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The Aaronick Priesthood a Type of
HEB. IX. 7, 11, 12.
Into the second [Tabernacle] went the High Priest alone once every Tear, not with Blood, which he offered for himself] and for the Errors of the People.
But Christ being come an High Priest of good Things to come, by a greater and more persect tabernacle, not made with Hands, that is to fay, not of this Building.
Neither by the Blood of Goats and Calves, but by his own Blood he entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained eternal Redemption for us.
S Eix M' TP H E U"mon of 7esus as the Mejstab or 1 JL Christ, and the Offices he was invested with by Virtue of that Unction, are the Subjects to which I have already bespoke your Attention. His Prophetick Office, which
was the first he was %o> perform j I have al- s E R M. ready explained j and have shewed that he, Was not only a Prophet, in the general Acceptation of the Word, but also that he was that one, peculiar Prophet which Moses foretold, the Lord should in Time raise up to the yews, from among their Brethren, like unto himself.
The next Office that comes in order to be spoke to, is his Sacerdotal or Priestly one; For this also he must neceflarily perform, or he could not be the Christ. The Predictions, that are contained in the Old Testament concerning himself, foretelling no left clearly that he mould be a Priest, than that he mould be a Prophet. For thus speaketh the Lord of Hosts (by his Prophet Zech.) faying. Behold the Man whose Name is the Branch J and he shall grow up out of his Place, and he stall build the Temple of the Lord: even he shalt build the Temple of the Lord, and he shall bear the Glory, and shall fit and rule upon his Throne; and he shall be a Priest upon his Throne, and the Counsel os Peace stall be between them both, Zech. vi. 12, 13. i. e. The Mejfias, (who, according to the Promise of God, was to be a peculiar Branch or Offspring from David's Lineage or Stock) should build up
S ER M. a spiritual Temple, the Church, in which he should reign as a King, and at the fame Time officiate as a Priest: For the Kingdom and the Priefthood being in him both joined in one Person, there shall be no clashing of Jurisdiction between the two Offices. Of the fame Person it is that David fays, propheti-. cally, The Lord hath sworn and will not. repent, Thou art a Priest for ever, after'the Order of Melchisedeck, Ps. ex. 4. And at the fame Office both Isaiah and Daniel evidently point, when the former mentions his bearing the Sins of many, and his making Intercession for the Transgreffors, Isai. liii. i z.' and the other, his making Reconciliation for Iniquity, Dan. ix. 24. From the Nature of which Performances, his Sacerdotal Office must necessarily be inferred. Since therefore it is evident that the Christ was to be a Priest, I must now, in order to shew thaty<?/kr is the Christ, go on to shew that Jesus is a Priest. And in doing this, I have the Sacred Author of my Text to support me. For in the Passage which I have read to you (which is one and the fame Sentence, though separated by three Verses which I shall have no Occasion to speak to) he first recites the principal Office of the High Priest amongst the Jews;
and and then' observes how exactly it was answer- SERM. ed by Jesus the High Priest of the Christian IX" Church; though in such a Manner as that every Circumstance (hews a Virtue in the An* titype which was wanting in the Type. Into the second Tab. G?r- .;.; .
This is the Subject, and this the Text 'which the Course I am engaged in directs me to speak to: A Subject of the greatest Importance and Concern to all Mankind; I would therefore lay the true Notion of it before you, in as clear and intelligible a Manner as I can. And the best Way to do it I apprehend is this, viz.
I. First, to shew what was the Nature and Office of the High Priesthood amongst the Jews: And then
II. Secondly, to explain how Jesus, as the Messiah Ot Christ, did assume, and perform and finish all which that Priesthood prefigured.
I. First, I would lay before you the Nature and Office of the High Priesthood amongst the Jews. In order to which it will be proper to observe in the first Place, what the Holy Penman of the Epistle before Us
Vol. II. M him
SERM. himself remarks, viz. That every High Priefi taken from among Men, is ordained for Men in Things pertaining to God: So that he was a Mediator between God and Man: In some Cafes representing the one, and in some the other. In Prayers and Praises, he was the Mouth of the People; their Petitions and Thanksgivings being all offered up to God by him. But in Absolutions and Blessings he was the Representative of God, pronouncing with Authority, as from Gods Mouth, and in God's Stead. And thus far he was not singular in his Priesthood: All Priests whatsoever, whether Patriarchal, Jewish, or Christian, having ever performed the fame Offices, and stood in the fame Relation between God and their People.
But you must remember that under the Jewish Dispenfation, (which was all typical^ i. e. shadowing and representing, by some Rites and Ceremonies, what was in Time to be performed by some great Antitype, for the Salvation of Mankind, under that Oeconomy) the Priests not only rendered the Calves of their Lips, but had material Sacrifices also to offer. . For every High Priest taken from among Men, was ordained for Men in Things pertaining to God y that he might offer both