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That is, My husband. + That is, My lord.

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g Job v. 23.

A.C. 801. 15 And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and

the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing
there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when
came up

out of the land of Egypt.
16 And it shall be at that day, saith the LORD, that thou
shalt call me * Ishi;, and shalt call me no more + Baali.

17 For I will take away the names of Baalim out of her
mouth, and they shall no more be remembered by their

18 And in that day will I make a & covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and with the creeping things of the ground : and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely.

19 And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies.

20 I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD.

21 And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the LORD, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth;

22 And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.

23 And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will

have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I h Rom. ix. 2 will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my

people; and they shall say, Thou art my God.

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Heh. of grapes.

1 By the expiation of an adulteress, 4 is shewed the desolation of Israel before their

1 Then said the LORD unto me, Go yet, love a woman
beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress, according to the
love of the LORD toward the children of Israel, who look to
other gods, and love flagons of wine.

2 So I bought her to me for fifteen pieces of silver, and & Heb. lethech. for an homer of barley, and an ş half homer of barley:

3 And I said unto her, Thou shalt i abide for me many days; thou shalt not play the harlot, and thou shalt not be for another man: so will I also be for thee.

4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days with

out a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, | Heb. a stand and without || an image, and without an ephod, and without jug, or statue, teraphim: ur, pillar.

i Deut. xxi. 13.


5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek A.C. 801. the Lord their God, and · David their king; and shall fear the Lord and his goodness in the ' latter days.

k Jer, XXX. 9.
I Ezek. xxxiv.
23. Is. i. 2.


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Amos denounces judgment against the neighbouring nations, and

against Israel and Judah.

AMOS 1 22.

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mZech, xiv. 5.

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1 duas sheweth God's judgment upon Syria, 6 upon the Philistines, 9 apon

Tyrus, 11 upon Edom, 13 upon Ammon.
1 The words of Amos, who was among the herdinen of
Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah
king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash
king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.

2 And he said, "The Lord will roar " from Zion, and n Jer. xxv. 30.
utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the
shepherds shall mourn, and the top of Carmel shall wither.

3 Thus saith the LORD: For three transgressions of Damascus, * and for four, I will not + turn away the punishment + Or, yea for thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing #00F, convere mstruments of iron :

quiet: and so 4 But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which ver. 6, &c. shall devour the palaces of Ben-hadad.

Joel iii. 16.

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** Amos prophesied two years before the earthquake which devastated Judea, in the days of Uzziah, but we have no means of ascertaining the exact year in which this event took place. It is generally referred by commentators to the year when that prince usurped the sacerdotal office, by attempting to offer intense. Dr. Hales supposes it occurred in the year when Uzziah was struck with leprosy ; fixing it as the twenty-fourth of his reign. Others again conjecture, that the king was not afflicted with this disease till about seven years before his death. But the earthquake could not then have happened, as Amos prophesied during the life of Jeroboam the second, who must have been long dead at this period of Uzziah's reign. It must, therefore, have occurred, either in the last year of Jeroboam the second's reign, or in the year after his death. An eminent commentator is of opinion that the prophet Amos (in viii. 9, 10.) foretells that, during their solemn festivals, the sun should be darkened by an eclipse, which in those days was accounted ominous, and should turn their joy into mourning. According to Archbishop Usher, about eleven years after Amos prophesied, (A.M. 3213.) there were two great eclipses of the sun, one at the feast of tabernacles, the other at the time of the passover. Dr. Hales coincides with this opinion ; and fixes, accordingly, the date of Amos's prediction in the year B.C. 793. The first chapters of Amos are inserted here, on the joint authorities of Archbishop Usher, Dr. Hales, Taylor, Lightfoot, and Dr. Gray. On the authority of Lightfoot, I have placed the latter part of the prophecy a few years later.

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* Or, Bikath. aven. + Or, Beth. eden.

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o 2 Chron. xxviii. 18.


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A.C. 793. 5 I will break also the bar of Damascus, and cut off the

inhabitant from * the plain of Aven, and him that holdeth
the sceptre from +the house of Eden: and the people of
Syria shall go into captivity unto Kir, saith the Lord.

6 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of

Gaza, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment Or, carried thereof; because they I carried away captive the whole capwith an entire tivity, to deliver them up to Edom :

7 But I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, which shall devour the palaces thereof :

8 And I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him that holdeth the sceptre from Ashkelon, and I will turn mine hand against Ekron : and the remnant of the Philistines shall perish, saith the Lord God.

