Obrazy na stronie


emotions of Cassandra. Four years had elap-sion of circumstances. To-day it burns with

sed since Parrhasius had asked her in marriage. volcanic violence, to-morrow it is but a glimmer. For the Poughkeepsie Casket. Affection, deep and abiding as vitality itself, ex. || ing taper." THE RIVALS.

isted between the amiable couple ; but the am- “It may be so with the sensual,” replied Cas. A PENCIL SKETCH.

bition of Zeuxis made him forget his duty to his sandra. “With them indeed it is a passion of Zeuxis was the pride and boast of Athens.- child, and he resolved that the wealthy and nocircumstances. Yet, after all, it is not love. It is His pencil had no rival, and thrice he had been ble Thearchus, the son of one of the judges of but a poor semblance of the holy passion. Pure crowned victor at the Olympic games. The the Areopagus, should be her husband. When affection springs not from the dross of earth, the dwellings of the rich and noble and the temples Parrhasius modestly pressed his suit, Zcuxis be- wealth, power and pageantry of individuals, or of the gods were decorated with the fruits of his came indignant and called him a plebian—a poor of society, nor from the ephemeral loveliness ot genius. He was courted by the wise and pow. Ephesian--unworthy an alliance with the the human form. Such is but lust, and does erful. Admirers came from distant cities to daughter of the great Athenian painter. not deserve the name of love. When moral and look upon the Athenian Painter whose name was The spirit of Parrhasius was aroused, and intellectual worth—the beauties and amiability on the lips of all men. Even the proud ruler of standing up in all the conscious dignity of gen. l of character--the noble evidence of exalted Palmyra sent a dcputation to invite him to the ius, he boldly repelled the insults of Zeusis, and, genius excite our admiration, and win our affec. Palmyrene court. Cotemporary artists ac- with a voice that reached the ears of Cassandra, tions for the possessor, then indeed do we love a knowledged his superiority, and Appollodorus,' he exclaimed, Know, proud man, that thou, the worthy object. Such, dear father, was my love the father of Athenian painters, declared that unrivalled master of Greece, of the world, will for Parrhasius, a:id notwithstanding thy will Zeuxis "had stolen the cunning from all the lyet envy the talents and fame of Parrhasius, the must shortly unite me with Thearchus, yet first rest." Thus flattered and caressed, Zeuxis be-i poor plebian of Ephesus!"

love cannot be extinguished.” came proud and haughty. He found no rival | The rage of Zeuxis was unbounded, and he Zeuxis was silent. He loved his daughter alfor he knew no equal.

ordered the servants to thrust the youth from his most to adoration, yet burning ambition would The Athlothetæ employed him to paint a presence. The order was obeyed, and ere the not permit him again to delay the nuptials on Wrestler or Champion to adorn the peristylum of setting of the sun, Parrhasius departed from A which he had resolved. He kissed the tears from the Gymnasia. Assembled thousands gave athens to practice his skill in seclusion at Ephe. the check of Cassandra, and was about to retire simultaneous shout of applause when the picture sus.

for the night, but the maiden seized his hand, and was exhibited on the first day of the games. For four years no tidings of the exile were looking imploringly in his face said,

The victors in the chariot race, the athletea, the conveyed to Cassandra, yet hope whispered that i "Hear me once more, dear father, ere the de. discus and cestus were almost forgotten amid / lis prediction of excellence would be fulfilled, crce of my unhappiness has irrevocably gone the general admiration of the picture of Zeuxis. and that Destiny contemplated their eventual forth. Hope whispers in my ear that the proConscious of his superiority, the artist wrote, union.

phetic taunt uttered by Parrhasius may yet be beneath the picture, "Invisurus aliquis facilius || This hope had thus far delayed her marriage | verified. Thou knowest the genius and spirit of quam imitatarus ;' _"Sooner envied than equal with Thcarchus. Her father, to add splendor to that youth, and I know that thy gentle nature led."

her nuptial rites and gratify his passion for pop- will now forgive him the utterance of words This inscription met the eye of one who be- ularity, resolved to have their union consumma-spoken in passion. Forgive and Cassandra will lieved it not.

