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c 2 Chron.

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• Beginning

the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the A.C. 606.
light of the candle.

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an as-
tonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Ba-
bylon seventy years.

12 C And it shall come to pass, when * seventy years av. 91, 22.
are accomplished, that I will + punish the king of Babylon, Esra . ch.
and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the ix. 2.
land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desola-cir, mob.
tions.

2 Kings xxiv.

1. Ending cir.
13 And I will bring upon that land all my words which 636. Extra ini.
I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in upon.
this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the
nations.
14 For

many nations and great kings shall d serve them- dch. xxvii. 7.
selves of them also: and I will recompense them according
to their deeds, and according to the works of their own
hands.

15 g For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me;
Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all e Job xxi. 20.
the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.

16 And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send

among

them.
17 Then took I the cup at the LORD's hand, and made
all the nations to drink, 'unto whom the LORD had sent

Ps. lxxv. 8.
Is. li. 17.

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this day;

18 To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is

19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;

20 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

21 'Edom, and & Moab, and the children of " Ammon, 22 And all the kings of i Tyrus, and all the kings of ch. xlvili, I. Zidon, and the kings of the fisles which

are beyond the Tech xbx.

Or, region by sea, 23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all & that are inch. xlix. 23.

Heb. cutat 24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the or, having the " mingled people that dwell in the desert,

25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of - Elam, . ch. xlix. 31. and all the kings of the Medes,

fch, xlix, 7, &c.

the sea side.
I ch. xlix. 8.

the utmost corners,

corners of the hair polled;

nch, xlix. 34.

o1 Pet, iv. 17.

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A.C.606. 26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with

another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon
the face of the earth : and the king of Sheshach shall drink
after them.

27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the
LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken,
and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword
which I will send among you.

28 And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts ; Ye shall certainly drink.

29 For, lo, o I begin to bring evil on the city * which is pohledupon called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished ? name is called. Ye shall not be unpunished : for I will call for a sword upon

all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the Lord of hosts.

30 Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, P.Joel it, 16. and say unto them, The Lord shall P roar from on high,

and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall
mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as
they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the
earth.

31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for
the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead
with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the
sword, saith the LORD.

32 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised

up

from the coasts of the earth.
33 And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from

one end of the earth even to the other end of the earth: they 9 ch. xvi. 4. shall not be 9 lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they

shall be dung upon the ground.

34 I Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourHeb

. your selves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock : for + the days slaughter.

of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished ; Heb. a vessel and

ye

shall fall like ţa pleasant vessel. Heb. flight -35 And & the shepherd shall have no way to flee, nor the from the shep-principal of the flock to escape. herds, and esa

36 A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling caping from,

of the principal of the flock, shall be heard: for the Lord
hath spoiled their pasture.

37 And the peaceable habitations are cut down because
of the fierce anger of the Lord.

38 He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their # Heb. a deso- land is || desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor,

and because of his fierce anger.

r ch. iv. 8. & vi. 28.

days for

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JEREMIAH XXXVI. VER. 1-9 09. 1 And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim A.C. 606. the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying,

2 Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against Israel, and against Judah, and against all the nations, from the day I spake unto thee, from the days of s Josiah, even unto this s ch, xxv. 3. day.

3 It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their ini. quity and their sin.

4 Then Jeremiah called Baruch the son of Neriah : and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book.

5 And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, I am shut up; I cannot go into the house of the LORD:

6 Therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from

my

mouth, the words of the Lord in the ears of the people in the LORD's house upon the fasting day:

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69

By divine appointment, Jeremiah causes Baruch to write all his former pro-
phecies in a roll, and to read them to the people, to give them an opportunity,
before they were taken into Babylon, of " presenting their supplications before
the Lord,” as his anger was greatly kindled against them. The expression,
"shut up,” ver. 5. Dr. Blayney supposes to signify, from the context follow-
ing, that Jeremiah was under some confinement, or restraint; which precluded
him from going to the house of Jehovah: he might have been ed, after the
charge brought against him, chap. xxvi. to have given some security that he
would not enter the temple, or prophesy in it for a certain time, without being
absolutely in prison ; as we read ver. 19. (the year following) he was then at
liberty. Archbishop Usher, and Dean Prideaux, both think the roll was read
twice, once in the 4th, and again in the 5th year of Jehoiakim, ver. 8—10.
and on their authority this chapter is divided. The great fast of the expiation,
on which it is supposed Baruch read the roll, in the 4th year, was annually
kept by the Jews on the 10th day of the month Tizri, which answers to our Sep- .
tember; immediately before Nebuchadnezzer laid siege to Jerusalem.

