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mally repealing any of the arti. lowes sure that this expedient cles, put any construction upon would avail ? Is he certain that them which they think best, and no better, no honester means that construction is the legal can be devised for coaverting doctrine of the church in their atheists and fanatics, and for re. time; and in that sense, and ac. straining the propagation of cording to that construction, the their principles, than that of articles may and ought to be compelling the ministers of the subscribed ; and he, who thus establishment to abstain wholly subscribes them, maintains what from teaching those mysteries of it is so necessary to maintain, an Christianity which they have sol. unity of doctrine with the ma- emnly engaged, and are expressly jority of his brethren; and is, ordained to inculcate ?' That consequently, a better friend to cant should be discouraged, we the church of England, than he allow; although we could wish who may subscribe the articles that the repression of it among in a sense more agreeable to the the ministers of the establishment letter, but more adverse to the were effected rather by their own general construction of the cler- good sense and discretion, than gy: and consequently, to the by the operation of political co*received doctrine of the church.ercion. But when the suppres

We really think that Mr. Fel. sion of those mysteries, which, lowes can scarcely for a moment though unfathomable to our un. suppose, that such absurdities will derstanding, are, nevertheless, fit impose upon any man of common objects of our faith ; such as sense, or that such dishonest “the Trinity of persons in the sophistication will be acceptable undivided godhead, the incarna. to any man of common honesty. tion of the second person, the

In a note at the bottom of p. expiation of sin by the Redeem. 131, Mr. Fellowes says, that er's sufferings and death, the effi. governments should be taught "to cacy of his intercession, and the labor to prevent these hell-born mysterious commerce of the be. fiends, (the fanatics and atheists) liever's soul with the divine Spir. from spreading theirvenom among it"-when a compelled suppres. the people; and this,he adds, sion of these mysteries is propos. can only be done by compelling ed, as a panacea for the moral the ministers of the Establishment disorders produced by fanatics to teach NOTHING BUT

and atheists, we must beg leave PURE MORALITY WHICH CHRIST to question the judgment and TAUGHT, WITHOUT ANY CANT OR skill of the prescriber. . And ANY MYSTERY.” Now is Mr. Fel. whatever Mr. Fellowes may say

or think, our hearts desire and which, according to these rules, is the only legal one, to take an actual survey

prayer to God is, that the clergy of the king lom, and to poll all the exist of the establishment, of whom ing individuals who profess to be members we are taught 6 to account, as of the church of England ; at the same time, taking with him a pair of in

of the ministers of Christ, and tellectual and moral balances, nicely ad.

stewards of the mysteriesof God," justed, in order to ascertain the compar- may have “utterance given unto ative learning, uprightness, and judic. iousness of these same living members of them, that they may open their


She church,

mouths boldly to make known erates the rigor of the law, and the mystery of the gospel.” mitigates its penalties ; and yet

It is a curious fact, and a he asserts in the same page, nay, striking instance of the incon- in the same period, that grace es. sistency which attends all at. tablishes the law ; and moreover tempts to evade the force of plain speaks in p. 210, of the moral truth, and to quibble away the law being "perfected by the sove. dictates of cominon sense, that reign excellence of Christian although Mr. Fellowes would charity.” Again, in p. 179, allow, and even persuade govern. apostrophizing the Christian, he ment to bind the ministers of re. says, “It is only by personal ligion, by an act of rigorous acts of sin, hardening into hab. compulsion, to teach nothing its of sin, that thou becomest a but morality; he, nevertheless, transgressor, subject to the wrath deemsit inconsistent with rational of God;" and yet in p. 220,

ho liberty, that these same ministers declares that “the moment we should be bound, bytheir own vol. have violated any one duty of untary and most solemn engage truth, justice, and humanity, or ments, to teach no doctrines re

any one saying of the perfect law pugnant to those which are con- of Christ, that moment we are tained in the confession, to whose polluted with guilt; and, with. truth they have subscribed their ont repentance, obnoxious to assent,

punishment." 'But with instances of incon. Of Mr Fellowes' opinions on sistency and self contradiction, the subject of regeneration, it is the present publication abounds. unnecessary to say more, than In one place we are taught, that that he maintains that regenera. in the first verse of the eleventh tion is only another name for chapter of the Epistle to the He- repentance confirmed;" and that brews, the word faith means he believes, that “there are some “those things which are reveal. persons who need no repent, ed by God, but are invisible to ance.” our perceptions." (p. 104.)