ied during the festival of the Olympic games.- be happy.” The third day of the games had terminated. For three years she contrived to delay the cere- | "For thy sake I will pardon the rashness of The last rays of the sun yet lingered upon the mony, for she loved not Thearchus. But now, the Ephesian boy,” said Zeuxis. But why thy grey summits of the Acropolis, and burnished Zeuxis was resolved, and had made preparations hepe ? Wouldst thou see thy father rivalled, and the crest of hoary Olympus that gleamed in the for the celebration of the marriage on the last is the voice of Athens loud in the praises of anoth. distance. Zeuxis sat alone with his wife and day of the games. The herald had already er ?" daughter, listening attentively to the strains of made the proclamation, and all Athens greeted | "Nay,” replied Cassandra, “it is not for that I a minstrel who swept the lyre for a group of) with joy the approaching nuptials of the noble hope. But thy daughter loves Parrhasius, and joyous dancers assembled near the grove sacred | Thearchus and lovely Cassandra.

may the gods make him worthy of that love in to Psyche. As the music ceased, a deep sigh

i the eyes of her father. This is the foundation escaped the daughter, and a tear trembled in the “Come, come, Cassandra," said Zeuxis cares- of my hope. Is it not just ?”. maiden's eye.

singly,“these tears but ill become the daughter of "Truly,” replied Zeuxis, and bade her good "Ha! Cassandra,” said Zeuxis, “why that the Athenian painter on the eve of her nuptials night, tear, that sigh ?” A deep crimson suffused the with one of the noblest sons of Greece. "For Olie word more !" exclaimed Cassandra, still face of the maiden, but her lips moved not get that childish passion that attached thec toi clinging to his arm, "One more boon and Cas

“Tell me Cassandra,” said the father, inquis- | Parrhasius, and thank the gods that Fate expel.sandra will be completely happy. Promise me itively eyeing the blushing damsel, “tell me what led him from Athens.”

that I shall wed Parrhasius, if his prediction is new grief makes sorrowful the heart of my "Would you see your Cassandra happy ?" said | fulfilled.” daughter? Thinkest thou ġct of the worthless like weeping maiden.

“I promisc,” replied Zeuxis,conscious that her Parrhasius-even now upon the eve of thy nup-1 “I would indeed,” replied Zeuxis, "and it was hopes were groundless, and that the last day of tials with the noble Thearchus ?"

for her happiness that I spurned the Ephesian, the festival would see the daughter of the Athe. "Nay, dear father,” said Cassandra, “it was I and favored Thearchus."

nian painter become the bride of one of the no. the music made me weep. It awakened mem- |"But Thearchus has no place in my affec- || blest youth of Athens. ory to the happy hours spent with my dear Por- tions,” replied Cassandra. “I love him not, and | On the following morning Zeuxis prepared for tia, who is now among the immortals. Four to wed him is but to plunge me into deeper mis- the games. Just at the moment of starting, a years ago we danced together to the same strain, || ery! What is wealth, what is nobility and the helot approached him with a roll, directed to and the lyre was touched by the gentle Parrha- applausc of the people, if the affections of the “Zeuxis, the unrivalled painter of Greece.” He sius."

heart have no participation therein. They are unbound it and read“Gentle Parrhasius, sayst thou, Cassandra ; l but the ministers of woe to the broken-spirit. “PARRHASTUS, THE PLEBIAN BOY OF EPHESUS, gentle Parrhasius! Wouldst thou call him gen. ll Without love there is no happiness: without bad. To ZEUXIS, THE CRAET ATHENIAN ARTIST, GREET

ING :- Ten days and the games of Olympia will termitle, the poor plebian, who sought to rival the || piness, what is life? I would sooner wed a peas. || nate. On the ninth I challenge thee to a trial of skill. noble Thearchus in thy affections ?-who open. I ant than an archon, did he but bring with him the || The subject is left to the choice of the challenged." ly avowed in the streets of Athens, that his pen. | riches of true affection.”

Zeuxis rent the challenge in a thousand pie. cil would yet make Zeuxis envious ?"

