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John i, 23.

doned : for she hath received of the Lord's hand double A.C. 716 for all her sins.

3qThe voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Pre- u Matt. iii. 3. pare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a Lake mi... highway for our God.

4 Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low : and the crooked shall be made * straight, and the rough places + plain :

* Or, a

straight place. 5 And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all of a plain hesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

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umphant state of the church, and particularly of the Jews on their conver

sion to the Gospel (xlix.)
Discourse 7. predicts the rejection of the Jews for their rejection of Jesus

Christ (l. 1-3.), whose sufferings and exaltation are foretold (4-11.)
Still keeping the great Deliverer in view, the prophet exhorts the faithful
Jews to trust in him, and foretells their future restoration after the Babylo-
nian captivity and the Roman dispersion, as also their conversion to Chris-

tianity (li. lii. 1–12.)
Discourse 8. predicts the person, offices, humiliation, sufferings, and exalta-
tion Christ, the end of his death, and the blessings resulting to mankind

from that event (lii. 13-15. liii.)
DISCOURSE 9. foretells the increase of the church by the conversion of the Jews

and Gentiles, and its triumphant state in general (liv.)
Discourse 10. describes the fulness, freeness, excellence, and everlasting

nature of the blessings of the Gospel, and the conditions on which they are

to be attained, without respect to persons or nations (lv. Ivi. 1—8.)
Discourse 11. contains a prophecy of the calamities that would befall the in-

habitants of Judah, in consequence of the sins which they would commit
after the death of Hezekiah, particularly their idolatry and hypocrisy;
by the captivity of Manasseh and some others, and afterwards of the whole
nation, first by the Babylonians, and subsequently by the Romans (lvi.

9-12. lvimlix. 14.)
Discourse 12. chiefly predicts the general conversion of the Jews to the Gos-
pel, the coming in of the fulness of the Gentiles, and the destruction of An-

also the restoration of the Jews, and the happy state of the Chris-
tian church (lix, 15–22. 1x~lxvi.) In ch. Ixi. 1-9. the Messiah is in-
troduced describing his character and office, and confirming the ample pro-
mises made in the preceding chapter. The deliverance of the church from
all her enemies by the GREAT REDEEMER, and the destruction of Anti-
christ, and his followers, are delineated in ch. lxiii. 1--6. with unequalled
pathos, energy, and sublimity. And the two last chapters in the prophecy
set forth, in the clearest terms, the calling of the Gentiles, the establish-
ment of the Christian dispensation, and the reprobation

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tichrist ;

the

the apostate

Jews.

Vide Horne's Crit. Introd. vol. i. p. 285. from which this division of the prophecies is extracted ; and Lowth's Notes on Isaiah, p. 183.

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A.C. 710 to 699.

Ps. cii. 11. & ciii. 15. Jam. i. 10 1 Pet. i. 24.

grass.

John xii. 34.

*Or, O thou that tellest

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Jerusalem.

the strong.

perce work. z Ezek. xxxiv.

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6 The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry! ?

*All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof is as the x Job xiv. 2. flower of the field :

7 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth : because the

spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it: surely the people is Y Pet. i. 33 8 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: buts the word

of our God shall stand for ever.

91*Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into good tidings to the high mountain ; + 0 Jerusalem, that bringest good tid

0r, o thou ings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not good tidings to afraid ; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold

your

God! 10 Behold, the LORD God will come with strong hand, Or, against

and his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward is with Or, recom. him, and ş his work before him.

11 He shall · feed his flock like a shepherd : he shall 23. John X. 11. gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, 11 Or, that give and shall gently lead those || that are with young.

12 9 Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in * a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance ?

13 a Who hath directed the Spirit of the Lord, or being 1 Cor. ii. 16. + his counsellor hath taught him?

14 With whom took he counsel, and who instructed Het made him, and taught him in the path of judgment, and taught ancb, under. him knowledge, and shewed to him the way of S understandings is standing ?

15 Behold, the nations are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted as the small dust of the balance: behold, he taketh up the isles as a very little thing.

16 And Lebanon is not sufficient to burn, nor the beasts thereof sufficient for a burnt offering.

17 All nations before him are as nothing; and they are counted to him less than nothing, and vanity.

18 ? To whom then will ye · liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him?

19 The workman melteth a graven image, and the gold

smith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains. 11 Heb. is poor

20 He that || is so impoverished that he hath no oblation of oblation. chooseth a tree that will not rot; he seeketh unto him a

cunning workman to prepare a graven image, that shall not
be moved.

21 Have ye not known? have ye not heard ? hath it not
been told you from the beginning? have ye not understood
from the foundations of the earth?

a Wisd, ix, 13, Rom. xi. 34.

anders

+ Heb. man of his counsel.

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b Dan. iv. 31.

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sitteth, &c. d Ps. civ. 2.

Ps. cvii, 40.

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22 * It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and A.C. 710 the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as *Or, Him that a tent to dwell in :

23 That bringeth the princes to nothing; he maketh the e Job X1. 21. judges of the earth as vanity.

24 Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth : and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.

