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ihe arm of thy

32 their

32 take

1 Gen, i. 1. Ps.
xxiv. 1. & 1.
12.

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ment.

A.C.539. 5 And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O Lord:

thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.

6 For who in the heaven can be compared unto the Lord? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD?

7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.

8 O LORD God of hosts, who is a strong Lord like unto thee? or to thy faithfulness round about thee?

9 Thou rulest the raging of the sea : when the waves

thereof arise, thou stillest them. * Or, Egypt. 10 Thou hast broken * Rahab in pieces, as one that is

Heb. with slain ; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong strength. arm.

11 The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them.

12 The north and the south thou hast created them:

Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name. Heb. an arm 13 Thou hast #a mighty arm : strong is thy hand, and with might.

high is thy right hand. Or, establish

14 Justice and judgment are the & habitation of thy throne : mercy and truth shall go before thy face.

15 Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance

. 16 In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.

17 For thou art the glory of their strength; and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted.

18 For || the LORD is our defence; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.

19 Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and Torgel, Ps. saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have ex

alted one chosen out of the people.

20 m I have found David my servant ; with my holy oil have I anointed him :

21 With whom my hand shall be established: mine aim also shall strengthen him.

22 The enemy shall not exact upon him ; nor the son of wickedness afflict him.

23 And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him.

24 But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him : and in my name shall his horn be exalted.

25 I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.

41

|| Or, our shield is of the LORD, and our king is of the Holy One of Israël, Ps. xlvii. 9.

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ml Sam. xvi.

12.

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profane my sta. tutes.

from him
1 Heb. to lie.

John xii. 31.

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26 He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, A.C. 539. and the rock of my salvation.

27 Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. 28 My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and

my covenant shall stand fast with him.

29 His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.

30 If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; 31 If they

* break

my statutes, and keep not my com- * Hcb. mandments;

32 Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.

33 Nevertheless my lovingkindness + will I not utterly Hmade will take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness I to fail.

34 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.

35 Once have I sworn by my holiness & that I will not l'Heb. Idi lie unto David.

36 "His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the 1.2 Sama vile sun before me.

37 It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.

38 But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

39 Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.

40 Thou hast broken down all his hedges; thou hast brought his strong holds to ruin.

41 All that pass by the way spoil himn : he is a reproach to his neighbours.

42 Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.

43 Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and hast not made him to stand in the battle.

44 Thou hast made his || glory to cease, and cast his Heb. Brighta throne down to the ground.

45 The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.

46 How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire ?

47 Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain ?

48 What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave ? Selah.

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A.C. 539.

02 Sam, vii. 15.

49 LORD, where are thy former lovingkindnesses, which thou oswarest unto David in thy truth?

50 Remember, LORD, the reproach of thy servants ; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people;

51 Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O LORD; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed.

52 Blessed be the LORD for evermore. Amen, and Amen.

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solemn sound with the harp.

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16,

3

1 The prophet exhorteth to praise God, 4 for his great works, 6 for his judgmen's

on the wicked, 10 and for his goodness to the godly.

| A Psalm or Song for the sabbath day.
1 It is a good thing to give thanks unto the LORD, and
to sing praises unto thy name, O most high :

2 To shew forth thy lovingkindness in the morning, and
* Heb. in the thy faithfulness * every night,
nights.

3 Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the 1, Or, upon the psaltery; + upon the harp with a solemn sound.

4 For thou, Lord, hast made me glad through thy work : . Hig gaion, Ps.lx. I will triumph in the works of thy hands.

5 O LORD, how great are thy works! and thy thoughts are very deep.

6 A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this.

7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish ; it is that they shall be destroyed for ever:

8 But thou, LORD, art most high for evermore.

9 For, lo, thine enemies, O LORD, for, lo, thine enemies shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered. 10 But

my

horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an uni-
corn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.
11 Mine

eye also shall desire on mine enemies,
and mine ears shall hear my desire of the wicked that rise up
against me.

12 P The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon.

13 Those that be planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish in the courts of our God.

14 They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall Heb. green. be fat and 5 flourishing;

15 To sħew that the LORD is upright: he is my rock, and there is no unrighteousness in him.

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see my

p Hos. xiv. 5.