"Madness! madness !” exclaimed Zeuxis, Il ces, and burning with rage exclaimed, "Tell your "And yet he was gentle,” replied Cassandra, || “This philosophy may do for a peasant maiden, l) master that Zeuxis stoops not to compete with and the big round tears coursed down her cheeks. Il but it should not pollute the lips of a daughter ll plebians. Tell him I trampled his insolent chal.

The brow of Zeuxis lowered as he beheld the Il of Zeuxis. Talk of love! Why it is but a pas. || lenge beneath my teel, even as we

author. Begone! Gods, is it come to this!" | Parrhasius approached his scornful competit. | the glad season with their rejoicing, but will draw

Parrhasius approached his scornful competit. continued he, “Must I first bear the taunts of or, and handed him his tablet. Had a thunder. | pure draughts from her unfathomed well at Wis. that boy, and then, in the face of thousands have || bolt fell at the feet of Zeuxis, he could not have dom's shrine,and nurse the never-dying lamp that him challenge me to trial. I know him well. If been more astounded. The curtain was painted || burns brighter and brighter as ages roll on. E. I refuse, a herald will proclaim that refusal in upon the tablet, and was so exquisitely wrought, every street of Athens, in the Gymnasium and that even the practiced eye of Zeuxis did not

THE HAPPIEST TIME. the Circus. It must not be." And he command. | detect the deception.

When are we happiest ? When the morning ed the helot to return.

"I yield! I yield !" cried the Athenian ; Ze-l light wakes the young roses from their crimson "Tell your master,” said he, that I accept | uxis beguiled poor birds, but Parrhasius hath

rest, --when cheerful sounds, borne upon the the challenge-the subject, fruit.” The helot deceived Zeuxis! Bring the laurel and the palm ; Il fresh

| fresh winds, teil man to resume his work with departed. | my hand alone shall crown the victor!”

|| better zest,-while the bright waters leap from “Now," said Zeuxis, “my triumph will be com- |“And thy promise !” exclaimed the fair youth

rock to gien? Alas! roses will fade away, and plete, and Cassandra's delusion will be broken. I just mentioned, bounding forward and grasping Now will I prove that the insolent Ephesian is the hand of Zeuxis. The mantle fell from the

thunder tempests will deform the sky, and sum

mer heats bid the spring buds decay; the clear unworthy the notice of one so superior and tru- shoulders of the youth, and Cassandra, with all

sparkling fountain may be dry, and nothing ly noble;” and with proud step he proceeded to the loveliness of virtuous affection, received the ||

beauteous may adorn the scene to tell what it has the Circus.

passionate embrace of Parrhasius. The crown been. Are we happiest in the crowded hall : In a few hours all Athens was in commotion. l of laurels and the branch of palm were brought,

when flatterers bend the knee and fortune smiles? A new impulse had been given to the popular and there, in the presence of assembled thou

No: we are not happy there : how soon, how excitement, and the first sound that fell upon the sands, Zeuxis decorated the plebian of Ephesus

very soon such pleasures pall,-how fast the ear of Zeuxis, as he entered the Circus, was the || as victor. Mounting a pedestal, he addressed

rainbow coloring of falsehood must flee and its voice of a herald proclaiming that an Ephesian | the multitude. He recounted the passion of Par

prison flowrets prove the sting of care. Are we painter had challenged the great Artist to a trial || rhasius for Cassandra, and of his promise ; and

the happiest when the evening hearth is circled of skill. told of his engagement with Thearchus. But

with its crown of living flowrets,--when the laugh The fact soon became known to Cassandra, || the shouts of the multitude interrupted him,

of harmless mirth goes round, and affection show, and joy beamed into the heart of the maiden. ) and the names of Parrhasius and Cassandra fell

ers from her bright urn her richest balm on the di. Although she knew not the name of the com- || from every lip.

lating heart? is bliss to be found there ? Oh no!petitor, yet she was sure it was none other than A noble youth came from the pavillion with

if it might be always, it would be happiness al. Parrhasius. None heard the voice of the herald another branch of palm, and placed it in the l most like heaven; those brows, without one shawith more gladness than that devoted one, and hand of Cassandra. It was Thearchus. He had

ding of distress, would want nothing but eternity, the gods received her adoration and praise. witnessed the devotion of the lovers, and his

