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more apparent the more closely the matter is examined, should make common cause with the enemy, must have been that nothing but the authority of an ancient name and the the more plausible as the country was most exposed to the absence of such knowledge as might suggest a better alter- | incursions of nomade tribes upon the side where the Henative, could have led to its acceptance. The fact, however, brews were settled, and more so still if the ancient enemies to which we have referred—that, according to Mauetho, the of Egypt, the Shepherds, or Hyksos—or at least a large body Israelites were not oppressed during this second period of of them-bad withdrawn no further than into Palestine, pastoral domination, but were oppressors, ought to preclude where their descendants were still a valiant and powerful us from using it to account for their oppression. A document people (the Philistines). At any rate this alleged fear of which can only be rendered intelligible by interpreting it their king was a sufficient pretext with his own people for to mean the exact contrary of that which it expresses, can oppressing the Israelites, at the same time that it had the not be of any historical value; and we shall get through effect of exciting their prejudices against them. Affecting, the history of the first chapters of Exodus much better therefore, some alarm at their numbers, he suggested that when disencumbered of its assistance. Let it, then, be un. so numerous a body might avail themselves of the absence derstood that we accept Manetho's account of the first in of Egyptian troops, and endanger the safety and tranquil. vasion of Egypt by the shepherds, and of their donination lity of the country (v. 10), and that prudence dictated the in that country before the time of Joseph and the arrival necessity of obviating the possibility of such an occurrence. of the Israelites; because it is clearly compatible with With this view they were treated like captives taken in Scripture, and tends to illustrate many facts which we find war, and were forced to undergo the gratuitous labour of set down in the book of Genesis; but that we repudiate the erecting granaries and other buildings for the Egyptian whole story of their eventual return at the invitation of monarch. Respecting these works, see the note on ch. v. *the lepers' (Israelites), as a monstrous fiction, designed 11. «They did set over them taskmasters to afflict them to malign the Jews and to throw discredit upon the sacred with their burdens.'--See the notes on Isa. xix. It is history of this period. Manetho had a direct interest in even thus at the present day, except that the Egyptians doing this; and it was done at a time when the sacred re themselves are now the sufferers, and that in their own cord of the transactions in Egypt became known in that country. The Rev. R. M. Macbriar writes :- When the country through the Septuagint translation.

labour of the people is required for any public work, the A sufficient and satisfactory account of all that is essen officers of Mehemet Ali collect the whole neighbourhood tial to connect the Egyptian and Jewish histories of this men, women and children, and dividing them into so many time, may be obtained without any resort to this very sus companies and droves, appoint taskmasters over them. picious document. This account is substantially that of These are armed with whips, which they use pretty freely, Sir J.G. Wilkinson, which seems to us much more distinct as they are responsible for the completion of the work.' than that which attempts to reconcile the history of Moses See verse 14. with that of Manetho.

