Obrazy na stronie

* Heb. with a

of restoring.

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m Deut. xxxii. 8,9.

sy not as they

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n Is. XXX. 10.

* Heb.


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4 In that day shall one take up a parable against you, A.C. 753. and lament * with a doleful lamentation, and say, We be utterly spoiled : he hath changed the portion of my people : Lumentation or how bath he removed it from me! + turning away he hath + Or, instead divided our fields. · 5 Therefore thou shalt have none that shall m cast a cord by lot in ihe congregation of the LORD.

6 49Prophesy ye not, say they to them that prophesy : Or, Prophe. they shall not prophesy to them, that they shall not take prophesy,

Heb. Drop shame.

790 thou that art named the house of Jacob, is the spirit of the LORD || straitened ? are these his doings? do 4.0T, shortennot my words do good to him that walketh * uprightly?

8 Even + of late my people is risen up as an enemy: ye 1 Heb: yester. pull off the robe I with the garment from them that pass by Meb.ouer securely as men averse from war.

9 The gwomen of my people have ye cast out from their s Or, wives.
pleasant houses ; from their children have ye taken away my
glory for ever.

10 Arise ye, and depart; for this is not your rest : be-
cause it is polluted, it shall destroy you, even with a sore

11 If a man || walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, Or, walk wit? saying, I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong lie falsely. drink; he shall even be the prophet of this people.

12 I will surely assemble, o Jacob, all of thee; I will surely gather the remnant of Israel ; I will put them together as the sheep of Bozrah, as the flock in the midst of their fold : they shall make great noise by reason of the mul

against a garment.

titude of men.

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13 The breaker is come up before them: they have
broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone
out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the
Lord on the head of them.

3 He built the high gate of the house of the LORD, and
on the wall of * Ophel he built much.

*Or,the tower.
4 Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Judah, and
in the forests he built castles and towers.

5 He fought also with the king of the Ammonites, and prevailed against them. And the children of Ammon gave him the same year an hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand measures of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. + So + Heb. This. much did the children of Ammon pay unto him, both the second year, and the third.

and 200

A.C. 753.

Or, established.

6 So Jotham became mighty, because he prepared his ways before the LORD his God.

Ý Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars, and his ways, lo, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.

8 He was five and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem.

And Jotham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David : and Ahaz his son reigned in his



At the end of Jotham's reign.

2 KINGS XV. Ver. 37.
37 In those days the Lord began to send against Judah
Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.

2 KINGS XV. VER. 33, 34, PART OF VER, 35, 36, 38.
33 Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned
sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jerusha, the daughter
of Zadok.

34 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD: he did accord-
ing to all that his father Uzziah had done.

He built the higher gate of the house of the LORD.

36 , Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah ?

38 And Jotham slept with bis fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father : and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.

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Events in the Kingdom of Israel contemporary with the Reign

of Jotham King of Judah.

Reign of Pekah.

2 KINGS XV. VER. 27, 28, 29.
27 In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Ju-
dah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel
in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.

28 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the
LORD: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son
of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel-bethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.

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22 Chron,

2 KINGS XVI, ver. 1-5. 1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah A.C. 742. Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.

2 Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, xxviii. 1, &c. and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.

3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel.

4 And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.


Invasion of Resin and Pekah.

5 g"Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Rema-
liah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they &c.
besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.

b Is. vii, 1, 4,


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! * And it came to pass in the days of ° Ahaz the son of c 2 Kings xvi. Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the 5 king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.

2 And it was told the house of David, saying, Syria * is Heb. restetk confederate with Ephraim. And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the wood are moved

on Ephraim,

athe leth

with the wind.

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* The date and place of these chapters of Isaiah are assigned in the sacred text. Compare 2 Kings xvi. 5. with Isaiah vii. 1.

* return. d 2 Kings xviii. 17. + Or, causeyway.

A.C. 742. 3 Then said the LORD unto Isaiah, Go forth now to meet

That is, The Ahaz, thou, and * Shear-jashub thy son, at the end of the remnant shall d conduit of the upper pool in the thighway of the fuller's


4 And say unto him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, Heb. let not I neither be fainthearted for the two tails of these smoking hondecart be firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin with Syria, and of

the son of Remaliah.

5 Because Syria, Ephraim, and the son of Remaliah,

have taken evil counsel against thee, saying,
Or, waken. 6 Let us go up against Judah, and & vex it, and let us

make a breach therein for us, and set a king in the midst of
it, even the son of Tabeal:

7 Thus saith the Lord God, It shall not stand, neither
shall it come to pass.

8 For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of

Damascus is Rezin; and within threescore and five years 1) Heb. from a shall Ephraim be broken, || that it be not a people.