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The majesty, power, and holiness of Christ's kingdom.
1 The Lord reigneth, he is clothed with majesty ; the
Lord is clothed with strength wherewith he hath girded
himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be
moved.

2 Thy throne is established * of old: thou art from ever-cheb. from
lasting

3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift

up

their waves.
4 The Lord on high is mightier than the noise of many
waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea.

5 Thy testimonies are very sure : holiness becometh thine che la house, O LORD, +for ever.

Length of days.

+ Heb. to

PSALM CXXIII 48.

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1 The godly profess their confidence in God, 3 and pray to be delivered from

contempt.

T A Song of Degrees.
1 Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in
the heavens.

2 Behold, as the eyes of servants look unto the hand of
their masters, and as the eyes of a maiden unto the hand
of her mistress; so our eyes wait upon the LORD our God,
until that he have mercy upon us.

3 Have mercy upon us, O LORD, have mercy upon us : for we are exceedingly filled with contempt.

4 Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, and with the contempt of the proud.

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SECTION XVI.

Belshazzar's Feast.

DANIEL V 49.
1 Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand
of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand.

48 Psalm cxxii, is reckoned likewise by Calmet, Horne, and Gray, among those which were composed during the captivity, or one of the principal distresses of the church.

** The fifth chapter of Daniel is inserted here as in its proper historical place: but who the Belshazzar of Daniel was, and the time of his death, has given rise to niuch conjecture, and both are uncertain. This uncertainty arises from the difficulty of ascertaining the succession of the kings of Babylon, between the death of Nebuchadnezzar, and the accession of Cyrus to the Babylonian empire,

A.C. 539.

2 Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to

but

after the death of Darius. The extreme confusion which prevails among the
historians of this period, may be seen from the following table.

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JOSEPHUS.

CANON OF PTOLEMY.
Nebuchadnezzar reigned. 43 years. Nabopolassar or Nebu-
Evil Merodach.

18
chadnezzar reigned.... I

years

. Niglissar.....

46

Ilyarodam or Evil Merodach 3
Laborosoarchod .... 9 mths. / Nericolassar, Neriglassar, 1
Belshazzar or Naboandel... 17 years.

or, Belshazzar
Darius or Cyrus.

Nabonadius...

17
But in his treatise against Apion, Cyrus.
Josephus assigns two years only to Evil
Merodach, and four to Neriglissar.

5

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JOSEPH SCALIGER.

DR. HALES.
Nebuchadnezzar reigned ... 44 years. Nebuchadnezzar reigned... 44 years

.
Evil Merodach

2
Evil Merodach

3
Balthasar or Belshazzar.... 5

Belshazzar

5 Nabonadius, or Darius the

Darius the Mede

17
Mede

Cyrus....
Vide Sir Walter Raleigh's History of
the World, book iii. chap. i. sect. 4.

22

......

part of Nebu

PRIDEAUX.

SIR WALTER RALEIGH.
Nebuchadnezzar reigned... 45 years. Nebuchadnezzar reigned... 44 years.
Evil Merodach.

1
Evil Merodach..

Reigned during
Neriglassar..

3 Niglissar...
Laborosoarchod
9 mths. Nilocus..........

chadnezzar's life.
Nabonadius, Belshazzar.... 17 years. Evil Merodach reigned
Darius, Cyrus.

altogether ....
Balthasar or Belshazzar.... 17
Darius, Cyrus.

} 26 year

LIGHTFOOT.

SCRIPTURE,
Nebuchadnezzar reigned. .. 45 years. Which mentions three only,
Evil Merodach....

23

Nebuchadnezzar,
Belshazzar

3 Evil Merodach,
Darius and Cyrus.

Belshazzar;

The duration of these reigns is giren variously by commentators.

After examining the several hypotheses here inserted, I cannot but think that the system proposed by Lightfoot is the most consistent, and the most conformable with Scripture.

Three facts seem to be implied in the book of Daniel; first, that Belshazzar was of the family of Nebuchadnezzar; for he is repeatedly called his son, and

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