--but they must decay,for they are things of earth The time fixed upon for the trial arrived. |generous heart melted at the spectacle before

and pass away: those voices must grow tremu. The thousands collected to witness the games, him. He had tenderly loved the maiden, but

lous with years,—those smiling brows must wear flowed like a living torrent though the eastern || he nobly resigned all.

a tinge of gloom,—those sparkling eyes must be gate of the city, and halted upon the hill which "Laurels for Thearchus !" shouted the multioverlooked a flowery plain, bordering upon the tude, and he, too, was crowned victor, for hell in the tomb: if happiness depends in them alone,

quenched in bitter tears, and, at last, close darkly Illysus. Sol had passed over half his journey | had conquered love. to the meridian, when, amid the thundering |

how quickly it is gonc !-When are we happy, Matrons and virgins strewed with flowers the

then ? Oh! we are happiest when we are reshouts of the populace, Zeuxis with a proud and path of Parrhasius and Cassandra as they return.

signed to whatsoever may brim our cup of life, haughty step left the pavillion of the judges, ed to the city; and on the following day their

when we, creatures of earth, can know ourselves and with a tablet in his hand, on which was nuptials were celebrated with a splendor fully to be but weak and blind, and trust alone in painted a cluster of grapes, proceeded to the adequate to the wishes of the ambitious Zeuxis.

Him who giveth in his mercy joy or pain. plain. Upon a column erected for the purpose,

E. The Games ended—the city became quiet-a near a grove, the artist placed his painting, and few years of happiness cast their sun-light around THE HUNDRED LARGEST Cities IN THE withdrawing the curtain that covered it, return- | the foot-steps of the great painter, and he went World.-A recent German publication gives ed to the pavillion. All was silence amid that down into the tomb honored and mourned by all the following curious calculation respecting the immense multitude, and the songs of birds came nation-by a world, wherever his fame spread. hundred most populous cities in the world : up from the grove as if they were chanting an His mantle fell upon Parrhasius, who is rever. These are Jeddo in Japan, 1,630,000 in. eulogy for the great painter.

ed as the greatest painter of antiquity. habitants; Pekin, 1,500,000; London, 1,500,Suddenly a deafening shout of “Zeuxis and

B. J. L. 000; Hans Ichen, 1,000,000; Calcutta, 900,000; Athens !” arose from the throng. A whole bevy Poughkeepsie, April, 1838.

Paris, 900,000; Madras, 816,000; Nankin, of birds from the grove had alighted upon the

For the Poughkeepsie Casket.

800,000 ; Congo Ischeen, 800,000 ; Werst column, and eagerly sought to devour the pic.


Chans, 600,000; Constantinople, 490,000; Be. tured fruit!


nares, 530,000; Kio, 520,000 ; Su Ischam, This was deemed sufficient evidence of the superiority of the Athenian, and the people clam.

The sun is on the waters, and the air breathes 497,000; Houngh Ischem, 500,000; New-York,

300,000; Philadelphia, 200,000. The fortieth with a stirring energy; the plants swell their ored loudly for the crown of laurels and the

buds, blow, and expand their leaves, wooing the in the list is Berlin, containing 190,000, and branch of palm for Zeuxis. But the skill of the

eve, and stealing on the soul with perfume and || the last Bristol, 89,000. Among the hundred competitor was yet to be tried. Pale and trem.

with beauty :-Life awakes; its wings are wa cities, three contain a million and a half, one bling, the Ephesian stepped forth from the pa.

ving and its fins at play glancing from out the upwards of a million, nine from half a million villion, and not a voice greeted him save one.

to a million, twenty-three from two hundred streamlets,-and the voice of love and joy is It was the silvery tones of a fair youth, half

warbled in the grove. Children sport upon the thousand to five hundred thousand, fifty-six enshrouded in a mantle, who cried out “Victory

springing turf with shouts of innocent glee, from one to two hundred thousand, and six from for Parrhasius !"

eighty-seven thousand to one hundred thousand. and youth is fired with a diviner passion while “Victory for Parrhassius!" echoed a few, but,

