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THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE,

For JULY, 1821.

CORONATION OF HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE THE FOURTA.

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VHIS grand and important Cere- and thousands of suffering wretches nized, with all the regal inagnificence We shall proceed to detail the cir. of pomp and splendour which became cumstances of the Coronation with as an illustrious Monarch aod a powerful much minuteness as our limits will Nation. Thursday the 191b inst. will possibly permits thus rendering our be ever famous in the appals of Great Miscellany a standard record of the Britain. This solemn national como splendid Ceremonies of that important pact between King George IV. and day his Nobles and People, was On Wednesday crening, the 18th that day consummated. Our Sove iost. a Guard of Honour marched reigo then ascended the throne of his into the Speaker's yard, preparatory Ancestors, not as a sanguinary Con- to the arrival of his Majesty, and queror, like “the Macedonian mad about the same time a troop of Cuiman or the Swedish fool," but as a rassiers took up their station along Prioce renowned for social virtues, the platform in New Palace-yard, in and blessed with the possession of Bridge-street, in Parliament-street, universal peace, and the enjoyment and in Little Bridge-street. The of extended power and unrivalled crowd, even at this time, was beyond commerce throughout the world. The calculation. At about half-past eight event will be recorded as one of the o'clock, his Majesty arrived in his most brilliant periods in the apnals of carriage at the Speaker's house, and history. King George IV. ascended was received by that Right Hon. Genthe Throne not as an inexperienced tleman, by the Lord Chancellor, Lord or unsuccessful Prince, but as 2 tried Stowell (late Sir William Scott), the and approved Ruler. The conduct Marquis of Lundunderry, Lord Sid. of the most glorious Regency ever mouth, and some other Officers of koown to this or any other country, Slate. His Majesty was conducted to had already stamped his name with the suite of rooms prepared for his immortality. By the magnanimily reception, and subsequently supped and perseverance of the Prince and with the Speaker. On retiring to rest, people, during that ever.memorable the Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain Regency, was the overthrow of a (Lord Ġwydyr), and Mr. Fellowes, his inighty and dangerous Foe accom- secrelary, took their station on one side plished 3 by its unshaken integrity of his Majesty's chamber, and the aod energetic exertions were the most Usher of the Black Rod on the other. frightful confederacies, for the sub- Here they remained till morning. version of the liberties of Europe, As early as one o'clock on Thursreduced ; and by its measures hare day morning, Westminster, the scene the shackles of Slavery been burst, of ihis magnificent pageant, presented

* In order that a correct idea of the exterior preparations may be formed, we have introduced an accurate lithographic Plan (published by authority) of Westminster Hall and Abbey. This shews the exact line of Procession and the situations of the different galleries erected for the splendid occasion. A farther account of the extensive preparations for the august ceremony is given in page 75, in addition to what has already been detailed in Part I. p. 558.

The various circnmstances relative to the Queen are fully related under a distinct head (p. 71), for the purpose of presenting an uninterrupted detail of the Coronation.

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4 Coronation of His Majesty King George the Fourth. (July, a spectacle which copfounded the obliged from the same cause to alight

Even at that hour, those before their carriages arrived at tho whose happy lot destined them to barrier leading to the Hall, and the seats in the Abbey and the Hall, had' contrast of their splendid robes and commenced their approach to the coronets with the surrounding groups scene of celebration. From Charing was pleasingly striking. Every mo

. cross, as the converging centre to the ment some object of attraction was metropolis, there were then two presented to the view of the gazing streams of carriages directing their multitude. The splendid, and in some course through the passages respec. instances grotesque dresses of those tively marked out, the one appropri. who were to form part of the grand ated to the visitors of the Abbey, and Procession, excited wonder and admi. the others to those of the Hall. ration. Of the latter description were Through the grey mist of morning, the dresses of the Pursuivants, Genthe gay apparel of the iomales was tlemen Pensioners, the attendants of visible, and excited a sensation not to the Lords Spiritual, and many others, be described. The streets were then which were formed after the model crowded with foot passengers basten- of antient times. Most of the pering to the common centre of attrac- sons of this description being pedestion, some eager to secure their seats trians, afforded the spectators a full on the different platforms, and others opportunity of observing their apanxious to gain some standing place pearance. About six o'clock, two or convenient for view. His Majesty's ihree of the Royal carriages arrived, foot-guards, in full-dress uniform, conveying some of his Majesty's Housebad been under arms the whole night, bold. By this time many other perand at ibe dawn of day were stationed sons connected with the Ceremonials in the posts allotted to them.

of the Hall had also arrised. Amongst As the morning advanced, the scene others, the Royal Band of Geotlemen gathered fresh interest.