25 To whom then will ye liken me, or shall I be equal? saith the Holy One.

26 Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth.

27 Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, My way is hid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed Over from

my

God? 28 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? ' there is no search- ? Ps. cxlvii. 5. ing of his understanding.

29 He giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength.

30 Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the young men shall utterly fall :

31 But they that wait upon the Lord shall + renew +Heb. change. their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles ; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.

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ISA1AH XLI.

JETE?

Ousness.

1 Gad expostulaleth with his people, about his mercies to the church, 10 about his

promises, 22 and about the vanity of idols.
1 Keep silence before me, O islands ; and let the people
renew their strength : let them come near; then let them
speak : let us come near together to judgment.

2 Who raised up the righteous man from the east, Heb. righte.
called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and
made him rule over kings? he gave them as the dust to his
sword, and as driven stubble to his bow.

3 He pursued them, and passed & safely; even by the Heb. the way that he had not gone with his feet.

4 Who hath wrought and done it, calling the generations from the beginning ? I the Lord, the s first, and with the ch. xi. 10. last; I am he.

peace.

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& xliv. 6. & xlviii. 12. Rev. i. 17. & xxii, 13,

VOL. II.

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every one

* Heb. Be strong

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1 Or, the

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& x. 15. & xiv. 2. Ps. cxxxv.

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k Ex. xxiii, 22. ch. la, 19.

of thy strije.

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A.C. 710 5 The isles saw it, and feared ; the ends of the earth were to 699.

afraid, drew near, and came.

6 They helped every one his neighbour ; and

said to his brother, * Be of good courage. + Or, founder. 7 So the carpenter encouraged the + goldsmith, and he

that smootheth with the hammer # him that smote the anvil, smiting

Or, saying, $ saying, It is ready for the sodering: and he fastened it of two goder, It witń nails, that it should not be moved.

8 But thou, Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have h Deut. vii. 6. chosen, the seed of Abraham my i friend.

9 Thou whom I have taken from the ends of the earth, 4. ch. xliii. l. and called thee from the chief men thereof, and said unto 1. Jamii. 23. thee, Thou art my servant; I have chosen thee, and not

cast thee away.

10 g Fear thou not; for I am with thee: be not dismayed; for I am thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee ; yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness.

11 Behold, all they that were incensed against thee shall

be ashamed and confounded : they shall be as nothing; Zech. xii . 3, and || they that strive with thee shall perish.

12 Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, even * them that contended with thee: + they that war against thee shall be as nothing, and as a thing of nought.

13 For I the Lord thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee.

14 Fear not, thou worm Jacob, and ye I men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.

15 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing {Heb.mouths. instrument having teeth : thou shalt thresh' the moun

tains, and beat them small, and shalt make the hills as
chaff.
16 Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall

carry

them away,

and the whirlwind shall scatter them : and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, and shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.

17 When the poor and needy seek water, and there is none, and their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.

18 I will open ' rivers in high places, and fountains in the His cvii. 35. midst of the valleys: I will make them wilderness a pool of

water, and the dry land springs of water.

19 I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, the shittah tree, and the myrtle, and the oil tree; I will set in the desert the fir tree, and the pine, and the box tree together :

20 That they may see, and know, and consider, and un

* Heb. the men of thy contention, + Heb. the

of thy war.

beheld at there we

Or, few men.

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Ich, xxxv, 7. & xliv. 3.

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derstand together, that the hand of the LORD hath done A.C. 710 this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it.

21 * Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth Heb. Cause your strong reasons, saith the King of Jacob.

22 Let them bring them forth, and shew us what shall happen : let them shew the former things, what they be, that we may + consider them, and know the latter end of Heb. set our them; or declare us things for to come.

23 Shew the things that are to come hereafter, that we may know that ye are gods: yea, do good, or do evil, that we may be dismayed, and behold it together.

24 Behold, ye are # of nothing, and your work § of 10t, worse nought: an abomination is he that chooseth you. 28 I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come :

than of a viper. from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name : and he shall come upon princes us upon morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.

26 Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, He is righteous ? yea, there is none that sheweth, yea, there is none that declareth, yea, there is none that heareth your words.

27 The first shall say to Zion, Behold, behold them : and I will give to Jerusalem one that bringeth good tidings.

28 For I beheld, and there was no man; even among them, and there was no counsellor, that, when I asked of them, could || answer a word.

29 Behold, they are all vanity: their works are nothing: their molten images are wind and confusion.

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SECTION XVIII.

Prophecy of the Advent of Christ, and the Restoration of the

Jews.

ISAIAH XLII.

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1 The office of Christ, graced with meekness and constancy. 5 God's promise
unlo kim. 10 An exhortation to praise God for his Gospel. 17 He reproveth
the people of incredulity.
1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold ; mine elect, in
whom my soul - delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him : n Matt. fi. 17.
he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be
3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the * smoking Or, dimly
hax shall he not + quench: he shall bring forth judgment Heb. quench

& Xvii. 5. Eph. i. 6.

heard in the street.

unto truth.

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