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A.C. 588.

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21 Then Zedekiah the king commanded that they should commit Jeremiah into the court of the prison, and that they should give him daily a piece of bread out of the bakers' street, until all the bread in the city were spent. Thus Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.

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But

Jeremiah, applied to by the King, repeats his former Predictions,

JEREMIAH XX1 18.
1 The word which came unto Jeremiah from the LORD,
when king Zedekiah sent unto him Pashur the son of Mal-
chiah, and Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, say-
ing,

2 Enquire, I pray thee, of the LORD for us ; for Nebu-
chadrezzar king of Babylon maketh war against us; if so be
that the LORD will deal with us according to all his won-
drous works, that he may go up from us.

3 , Then said Jeremiah unto them, Thus shall ye say to Zedekiah ;

4 Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Behold, I will turn back the weapons of war that are in your hands, wherewith ye fight against the king of Babylon, and against the Chaldeans, which besiege you without the walls, and I will assemble them into the midst of this city.

5 And I myself will fight against you with an 'outstretched hand and with a strong

arm, even in anger,

and in fury, and in great wrath.

Ő And I will smite the inhabitants of this city, both man and beast: they shall die of a great pestilence.

7 And afterward, saith the LORD, 'I will deliver Zedekiah king of Judah, and his servants, and the people, and such as are left in this city from the pestilence, from the sword, and from the famine, into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of those that seek their life: and he shall smite them with the edge of the sword; he shall not spare them, neither have pity, nor have mercy..

f Ex, vi, 6.

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18 For the reasons why the twenty-first chapter is inserted here, see a preceding note on chap. xxxiv. 148. In a loathsome dungeon, the prophet still retains his unshaken fidelity and constancy, and repeats his former predictions with unwavering firmness; he exhorts the royal house to execute judgment and justice. The king and people, even to the last, are offered terms of mercy and acceptance, on obedience and submission to the divine will ; " Behold, I set before you the way of life, and the way of death,” ver. 8, Jeremiah xxxviii, 17.

h ch, xxxix. 18. & xlv. 5.

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8 And unto this people thou shalt say, Thus saith the A.C.588. LORD; Behold, I set before you the way of life, and the way of death.

9 He that 8 abideth in this city shall die by the sword, g ch. xxxviii. and by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth out, and falleth to the Chaldeans that besiege you, he shall live, and his life shall be unto him for a prey.

10 For I have set my face against this city for evil, and not for good, saith the LORD: it shall be given into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall burn it with fire.

11 g And touching the house of the king of Judah, say, Hear ye the word of the LORD;

120 house of David, thus saith the LORD; i * Execute ich. xxii. 3. judgment in the morning, and deliver him that is spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor, lest my fury go out like fire, and burn that none can quench it, because of the evil of your doings.

13 Behold, I am against thee, O + inhabitant of the val- t. Heb. inhaley, and rock of the plain, saith the Lord; which say, Who shall come down against us? or who shall enter into our habitations?

14 But I will punish you according to the k fruit of your Heb. visit doings, saith the LORD: and I will kindle a fire in the forest k Prov. i. 31. thereof, and it shall devour all things round about it.

* Heb. Judge.

bitress.

SECTION XVIII.

Jeremiah committed to the Dungeon of Malchiah.

JEREMIAH XXXVIII 19.

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1 Jeremiah, by a false suggestion, is put into the dungeon of Malchiah. 7 Ebed-
melech, by suit, getteth him some enlargement. 14 Upon secret conference he
counselleth the king by yielding to save his life. 24 By the king's instructions
ke concealeth the conference from the princes.

1 Then Shephatiah the son of Mattan, and Gedaliah the
son of Pashur, and Jucal the son of Shelemiah, and Pashur
the son of Malchiah, heard the words that Jeremiah had
spoken unto all the people, saying,

2 Thus saith the LORD, 'He that remaineth in this city 1 ch. xxi. 9. shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: but he that goeth forth to the Chaldeans shall live ; for he shall have his life for a prey, and shall live.

" That this chapter ought to be inserted here, is evident from ver. 28. ; " Jeremiah abode in the court of the prison until the day that Jerusalem was taken : and he was there when Jerusalem was taken.” The place of chap. xxxix. 15, 16, 17, 18. is assigned by comparing ver. 15. with the last verse of the preceding chapter, and by the events alluded to in that chapter.

A.C. 588.

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3 This saith the LORD, This city shall surely be given into the hand of the king of Babylon's army, which shall take it.

4 Therefore the princes said unto the king, We beseech thee, let this man be put to death: for thus he weakeneth the hands of the men of war that remain in this city, and

the hands of all the people, in speaking such words unto Heb. peace. them : for this man seeketh not the * welfare of this people,

but the burt.

5 Then Zedekiah the king said, Behold, he is in your hand : for the king is not he that can do any thing against you.

6 Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the dun+ Or, as the geon of Malchiah the son + of Hammelech, that was in the

court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with cords.
And in the dungeon there was no water, but mire: 80 Jere-
miah sunk in the mire.