The SUD

Pepsioners, the Royal Band of Music rose in full splendour about four cians, &c. &c. At this time nothing o'clock, and imparted his golden bril- was more impressive than the good liancy to all around, shewing to full order and quietness which every where advantage the dazzling glitter pre- prevailed. Never was a more gratis sented to the admiring spectator. At fying sight beheld than the display an early hour the bells of St. Margaret's of assembled beauty, elegance, and commenced a merry peal, and continued wealth, on the different pavilions playing alternately every balf hour. around the platforın and vicinage.

The morning was ushered in by dis- At' half past eight o'clock all the charges of artillery in the Parks, and avenues to ibe Hall were closed against from the boats on the river, which the admission of any more company. were continued at intervals during the The galleries at this time presented a unorpiog. In consequence of the or- most brilliant spectacle, being nearly ders issued for the accommodation of filled with company, chiefly ladies, in those who came in carriages, and the every variety of the most splendid at. limitation of the bour at which the tire ; the oumber of gentlemen was visitors were to obtain admission to small in proportion, but presented the Abbey and Hall, the throog of every variety of naval and military carriages by six o'clock was ex- uniforin, court dresses, and legal and tremely great, and at that hour there clerical professional habits. So daz. was a complete stoppage for a consi. zling an assemblage, and so bright a derable time. Long before this hour galaxy of beauty, bas rarely been wit. many of the compasy, impatient of Dessed. The canopy of cloth of gold the ordinary delay of seating down at was now raised, and the sixteen Barons the doors, got out of their carriages of the Cinque Ports proceeded to exerand hastened to their places of desti- cise theinselves in carrying it; being nation through the crowd. The in- marched up and down the Hall to the termixture of waving plumes, glitter- word of command, à la militaire , ing diamonds, and splendid costumes, the irregularity of their movements with the assembled multitude, gave a and oddity of their appearance, excited sing ularly striking appearance to the much pleasantry among the company.

Many of the nobility, at- At 20 minutes past nine, the names tired in their Coronation robes, were of the Peers were called over, and 1821.] Coronation of His Majesty King George the fourth. 3 those of the different personages who The Lord Chamberlain, assisted by assisted in the ceremony. At half past Officers of the Jewel Office, then 9 the whole of the persons forming the brought the Sword of State to the procession were assembled in the Hall. Lord High Constable, who delivered

those

scene.

At a little after ten o'clock the Offi. it to the Deputy Lord Great Cham. cers of State, the Judges, Bishops, berlaio, by whom it was laid on the Barons, Viscounts, Earls, Marquises, table; then Curtana, or the sword of Dukes, &c. with the personages who mercy, with the two swords of justico, had to perform certain duties during being in like manner presented, were the ceremony,ranged themselves from drawn from their scabbards by the Dethe top to the bottom of the Hall, the puty Lord Great Chamberlain, and great 'Officers of State nearest the laid on the table before bis Majesty Throne. On the left of the Throne the after which the Gold Spurs were deliDukesof York and Sussex and the Prince vered, and also placed on the table. Leopoldtook theirseats,and on theright Immediately after, a procession, conthe Dukes of Clarence and Cambridge. sisting of the Dean and Prebendaries

At this moment the Deputy Lord of Westmioster, in their surplices and Great Chamberlain aod other Officers rich copes, proceeded up the Hall. who bad assisted in attiring his Majesty, The Dean carried 'St. Edward's entered. The most breathless anxiety Crown ; and the Orb, the Sceptre with was evinced by the assemblage, and the Dove, the Sceptre with the Crossz they rose from their seats on the King St. Edward's Staff, the Chalice and entering the Hall through the door Patina, and the Bible, were each sevebebind the Throne. Be was ushered rally borne by Six Prebendaries. to his seat on the Throne by Lord During the procession they madetheir Gwydyr. The first sigoal gun was reverences, first at the lower end of then fired. On his Majesty entering he the Hall; secondly, about the middle, looked pale; and it was remarked that where both the Choirs opening to the be was slightly agitated. He took his right and left, formed a passage, seat with his wonted digoity, and througb which the Officers of Arms waved bis hand gracefully right and passing, opened likewise op each side, left as soon as he was seated. His Ma. the Seniors placing themselves nearest jesty wore a black velvet bat, with a towards the steps; then the Dean and large plume of wbite feathers flowing Prebendaries baving come to the front over the top, out of the centre of of the steps, made their third reverwhich appeared a heron's feather. His This being done, the Dead and under dress was white and silver, with Prebendaries being come to the foot white silk stockings, and white shoes of the steps, Deputy Garter preceding and tassels. He wore a large mantle them (he baviog waited their coming of crimson velvet, wbich was covered there), ascended the steps, and apwith gold stars; the train was sup- proaching near the table before tho ported by six pages.-While the Re- King, made their last reverence. The galia was being presented, bis Majesty Dean theu presented the Crown to the bowed to the persons wbo assisted in Lord High Constable, who delivered it the ceremonies.

