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807 5 Let them all be confounded and turned back that have a c.sa. Zion. −
6 Let them be as the grass upon the housetops, which withereth afore it groweth up :
7 Wherewith the mower filleth not his hand; nor he that bindeth sheaves his bosom.
8 Neither do they which go by say, The blessing of the Lord be upon you : we bless you in the name of the Lo R.D.
1 Daniel having humbled himself seeth a vision. 10 Being troubled with fear he
1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was
m In consequence of the stratagems used by the Samaritans to defeat the object of the decree of Cyrus, the building of the temple had now ceased. Daniel gave himself up to mourning three weeks together; he then sees the vision, an account of which is contained in these three last chapters of his book. In this vision he is informed of various particulars concerning the Persian, Grecian, and Roman empires, and the kingdom of the Messiah, (chap. x.) states the occasion of the vision, and describes the glorious personage who appeared to the o prophet. The prediction then foretells the fate of the Persian empire (xi. 2,) whose fourth king, Xerxes, was attacked, and his empire destroyed, by Alexander (3); the partition of his vast dominions into four kingdoms (4); and the wars between
jo the kingdoms of Egypt (which lay to the south of Judea) and of Syria (which lay to the north of the Holy land,) are then related together with the conquest of
s' Macedon by the Romans (5–36). The prophecy then declares the tyranny of - the papal Antichrist, which was to spring up under the Roman empire (36–39), so and the invasions of the Saracens (from the south) and of the Turks (from the - north) in the time of the end, or latter days of the Roman monarchy (40–45). 4: This prophetic vision concludes with foretelling the general resurrection (xii.
1–4), and with announcing the time when all these great events were to have their final consummation, when the Jews were to be restored, Antichrist destroy
_ ed, the fulness of the Gentiles brought in, and the millenium, or reign of saints, o: was to begin (5–13). But the exact period, until Providence shall open o more of the seals, cannot be fully ascertained.
o Upon the whole, we may observe with Bishop Newton, what an amazing pro- . phecy is this, comprehending so many various events, and extending through so * many successive ages, from the first establishment of the Persian empire, up
wards of 530 years before Christ, to the general resurrection What a proof of o a Divine Providence, and of a Divine Revelation for who could thus declare o the things that shall be, with their times and seasons, but HE only who hath them in his power; whose dominion is over all, and whose kingdom endureth
* from generation to generation: - Of all the old prophets, Daniel is the most distinct in the order of time, and o easiest to be understood; and on this account, Sir Isaac Newton observes, in
those events which concern the last times, he must be the interpreter of the rest. All his predictions relate to each other, as if they were several parts of one gene
A.C. 584 revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshawar; ... and the thing was true, but the time appointed was "long. and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the Wislon. too." 2. In those days I Daniel was mourning three +fil weeks. jo...” 3 I ate no fpleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled. 4 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, * Gen. ii. 1 as I was by the side of the great river, which is ‘Hiddekel, !o." 5 Then I listed up mine eyes, and looked, and beholdja * F.I. 13, certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were "girded with 14, 15. fine gold of Uphaz: 6 His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. 7 And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great quaking sell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves. 8 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, so, and there remained no strength in me: for my 'come. ness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength. 9 Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground. • Heb mored 10 || And, behold, an hand touched me, which “set me upon my knees, and upon the palms of my hands. ...'..." 11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, it a man greatly be: loved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and to fstand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when * he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling 12 Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words. 13 But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood so, or me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, §one of the or chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with A.C. 584. the kings of Persia. 14 Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days. 15 And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set or my face toward the ground, and I became dumb. Lt 16 And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, to and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the to vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained o, no strength. o: 17 For how can * the servant of this my lord talk with oft.* this my lord 2 for as for me, straightway there remained no "rd. a strength in me, neither is there breath left in me. sit 18. Then there came again and touched me one like the ... appearance of a man, and he strengthened me. o: 19 And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace be ... unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me. so 20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto ... thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Peri. sia; and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come. * 21 But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scrip-oo...a ture of truth: and there is none that +holdeth with me in to these things, but Michael your prince.
ral prophecy. The first is the easiest to be understood, and every succeeding prophecy adds something to the former. Though his style is not so lofty and figurative as that of the other prophets, it is more suitable to his subject, being clear and concise; his narratives and descriptions are simple and matural; and in short, he writes more like an historian than a prophet. Of the genuineness and authenticity of the book of Daniel we have entry possible evidence, both external and internal.
DAN i EL X1.
1 The overthrow of Persia by the king of Grecia. 5 Leagues and conflicts be-
1 Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him. 2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all; and by his strength through o his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia. *: 3 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. o 4 And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be * broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion " which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.
A.C. 531. . , 5 M And the king of the south shall be strong, and or of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have do. minion; his dominion shall be a great dominion. :* 6 And in the end of years they “shall join themsels * together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come *** to the king of the north to make + an agreement: but lo shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they tha #9; brought her, and the that begat her, and he that strong. Jorth. ened her in these times. 7 But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand upin his estate, which shall come with an army, and shallenia into the fortress of the king of the north, and shalldal against them, and shall prevail: 8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods !'... with their princes, and with Štheir precious vessels of sle and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north. 9 So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom. and shall return into his own land. lo,” 10 But his sons | shall be stirred up, and shall assembl: a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come and overflow, and pass through : then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress. 11 And the king of the south shall be moved with choki. and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north ; and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand. 12 And when he hath taken away the multitude, is heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. 13 For the king of the north shall return, and shalls: forth a multitude greater than the former, and shallcot. o, tainly come * after certain years with a great army and with years. much riches. 14, And in those times there shall many stand up against † Hob to the king of the south: also f the robbers of thy people shall :::::::" exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shalsall 15 So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a ; Heb acci, mount, and take f the most fenced cities: and the arms of Yo..." the south shall not withstand, neither § his chosen people, i.” neither shall there be any strength to withstand. 16 But he that cometh against him shall do accordingto his own will, and none shall stand before him; and he shall so, so stand in the |* glorious land, which by his hand shall be
17. He shall also set his face to enter with the strength A.C. 584. of his whole kingdom, and * upright ones with him; thus ..., shall he do: and he shall give him the daughter of women, prio +corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither it."." be for him. to “r. 18 After this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince ifor his own behalf shall loor cause Śthe reproach offered by him to cease; without hisjoor. own reproach É. shall cause it to turn upon him. proac 19 Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found. 20. Then shall stand up in his estate | a raiser of taxes in ...
the glory of the kingdom; but within a few days he shall be orio destroyed, neither in * anger, nor in battle. or. 21 And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries. 22 And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant. 23 And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people. 24 He shall enter + peaceably even upon the fattest places too, into the of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers haves.” not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter amon them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he sha tforecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a jo: time. 25 And he shall stir up his power and his courage **i. against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him. 26 Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain. 27 And both these kings' Shearts shall be to do mischief, W.; war and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not pros- ros, per: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed. 28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land. 29 At the time appointed he shall return, and come to- rumour. .. the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the atter,