Dr. Blayney is of a contrary opinion, and supposes the roll to have been read
only once ; for his arguments on this subject, see Blayney's Notes on Jeremiah
in loc. Josephus mentions the roll as being read once in the 9th month of the
5th year of Jehoiakim.

A.C. 606. and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that

come out of their cities. * Heb. their 7 It may be * they will present their supplication before supplication shall fall. the LORD, and will return every one from his evil way: for great is the anger and the fury that the LORD hath

pronounced against this people.

8 And Baruch the son of Neriah did according to all that Jeremiah the prophet commanded him, reading in the book the words of the Lord in the Lord's house.

SECTION X.

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Consolation to Baruch on reading the Roll.

JEREMIAH XLV 70.
1 The word that Jeremiah the prophet spake unto Baruch
the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a
book at the mouth of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoi-
akim the son of Josiah king of Judah, saying,

2 Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, unto thee, O
Baruch;

3 Thou didst say, Woe is me now! for the Lord hath added grief to my sorrow; I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest.

4. Thus shalt thou say unto him, The LORD saith thus; Behold, that which I have built will I break down, and that which I have planted I will pluck up, even this whole land.

5 And seekest thou great things for thyself ? seek them not: for, behold, I will bring evil upon all flesh, saith the LORD: but thy life will I give unto thee 'for a prey places whither thou goest.

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tch. xxxix. 18.

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SECTION XI.

Commencement of the Captivity.

2 KINGS XXIV. PART OF VER. 1.
1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up,
and Jehoiakim became his servant three years.

2 CHRONICLES XXXVI. VER. 6, 7.

6 Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Baby+ Or, chains : lon, and bound him in + fetters, to carry him to Babylon.

foretold, Hab. i. 6.

70 This chapter is merely an appendage to chap. xxxvi. its date, and therefore its place, are assigned by ver. 1. Jeremiah, God's command, encourages Baruch, with the assurance that his life should be preserved by a special providence, amidst all the calamities denounced against Judah.

u 2 Kings xxiv. 13. Dan. i. 1,2

7 Nebuchadnezzar also carried of the vessels of the A.C.606. house of the LORD to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon.

DANIEL I. VER. 148. 1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah * came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusa- ** Kings lem, and besieged it,

2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God : which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.

3 4 And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring * certain of the children of Foretold

2 Kings XX. Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes ;

2 Chron. Xxxvi. 6.

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* The year of the captivity must be dated from A.C. 606, the fourth year of
Jehoiakim; for the decree of Cyrus was issued at the end of the seventy years,
in the year 536. Some difficulty has arisen from an apparent difference be-
tween Daniel and Jeremiah The latter, chap. xxv. ver. 1. dates the com-
mencement of the captivity in the fourth of Jehoiakim, the former is supposed to
date it in the third. On examining, however, the passage in Daniel, (Dan. i.
ver. 1.) it will be remarked, that it only relates that Nebuchadnezzar came up
to Jerusalem and besieged it. No date being assigned, ver. 2. to the captivity
of the king, and the removal of his treasures; we may infer, according to Jere-
miah, that the captivity actually took place in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, and
that Daniel begins his computation from the time that Nebuchadnezzar was sent
by his father from Babylon on this expedition ; which was in the latter end of
the third year of Jehoiakim. After that, two months, at least, must have been
spent in his march to the borders of Syria. There, in about the beginning of
the fourth year of Jehoiakin, he fought the Egyptians, and, having overthrown
them, besieged Carchemish, and took it. After this, he reduced all the pro-
vinces of Syria, and Phenicia, in which having employed the greatest part of
the year, in the beginning of October he laid siege to Jerusalem, and took it
about a month after. This event is supposed to have taken place on the 18th of
the month called Cisleu, which answers to our November; and this day has ever
since been set apart by the Jews as an annual fast, in commemoration of this
great calamity. On Jehoiakim humbling himself, and submitting to become
tributary, he is restored to his kingdom; and Nebuchadnezzar, hearing of his
father's death, hurries across the desert to take possession of his empire ; leaving
his captives in the care of his generals, to follow after. Before be removed from
Jerusalem, he gave particular orders to Ashpenaz, the master of his eunuchs,
to choose children of the royal family and nobility of the land, ver. 4. to take
with him to Babylon, " to stand in the king's palace, and to whom they might
teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans;" thereby exactly fulfilling
the word of the Lord, spoken by Isaiah to Hezekiah king of Judah, above an
hundred years before this event. Isaiah xxxix. 7.-Prideaux's Connection, vol.
i. p. 87 ;-Hales' Anal, vol. ii. p. 478.

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