to the Deputy Lord Great ChamberThe Marquis of Salisbury not being lain, aod by him it was placed on the io his proper place as one of the Great table before the King. The rest of Officers, the error was detected by his the Regalia were severally delivered Majesty, wbo called to the Deputy by each Prebendary, on his knee, to Garter and pointed it out, with some the Dean, by him to the Lord High remarks on the inadvertence.

Constable, by him to the Deputy Lord The Deputy Lord Great Chamber. Great Chamberlain, and by him laid lain, the Lord High Constable (Duke on the table. The Prebendaries and of Wellington), and the Deputy Earl Dean returned to the middle of the Hall. Marsbal (Lord Howard of Effingham), His Majesty having commanded Deascended the steps, and placed them- puty Garter to summon the Noblemen selves at the outer side of the table. and Bishops who were to bear the Ro.

TheLord High Steward (the Marquess galia, the Deputy Lord Great Chamof Anglesey), the Great Officers, De- berlain, placed them in the hands of puty Garter (Sir George Nayler), and those by whom they were to be carried. Black Rod, arranged themselves near First, St. Edward's Staff, by the Marquess the Chair of States the Royal Train. of Salisbury, bearers on each side of the Throne.

Second, the spars, by the Lord Calthorpe,

ence.

6 Coronation of King George IV.-The Procession. (July, u deputy to Baroneso Grey de Ruthyn. Ninth, the Orb, by the Duke of Devonshire.

Third, the Sceptre with the Cross, by the Tenth, St. Edward's Crown, by the Mar Marquess Wellesley.

quis of Anglesea, as Lord High Steward. Fourth, the Pointed Sword of Temporal Eleventh, the Patina, by the Bishop of Justice, by the Earl of Galloway.

Gloucester. Fifth, the Pointed Sword of Spiritua) Twelfth, the Chalice, by the Bishop of Justice, by the Duke of Northumberland. Chester.

Sixth, Curtana, or sword of mercy, by Thirteenth, the Bible, by Bishop of Ely: the Duke of Newcastle.

The two Bishops who supported Seventh, the Sword of State, by the Duke bis Majesty were then summoned by of Dorset.

Deputy Garter, and ascending the

, Eighth, the Sceptre with the Dove, by steps, placed themselves on each side the Duke of Rutland.

of ihe King. PROCESSION TO THE ABBEY. The second gun was then fired, and the Procession moved upon the blue cloth, spread on the platform, from the Throne in Westminster Hall to the great steps in the Abbey Church s the following anthem, “O Lord, grant the King a long lise,” &c. being sung in parts, in succession, with bis Majesty's band playing, the sounding of trumpets, and the beating of drums, until the arrival in the Abbey.

ORDER OF THE PROCESSION. The King's Herb Woman, Miss Fellowes, with her six maids, Miss Garth, Miss Collier, Miss Ramsbottom, Miss Hill, Miss Daniel, and Miss Walker, strewing the way with herbs. Messenger of the College of Arms, in a scarlet cloak, with the arms of the College

embroidered on the left shoulder.

The Dean's Beadle of Westminster, with his staff. The High Constable of Westminster, with his staff, in a scarlet cloak. Two Household fifes with banners of velvet fringed with gold, and five Household drummer

in royal livery, drum covers of crimson velvet, laced and fringed with gold.

The Drum Major in a rich livery, and a crimson scarf fringed with gold. Eight Trumpets in rich liveries ; banners of crimson damask embroidered and fringed with

gold, to the silver trumpets. Kettle-drums, drum-covers of crimson damask embroidered and fringed with gold.

Eight Trumpets in liveries, as before.

Serjeant Trumpeter with his Mace.
The Knight Marshal, attended by his Officers.

The Six Clerks in Chancery.
The King's Chaplains having dignities.

The Sheriffs of London.
The Aldermen and Recorder of London.

Masters in Chancery.
The King's Serjeants at Law

The King's Ancient Serjeant.
The King's Solicitor General. The King's Attomey General.

Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber.
Serjeant of the Vestry of the Chapel Royal.

Serjeant Portor.
Children of the Choir of Westminster, in surplices.
Children of the Chapel Royal, in surplices, with scarlet mantles over them.

Choir of Westminster, in ces.
Gentlemen of the Chapel Royal, in scarlet mantles.