Of these hundred cities, 58 are in Asia, and 32 their voices fell like lead upon the young pain.

the eye speaks deeper meaning, and the check
is filled with purer flushings at every tender

in Europe-of which 4 are in Germany, 4 in ter. As he passed, with his tablet in his hand,

motion of the heart. The Boundless Power France, 5 in Italy, 8 in England, and 3 in the spot were Zeuxis was receiving the congrat.

that rules all living creatures now has sway : Spain. The remaining ten are divided between ulations of the multitude, the proud Athenian, in a haughty and scornful tone, cried out, “Come

In man refined to holiness it feeds upon a flame || Africa and America. sir, away with your curtain, that we may see || that purifies the heart,-and yet the searching

Rats and conquerors must expect no mercy spirit will not blend these attractive charms of . what goodly affair you have got beneath it.”

“Ti in misfortune.


LADIES, DEPARTMENT. Under these few heads we shall find much good

BIOGRAPHY, instruction. Temperance includes modera. THE SECRET OF PRESERVING BEAUTY.

TASSO. ration at table, and in the enjoyment of what the It has been observed that, during the period of world calls pleasure. A young beauty, were she

This distinguished Italian poet was born on youth, different women wear a variety of char. fair as Hebe, and elegant as the Goddess of Love

the 11th March, 1544, at Sorrento, near Naples.

His father, Bernardo Tasso, was also a scholar acters, such as the gay, the grave, etc. When herself, would soon loose these charms by a course it is found that even this loveliest season of life of inordinate cating, drinking and late hours.

and poet of considerable repute. The life of Tas.

so, almost from its commencement, was a trou.

(Londou Couit Journal, places its objects in varying lights, how necessa.

bled romance. His infancy was distinguished ry does it seem that woman should carry this idea yet farther by analogy, and recollect she has

for extraordinary precocity; but he was a mere

In a short time of universal famine, how ma. child when political events determined his father a summer as well as a spring ; an autumn, and

ny jewels would you give for a single loaf of a winter! As the aspect of the earth alters with

to leave Naples, and separating himself from his bread ?---in a raging fever, how many diamonds the changes of the year, so does the appearance

family, took up his abode at Rome. Hitler Tor. would you sacrifice for a moment's case ?-in a of a woman adapt itself to the time which pas.

quato Tasso, when only eleven years of age, was parched desert, now many embroidered robes res over her. Like a rose in the garden, she buds,

called upon to follow him, and bid adieu to his would you exchange for a cool draught ? That she blows, she fades, she dies.

mother, whom it might almost be said was the these gaudy trifles should be valued at so high ali only parent he had ever known. The feelings When the freshness of virgin youth vanishes ; ||

rate, is certainly no small disparagement to the when Delia passes her teens, and fastly approach.

of the young poet were thus tenderly expressed: understanding of mankind, and is a sad demon. es her thirtieth year, she may then consider her.

“Forth from a mother's fostering breast stration of the meanness into which we have sunk Fate plucks me in my helpless years: self in the noon of her day; but the sun which

With sighs I look back on her lears,
Compare them with the sublime

by the fall. shines so brightly on her beauties, declines while

Bathing the lips her kisses prest; ll and stupendous and the lovely objects that every Alas! her pure and ardent prayers he displays them, and a few short years, and the

'The fugitive breeze now idly bears :
where meet your eye in the creation around you.
jocund step, the airy habit, the sportive manner,

No longer breathe we face to face,
Can your richest purple excel the violet, or your

Gather'd in knot-like close embrace ; all must pass away with the flight of time. Be.

purest white eclipse the lily of the valley ? Can Like young Ascanlus or Camell, my feet fore this happens, it would be well for her to rc.||

Unstable, seek a wandering sirt's retreat." member that it is wiser to throw a shadow over

your brightest gems outshine the glory of the
sun? Why then should enormous sums be ex.

He never again saw his mother; she died about her yet unimpaired charms, than to hold them

eighteen months after he had left her. After a pended in glittering baubles and sparkling dust? in the light till they are seen to decay.

residence of two years at Rome, circumstances | Compare them with your books, your Bible, your From this, my fair friends will easily appre

occurred which divided him from his father.souls—all neglected for their sake! Arise at hend that the most beautiful woman is not at for.

