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z Deut. xiii. 5. ch. xxix. 32

Heb.revolt.

A.C. 595. thee from off the face of the earth: this year thou shalt die,

because thou hast taught 2 * rebellion against the LORD.

17 So Hananiah the prophet died the same year in the seventh month.

SECTION VIII.
Prophecy of the Fate of the surrounding Nations.

JEREMIAH XLVII 10.
1 The judgment of Moab, 7 for their pride, 11 for their security, 14 for their

carnal confidence, 26 and for their contempt of God and his people. 47 The restoration of Moab.

1 Against Moab thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God

of Israel; Woe unto Nebo ! for it is spoiled : Kiriathaim is +Or, The high confounded and taken : + Misgab is confounded and dis

mayed.

Ž There shall be no more praise of Moab: in Heshbon

they have devised evil against it; come, and let us cut it off Or, be

from being a nation. Also thou shalt be cut down, O brought to si

Madmen; the sword shall & pursue thee. Heb. go af.

3 A voice of crying shall be from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction.

4 Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard.

5 a For in the going up of Luhith || continual weeping ing with weep- shall go up; for in the going down of "Horonaim the ene

mies have heard a cry of destruction.

place.

lence.

ter thee,

a Is. xv. 5. I

ing

10 Chapters xlviii. and xlix. are placed in this section on account of their apparent connexion with the two preceding chapters. It is not improbable, that, (immediately after the death of Hananiah, whose warmest adherents must now be convinced of the deception he had practised on them, and the fallacy of his predictions,) Jeremiah directed the king and the people to his own prophecies, in the hope they would now be persuaded by them to yield to the yoke of the king of Babylon. He wished them to save themselves from the fatal desolations, which would attend those nations that were leagued against that monarch, in direct opposition to the commands of God, who had "given all these lands into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar." Many passages and expressions will be found in this chapter, similar to those of Isaiah xv. and xvi. in a prophecy against Moab. (Compare also Isaiah xxiv. 17, 18. with ver. 43, 44, of this chapter.) These prophecies concerning the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, and other neighbouring nations, are supposed to bave been fulfilled about the time of the siege of Tyre. Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Amos, and Zephaniah, prophesied in succession against these people. The only date that the chapters bear is contained in ver. 34, and it seems probable, therefore, that the prediction againt Elam was uttered soon after those in the former part of the chapter, but not added to them till the time of Ezra.

* Or, a naked

b cb. xvii, 6.

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6 Flee, save your lives, and be like * the heath in the A.C.595. wilderness.

7. For because thou hast trusted in thy works and free: in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into captivity with his priests and his princes c ch. xlix. 3. together.

8 And the spoiler shall come upon every city, and no city shall escape: the valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the Lord hath spoken.

9 Givé wings unto Moab, that it may flee and get away:
for the cities thereof shall be desolate, without any to dwell
therein.
10 Cursed be he that doeth the work of the LORD + de- +Or, neglia

gently.
ceitfully, and cursed be he that keepeth back his sword from
blood.

11 Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he
hath settled on his lees, and hath not been enptied from
vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into captivity: there-
fore his taste I remained in him, and his scent is not 1 Heb. stood.
changed.

12 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will send unto him wanderers, that shall cause him to wander, and shall empty his vessels, and break their bottles.

13 And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of d Beth-el their confidence. d l Kings xii.

14 How say ye, We are mighty and strong men for the war?

15 Moab is spoiled, and gone up out of her cities, and § his chosen young men are gone down to the slaughter, , Heb. the saith the king, whose name is the Lord of hosts.

16 The calamity of Moab is near to come, and his affliction hasteth fast.

17 All ye that are about him, bemoan him; and all ye that know his name, say, How is the strong staff broken, and the beautiful rod!

18 Thou daughter that dost inhabit Dibon, come down from thy glory, and sit in thirst; for the spoiler of Moab shall come upon thee, and he shall destroy thy strong holds.

190 || inhabitant of Aroer, stand by the way, and espy; Heb, inhaask him that fleeth, and her that escapeth, and say, What

of

vitress.

is done?

20 Moab is confounded; for it is broken down : e howl e Is. xvi. 7. and cry; tell ye it in Arnon, that Moab is spoiled,

21 And judgment is come upon the plain country; upon Holon, and upon Jahazah, and upon Mephaath,

A.C. 595.

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f Is. xvi. 6, &c.

22 And upon Dibon, and upon Nebo, and upon Bethdiblathaim,

23 And upon Kiriathaim, and upon Beth-gamul, and upon Beth-meon,

24 And upon Kerioth, and upon Bozrah, and upon all the cities of the land of Moab, far or near.

25 The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken, saith the LORD.

26 | Make ye him drunken: for he magnified himself against the LORD: Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision.

27 For was not Israel a derision unto thee? was he found

among thieves ? for since thou spakest of him, thou Or, movedst * skippedst for joy.

280 ye that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock, and be like the dove that maketh her nest in the sides of the hole's mouth,

29 We have heard the f pride of Moab, (he is exceeding proud) his loftiness, and his arrogancy, and his pride, and the haughtiness of his heart.