7 Now when Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, one of the
eunuchs which was in the king's house, heard that they had
put Jeremiah in the dungeon; the king then sitting in the
gate of Benjamin;

8 Ebed-melech went forth out of the king's house, and spake to the king, saying,

9 My lord the king, these men have done evil in all that

they have done to Jeremiah the prophet, whom they have 1 Heb. he will cast into the dungeon; and I he is like to die for hunger in

the place where he is : for there is no more bread in the
city.

10 Then the king commanded Ebed-melech the Ethio-
pian, saying, Take from hence thirty men with thee, and
take up Jeremiah the prophet out of the dungeon, before he
die.

11 So Ebed-melech took the men with him, and went into the house of the king under the treasury, and took thence old cast clouts and old rotten rags, and let them down by cords into the dungeon to Jeremiah.

12 And Ebed-melech the Ethiopian said unto Jeremiah, Put now these old cast clouts and rotten rags under thine armholes under the cords. And Jeremiah did so.

13 So they drew up Jeremiah with cords, and took him up out of the dungeon: and Jeremiah remained in the court of the prison.

14 Then Zedekiah the king sent, and took Jeremiah ? Or, princt the prophet unto him into the third entry that is in the

house of the LORD: and the king said unto Jeremiah, I
will ask thee a thing; hide nothing from me.

15 Then Jeremiah said unto Zedekiah, If I declare it

die.

Heb. in thine hand,

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pal.

anto thee, wilt thou not surely put me to death? and if I A.C. 588.
give thee counsel, wilt thou not hearken unto me?

16 So Zedekiah the king sware secretly unto Jeremiah,
saying, As the Lord liveth, that made us this soul, I will
not put thee to death, neither will I give thee into the hand
of these men that seek thy life.

17 Then said Jeremiah unto Zedekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; If thou wilt assuredly go forth unto the king of Babylon's princes, then thy soul shall live, and this city shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, and thine house :

18 But if thou wilt not go forth to the king of Babylon's princes, then shall this city be given into the hand of the Chaldeans, and they shall burn it with fire, and thou shalt not escape out of their hand.

19 And Zedekiah the king said unto Jeremiah, I am afraid of the Jews that are fallen to the Chaldeans, lest they deliver me into their hand, and they mock me.

20 But Jeremiah said, They shall not deliver thee. Obey, I beseech thee, the voice of the LORD, which I speak unto thee:

: so it shall be well unto thee, and thy soul shall live.
21 But if thou refuse to go forth, this is the word that
the Lord hath shewed me :

22 And, behold, all the women that are left in the king
of Judah's house shall be brought forth to the king of Ba-
bylon's princes, and those women shall say, * Thy friends Ileb. Men
have set thee on, and have prevailed against thee: thy feet of thy peace.
are sunk in the mire, and they are turned away back.

23 So they shall bring out all thy wives and thy children
to the Chaldeans: and thou shalt not escape out of their
hand, but shalt be taken by the hand of the king of Baby-
lon: and + thou shalt cause this city to be burned with fire. + Heb. Thou

24 9 Then said Zedekiah unto Jeremiah, Let no man &c.
know of these words, and thou shalt not die.

25 But if the princes hear that I have talked with thee, and they come unto thee, and say unto thee, Declare unto us now what thou hast said unto the king, hide it not from us, and we will not put thee to death; also what the king said unto thee :

26 Then thou shalt say unto them, I presented my sup-
plication before the king, that he would not cause 'me to
return to Jonathan's house, to die there.

27 Then came all the princes unto Jeremiah, and asked
him: and he told them according to all these words that the
king had commanded. So I they left off speaking with Heb. they
him; for the matter was not perceived.

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shalt burn,

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were silene from him.

A.C. 588.

9

28 So Jeremiah abode in the court of the prison until the day that Jerusalem was taken : and he was there when Jerusalem was taken.

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JEREMIAH Xxxix. ver. 15, TO THE END.
15 | Now the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah,
while he shut

up

in the court of the prison, saying, 16 Go and speak to Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring my words upon this city for evil, and not for good : and they shall be accomplished in that day before thee.

17 But I will deliver thee in that day, saith the LORD: and thou shalt not be given into the hand of the men of whom thou art afraid.

18 For I will surely deliver thee, and thou shalt not fall by the sword, but thy life shall be for a prey unto thee: because thou hast put thy trust in me, saith the LORD.

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SECTION XIX.
Capture of Jerusalem and of Zedekiah-the Deliverance of

Jeremiah,

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JEREMIAH LII. VER. 5, 6.
5 So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king
Zedekiah.

6 And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month,
the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread
for the people of the land.

JEREMIAH XXXIX. VER. 3.
3 And all the princes of the king of Babylon came in,
and sat in the middle gate, even Nergal-sharezer, Samgar-
nebo, Sarsechim, Rab-saris, Nergal-sharezer, Rab-mag, with
all the residue of the princes of the king of Babylon.

JEREMIAH LII. VER. 7-12.
7 Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war
fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of
the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's
garden ; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about :)
and they went by the way of the plain.

8 9 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the
king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and
all his army was scattered from him.

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