-- Pithom and Raamses.'-There can be no doubt that About sixty years after the death of Joseph a new dynasty these cities, upon whose fortifications the Hebrews were (the eighteenth) began to reign in the person of Amosis or compelled to labour, were situated in the land of Goshen. Ames. The chronological coincidence of this change in It is most natural to suppose that they built in the land the reigning family, strongly suggests that this Amosis was | wherein they dwelt; and all doubt on this point is set at no other than the new king which knew not Joseph' rest, since one of these cities, Raamses, is afterwards repre. that is, who was not so strongly as the last dynasty imbued sented as the place of rendezvous from which the Israelites with a sense of Joseph's great services to the state, or commenced their departure out of the land. We are to equally disposed to acknowledge the claims which the Is- regard them as fortified towns in which provisions were raelites had upon the protection of the government. If stored up. That they were fortified is understood by the we consider that he was from the distant province of Seventy, who here translate by 'walled cities.' The same Thebes, it is reasonable to suppose that the Hebrews would thing is evident from 2 Chron. viii. 3-6, where cities simi. be strangers to him, and that he was likely to look uponlarly designated are placed upon the insecure border land - 1 them with the same distrust and contempt with which the (Hamath), and are described as "fenced cities, with walls, Egyptians usually treated foreigners. They stigmatized and gates, and bars.' Compare this also with 2 Chron. xi. them with the ignominious name of impure Gentiles, and 12, where store-cities are mentioned in connection with the ignoble occupation of shepherds was for the Jews an castles. Such cities were in no part of Egypt more additional cause of reproach, as we already know. Indeed needed than on its eastern frontier, as is evident from the it is possible, Sir J. G. Wilkinson thinks, that the Jews, who fact that, according to the testimony of profane writers, it had come into Egypt on the occasion of a famine, finding was upon this border, the most exposed of all, that the mithe great superiority of the land of Egypt both for obtain litary power of the Egyptians was concentrated. ing the necessaries of life and for feeding their flocks, may Pithom may without much hesitation be recognised in have asked and obtained a grant of land from the Egyptian the Patumos of Herodotus, which, according to his account, monarch, on condition of certain services being performed lay on the Pelusiac arm of the Nile, pot far from the by them and their descendants. This seems corroborated entrance of the canal which in his day connected the Nile by the fact that some of them were tillers of the land as with the Red Sea (Euterpe, 158). In this name the P is well as shepherds; for, besides their labour 'in mortar and merely the Egyptian article; omitting which, we recognise brick,' they were employed in all manner of service in the the name in the Thum which the Itinerary of Antoninus field' (Exod. i. 14). And, in Deut. x. 11, we find the places at twelve Roman miles from Heroöpolis. Following expression Egypt.... where thou sowedst thy seed and these indications, the scholars who accompanied the French wateredst it.' So long as the Memphitic dynasty continued expedition place Pithom on the site of the present village on the throne, this grant was respected, and the only ser of Abbaseh, at the entrance of the wady Tumilat, where vice required of them was that (if any) agreed upon in the there was at all times a strong military post. RAAMSES, original compact. But on the accession of the Theban which is here the name of a city, is used in Gen. xlvii. 11, family, the grant being rescinded and the service still re to designate the district which is elsewhere called Goshen. quired, they were reduced to a state of bondage ; and as This, with the intimations in Exod. xii. 37 and Num. despotism seldom respects the rights of those whom it xxxiii. 3, 5, clearly shews that Raamses was a central point injures, additional labour was imposed upon this unresist in the land of Goshen, and probably its chief town. The ing people. This is not without some parallel in the same Septuagint, whose authority on such a point is of great country even at the present day; for the Arabs, whenever value, renders the name of the city by Heroöpolis, retaining they become settled in villages on the banks of the Nile, Raamses as that of the district. Even in Gen. xlvi. 28, meet with much vexation from the Turkish authorities, and where the original has Goshen, it conformably renders: the Turks are always anxious that they should fix them • But Judah he sent before him to Joseph, that he might selves in villages, in order to get thein within their power. 1 come to meet him at Heroöpolis, in the land of Rameses.' Pharaoh's pretended fear, lest in the event of war they | This identification is peculiarly satisfactory, because the

Dame Heroöpolis could not be older than the Greek domi- | 376. See also Hengstenberg, Egypt and the Books of Moses, nation in Egypt, the commencement of which was recent at pp. 50-56. [APPENDIX, No. 2.] the time that the translation was made, and when its more 16. Upon the stools.'The original word b ax obancient name, which they determine to have been Rameses,

nayim, seems to denote a low seat or stool on which workwas still a matter of familiar knowledge. There are other

men sat, and which is frequently represented in the Egypgrounds to corroborate this conclusion of the Septuagint, tian monuments. A seat of this kind was doubtless used upon which it is not necessary here to enter. Assuming by the midwife when assisting a woman in labour lying on the identity of Raamses and Heroöpolis, we have to seek a bed. Accordingly, Gesenius translates here - Then the site of the latter city. On that point the French Com

shall ye see (while yet) upon the stools, whether it is a mission is now generally regarded as having established

boy,' etc. That is, the midwife is directed, at the very that Heroöpolis lay between the Pelusiac arm of the Nile

moment of birth, while she yet sits upon the stool, and no and the Bitter Lakes, to the north-west of these lakes, at a

one else has seen or touched the infant, to ascertain its sex place which is now called Abu Keisheid, from the Arab by the sight or rather touch, and if it be a male, to kill it; tribe which roves about on the Isthmus. A full description as she could do, by the pressure of her hand or finger, unof the spot may be seen in the Descript, de l'Egypte, xi. 1 known to the parents.