Bernardo proceeded to Urbino, and sent his son once to correct sentiments and noble aims; make ty what she was at twenty, nor at sixty what she the Bible your looking-glass, the grace of the

to Bergamo, in the north of Italy; but his fa. was at forty. Each age has an appropriate style

vorable reception at the court of the Duke of figure and of pleasing; and it is the business spirit your jewels—if you must shine, shine here;

of Urbino, induced him to send for Torquato, of discernment and taste to discover and main. here you may shine with advantage in the esti.

whose beauty of person and mental accomplish. tain those advantages in their due scasons. mation of the wise and good-in the view and

ments so pleased the Duke, that he appointed The general characteristics of youth are, approbation of the holy angels and the eternal

him the companion of his own son in his studies. God; shine in death when the lustre of the fine meek dignity, chastened sportiveness and gentle

Political changes drew Bernardo and his son from seriousness. Middle age has the privilege of pre

gold has become dim, and the ray of the diamond

|| Urbino to Venice, where he was sent to the Uni.

extinguished; shine in the celestial hemisphere serving unaltered, the graceful majesty and ten. (with saints and seraphs, amid the splendor of the

versity of Padua,for the purpose of preparing him der gravity which may have marked its earlier Eternal.

for the profession of the law. But all views of years. But the gay manners of the comic muse

this kind wore abandoned by the young poet. Irmust, in the advance of life, be discreetly soften.


stead of perusing Justinian, he spent his time in ed down to little more than cheerful amenity. |

Ladies, always delightful, and not the least so writing verscs; and the result was the publica. Time marches on, and another change takes in their undregs. are apt to deprive themselves of tion of Rinaldo before he had completed his place. Amiable as the former characteristics may

some of their best morning beams by appearing eighteenth year. We cannot here trace minute. be, they must give way to the sober, the venera- ll with their hair in paners. We give notice that I ly the remaining progress of his ble aspect with which age, experience, and “a

which age, experience, and “a essayists, and of course all people of taste, pre- agitated history. His literary industry in the soul commercing with the skies," ought to adorn | fer cap if there must be any thing: but hair a midst of almost ceaseless distractions of all kinds the silver hairs of the Christian matron.

million times over. To see grapes in paper bags | was most extraordinary. His great poem, Geru. ng maintained a harmony between || is bad enough, but the rich locks of a lady in pa. i salemme Liberata, (Jerusalem Delivered,) is said the figure of woman and her years, it is decorous

pers, the roots of the hair twisted up like a drum- | to have been begun in his nineteenth year. In that the consistency should extend to the materi. mer's, and the forehead staring bald instead of

| 1565, he first visited the court of Ferrara, hav. als and fashion of her apparel. For youth to

being gracefully tendrilled and shadowed !-it | ing been carried thither by the Cardinal Luigi dress like age, is an instance of bad taste seldomliga capital offencesa defiance to the love and I d'Este, the brother of the reigning Duke Al. seen. But age affecting the airy garments of

admiration of the other ser-a provocative to a phonso. This event gave a color to Tasso's fu. youth, the transparent Drapery of Cos, and the

paper war; and we here accordingly declare the ture existence. It has been supposed that the sportiveness of a girl, is an anachronism as fre.

said war on paper, not having ladies at hand to young poet allowed himself to form an attachquent as it is ridiculous.

carry it at once into their head quarters.- ment to the princess Leonora, one of the two Virgin, bridal beauty, when she arrays herself | We must allow at the same time that they are sisters of the reigning Dukc, and the object of with taste, obeys an end of her creation—that of || very shy of being seen in this condition, know.

his aspiring love was not insensible to that union increasing her charms in the eyes of some virtu- | ing well enough how much of their strength, like

of eminent personal graces with the fascinations ous lover, or the husband of her bosom. She is Sampson's lies in that gifted ornament. We of genius which courted her regard. But thero approved. But, when the wrinkled fair, the 'l have known a whole parlor of them fluttered off, | hangs a mystery over the story w

hangs a mystery over the story which has never hoary-headed matron, attempts to equip herself like a dove cote, at the sight of a friend coming been cleared away. He remained at Ferraro for conquest, to awaken sentiments which, the l up the garden.


