LORD commanded Moses.

4. 'And this work of the candlestick was of beaten gold, unto the shaft thereof, unto the

1 Exod. 25. 37, and 40. 25.

2 Exod. 25. 31.

COI

flowers thereof, was 'beaten work : according as open every womb, even instead of the firstunto the pattern which the LORD had shewed born of all the children of Israel, have I taken Moses, so he made the candlestick.

them unto me. 5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, 17 For all the firstborn of the children of saying,

Israel are mine, both man and beast: on the 6 Take the Levites from among the chil day that I smote every firstborn in the land of dren of Israel, and cleanse them.

Egypt I sanctified them for myself. 7 And thus shalt thou do unto them, to | 18 And I have taken the Levites for all the cleanse them: Sprinkle water of purifying firstborn of the children of Israel. upon them, and 'let them shave all their flesh, 19 And I have given the Levites as "'a gift and let them wash their clothes, and so inake to Aaron and to his sons from among the chilthemselves clean.

dren of Israel, to do the service of the children 8 Then let thern take a young bullock with of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, his meat offering, even fine flour mingled with and to make an atonement for the children of oil, and another young bullock shalt thou take Israel : that there be no plague among the for a sin offering.

children of Israel, when the children of Israel 9 And thou shalt bring the Levites before the tabernacle of the congregation : and thou 20 And Moses, and Aaron, and all the shalt gather the whole assembly of the chil- congregation of the children of Israel, did to dren of Israel together:

the Levites according unto all that the LORD 10 And thou shalt bring the Levites before commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so the LORD : and the children of Israel shall did the children of Israel unto them. put their hands upon the Levites :

21 And the Levites were purified, and they 11 And Aaron shall 'offer the Levites be washed their clothes; and Aaron offered them fore the Lord for an offering of the children as an offering before the LORD; and Aaron of Israel, that they may execute the service made an atonement for them to cleanse them. of the LORD.

22 And after that went the Levites in to do 12 And the Levites shall lay their hands their service in the tabernacle of the congreupon the heads of the bullocks : and thou shalt gation before Aaron, and before his sons: as offer the one for a sin offering, and the other the LORD had commanded Moses concerning for a burnt offering, unto the LORD, to make the Levites, so did they unto them. an atonement for the Levites.

23 | And the LORD spake unto Moses, 13 And thou shalt set the Levites before saying, Aaron, and before his sons, and offer them for 24 This is it that belongeth unto the Levites: an offering unto the LORD.

from twenty and five years old and upward they 14 Thus shalt thou separate the Levites shall go into wait upon the service of the from among the children of Israel: and the tabernacle of the congregation : Levites shall be mine.

25 And from the age of fifty years they 15 And after that shall the Levites go in to shall 'cease waiting upon the service thereof, do the service of the tabernacle of the congre and shall serve no more: gation : and thou shalt cleanse them, and offer 26 But shall minister with their brethren in them for an offering.

the tabernacle of the congregation, to keep the 16 For they are wholly given unto me from charge, and shall do no service. Thus shalt among the children of Israel; instead of such thou do unto the Levites touching their charge. 8 Exod. 25. 18. . Heb. let them cause a razor to pass over, &c.

Heb. ware.

Heb. teave offering, 11 Heb. to war the warfare of, &c. 19 Heb. return from the warfare of the service.

7 Heb, they may be to execute, &c.

8 Chap. 3. 45.

9 Exod. 13. 2. Chap. 3. 13. Luke 2. 23.

. 10 Heb. given.

Verse 7. Thus shalt thou do unto them.'—The mere cire | usage among the Egyptian priests; but it does not appear cumstance of birth did not entitle the Levites to enter ab that the Levites did so constantly, but only on this parti. raptly upon the duties which devolved on them. They cular occasion. It does not seem that the Levites had any were to receive a sort of consecration, which is described dress, or articles of dress, even when officially occupied, to in this chapter, and which, although solemn, is different distinguish them from other Israelites. from, and more simple than that which the priests received. 10. The children of Israel shall put their hands upon They were properly purified by sprinkling and shaving, the Levites,' Several of the Jewish writers understand and after suitable offerings and sacrifices were presented here that those who put their hands on the Levites were the before the Lord. They were not washed, or anointed, or firstborn in whose room they were substituted, each laying invested with official robes, like the priests. The direction his hand on the head of his substitute. In this case the to shave all their flesh'is remarkable from the analogous act had the same signification as the Levites laying their * Exod. 12. 49. 5 Exod. 40. 34. 1 Cor. 10. 1. 7 Heb. prolonged. Heb, was.