CHAPTER II.

| her son. And she called his name 'Moses : 1 Moses is born, 3 and in an ark cast into the flags.

and she said, Because I drew him out of the 5 He is found, and brought up by Pharaoh's daughter.

water. 11 He slayeth an Egyptian. 13 He reproveth an 11 | And it came to pass in those days, Hebrew. 15 He fleeth into Midian. 21 He mar- | when Moses was grown, that he went out unto rieth Zipporah. 22 Gershom is born. 23 God

his brethren, and looked on their burdens : respecteth the Israelites' cry.

and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, And there went 'a man of the house of Levi, one of his brethren. and took to wife a daughter of Levi.

12 And he looked this way and that way, 2 And the woman conceived, and bare a and when he saw that there was no man, he son: and 'when she saw him that he was a slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand. goodly child, she hid him three months.

13 And when he went out the second day, 3 And when she could not longer hide him, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove togeshe took for him an ark of bulrushes, and ther: and he said to him that did the wrong, daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put | Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow? the child therein; and she laid it in the flags 14 And he said, Who made thee *a prince by the river's brink.

and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill 4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what me, as thou killedst the Egyptian ? And would be done to him.

Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is 5 | And the daughter of Pharaoh came known. down to wash herself at the river ; and her 15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he maidens walked along by the river's side; and sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from when she saw the ark among the flags, she the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of sent her maid to fetch it.

Midian: and he sat down by a well. 6 And when she had opened it, she saw the | 16 | Now the 'priest of Midian had seven child : and, behold, the babe wept. And she daughters: and they came and drew water, had compassion on him, and said, This is one | and filled the troughs to water their father's of the Hebrews' children.

7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daugh 17 And the shepherds came and drove them ter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the away: but Moses stood up and helped them, Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child and watered their flock. for thee?

18 And when they came to Reuel their 8 And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. father, he said, How is it that ye are come so And the maid went and called the child's soon to-day? mother.

19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered 9 And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and drew water enough for us, and watered the I will give thee thy wages. And the woman flock. took the child, and nursed it.

20 And he said unto his daughters, And 10 And the child grew, and she brought where is he? why is it that ye have left the him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became man? call him, that he may eat bread. i Thap. 6. 20. Num. 26. 59. 2 Acts 7. 20. Heb. 11. 23. That is, drawn out. Heb. a man, a prince. 5 Or, prince.

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21 And Moses was content to dwell with children of Israel sighed by reason of the the man : and he gave Moses Zipporah his bondage, and they cried, and their cry came daughter.

up unto God by reason of the bondage. 22 And she bare him a son, and he called 24 And God heard their groaning, and his name "Gershom: for he said, I have been | God remembered his 'covenant with Abraham, a stranger in a strange land.

with Isaac, and with Jacob. 23 1 And it came to pass in process of 25 And God looked upon the children of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the Israel, and God had respect unto them.

6 Chap. 18. 3.
7 Gen. 15. 14, and 46. 4.

8 Heb. knew.

water.

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Verse 3. Bulrushes.'— The original is ni gome, and it | the existence of such boats is in Isa. xviii. 2, expressly only occurs in three other places of Scripture. From Job referred to Ethiopia. viii. 11, and Isa. xxxv. 7, we gather that it was a plant – Slime.'- The word being the same here as in Gen. growing in moist situations; and this text, compared with xi. 3-namely, mon chemer, should seem here also to Isa. xviii. 2, shews that it was employed in the construc denote asphaltum or mineral pitch, the use of which was tion of vessels of different kinds intended to float upon the certainly of the most remote antiquity in Egypt. Never

w the plant growing in the Nile which was theless, as this product was not common in that country, applied to this purpose was, as we learn from Theophras

and was probably somewhat expensive, we incline to think tus, the papyrus plant, which agrees very well with all the

