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* Or, commendable trees.


A.C. 742. 15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to

refuse the evil, and choose the good.

16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings.

17 9 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not conie, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah ; even the king of Assyria.

18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.

19 And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all * bushes.

20 In the same day shall the LORD shave with a razor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet, and it shall also consume the beard.

21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a young cow, and two sheep;

22 And it shall come to pass, for the abundance of milk

that they shall give that he shall eat butter: for butter and Heb. in the honey shall every one eat that is left t in the land.

of land.

23. And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place shall be, where there were å thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall even be for briers and thorns.

24 With arrows and with bows shall men come thither; because all the land shall become briers and thorns.

25 And on all hills that shall be digged with the mattock,
there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns :
but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the
treading of lesser cattle.

1 In Maher-shalal-hash-baz, he prophesieth that Syria and Israel shall be subdued

by Assyria. 5 Judah likewise for their infidelity. 9 God's judgments shall be
unresistible. 11 Comfort shall be to them that fear God. 19 Great afflictions

to idolaters. Heb. in

1 Moreover the LORD said unto me, Take thee a great
to the spoil pe roll, and write in it with a man's pen concerning † Maher-
prey, or, make shalal-hash-baz.
speed, 86.

prediction of the prophet ; which strengthened their expectation of the future
Saviour, and at the same time convinced them that their kingdom should last
till his birth.—Vide Lowth's notes to Isaiah, 4to. edit. p. 62; Prideaux, Con-
nect. vol. i. p. 5; Horsley's Biblical Criticisms, vol. ii. p. 46, &c.

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land shall be

2 And I took unto me faithful witnesses to record, A.C. 742. Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah. 3 And 1 * went unto the prophetess; and she conceived, Heb. ap.

proached unto, and bare a son. Then said the Lord to me, Call his name Maker-shalal-hash-baz.

4 For before the child shall have knowlege to cry, My father, and my mother, + the riches of Damascus and the for, he that spoil of Samaria shall be taken away before the king of king of Assy. Assyria.

riches, &c. 5 ( The Lord spake also unto me again, saying, 6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters

of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Resin and Remaliah's son;

7 Now therefore, behold, the LORD bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks:

8 And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and I the Heb, the ful. stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, breadın af ery 0 Immanuel.

the stretchings 9 Associate yourselves, O ye people, S and ye shall be his broken in pieces ; and give ear, all ye of far countries : gird foi, yet. yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces.

10 Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand : for God is with us.

11 For the Lord spake thus to me ll with a strong Heb, in hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way Kamde of this people, saying,

12 Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.

13 Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.

14 And he shall be for a sanctuary: but for f a stone of fch, xxviii. stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of 34. kam. ix. Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerumany among

them shall % stumble, and fall, and Matt. xxi. be broken, and be snared, and be taken.

16 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my dis-

17 And I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face
from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.

18 Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath 'h Heb. ii, 13 given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.

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33. 1 Pet. ii. 8


15 And

41. Luke xx. 18.




A.C. 742.

i Lukexvi. 29.

* Heb. no morning

19 9 And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter : should not a people seek unto their God ? for the living to the dead?

20 i To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is * no light in them.

21 And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward.

22 And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish ; and they shall be driven to darkness.

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k Matt. iv. 16.

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1 What joy shall be in the midst of afflictions, by the kingdom and birth of Christ.

8 The judgments upon Israel for their pride, 13 for their hypocrisy, 18 and for their impenitency.

1 Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more

grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, +Or, populous. in Galilee + of the nations.

2 * The people that walked in darkness have seen a great Eph. v. 8, 14.

light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death,

upon them hath the light shined. Or, to him.

3 Thou hast multiplied the nation, and I not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and

as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. Or, When 4 $ For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the

staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day 1 Judg. vii. 22. of 'Midian. Or, When the

5 For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise,

and garments rolled in blood ; * but this shall be with burn*01, and it ing and + fuel of fire.

6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a mson is given:
+ Heb. meat.
m John ii. 16. and the government shall be upon his shoulder : and his

name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God,
The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.

7 of the increase of his government and peace " there shall
be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom,

to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with jus0 2 Kings xix. tice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord 31. ch. xxxvii.

of hosts will perform this.