Sub-Dean of the Chapel Royal, in a scarlet gown.
Prebendaries of Westminster, in surplices and rich copes.
The Dean of Westminster, in a surplice and rich cope.
Pursuivants of Scotland and Ireland, in their tabards.

His MAJESTY'S BAND.
Officers attendant on the Knights Commanders of the Bath, in their mantles,

chains, and badges.
Knights Commanders of the Bath, not Peers.
Officers of the Order of the Bath, in their mantles, chains, and badges.
Knights Grand Crosses of the Bath (not Peers) in the full habit of their Order,

caps in their hands.
A Pursuivant of Arms, in his tabard.

Barons of the Exchequer, and Justices of both Benches.
The Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. The Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.
The Vice Chancellor.

The Master of the Rolls.
The Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.
The Clerks of the Council in Ordinary.

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1821.] Coronation of King George IV.-The Profession. 7 ale lar

Privy Councillors, not Peere. 1

Register of the Order of the Garter.
Knights of the Garter (not Peers), in the full habit and collar of the Order,

caps in their hands.

His Majesty's Vice Chamberlain.
Comptroller of his Majesty's Treasurer of his Majesty's Household, bearing
Household.

the crimson bag with the medals.
A Pursuivant of Arms, in his tabard.
Heralds of Scotland and Ireland, in their tabards and collars of SS.

The Standard of Hanover, borne by the Earl of Mayo.
Barons, in their robes of estate of crimson velvet, their coronets in their hands.

A Herald, in his tabard and collar of SS.
THE STANDARD OF IRELAND,

The STANDARD OF SCOTLAND,
borne by Lord Beresford.

borne by the Earl of Lauderdale.
The Bishops of England and Ireland, in their rochets, with their caps in their hands.

Two Heralds, in their tabards and collars of Ss.
Viscounts, in their robes of estate, their coronets in their hands.

Two Heralds, in their tabards and collars of SS.

THE STANDARD OF ENGLAND, borne by Lord Hill.
Earls, in their robes of estate, their coronets in their hands.

Two Heralds, in their tabards and collars of SS.

THE UNION STANDARD, borne by Earl Harcourt.

Marquesses, in their robes of estate, their coronets their hands. The Lord Chamberlain of his Majesty's Household, in his robes of estate, his coronet in his hand, attended by an Officer of the Jewel Office in a scarlet mantle, with a crown embroidered on his left shoulder, bearing a cushion, on which were placed the

ruby ring and the sword to be girt about the King.
The Lord Steward of His Majesty's Household, in his robes of estate,

his coronet in his hand. THE ROYAL STANDARD, borne by the Earl of Harrington. King of Arms of the Ionian 1 Order of St. Michael and Gloucester King of Arms, in Hanover King of Arms, in

St. George, in his tabard, his tabard, crown in his hand. his tabard, crown in his hand. erown in his hand.

Dukes, in their robes of estate, their coronets in their hands. Ulster King of Arms, Clarenceux King of Arms, Norroy King of Arms, in his tabard, crown in his tabard, crown in in his tabard, crown in in his hand. his hand.

his hand. The Lord Privy Seal, in his robes The Lord President of the Council, in his of estate, coronet in his hand.

robes o estate, coronet in his hand.
Archbishops of Ireland.
The Archbishop of York, in his rochet, cap in his hand.
The Lord High Chancellor, in his robes of estate, with his coronet in his hand, bearing

his purse, and attended by his Purse-bearer.
The Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, in his rochet, cap in his hand.

Two Serjeants at Arms.

The RegalIA.
St. Edward's Staff,

The Gold Spurs,

The Sceptre with Cross borne by the Mar

borne by the borne by the Marquess quess of Salisbury.

Lord Calthorpe.

Wellesley.
The third Sword,

Curtana, borne The second Sword, borne
borne by the
by the Duke of

by the Duke of Earl of Galloway.

Newcastle.

Northumberland.
Two Serjeants at Arms.
Usher of the Green Rod.

Usher of the White Rod.
The Lord Mayor The Lord Lyon of

Garter Principal

Gentleman of London, in his Scotland, in his King of Arms, Usher of the gown, collar, and tabard, carrying in his tabard,

Black Rod, jewel, bearing his Crown and bearing his Crown bearing his the City Mace. Sceptre. and Sceptre.

rod. The Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain of England, in his robes of estate, his coronet and

his white staff in his hand. His Royal Highness the Prince Leopold, in the full habit of the Order of the Garter, carrying in his right hand his baton as Field Marshal, and in his left his cap

and feathers; his train borne. His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, in his robes of estate, carrying in his right band his baton as Field Marshal, and in his left his coronet; his train bome.

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