9 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment

thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Heb. the co- Edom, and remembered not & the brotherly covenant:

10 But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.

11 | Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment

thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, 11 Heb.cor. and || did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, compassions. and he kept his wrath for ever :

12 But I will send a fire upon Teman, which shall devour the palaces of Bozrah.

13 , Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of

the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away Or, divided the punishment thereof; because they have ripped up the The mountains.

women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their

14 But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it
shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of
battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind :

15 And their king shall go into captivity, he and his princes together, saith the Lord.


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I God's wrath against Moab, 4 upon Judah, 6 and upon Israel, 9 God com

plaineth of their unthankfulness.
1 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of

Moab, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment p2 Kings ii. thereof; because he P burned the bones of the king of Edom

into lime:

2 But I will send a fire upon Moab, and it shall devour

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the palaces of Kirioth: and Moab shall die with tumult, A.C. 793. with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet :

3 And I will cut off the judge from the midst thereof, and will slay all the princes thereof with him, saith the LORD.

4 Thus saith the Lord; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have despised the law of the LORD, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after the which their fathers have walked : 5 But I will send a fire upon Judah, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem.

6 © Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Ísrael, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because 9 they sold the righteous for silver, and the 9 ch. vii. 6. poor for a pair of shoes;

7 That pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor, and turn aside the way of the meek : and a man and his father will go in unto the same * maid, to profane my #in, young holy name :

8 And they lay themselves down upon clothes laid to pledge by every altar, and they drink the wine of + the con- tior, such as demned in the house of their god.

9 F Yet destroyed I the "Amorite before them, whose r Num. xxi. height was like the height of the cedars, and he was strong 31: Josh. xxiv. as the oaks ; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his 8. roots from beneath.

10 Also · I brought you up from the land of Egypt, and Ex. xii. 51. led you forty years through the wilderness, to possess the land of the Amorite.

11 And I raised up of your sons for prophets, and of your young men for Nazarites. Is it not even thus, O ye children of Israel? saith the Lord.

12 But ye gave the Nazarites wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, ' saying, Prophesy not.

tch. vii. 12, 13. 13 Behold, I am pressed under you, as a cart is pressed 10r I will that is full of sheaves.

14 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and come the strong shall not strengthen his force, neither shall the erk. mighty deliver himself:

| Heb. his

soul, or, life. 15 Neither shall he stand that handleth the bow; and be that is swift of foot shall not deliver himself: neither shall he that rideth the horse deliver himself.

16 And he that is || courageous among the mighty shall Heb, strong fice

away naked in that day, saith the LORD.


press your place, as a

sheaves press




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furth his voice.

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Or, and shall not the LORD do somewhat?

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1 The necessity of God's judgment against Israel. 9 The publication of it, with

the causes thereof.
1 Hear this word that the LORD hath spoken against you,
O children of Israel, against the whole family which I brought
up from the land of Egypt, saying,

2 You only have I known of all the families of the earth : * Heb. visit therefore I will * punish you for all your iniquities.

3 Can two walk together, except they be agreed ?

4 Will a lion roar in the forest, when he hath no prey ? the piece will a young lion + cry out of his den, if he have taken no


5 Can a bird fall in a snare upon the earth, where no gin is for him ? shall one take up a snare from the earth, and have taken nothing at all ?

6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the eity, and the people forno? * I not be afraid ? shall there be evil in a city, and the

LORD hath not done it?

7 Surely the Lord God will do nothing, but he revealeth his secret unto his servants the prophets.

8 The lion hath roared, who will not fear? the Lord God hath spoken, who can but prophesy?

9 q Publish in the palaces at Ashdod, and in the palaces in the land of Egypt, and say, Assemble yourselves upon the

mountains of Samaria, and behold the great tumults in the Ør, oppres- midst thereof, and the || oppressed in the midst thereof.

10 For they know not to do right, saith the LORD, who Or, spoil

store up violence and * robbery in their palaces.

11 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; An adversary there shall be even round about the land ; and he shall bring down thy strength from thee, and thy palaces shall be spoiled.

12 Thus saith the LORD; As the shepherd + taketh out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so

shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Sa4 Or, on the maria in the corner of a bed, and I in Damascus in a


13 Hear ye, and testify in the house of Jacob, saith the

Lord God, the God of hosts,
Or, prnish 14 That in the day that I shall & visit the transgressions
Israel sur.

of Israel upon him I will also visit the altars of Beth-el:
and the horns of the altar shall be cut off, and fall to the

15 And I will smite the winter house with the summer
house; and the houses of ivory shall perish, and the great
houses shall have an end, saith the Lord.


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+ Heb. delivereth,

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