8 q The LORD sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted

thou brakest.

ch. x. 26.

whole battle of the warrior was, &c.

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n Luke i. 32, 33.

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9 And all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the A. C. 742. inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness of heart,

10 The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with hewn stones: the sycomores are cut down, but we will change them into cedars.

11 Therefore the Lord shall set up the adversaries of Rezin against him, and join his enemies together;

12 The Syrians before, and the Philistines behind; and Ble. they shall devour Israel + with open mouth. p For all this + Heb. with his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out p ch. v. 23. &

13 For the people turneth not unto him that smiteth them, neither do they seek the Lord of hosts.

14 Therefore the Lord will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day.

15 The ancient and honourable, he is the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail.

16 For the leaders of this people cause them to err; and 1,07, they that Şthey that are led of them are || destroyed.

17 Therefore the LORD shall have no joy in their young
men, neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and wi-them.
dows: for every one is an hypocrite and an evildoer, and
every mouth speaketh * folly. For all this his anger is not + Or, villany.

but his hand is stretched out still.
18 For wickedness burneth as the fire: it shall devour
the briers and thorns, and shall kindle in the thickets of the
forest, and they shall mount up like the lifting up of smoke.

19 Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land
darkened, and the people shall be as the † fuel of the fire : + Hel. meat.
no man shall


his brother. 20 And he shall I snatch on the right hand, and be Heb. cut. hungry; and he shall eat on the left hand, and they shall not be satisfied : they shall eat every man the flesh of his

21 Manasseh, Ephraim; and Ephraim, Manasseh : and they together shall be against Judaħ. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

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1 Heb. swa! lowed


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The woe of tyrants.
I Woe unto them that decree unrighteous decrees, and
S that write grievousness which they have prescribed ;

2 To turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take writegorievous.
away the right from the poor of my people, that widows may
be their prey, and that they may rob the fatherless!



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A.C. 742. 3 And what will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the

desolation which shall come from far? to whom will ye flee
for belp? and where will ye leave your glory?

4 Without me they shall bow down under the prisoners, 9 ch. v. 25. & and they shall fall under the slain.

9 For all this his anger ix. 12, 17.

is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.


Isaiah's Prophecy of the Ruin of Damascus, and of the Ten

Tribes 28.

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1 Syria and Israel are threatened. 6 A remnant shall forsake idolatry, 9 The

rest shall be plagued for their impiety. 12 The woe of Israel's enemies.

1 The burden of Damascus. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap.

2 The cities of Aroer are forsaken : they shall be for flocks, which shall lie down, and none shall make them afraid.

3 The fortress also shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus, and the remnant of Syria: they shall be as the glory of the children of Israel, saith the LORD of hosts.

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28 This prophecy was probably delivered soon after those of the seventh and eighth chapters, in the beginning of the reign of Ahaz; and was fulfilled when Tiglath-pileser, after having slain Rezin its king in battle, took Damascus, (2 Kings xvi. 9.) reduced all that country under his dominion, and put an end to the kingdom of the Syrians in Damascus ; after it had lasted there for ten generations, that is, from the time of Rezin, the son of Ehadah, who first founded it, while Solomon was king of Israel. After this, Tiglath-pileser marched against Pekah, and seized all that belonged to Israel beyond Jordan, and also all the land of Galilee, and carried a great number of the Israelites captives to Assyria. This prophecy was still more fully accomplished in regard to Israel, hy the conquest of the kingdom, and the captivity of the people a few years after by Shalmaneser. (2 Kings xvii. 11.)—Bishop Lowth's notes on Isaiah, 4to. edit. p. 205. Prideaux's Connection, vol. i. p. 6.

Bishop Horsley observes, “ I think, with Casaubon, that the threatenings against the Jews in this chapter, though the captivity of the ten tribes might be the more immediate object; have a distant reference, however, to the final dispersion of the whole nation by the Romans, which seems particularly to be the subject of the eleventh verse."

After the mention of this ruin of the Jewish nation, the prophet goes on to declare, that, notwithstanding this visitation of God's people, the schemes of the heathen, who thought, in their destruction, to triumph over the true religion, would be disappointed: and the fourteenth verse gives the Jews hope of recovery from the calamities threatened in the eleventh.

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