till the completion and publication of his cele. bloom on her chcek gone, her rouge can never

brated epic in 1575. He had already given to arouse; then, we cannot but deride her folly, or


the world his beautiful pastoral drama, the A. in pity, counsel her rather to seek for charms, While thousands fall by clashing swords

minta, the next best known and most esteemed in the mental graces of Madame de Sevigne,

Ten thousands fall by corset boards,

of his productions. than the meretricious arts of Ninon de l'Enclos.

Yet giddy females, thoughtless train,

From this period his life becomes a long

Forsake of fashion yield to pain; The secret of preserving beauty lies in three

And health and comfort sacrifice

course of storm and darkness, rarely relieved thingsTemperance, Exercise, Cleanliness. il

To please a dandy coxcomb's eyes.

I even by a fitful gleam of light. For several


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years the great poet, whose fame was already majesty, the beauty and loftiness both of senti- so the best logic for impostors; and if any of spread over Europe, seems to have wandered | ment and language by which it is marked are his credentials were short weight, he was ready from city to city in his native country, in a state perhaps in somewhat artificial style, and want to throw his pistol into the scale. In the case almost of beggary, impolled by a restlessness the life and spell of power which belong to the in question, Mr. J— R- , whom the Baron of spirit which no change of scene would re- || creations of the mightier masters of epic song, met in a certain set where he had access, was lieve. But Ferrara was still the central spot | Homer, Dante, and Milton. His genius was famous for his good dinners, from which the around which his affections hovered, and to unquestionably far less original and self-sustain. Baron was always left out. Weary of this, he which, apparently in spite of himself, he woulded than any of these. It is not, however, the called one day on Mr. R., and spread his crereturn. In 1597, the Duke Alphonso, his for- triumph of mere art with which he captivates dentials, such as they were, before him, by mer friend and patron, consigned him as a lu- and imposes upon us, but something far beyond way of removing suspicions which, he said, he natic to the Hospital of St. Anne. In this re. that; it is rather what Wordsworth, in speak. || had heard R, had expressed, and against which ceptacle of wretchedness the poet was confined || ing of another subject, has called “the pomp of | he made a labored argument. He left his pa. for above seven years. The princess Leonora cultivated nature."

pers, and desired they might be returned with a who had been supposed to have been the inno.

note expressive of the impression they produ. cent cause of his detention, died in 1581; but


ced; but R. returned them in a blank envelope. neither this event, or the solicitations of seve

The Baron thereupon sent a challenge, which

ANECDOTES OF DUELLING. ral of his most powerful friends and admirers,

In most cases growing out of differences in

was left at the door as if it had been an invitacould prevail upon Alphonso to grant him his society, it is the man who is most in the wrong

tion for dinner. Mrs. R. opened it, and imme. liberty. Meanwhile the alleged lunatic occu. who seeks redress. He feels himself in the

diately replied to it as follows; pied and lightened many of his hours by the wrong, and therefore in a manner disgraced; he

"Sir,- your note is received. My busband will not exercise of his pen. His compositions both in

bave any thing to do with you onder any circumstances; wants something to take off the sense of public but whenever you produce officiul proof that you have prose and verse were numerous, and many of

censure, and he remembers that by the code of

he remembers that by the code of ll been aid-de-camp to Prince Blucher, as you sny, I will them found their way to the press. At last, in

fighia duel with you inyself. . MARY R." honor a duel absolves both parties of all that 1586, at the earnest solicitation of Don Vin

One story suggests another; and to stories went before it. We remember an instance cenza Gonzaga, son of the duke of Mantua,

about duels there is no end. We will make an which occurred in a packet-ship, where a man, he was released from his long imprisonment.

end of telling them, however, with one from either drunk or in some violent excitement, made But his old disposition to flit about from place

| Boston, where, we are told, there is a corres

an assault on a table at which several personsto place, seemed to cling to him like a disease. some of them ladies-were sitting. The near.