hands on the bullocks which were to be sacrificed for them | to lay their hands upon the heads of so comparatively small (v. 12), or to suffer and die for them; and the application a number of men as the Levites? If, therefore, the term from the firstborn to the Levites would express, not only children of Israel’ does not here apply to the firstborn, the consecration of the latter, but their substitution to attend we must probably understand it to denote the elders as reto the service of the sanctuary in the room of the firstborn. presentatives of the whole congregation. This act may in Whether we accept this interpretation or not, it is impos them be understand as one of benediction, or as formally sible that we should suppose the children of Israel” to constituting the Levites an offering in the name of all mean all the male Israelites, for how were 600,000 persons | Israel (v. 11).

CHAPTER IX.

| to all the ordinances of the passover they shall 1 The passover is commanded again. 6 A second

keep it. passover allowed for them that were unclean or

| 13 But the man that is clean, and is not in absent. 15 The cloud guideth the removings and a journey, and forbeareth to keep the passencampings of the Israelites.

over, even the same soul shall be cut off from And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wil- | | among his people : because he brought not derness of Sinai, in the first month of the the offering of the Lord in his appointed seasecond year after they were come out of the son, that man shall bear his sin. land of Egypt, saying,

14 And if a stranger shall sojourn among 2 Let the children of Israel also keep 'the you, and will keep the passover unto the LORD; passover at his appointed season.

according to the ordinance of the passover, and 3 In the fourteenth day of this month, kat according to the manner thereof, so shall he even, ye shall keep it in his appointed season : do: *ye shall have one ordinance, both for the according to all the rites of it, and according stranger, and for him that was born in the to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it. land.

4 And Moses spake unto the children of 15 | And 'on the day that the tabernacle Israel, that they should keep the passover. was reared up the cloud covered the taber

5 And they kept the passover on the four nacle, namely, the tent of the testimony: and teenth day of the first month at even in the at even there was upon the tabernacle as it wilderness of Sinai : according to all that the were the appearance of fire, until the morning. LORD commanded Moses, so did the children 16 So it was alway: the cloud covered it of Israel.

by day, and the appearance of fire by night. 6 And there were certain men, who were 17 And when the cloud was taken up from defiled by the dead body of a man, that they the tabernacle, then after that the children of could not keep the passover on that day: and Israel journeyed : and in the place where the they came before Moses and before Aaron on cloud abode, there the children of Israel that day :

pitched their tents. 7 And those men said unto him, We are 18 At the commandment of the LORD the defiled by the dead body of a man: wherefore children of Israel journeyed, and at the comare we kept back, that we may not offer an mandment of the Lord they pitched : @as long offering of the Lord in his appointed season as the cloud abode upon the tabernacle they among the children of Israel ?

rested in their tents. 8 And Moses said unto them, Stand still, 19 And when the cloud 'tarried long upon and I will hear what the LORD will command the tabernacle many days, then the children concerning you.

of Israel kept the charge of the LORD, and 9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, journeyed not. saying,

20 And so it was, when the cloud was a few 10 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, days upon the tabernacle ; according to the If any man of you or of your posterity shall be | commandment of the Lord they abode in their unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a tents, and according to the commandment of journey afar off, yet he shall keep the passover the LORD they journeyed. unto the LORD.

21 And so it was, when the cloud abode 11 The fourteenth day of the second month from even unto the morning, and that the cloud at even they shall keep it, and eat it with un was taken up in the morning, then they jourleavened bread and bitter herbs.

neyed: whether it was by day or by night that 12 They shall leave none of it unto the the cloud was taken up, they journeyed. morning, 'nor break any bone of it: according 22 Or whether it were two days, or a month, 1 Esod. 12. 1, &c. Levit. 23. 5. Chap. 28. 16. Deut. 16. 2. 2 Heb. between the two evenings. a Exod. 12, 46. John 19. 35.

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