that the word may have had a more extended signification texts in which the name occurs, and has the sanction of than has been usually assigned to it, and may in this place ancient versions. The Septuagint has tánupos in Job viii. have literally denoted slime,' as rendered by our trans11; and in Isa. xviii. 2, Bißrivas a designation.preserved lators—that is, the slime or mud of the river Nile, which in the venerable name of Bible, as the other is in was not only suited for, but actually applied to such pur* paper,' which was first made from this plant. In the last poses. Besides, as resinous pitch was employed on this occited text the Vulgate has papyrum. In fact the identity casion, it seems less likely that mineral pitch than that of the gome with the papyrus is scarcely open to question. slime' should be used along with it: for there is more apThis plant (Cyperus papyrus) is not a rush, as our trans parent reason why slime and pitch should be used, than why lation would convey, but is one of the tribe of sedges. It two kinds of pitch should be employed. At all events we is distinguished chiefly by its cluster of elegant little spikes, read with interest a communication by the Rev. W. Maewhich consist of a single row of scales, ranged in a straight briar, in the Wesleyan Magazine for 1836, p. 30, that the line on each side. These clusters are weak,' or hang slime of the river Nile is of the most tenacious description, down in a nodding position, and, unlike the rest of the and, when thoroughly dried, adheres like pitch. It is used plant, are inapplicable to any useful purpose. The root is in making bricks, which consist of the simple mud, mixed about the thickness of a full-sized man's wrist, and more with a little stubble (Exod. v. 17), then formed into the than fifteen feet in length, and so hard that all kinds of proper shape, and dried in the sun. But it is in the nari. utensils were made of it. The stem, which is about four gation of boats that the virtues of this slime are particucubits, or six feet long, was eaten raw, roasted, or boiled, larly visible. The natives, when they have a heavy cargo, and furnished material for boats, sails, mats, clothes, beds, build a wall of this mud upon the sides of the boat, to the and books. Ancient specimens found at Thebes and else height of perhaps a foot, and they then load the boat till where evince that paper was made from this plant long the water actually reaches higher than itself; thus trusting before the time of Alexander the Great; and the use of it the vessel solely to the bulwark of slime, which is conin the fabrication of boats is still, according to Bruce, pre stantly washed by the stream. This plan is usually adopted served in Abyssinia. This last fact is interesting, because only in descending the river, when the boat is left to float of

itself down the rapid current, the helmsman keeping it in mid-channel. But when the water is rough from strong contrary winds, accidents occasionally happen from the washing away of the slime, and the boat immediately founders. From this strong adhering property of the slime, it will be seen that the infant Moses was quite secure in the ark, even though it had been placed in the middle of the river; nor was there any danger of moisture penetrating through his slimy cradle.

- Pitch, no zepheth. Pix,' whence our pitch was de. rived from titta, which came ultimately, by a transposition of letters, from zepheth. The Greek and Latin terms were applied to the solid resins obtained from the pine and firtrees. Both the mineral and the vegetable productions were employed on this occasion for the obvious purpose of keeping out the water, and thus preserving the child from its intrusion, till some kind heart should be moved to pity for him. There seems to be considerable analogy between the ark or boat in which Moses was deposited and the curious vessels which are at the present day employed in crossing the Tigris. They are perfectly circular in shape, and are made with the leaves of the date-palm, forming a kind of basket-work, which is rendered impervious to the water by being thickly coated with bitumen.

- Flags,' g4d suph.- We are unable at present to CYPERUS PAPYRUS.

satisfy ourselves as to what particular plant is here intended. It is more than probable, however, that suph was a general authorities, that the tribes inhabiting these lands were difterm for sea or river-weed. Theophrastus describes several ferent people ;—those near the Dead Sea being the descendplants akin to the papyrus, as common in the marshes of ants of Abraham through Keturah ; and those near the Red Egypt; among them the sari, which produced a root that Sea being the posterity of Midian, the son of Cush. The was much used by smiths as fuel in forging their iron. | latter conjecture is strengthened by the certainty that some The Arabic seems applicable to a species of bulrush, scir of the Cushite tribes did settle in, and on the outskirts of, pus: the Vulgate has, in carecto,' -- in a bed of reeds. The Arabia, which was therefore called Ethiopia in common Red Sea is always called in the Scriptures D-D! yam with the different countries which the Cushites occupied. suph, or the weedy sea,' probably from the great variety

