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SECTION II.
Foundation of the Temple laid.

Ezh A 111. v ER. 8, To the END.

8 || Now in the second year of their coming unto the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, began le. rubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Joladak, and the remnant of their brethren the priests and the le. vites, and all they that were come out of the captivity unt, Jerusalem; and appointed the Levites, from twenty years old and upward, to set forward the work of the house of the LoR p.

9 Then stood Jeshua with his sons and his brethren, Kadmiel and his sons, the sons of *Judah, it together, tost forward the workmen in the house of God: the sons of Ho: nadad, with their sons and their brethren the Levites.

10 And when the builders laid the foundation of the tem. ple of the LoRD, they set the priests in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites the sons of Asaph with cymbals, to praise the LoRD, after the ordinance of David king's Israel.

11 And they sang together by course in praising and go ing thanks unto the Lord ; {j he is good, for his mercy endureth for ever toward Israel. And all the peopk shouted with a great shout, when they praised the Loop, because the foundation of the house of the Lord was laid.

12 But many of the priests and Levites and chief of the fathers, who were ancient men, that had seen the firsthouse, when the foundation of this house was laid before their eyes, wept with a loud voice; and many shouted aloud for joy:

3 So that the people could not discern the noise of the

shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the people: for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the noise was heard afar off.

t Or, Qs.

PSALM LXXXIV 7.

1 The prophet, longing for the communion of the sanctuary, 4 sheveth has kio they are that dwell therein. 8. He prayeth to be restored unloit.

“I To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm tsor the sons of Korah, l How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts'

7 Psalm lxxxiv. is inserted in this place from its internal evidence that it was written about this period. The precise time of its composition is quite uncertain and if the beautiful earnestness and devotional spirit which runs through his psalm be compared with the actual state of the Jewish church, which was no again enjoying the services of the altar, it will not appear improbable that * psalm was composed about this time, by one of those pious Jews who were ulous to see their worship restored in its former splendour.

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2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of A. c. 535. the Lord : my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God. 3 Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O Lord of hosts, my King, and my God. 4 Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will be still praising thee. Selah. 5 Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them. 6 Who passing through the valley "of Baca make it a foot.

well; the rain also f filleth the pools. on 7. They go f from strength to strength, every one of them : o, in Zion appeareth before God. o,

8.0 Loop God of hosts, hear my prayer: give ear, O::::::::" God of Jacob. Selah.

9 Behold, O God our shield, and look upon the face of thine anointed.

10 For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand. § I "o. had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to ...?. dwell in the tents of wickedness. the threshold.

11 For the Lo RD God is a sun and a shield: the Lord will give grace and glory: "no good thing will he withhold ... oxlv. from them that walk uprightly. * * *h 12 O Lord of hosts, “blessed is the man that trusteth in of oxxiii. thee.

PsALM Lxv.1 °.

1 David erhorteth to praise God, 5 to observe his great works, 8 to bless him for his

gracious benefits. 12 He voweth for himself religious service to God. 16 Ile

declareth God's special goodness to himself.

| To the chief Musician, A Song or Psalm.

! Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands: so ann. 2. Sing forth the honour of his name: make his praise glorious. 3 Say unto God, How terrible art thou in thy works through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies

*t submit themselves unto thee. - Żoło 4 All the earth shall worship thee, and shall sing unto :: *. thee; they shall sing to thy name. Selah. o.

5 Come and see the works of God: he is terrible in his doing toward the children of men.

* Psalm lovi. is inserted by Calmet, Horne, and Gray, among those which "ere probably composed about this time. It is placed here on their authority, * from its apparent applicability to the circumstance related in Ezra iii.

10–14.

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A.c. 535, 6 He turned the sea into dry land: they went throughtle flood on foot: there did we rejoice in him. 7 He ruleth by his power for ever; his eyes behold the nations: let not the rebellious exalt themselves. Selah. 8 O bless our God, ye people, and make the voice of his raise to be heard: * Heb. 9 Which * holdeth our soul in life, and suffereth not Out * feet to be moved. 10 For thou, O God, hast proved us: thou hast triedus, as silver is tried. 11 Thou broughtest us into the net; thou laidst affliction upon our loins. 12 Thou hast caused men to ride over our heads; we well through fire and through water: but thou broughtestus Ol # Heb moist into at wealthy place. 13 I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: Iwll thee my vows, 14 Which my lips have futtered, and my mouth hith spoken, when I was in trouble. He mar. 15 I will offer unto thee burnt sacrifices of $fatlings, with rotto, the incense of rams; I will offer bullocks with goats. Selah. 16 Come and hear, all ye that fear God, and I wildclare what he hath done for my soul. 17 I cried unto him with my mouth, and he was extolled with my tongue. 18 If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord willo hear me: 19 But verily God hath heard me; he hath attended to the voice of my prayer. 20 Blessed be God, which hath not turned away my prayer, nor his mercy from me.

SECTION III.

The Building of the Temple interrupted.—Last Vision of
Daniel.

EZ RA iv. v ER. 1–69.
1 Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin

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534.

