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A.C.980 to 975.
2 k Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, vanity of vanities ; all is vanity.
k Ps. xxxix.
. 4. ch.
5, 6, & Ixii... ously by different commentators. The more usual division is that of Dr. Wells,
into two general parts. The first shewing that all things relating to this world
“Mr. Des Voeux," says Mr. Horne,“ reduces the whole discourse to three
men in this world can ever be so profitable as to pro-
faction of mind."
16-18. 1st head. Wisdom or philosophy.
3-10. Both jointly.
A review of the second proof, with special conclusions re
lating to every particular therein mentioned, viz.
24-26. 3. Pleasure.
9. Conclusion of the third proof.
A review of the second and third proofs considered con
jointly, with special observations and corollaries.
1st observation. God is inculpable.
falls us in this world.
denced in several instances, viz.
3 'What profit hath a man of all his labour which he A.C.980
7-12. 4. Avarice:
N. B. V. 1—9. is a digression, containing se
veral admonitions, in order to prevent any
misconstruction of the foregoing remarks.
whatever we can acquire by our utmost trouble and
obstacles to our ease, quiet, and tranquillity."
. Insufficiency of riches to make one happy.
upon the whole, to that of one who lives without
is not truly advantageous to them: because they are
to pass after they are dead."
A digression intended (like that in ver. 1—9.) to pre
vent any misconstruction of the foregoing observa-
3.12. Ist advice. Not to blame Providence.
13. 2d advice. Not to judge of Providence.
application to examine every thing, and especially
2d proof. Anticipated judgments.
Ist corollary. Earthly enjoy nts are not criminal.
Ch. i 15-6.
m Ps. civ. 5. & cxix. 90.
n Job xxxviii.
A.C.980 4 One generation passeth away, and another generation "I me to 975.
cometh : " but the earth abideth for ever.
5 The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and Heb. pant. * hasteth to his place where he arose.
6 The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north ; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits.
7 * All the rivers run into the sea; yet the sea is not full;
unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they Heb. return + return again.
8 All things are full of labour ; man cannot utter it :
is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with
and that which is done is that which shall be done : and
10 Is there any whereof it may be said, See, this is new?
Ch. xi. 1115. 3d proof. Judgments that are seemingly right, yet truly
1. Past services are forgotten.
17-4. 2. The least fault is taken notice of.
Ch. xi. 144. 1. From the first proposition: We must give unto earthly
goods that stability which they are capable of.
our conduct, conform to the design of Providence
concerning us, and leave the success to God.
state of true and solid happiness for men in a future
good or evil.
11 There is no remembrance of former things ; neither A.C. 980
13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wis-
14 I have seen all the works that are done under the sun;
15 ? That which is crooked cannot be made straight: and p ch. vii. 13.
+ Heb. defect,
17 ' And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know seen much.
18 For in much wisdom is much grief: and he that in-
, therefore enjoy pleasure : and, behold, this also is
2 I said of laughter, It is mad : and of mirth, What doeth
3 ' I sought in mine heart $ to give myself unto wine, s ch.1. 17.
, til I might see what was that good for the sons of
4 I made me great works; I builded me houses; I planted ië.
5 I made me gardens and orchards, and I planted trees in them of all kind of fruits :
6 I made me pools of water, to water therewith the wood that bringeth forth trees :
7 I got me servants and maidens, and had * servants born * Hch. sons of in my house ; also I had great possessions of great and small my house. cattle above all that were in Jerusalem before me :
number of the
A.C. 980 to 975.
28. & x. 10,
X ch. i. 17. & vii. 25.
have been al.
8.4 I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar
treasure of kings and of the provinces : 1 gat me men singers 11 Kings ix. and women singers, and the delights of the sons of men, as
* musical instruments, and that of all sorts.
9 So I was great, and increased more than all that were before me in Jerusalem : also my wisdom remained with me.
10 And whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not from them, I withheld not my heart from any joy; for my heart rejoiced in all my labour : and this was my portion of all
11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had
wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, uch. i. 3,14. behold, all was " vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was
no profit under the sun.
12 And I turned myself to behold wisdom, * and mad
ness, and folly: for what can the man do that cometh after Or, in those the king ? + even that which hath been already done.
13 Then I saw I that wisdom excelleth folly, as far as light excelleth darkness.
14 y The wise man's eyes are in his head ; but the fool wisdom more walketh in darkness: and I myself perceived also that one
event happeneth to them all.
15 Then said I in my heart, As it happeneth to the fool, Heb. hap. so it happeneth even to me; and why was I then more peneth tome, wise? Then I said in my heart, that this also is vanity.
16 For there is no remembrance of the wise more than'of the fool for ever; seeing that which now is in the days to come shall all be forgotten. And how dieth the wise man? as the fool.
17 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is wrought under the sun is grievous unto me : for all is vanity and vexation of spirit.
18 Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken Ps. xlix. 10. under the sun : because ? I should leave it unto the man
that shall be after me.
19 And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise man or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the sun. This is also vanity.
20 Therefore I went about to cause my heart to despair of all the labour which I took under the sun.
21 For there is a man whose labour is in wisdom, and in
knowledge, and in equity; yet to a man that hath not la* Heb. give. boured therein shall hê * leave it for his portion. This also
is vanity and a great evil.
&c. y Prov. xvii. 24. ch. viii, 1.
|| Heb. labour.