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Accordingly Zipporah, the wife of Moses, is called a Cushof marine vegetables which grow in it, and which at low ite or Ethiopian, in Numb, xii. 1; and in Hab, iji. 7, the, water are left in great quantities upon the shores. Now in Midianites are mentioned with the Cushites. There are Egypt this sea was, from an allusion to the same circum

those, however, who believe that all the Midianites menstance, called the Sari Sea,' which seems to demonstrate tioned in Scripture are descended from Abraham; and that the identity of the suph with the sari.

those near the Red Sea were merely a ramification from 5. Came down to wash herself at the river.'—This, as

the same stock. That the latter were called Ethiopians, well as the adventure of Joseph with Potiphar's wife, shews

may be sufficiently accounted for by their inhabiting a that the women in Egypt were under far less restraint than

country to which the name of Ethiopia was applied. We inin other parts of the East. That the king's daughter went

cline to this opinion; but in order not to interfere with the to bathe in the Nile, is explained by the Egyptian notion of

other, we shall notice each branch separately as the text the sacredness of that river, to which divine honours were

brings it before us; and it is the more easy to do this, as rendered. A representation of an Egyptian bathing scene

the Scripture history connects the one people little, if at -a lady with four female servants, who attend upon her,

all, with the other. The Midianites near the Red Sea are and perform varions offices, is depicted in one of the tombs

scarcely noticed in the Bible, except in the early chapters at Thebes, and is copied in Wilkinson's Ancient Egyptians,

of this book. One of the earliest notices of the Midianites ii. 389.

connects them with the Ishmaelites (Gen. xxxvii. 25, 28),

with whom all the tribes springing from Abraham were in 11, 22. She called his name Moses (drawn out]; and

the first instance closely connected, and into whose body she said, Because I drew him out of the water....He called

they were all ultimately absorbed. As that notice describes his name Gershom sa stranger here]; for he said, I have

them as engaged in commercial pursuits, besides being a been a stranger in a strange land.' These are two out of

pastoral people, and as they seem to have become a numemany instances of children named from the circumstances

rous and wealthy race, it would be interesting to inquire of their birth, or from some peculiarities in the history of

whether their settlement on the Red Sea had not some conthe families to which they belong. Nearly all the Old nection with maritime trade and navigation. We have no Testament names are significant, and imposed with a refer

data on which to form distinct conclusions on this matter; ence to that significance. This is still the case in the East,

but it may fairly be conjectured, that being a trading as might be shewn by numerous extracts from travellers.

people they would, when situated on the Red Sea, scarcely The following, from old Purchas, will serve :-“They call

abstain from building some kind of vessels in which to exone another diversly, and not alwayes by their names, but

plore the shores of the gulf and the contiguous coasts, at sometimes by their father's calling, trade, or degree; as

the least. Josephus says the people of this part of Midian Eben Sultan, that is, the sonne of a king; Eben Terzi, the

were not shepherds, which allows us to imagine that they sonne of a taylor. And sometimes by their marks, as Co

were engaged in commerce. He adds, rather contradictolaccis, that is, a man without ears; Cowsi Sepher, that is,

rily, that they left the care of their sheep to women. This Sepher with the thin beard. And sometimes by their

agrees with the fact of Jethro's flock being watered by his stature, as Tow-ill, that is, a tall man: Sgire rugiall,

daughters; and, which is still more striking, it agrees with that is, a little man. And sometimes by their offices,

the existing practice in this part of Arabia, where the duty as I-asgee, that is, a secretarie; Nibe, that is, a clerk,

of attending the flocks is considered degrading by the men, &c. And sometimes by their humours; as Chiplac, that

and is more entirely left to the young women than perhaps is a naked man. or one who was of a humour to weare

in any other part of Arabia. The territory of these Mino clothes but breeches. And sometimes by their father's

dianites on the Red Sea would seem to have extended qualities, as Eben Sacran, that is, the sonne of a drunkard.