9 And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of * Or. Do ye Samaria is Remaliah's son. * If ye will not believe, surely


shall not be established.

10 + Moreover the LORD spake again unto Ahaz, sayadded to speak ing, Or, make 11 Ask thee a sign of the LORD thy God; I ask it either thy petition

in the depth, or in the height above.

12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will I tempt the LORD.

13 And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David ; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also ?

14 27 Therefore the LORD himself shall give you a sign;


not believe ?
it is because ye
are not stable.
+ Heb. And
the LORD


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27 In this and the following verses are contained the most undoubted and clear predictions of the birth of the Messiah, and as such it is alluded to by the inspired evangelist, Matt. i. 23. There is great difficulty in apprehending how the birth of this child Emmanuel could be a sign to Ahaz, who died several bundred years before our Saviour was born. Ahaz, at the time this prophecy was given, was besieged in Jerusalem by the two kings, Rezin and Pekah, who confederated together in the hopes of taking that city, and of destroying Ahaz, and the family of David. But God, who had always, for the sake of his servant David, expressed mercy and favour for this house, sent his prophet to encourage Ahaz, and to assure him that the designs of his enemies should not stand nor come to pass, and that " within threescore and five years, Ephraim shall be broken." He adds, that if the king will not believe this prediction, he “ shall not be established." To confirm his faith, Isaiah offers Ahaz any sign that will best satisfy him out of the whole coinpass of nature ; which the king refusing, the prophet immediately addresses the house of David, and declares

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Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and * shall A.C. 742.
call his name Immanuel.

e Matt. i. 23.

Luke i. 31.
that God himself will give them a sign; “Behold a virgin shall conceive, and Or, thou,

Virgin, shalt
bear a son, and before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose call.
the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings."
It is generally supposed by commentators, that Ahaz received a sign with this
prediction : and that the sign given to him, and the original and primary mean-
ing of the prophecy was; that Isaiah should marry a young woman, then a
virgin, and that within the time that she should conceive, and bring forth a
child, and before that child should arrive at such an age as to be able to distin-
guish between good and evil, (viii. 4.) the enemies of Judah should be de-
stroyed. Immediately after this, Isaiah takes a wife; and before Maher-sha-
Lal-hash-baz, the fruit of that marriage, could discern between evil and good,
both these kings were slain; Rezin in the third year of Ahaz, and Pekah the
next year after. And, according to the word of the prophet, (v. 7.) these two
kings, failing in their design, were obliged to raise the siege and return home.

But this prophecy is introduced in so solemn a manner; the sign is so
marked and peculiar, chosen by God himself; the name of the child so ex-
pressive, that it must have raised hopes far beyond what the present occasion
suggested: and, in its higher signification, must have been supposed to de-
scribe the great Deliverer, who was to spring from the house of David. The
further accomplishment of this prophecy, therefore, must have reference to the
birth of the Great Immanuel. Ahaz is told, if " ye believe not, ye shall not be
established," (v. 9.) that is, unless ye believe this prophecy of the destruction of
Israel, ye Jews, also, as well as the people of Ephraim, shall be destroyed. Ac-
cordingly, we read that Ephraim was taken captive by Esarhaddon, for the third
time, exactly sixty-five years from the beginning of the reign of Ahaz. This
king carried all the remnant of the ten tribes of Israel, who had revolted from
the house of David, into Babylon and Syria; and they were now brought to
full and utter destruction, and never after recovered themselves. After Esar-
haddon bad possessed himself of the land of Israel, he sent his army into Judea ;
where Manasseh was vanquished, taken prisoner, and conveyed in chains to
Babylon, the same year, (2 Chron. xxxiii. 11.) The near connexion of these
two facts makes the prediction of the one naturally cohere with the prediction of
the other; and the words are well suited to this event in the history of the
people of Judah.

But the full accomplishment of this prophecy could not take place till Immanuel was born; when both these monarchies were brought to an end. The kingdom of Judah, which at that time extended over the dominions of both nations

, was destroyed in the second year of our Lord's age, by the death of
Herod the Great. Ten years after, Judea was reduced to the form of a Roman
province : in the mean while, it was governed by Archelaus with the title of
Ethnarch, who was a mere vassal of the emperor, and to whom he assigned
only half his father's dominions.

By referring to the two next sections, it will be seen that after this sign was
given, Abaz sustained the greatest defeat ever experienced by a king of Judah ;
which matust be considered as a punishment to the king for his mistrust of God's
promises, as well as for his own and the people's idolatry.
shippers of Jehovah in the midst of this calamity would be comforted by the

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The faithful wor

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