* The sacred authors commonly give the name of Samaritans only to do stranger people the Cuthites, whom the kings of Assyria sent from beyondth: Euphrates to people the kingdom of Samaria, when they carried capit the Israelites, who were its former inhabitants, (2 Kings xvii. 23, 24.) We mus therefore fix the first establishment of the Samaritans in Judea, when Shalmo meser conquered that part of the country. When Esarhaddon was informedia this people were infested by lions, he imputed it to their ignorance of the “nd of the land,” (2 Kings xvii. 26–34.) He thereforesent unto them one of the

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* heard that “the children of the captivity builded the temple A.C. 584. unto the Lord God of Israel;

* . * Heb, the * sons of the sts. w transporta... Jewish priests to teach them the worship and the rites of the God of Israel, and *. to: from this time they worshipped Jehovah, in conjunction with their own idol o deities. The Samaritans, hearing that the Jews had begun to rebuild the temple No.

at Jerusalem, expressed a great desire to be allowed to unite with them in this work; but the Jews, doubting their sincerity, and considering them as idolaters, as made answer to them,--that they, not being of the seed of Israel, had nothing

to do to build a temple to their God, and that they would, according to the deof cree of Cyrus, build by themselves a temple to the Lord God of Israel. At which the Samaritans being much incensed, they did all they could to hinder the work; and although they could not alter Cyrus' decree, yet they prevailed, by bribes and underhand dealings with his ministers, and other officers concerned herein, to put obstructions to the execution of it; so that for several years the

is: building went but very slowly on; which the Jews resenting, according as it ow- deserved, this became the beginning of that bitter rancour which hath ever lso since existed between them and the Samaritans; which, being improved by other

causes, grew at length to that height, that nothing became more odious to a Jew than a Samaritan; of which we have several instances in the Gospels; and so it still continues. For, even to this day, a Cuthean, (that is, a Samaritan) in their language, is the most odious name among them, and that which, in the height of their anger, by way of infamy and reproach, they bestow on those they most hate and abominate. And by this they commonly call us Christians, when they #o would express the bitterest of their hatred against us. Hence the Jews, in expressing their utmost aversion to our Saviour, said unto to him, “Thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil;" as if to be a Samaritan and have a devil were things of equal reproach. This rancour, from various circumo stances, was carried to such an excess, that the Jews published a curse and an anathema against them, the bitterest that ever was denounced against any people: for thereby they forbade all manner of communication with them, declared all the fruits and products of their land, and every thing else of theirs, which was either eaten or drunk among them, to be as swine's flesh, and prohibited all of their nation ever to taste thereof, and also excluded all of that people from lo being ever received as proselytes to their religion. And, in the last place, proceeded so far, as even to the barring of them for ever from having any portion in the resurrection of the dead to eternal life, as if this also were in their power. For many ages past, the conduct of the Jews towards the Samaritans hath been o according to the tenor of this anathema; they constantly refusing all manner of converse or communication with them : and so it was even in our Saviour's

o time; for why else should the woman of Samaria ask our Saviour, “How is it * f that thou being a Jew askest drink of me, who am a woman of Samaria?" but o, that it was even then forbidden among the Jews either to eat or drink any thing o of that which was the Samaritans': and the words immediately following are to o this purpose; for they tell us that “the Jews had no dealings with the Samao ritans.”

o The learned Dean Graves has beautifully pointed out the manner in which the o opposition of the Samaritans was over-ruled to the general good of the church

of God. The intermixture of the Samaritans, who were not entirely weaned

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*

2 Then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of the

fathers, and said unto them, Let us build with you; for we
seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since
the days of Esar-haddon king of Assur, which broughtus
up hither.

P; But Zerubbabel, and Jeshua, and the rest of the chief
of the fathers of Israel, said unto them, Ye have nothing
to do with us to build an house unto our God; but we out-
selves together will build unto the Lord God of Israel, as
king Cyrus the king of Persia hath commanded us.

4 Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah, and troubled them in building,

5 And hired counsellors against them, to frustrate their purpose, all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia.

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+ Or, Much.

EzRA iv. FORMER PART of ver. 24.

24 Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem.

PSALM Cxx Ix 1°.

1 An erhortation to praise God for saving Israel in their great afflictions. 5 sit
haters of the church are cursed.

* A Song of degrees.

1 Many “a time have they afflicted me from my youth,
may Israel now say:
2 Many a time have they afflicted me from my youth:
et they have not prevailed against me.
3 The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long
their furrows.
4 The LoRD is righteous: he hath cut asunder the cords
of the wicked.
from the surrounding idolatry, might, had the Jews acquiesced in their wisho,
once more have involved them in that sin. The very opposition of this people,
served to make the Jews more vigilant in preserving, and the Samaritansofemu.
lating, the purity of the Mosaic law. They became hostile, and therefore un-
suspected, guardians of the purity of the sacred text, particularly the Pentateuth:
and while many of the Jews expected only a temporal Messiah, some of the
Samaritans, from the Pentateuch alone, seem to have attained a juster notion of
his real character. See also on this subject, Bishop Horsley's admintle Simon
on the words—“The woman was a Greek, a syrophanician by nation"-
Prideaux, Connect. vol i. p. 227, anno 535; Calmet, art. Samaritan; Graves on
the Pentateuch.
" Psalm exxix. This psalm was probably composed by Ezra, or Nehemiah
for the consolation of the Jews at the time when the Samaritans obstructed the
rebuilding of the city and temple.--Dimock.

t;

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