His ideas respecting the oper. Fortunately, however, for truth, ations of divine grace, and the Mr. Fellowes afterwards changes efficacy of prayer, may be col. his opinion, and quotes this lected from the following quota. very verse as referring to the act tions.-" Though devotion exof faith in the mind of the believ. cite the most agreeable sensations,

In p. 112 'he tells us, that these sensations ought not to bees. the ceremonial laws of the Mo, teemed supernatural calls or mirsaic dispensation were intended aculous experiences; for theypromerely to preserve unbroken the ceed from natural causes, and are barrier between Jew and gen. generated by the moral organizatile.” And yet, in the very same tion of man,&c.”—“Prayer is a page (as if impatient to contra. help to holiness; and when fervent dict himself) he declares, that and sincere, procures a refresh“the Redeemer was, indeed, ing supply of those wholesome seen through the rites of the Mo. moral cnergies, those spiritual saic dispensation.” Again, in gifts, which, by whatever name p. 208, he says, that grace, mod. they may be expressed, are cer



of grace,


tainly ultimately derived from our rational faculties and nat. the Father of Spirits; not by ural sense of right and wrong,' any immediate and miraculous are sufficient antagonists. We interposition of his power, but very much doubt, whether St. through the channel of that mor- Paul was

of Mr. Fellowes' al order of things which he es. opinion. That apostle speaks, tablished, and the moral consti. on one occasion, of our resisting tation of man, which he ordain. the tempter, stedfast in the faith; ed.” (p. 187.)-“Grace oper. and, on another occasion, when ates by general laws.” (p. 190.) enumerating the defensive as well - One measure

as the offensive instruments of rightly used, will bring us anoth. Christian warfare, he directs, er. One temptation combatted that above all, we should take and vanquished, brings strength the shield of faith, wherewith, to resist a stronger ; till, by de- says he, 'ye shall be able to grees, the habit is formed, and quench all the fiery darts of the the fiercest assaults of the adver- wicked;" he also mentions "the sary are derided.” (p. 202.) For sword of the Spirit, which is the these opinions on the subject of word of God.” Ephes. chap. vi. grace, Mr. Fellowes indeed pre. ver. 16, 17. pares his readers, by telling them But we are not certain that in a preceding page, that most Mr. Fellowes will admit St. Paul's of the promises of grace, which authority, in opposition to his occur in the Scriptures, are re

We cannot indeed con. strained to the apostolical age:”

ceive how Mr. Fellowes can be. and by stating, as a mere proba- lieve the inspiration of that apos. bility, that, “the expressions, tle, since he not only retails the Ask and you shall have, &c. ridiculous notion, “that St. Luke xi. 9—13, have a relation Paul being bred a pharisee, spake to the faithful in all future ages.” in the 9th chapter to the Romans,

Mr. Fellowes' views of this and is there to be interpreted, ex subject admit still farther illus- mente Pharicæorum, according tration, from a sentiment which to the doctrines of the pharisees he expresses, in his 231st page, concerning fate, which they had 6 Reason and borrowed from the

Stoics ;' conscience are the great antago. but also says, concerning his Dists with which God has provid. Epistles in general, that the mat.

combat temptation. ter of them is, perhaps, in some Would we but carefully culti. degree, tinctured with the rab. vate our rational faculties, and binical philosophy; and he more. our natural sense of right and over insinuates, that there is a wrong, and which are so capable coincidence between the effect of of improvement, no temptation prejudice on the mind of St. Paul, would be able to bring us into and the odor which an empty subjection.” Here we are told, cask retains of its former con. in the former part of this passage,

tents! (p. 13.) that reason and conscience” are The subject which has occa. the great antagonists, with which sioned the preceding observations We are to combat temptation; may safely be disinissed with this and, in the latter part of it, that one remark. When St. Pau),

where he says,

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under the pressure of that temp. sibility as can be perseveringly tation, which he denominated silent on such a subject. Mr.

a thorn in the flesh,” prayed Fellowes has indeed once used for divine relief, God did not tell the phrase,

66 atonement of him that his reason and con. Christ." What he means by the science, or his rational faculties phrase the reader will judge, and natural sense of right and from considering it in connexion wrong, were the great and suf- with the passage in which it ocficient antagonists, with which

His words are these : he might repel the temptation. “How many particalar acts of No-the language of God to the obedience or of disobedience will apostle was, MY GRACE is suffi- cause us, through the mercy of cient for thee.