farther southward than that of the Edomites, as it is not But their common word of curtesie, either to strangers,

unlikely that the latter people ultimately superseded them or such whose names they know not, or whom they pur

altogether in these parts. These were undoubtedly the pose to reverence, is Chillabee, that is, gentleman. And

Midianites who trembled for fear when they heard that the there is no man among them of any degree who will refuse

Israelites had passed through the Red Sea. (Hab. iii. 7.) to answer to any of these names. But if Nature have

The Orientals do not appear to know any other land of marked them either with goggle eyes, bunch backs, lame

Midian than this. Abulfeda says that the name is prelegs, or any infirmitie or deformitie, as they are knowne

served in a ruined city, called Madyan, on the shore of the by it, so they are content to bee called by it.'

Red Sea, on the route of the pilgrims from Egypt to Mecca. 15. The land of Midian.'— There is a difficulty attend This city, he says, was the capital of the tribe of Midian ing this subject, which has not yet been indisputably among the Israelites; and that there was still to be seen settled. There seem to be two lands of Midian ;- this on near it the famous well at which Moses watered the flocks the Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea; and another east and of Schoaib, as the Moslems called Jethro. Josephus mensouth-east of the land of Moab, which was on the east of tions the city of Madyan on the Red Sea ;' and it is no the Dead Sea. It is therefore concluded by some good doubt the same that Ptolemy calls Modianam.

CHAPTER III.

father in law, the priest of Midian: and he il Moses keepeth Jethro's flock. 2 God appeareth to

led the flock to the backside of the desert, him in a burning bush. 9 He sendeth him to deliver and came to the mountain of God, even to Israel. 14 The name of God. 16 His message to Horeb. Israel.

2 And 'the angel of the Lord appeared Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his l unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst

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1 Acts 7. 33.

of a bush : and he looked, and, behold, the hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to bush burned with fire, and the bush was not me, What is his name? what shall I say consumed.

unto them? 3 And Moses said, I will now turn aside, 14 And God said unto Moses, I AM and see this great sight, why the bush is not | THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt burnt.

thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM 4 And when the LORD saw that he turned hath sent me unto you. aside to see, God called unto him out of the 15 T And God said moreover unto Moses, midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. Thus shalt thou say unto the children of And he said, Here am I.

Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the 5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither : God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this place whereon thou standest is holy ground. . is my name for ever, and this is my memorial

6 Moreover he said, 'I am the God of unto all generations. thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of 16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses together, and say unto them, The LORD God hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of God.

Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, 7 And the LORD said, I have surely saying, I have surely visited you, and scen seen the affliction of my people which are in that which is done to you in Egypt: Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason 17 And I have said, I will bring you up of their taskmasters; for I know their sor out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land rows;

of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the 8 And I am come down to deliver them Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with bring them up out of that land unto a good milk and honey. land and a large, unto a land flowing with 18 And they shall hearken to thy voice : milk and honey ; unto the place of the Ca and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of naanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the say unto him, The LORD God of the Hebrews Jebusites.

hath met with us: and now let us go, we 9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the beseech thee, three days' journey into the children of Israel is come unto me: and I wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD have also seen the oppression wherewith the our God. Egyptians oppress them.

· 19 1 And I am sure that the king of 10 Come now therefore, and I will send Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring mighty hand. forth my people the children of Israel out of 20 And I will stretch out my hand, and Egypt.

smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will 11 | And Moses said unto God, Who am do in the midst thereof: and after that he I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I will let you go. should bring forth the children of Israel out 21 And I will give this people favour in of Egypt?

the sight of the Egyptians : and it shall come i · 12 And he said, Certainly I will be with to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, empty: that I have sent thee: When thou hast 22 "But every woman shall borrow of her brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her shall serve God upon this mountain.

house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, 13 And Moses said unto God, Behold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon when I come unto the children of Israel, and | your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall say unto them, The God of your fathers shall spoil the Egyptians. © Josh. 5. 15. Acts 7.33. . Matt. 22.32. Acts 7. 82. Or, but by strong hand. 5 Chap. 11. 2, and 12. 35. Or, Eyyrt.

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