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CHAPTER III.

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PART 1.
Reign of Asa, the third King of Judah-Forty-one Years—

From 955 to 914.

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SECTION I.
Piety of Asa

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a 1 Kings Xv.

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2 CHRONICLES XIV. Ver. 1.
1 So Abijah slept with his fathers, and they buried him A.C. 955.
in the city of David : and a Asa his son reigned in his
stead.

1 KINGS XV, ver. 9-12.
9 S And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel
reigned Asa over Judah.

10 And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem.
And his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of . That is,
Abishalom.

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11 And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the
LORD, as did David his father.

2 CHRONICLES XIV. LATTER PART OF Ver. 1-4.
1 In his days the land was quiet ten years.

2 And Asa did that which was good and right in the eyes
of the Lord his God :

3 For he took away the altars of the strange gods, and
the high places, and brake down the + images, and cut +Hcb. statues.
groves :

1 KINGS XV. ver. 12-16.
12 And he took away the sodomites out of the land, and
removed all the idols that his fathers had made.

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Asa began his reign in the twentieth year of Jeroboam. It is evident, therefore, that the three years of Abijah, were years current ; for Abijah began to reign in the eighteenth year of Jeroboam. The reigns indeed of all the kings (according to the popular mode of computation in the East) are computed in current time. Thus the reign of Zedekiah is said to have been eleven years ; it was in fact merely ten years, four months, and eight days. It is usual in Scriptore

, to put the whole for a part, even when days only are computed. Thus on Saviour is said to have remained in the grave three days and three nights. It is well known, that he was confined in the sepulchre one whole day, and a comparatirely small space of the two other days. Vide Bp. Patrick in loc.; the tables of the kings of Judah and Israel at the end of Whiston's Chronology; and

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13 And also b Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen, because she had made an idol in a grove;

and Asa * destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the brook * Heb. cut of

Kidron.

14 But the high places were not removed : nevertheless

Asa's heart was perfect with the Lord all his days. + Heb. holy. 15 And he brought in the + things which his father had

dedicated, and the things which himself had dedicated, into the house of the LORD, silver, and gold, and vessels.

2 CHRONICLES XIV, VER. 4, TO THE END. 4 And commanded Judah to seek the LORD God of their fathers, and to do the law and the commandment.

5 Also he took away out of all the cities of Judah the Heb. sun high places and the images : and the kingdom was quiet images.

before him.

6 | And he built fenced cities in Judah: for the land had rest, and he had no war in those years; because the LORD

had given him rest. 944, 7 Therefore he said unto Judah, Let us build these cities,

and make about them walls, and towers, gates, and bars, while the land is yet before us; because we have sought the LORD our God, we have sought him, and he hath given us rest on every side. So they built and prospered.

8 And Asa had an army of men that bare targets and spears, out of Judah three hundred thousand ; and out of Benjamin, that bare shields and drew bows, two hundred and fourscore thousand : all these were mighty men of valour.

9 And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and came unto Mareshah.

10 Then Asa went out against him, and they set the battle in array in the valley of Zephathah at Mareshah.

11 And Asa cried unto the LORD his God, and said, d 1Sam. xiv.6. LORD, it is d nothing with thee to help, whether with many,

or with them that have no power: help us, O LORD our

God; for we rest on thee, and in thy name we go against Or, mortal this multitude. O LORD, thou art our God; let not g man

prevail against thee.

12 So the LORD smote the Ethiopians before Asa, and before Judah; and the Ethiopians fled.

13 And Asa and the people that were with him pursued

them unto Gerar: and the Ethiopians were overthrown, that | Heb. broken. they could not recover themselves; for they were || destroyed

before the Lord, and before his host; and they carried away very much spoil.

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14 And they smote all the cities round about Gerar; for A. C. 914.
the fear of the LORD came upon them: and they spoiled all
the cities ; for there was exceeding much spoil in them.

15 They smote also the tents of cattle, and carried away
sheep and camels in abundance, and returned to Jerusalem.

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SECTION II.

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2 CHRONICLES Xv. ver. 1-16.
1 And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of
Oded :

2 And he went out to *meet Asa, and said unto him, . Heb. before
Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The Lord Asa.
is with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he
will be found of you ; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake
you.

