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s Er M. Season, to. explain the Nature and Office of the Mejiah, or to shew who and what he was to be.
In order to this I have now made Choice of the Words of Andrew, who (having been with "Jesus the Day before, and learned by that Means who he was) hastens next Day to his Brother Simon (commonly called Peter) and with Eagerness discovers to him the joyful News. We have found ((kith he) the Mejias, that Mejias whom we have so long wished for, and desired to come. And then to explain what the Word Mejias signifies, the Evangelist adds (for I take these latter Words to be his) that being interpreted, it is the Christ j which, beings interpreted once more into our Englijh Tongue, is the Anointed: For though Christ be a Name which is now adopted into ours and other Languages, as the Name of our Lord; yet that Name is originally Greek, and signifies the fame in the Greek Tongue, as Mejias does in the Syriack, and both in Englijh signifies the Anointed. So that Jesus Christ put together, signifies the Saviour, the Anointed One. For Jesus also is not an English, but an Hebrew Name, and signifies a Saviour. Jesus therefore being declared in the Text to be the Mejias or
dhrist, Or to speak plainly in Englijht he be- S E R M. ing declared to be the AnointedOne; in order to explain both the Text itself, and the Character of our Lord, it will be proper to shew,
I. First, Itow and in what Sense our Saviour was anointed. And then
II. Secondlv, What was theDe/tgn and the BffeSi of his Unction.
I. First then I am to shew, how and in what Sense our Saviour was anointed. Now how they were anointed under the Law, who were the Types of the MeJJiasi is plain enough to any one who knows any Thing of the Bible: For there we read, that God appointed a special and peculiar Oilto be made, which he appropriated to this Use, Exod. Xxx. 22—33. And the pouring this Oil upon the Body of any Person, was the anointing of him to that Office for which he was designed, Levit. viii. 12,30. But now since the Oil which was appropriated to that Use, had been lost many Hundred Years before the coming of our Saviour *j and consequently since the Custom of anointing in this Manner had ceased a long Time before our Saviour
* Pear/on on the Creed, p. 97,
H 2 was
sErM. was born . ancj fince we no where read that jfesus was ever anointed with 0//j it may be pertinently asked, how he was anointed\ so as to be called the Anointed One j by Way of Eminence and Dignity, beyond any that had ever been anointed before him?
In answer to this Question it may not be improper to note in the first Place, that even the Jews have such a strong Persuasion and Assurance that the Me/pas shall be anointed when he comes to deliver them; that notwithstanding the Sacred Qil of Unction be lost at present, and has been lost ever since the Days of Jqfiah *, they yet conceive that it (hall be found again when the MeJJias appears, and that he and all the Kings and High Priests that mall be in his Days, (hall be anointed with it. But we, who know and believe in a MeJJias already come, know also that he stood in no Need of such a material Unction as theirs was, for his Consecration: But that there was as much Difference between the Oil, with which those others had been anointed, and that Oil which was poured upon our Saviour, as there was between the Persons that were consecrated by the material Oil, and our Saviour himself.
* Pearson on the Creed, p. 97.
The Unction made Use of among the JewsS EJ*M. was only typical of a more Divine and Heavenly Unction that was to descend upon the proper and true MeJJias. The Unction of Christ, was the Unction of the Holy Spirit himself. For ye know (faith St. Peter) how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost, and with Tower, Acts x. 38. This was the Unction of the Blessed Jesus, and this was shed most plentifully uppn him, even visibly and openly, in the Sight of the World, when after his Baptism in the River of Jordan* (it being usual among the Ancients always to wash before they were anointed, and for Kings also to be anointed near to Fountains and Springs: After his solemn Baptism, I fay,) the Heavens open, the Holy Ghost, the Spirit of God, visibly descends and hovers over him in the Manner of a Dove, and then lighting and resting upon him," a Voice from Heaven proclaims aloud, This is my beloved Son, in whom 1 am well pleased, Matt. iii. 16, 17.
This was the UncJion of the Holy Jesus; nor can any one doubt whether this was a proper or sufficient Unction, who considers how amply this Effusion of the Spirit con~
* Pearson, p. gg.
H 3 tained
s E R M. tained whatsoever was signified or performed i by the material or legal Unctions of the Jews, For first—did those legal and material Unctions signify a Divine Election of a Person, and a solemn Appointment of him to the Office he was called to?—How much more:solemn and satisfactory was the Call and Appointment of Jesus, when instead of being anointed by the Hands of a Prophet, the Holy Ghost (an*-. der whom all the Prophets acted, and. by whom they were inspired) did visibly de-. scend in his own Person, and anointed him, himself; the Father in the mean while ratifying and confirming the Unction of the Spi-f rit, by loudly proclaiming him his Son from Heaven? Again secondly, were those that were anointed among the Jews,, anointed in order to make them more fit to receive the, Influence of the Holy Spirit?—Then how much more excellent and superior was this; anointing of our Saviour; when instead of only making him fit to receive this Influence^ the Unction was the very Influence itself, the Diyine. Jnflux of the Holy Ghost descending pn, and dwelling bodily in, him?
Thus you fee that in Respect of the ABion, all the. Ends and Purposes designed by the Unctions of the Law, were abundantly answered