God operating in the atonement It will appear to


of of Christ, to appear just in his readers a strange, and it is cer- divine presence on the one hand, tainly an expressive fact, that in or will occasion our exclusion attentively reading through this from his favor on the other, we book, consisting of 400 pages, cannot ascertain, nor does it beand intended to give a correct come us to inquire.” (p. 348.) and comprehensive view of the This is certainly an extraordina. religion of Christ, we have not

ry sentence. The idea of deter. met with a single syllable con. mining our justification before cerning the exceeding great God by exact arithmetical calcu. love of our Master and only Sa. lation, is so absurd, that Mr. vior Jesus Christ, in dying for Fellowes might have spared him

How any man could write self the trouble of discouraging a thick octavo volume on the its adoption, by pronouncing its avowed subject of Christianity, impracticability. The notion and so completely abstract his also of acts of disobedience caus. thoughts from the most promi. ing us to appear just in the di. nent, most precious, and most vine presence, is perfectly nov, influential of its truths; how he el, and can only be paralleled could speak of the pardon of by the declaration which Mr. sin, the gifts of grace, and the Fellowes makes in his 277th hopes of glory, and yet abstain page, where he asserts, that the from ex patiating with pious grati. belief that there is no God is the tude and lively joy on that“prec. fundamental principle of natural ious blood shedding,” by which religion, on which all its truth that pardon, those gifts, and those depends, and all its importance hopes are obtained to us”..these rests ! are questions which we are wholly To refute all the errors of this unqualified to solve. That such publication, and to mark all its things may be, we learn from the defects, would be a task, no othwork before us; and the discov. erwise to be accomplished, than ery pains no less than it surprises by writing a book at least twice We forbear to draw any

as large as the one before us. inferences from the fact; and Indeed many of Mr. Fellowes leave our readers to determine, sentiments and expressions are what that religion must be, which

so palpably inconsistent with all is accompanied by such an insen. which the orthodox members of

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the Christian church have agreed those who are either strangers or to receive as true, that a child enemies to the established doc. of ten years old, who understood trines of the protestant church. the Catechism would be able to It would have argued a bedetect the false doctrines of this coming modesty in Mr. Fellowes modern reformer; who, big to have read more before he be. with the imaginary importance gan to write; or, (if the pro. of his plan, and confident of his pensity to become an author prov. abilities to accomplish it, antici. ed irresistible) to have written pates the gratitude of the Chris. with that diffidence which would tian world, for attempting to have suited his very imperfect overthrow the doctrines, and ex. comprehension of the subjects plain away the truths, which the which he undertook to discuss. Christian world, properly so call. Dogmatical presumption is dised, has, for more than two hundred pleasing, even in an old man of years, agreed in embracing and the highest attainments and united to maintain.

soundest judgment ; but in a The man who speaks of Jesus young man of moderate abilities Christ as a man sent from God and confined reading, it is very (p. 139.); who represents re- disgusting. It is curious to ob. pentance as restoring us to God's serve, that while Mr. Fellowes favor, (p. 167.) as saving the disdains to bend before (what he soul, (p. 179.) and as expiating calls) the colossal authority of offences, (p. 212.) and thus as. Hooker; he writes as though he cribes to it the offices which be expected that his readers should long only to Christ, as “ bend in passive humiliation" atonement and intercessor; who before the (we will not say pigtalks of men remaining suspend. my, but we may certainly say) ed in a sort of middle state, be. not very gigantic authority of tween impenitency and repent. the curate of Harbury. ance (p. 178.); who adopts the

To the cant of affected piety, we strict papistical interpretation of have perhaps an aversion as real, St. Peter's declaration concern. though, we trust, not so fierce ing charity, in the 8th verse of and uncharitable, as that which his fourth chapter (p. 209.); is professed by Mr. Fellowes.

supposes pernicious tenets But there are other species of on religious subjects to be iden, cant, which are scarcely less rctified with the physical organi. pugnant to our taste, or less rezation of an infant's brain (p. volting to our principles. Such, 248.) ; who repeatedly denomi. for instance, is the cant of panates sins little, trivial, transient, ganism, which prates without and venial; and, lastly, who meaning, and almost without speaks of men deserving admis. end, about moral economy, sion into the courts of the man. moral organization, moral order, sions above (p. 275.); such a pleasurable influences, simple

raise a smile by his ab volition, universal system, &c.

or excite compassion for &c. &c. Such too is the cant of his errors ; but he is in no dan. adulation, of which Mr. Fel. ger of making converts, or ob- lowes has given some instances in taining patrons, except among the 201st, 286th, and 392d pages,




may surdities,

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