30 I know his wrath, saith the LORD; but it shall not be SO; + his lies shall not so effect it.

31 Therefore will I howl for Moab, and I will cry out for right. all Moab; mine heart shall mourn for the men of Kir-heres.

32 O vine of Sibmah, I will weep for thee with the weep-
ing of Jazer : thy plants are gone over the sea, they reach
even to the sea of Jazer: the spoiler is fallen upon thy sum-
mer fruits and upon thy vintage.

33 And joy and gladness is taken from the plentiful field,
and from the land of Moab; and I have caused wine to fail
from the winepresses : none shall tread with shouting; their
shouting shall be no shouting.
34 From the

cry

of Heshbon even unto Elealeh, and even h Is, xv. 5,6. unto Jahaz, have they uttered their voice, from Zoar even

unto Horonaim, as an heifer of three years old : for the Heb. deso. waters also of Nimrim shall be #desolate.

35 Moreover I will cause to cease in Moab, saith the Lord, him that offereth in the high places, and him that burneth incense to his gods.

36 Therefore mine heart shall sound for Moab like pipes, and mine heart shall sound like pipes for the men of Kirheres : because the riches that he hath gotten are perished.

37 For i every head shall be bald, and every beard ,Heb. dimi. Şclipped : upon all the hands shall be cuttings, and upon

the loins sackcloth.

38 There shall be lamentation generally upon all the

+ Or, those on whom he stay. eth (Heb. his bars do not

8 Is. xvi. 10.

lations.

i Is. xv. 2, 3.

Rished.

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cities.

housetops of Moab, and in the streets thereof: for I have AC. 595.
broken Moab like a vessel wherein is no pleasure, saith the
LORD.

39 They shall howl, saying, How is it broken down!
how hath Moab turned the * back with shame! so shall * Heb. neck.
Moab be a derision and a dismaying to all them about him.

40 For thus saith the LORD; Behold, he shall fly as an
eagle, and shall spread his wings over Moab.

41 + Kerioth is taken, and the strong holds are surprised, + Or, The
and the mighty men's hearts in Moab at that day shall be as
the heart of a woman in her pangs.

42 And Moab shall be destroyed from being a people,
because he hath magnified himself against the LORD.

43 Fear, and the pit, and the snare, shall be upon thee, k Is. xxiv. 17, O inhabitant of Moab, saith the LORD.

44 He that fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit;
and he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken in the
snare: for I will bring upon it, even upon Moab, the year of
their visitation, saith the LORD.

45 They that fed stood under the shadow of Heshbon
because of the force: but 'a fire shall come forth out of 1 Nuin. xxi.
Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall
devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of
the I tumultuous ones.

46 Woe be unto thee, O Moab! the people of Chemosh
perisheth: for thy sons are taken & captives, and thy daugh- Heb. in cap.
ters captives.

47 [ Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the
latter days, saith the Lord. Thus far is the judgment of

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28.

I Hcb, chil.
dren of wise.

livity.

Moab.

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39 The

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m Amos i, 13,

1 The judgment of the Ammonites. 6 Their restoration. 5 The judgment of
Edom, 23 of Damascus, 28 of Kedar, 30 of Hazor, 34 and of Elum,
restoration of Elam.

1 Concerning the Ammonites, thus saith the LORD; || Or, against.
Hath Israel no sons? hath he no heir ? why then doth
their king inherit m Gad, and his people dwell in his cities? *Or, Melcom.

2 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD,
that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in ” Rabbah of n Amos i. 14.
the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her
daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be
heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD.

3 Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled : cry, ye daughters
of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; lament, and run to and
fro by the hedges ; for † their king shall go into captivity, +Or, Melcom.
and his " priests and his princes together.

och. xlviii. 7.

VOL, II,

Nn

A.C. 595.

* Or, thy valley floweth away.

P

Obad, 8.

turned back,

q Obad, 5.

4 Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, * thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me?

5 Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord God of hosts, from all those that be about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth ; and none shall gather up him that wandereth.

6 And afterward I will bring again the captivity of the children of Ammon, saith the LORD.

7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the Lord of hosts; P Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from

the prudent? is their wisdom vanished ? + Or, they are 8 Flee ye, + turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of De

dan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I will visit him.

9 If 4 grapegatherers come to thee, would they not leave

some gleaning grapes ? if thieves by night, they will destroy Heb, their till they have enough.

10 But I have made Esau bare, I have uncovered his secret places, and he shall not be able to hide himself: his seed is spoiled, and his brethren, and his neighbours, and he is not.

11 Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.

12' For thus saith the LORD; Behold, they whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunken; and art thou he that shall altogether go unpunished ? thou shalt not go unpunished, but thou shalt surely drink of it.

13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the Lord, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.

14 I have heard a ' rumour from the Lord, and an ambassador is sent unto the heathen, saying, Gather ye together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle.

15 For, lo, I will make thee small among the heathen, and despised among men.

16 Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, and the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill : * though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the LORD.

17 Also Edom shall be a desolation : ' every one that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof.

18 u As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the Lord, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.

r Obad. 1.

s Obad. 4.

tch. I 13.

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uGen. xix. 25. ch. I, 40,

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