3 Now for a long season Israel hath been without the true
God, and without a teaching priest, and without law.

4 But when they in their trouble did turn unto the LORD
God of Israel

, and sought him, he was found of them.
5 And in those times there was no peace to him that went
out, nor to him that came in, but great vexations were upon
all the inhabitants of the countries.

6 And nation was + destroyed of nation, and city of city : 1 Heb. beaten
for God did vex them with all adversity.

7 Be ye strong therefore, and let not your hands be weak:
for your work shall be rewarded.
8 And when Asa heard these words, and the prophecy of
Oded the prophet, he took courage, and put away the

abominable idols out of all the land of Judah and Benja- 1 Heb. abomi.
min, and out of the cities which he had taken from mount
Ephraim, and renewed the altar of the LORD, that was before
the porch of the LORD.

9 And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and the
strangers with them out of Ephraim and Manasseh, and out
of Simeon : for they fell to him out of Israel in abundance,
when they saw that the Lord his God was with him.

10 So they gathered themselves together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa.

11 And they offered unto the LORD the same time, of Heb. in that the spoil which they had brought, seven hundred oxen and day.

12 And they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul;

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13 That whosoever would not seek the LORD God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.

14 And they sware unto the LORD with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with cornets.

15 And all Judah rejoiced at the oath : for they had sworn with all their heart, and sought him with their whole desire; and he was found of them: and the Lord gave them rest round about.

2 CHRONICLES XV. VER. 18, 19. 18 | And he brought into the house of God the things that his father had dedicated, and that he himself had dedicated, silver, and gold, and vessels.

19 And there was no more war unto the five and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa.

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SECTION III.

War with Baasha.

1 KINGS xv, ver. 16—23. 16 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.

17 And 'Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.

18 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and delivered them into the hand of his servants: and king Asa sent them to : Ben-hadad, the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying,

19 There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent unto thee a

present of silver and gold; come and break thy league with * Hcb. go up. Baasha king of Israel, that he may * depart from me.

20 So Ben-hadad hearkened unto king Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which he had against the cities of Israel, and smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abel-beth-maachah, and all Cinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali.

21 And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof, that

he left off building of Ramah, and dwelt in Tirzah. 910. 22 Then king Åsa made a proclamation throughout all + Heb. free. Judah; none was + exempted: and they took away the

stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.

SECTION IV.

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Death of Asa. 2 CHRONICLES XVI. VER. 7, TO THE END. 7C And at that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king A.C.940. of Judah, and said unto him, Because thou hast relied on the king of Syria, and not relied on the LORD thy God, therefore is the host of the king of Syria escaped out of thine hand.

8 Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubims * a huge cheetan host , with very many

chariots and horsemen? yet, because abundance. thou didst rely on the LORD, he delivered them into thine hand. 9 For the eyes of the LORD run to and fro throughout the whole earth, + to shew himself strong in the behalf of t. Or, strongly them whose heart is perfect toward him. Herein thou hast them, &c. done foolishly: therefore from henceforth thou shalt have

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10 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house ; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing. And Asa F oppressed some of the people the same : Heb. crush. time.

11 S And, behold, the acts of Asa, first and last, lo, they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.

12 And Asa in the thirty and ninth year of his reign was
diseased in his feet, until his disease was exceeding great :
yet in his disease he sought not to the LORD, but to the
physicians

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13 9 And Asa slept with his fathers, and died in the one
and fortieth year of his reign.

14 And they buried him in his own sepulchres, which he
had & made for himself in the city of David, and laid him Heb. digged.
in the bed which was filled with sweet odours and divers
kinds of spices prepared by the apothecaries' art: and they
made a very great burning for him.

| KINGS XV. Ver. 23, 24.
93 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and
the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the
kings of Judah! Nevertheless in the time of his old age he was diseased in his
feet.

24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the
city of David his father : and 'Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead.
2 CHRONICLES XVI, VER. 1-7.

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1 In the six and thirtieth year of the reign of Asa k Baasha king of Israel k 1 Kings xxv.
came up against Judah, and built Ramah, to the intent that he might let none
go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.

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