pondence going on still, which began ten years In this singular mode of existence, he met with

ago with a challenge. Mr. A., a bachelor, chal. est man repelled him by force, and was after. | the strangest vicissitudes of fortune. One day

lenged Mr. B., a married man with one child, wards called upon, at Havre, to fight him for his he would be the most conspicuous object at a

who replied that the conditions were not equal, satisfaction. He replied, “Sir, you brought splendid court, covered with lavish honors of

|| that he must necessarily put more at risk with your disgrace upon yourself, and I will lend you the prince, and basking in the admiration of all

his life than the other, and he declined. A year no aid to wipe it off.” The answer was most beholders ; another, he would be travelling a.

afterwards he received a challenge from Mr. A., logical, and in accordance with sense, and our lone on the highway,with weary steps and emp

who stated that he too had now a wife and child, customs and opinions ; but by the code of hon. ty purse, and reduced to the necessity of bor.

and he supposed therefore the objection of Mr. or he must have fought. rowing, or rather begging, by the humblest suit i

Lord Brudenell, son of the Ear! of Cardigan,

B. was no longer valid. Mr. B. replied that he the means of sustaining existence. Such was ran away with a married lady, who was after

now had two children-consequently, the ine. his life for six or seven years. At last, in 1594, wards divorced, and he married her, and she is

quality still exsisted. The next year, Mr. A., he made his appearance at Rome. It was re

renewed his challenge, having now two child. now Lady Brudenell. But his Lordship, after solved that the greatest living poet of Italy

ren also; but his adversary had three. This the first escapade, was somewhat surprised that should be crowned with the laurel in the impe.

matter, when last heard from, was still going he did not receive a challenge from the injured rial city, as Petrarch had been more than two | husband, and he was so anxious to make repara.

on, the numbers being six to seven, and the chalhundred and fifty years before. The decree to tion, that at last he wrote to offer it. His note

lenge yearly renewed. that effect was passed by the Pope and the Se.

(American Monthly Magazine. was worded as follows: nate ; but ere the day of triumph came, Tasso

1 "SIR: Having done you the greatest injury that one THE ALPHABET OF REQUISITES FOR A WIFE.was seized with an illness, which he instantly | man can do another, I think it imcumbent upon me lo [Bv an Elderly Bachelor 1_A wife should he felt would be mortal. At his own request he offer you the satisfaction which one gentleman owes to another in such circumstances."

Amiable, affectionate, artless, affable, accom. was conveyed to the monastery of St. Onofrio,

The reply was this :

plished ; Beautiful, benign, benevolent ; Chaste, the same retreat in which, twenty years before,

"My LORD: In taking off my hands a woman who

charming, candid, cheerful, complacent, chari. his father had breathed his last ; and here he

has proved herself a wretch, you have done me the table, civil, constant, Dutiful, dignified, elegant, patiently awaited what he firmly believed would greatest favor one man can do another; and I think it

casy, engaging, entertaining ; Faithful, fond, be the issue of his malady. He expired in the

incumbent upon me to offer you the acknowledgments

which one gentleman owes to another in such circum faultless, free ; Good, graceful, generous, gov. arms of Cardinal Cuitheo Alpobrandini, on the stances."

ernable, good-humored, Handsome, harmless, 25th of April, 1595, having just entered upon The real cause of the most violent quarrels is

healthy, heavenly-minded ; Intelligent, interest. his fifty-second year. The Cardinal had just very often beyond the reach of evidence or ex. ing, industrious, ingenuous ; Kind, lively, liberal, brought him the Pope's benediction, on receiv- |planation ; and this it is which accounts for

lovely ; Modest, merciful, mannerly, Neat, noti. ing which he exclaimed, “This is the crown with Il permanent and moral differences breaki

ble ; Obedient, obliging ; Pretty, pleasing, which I hope to be crowned, not as a poet in on a trivial pretext, which seems like nothing;

peaceable, pure ; Righteous ; Sociable, submis. the Capitol, but with the glory of the blest in but is backed by old hatreds, indefinable slights,

sive, sensible ; Temperate, true ; Virtuous ; heaven." rivalries, and hoarded animosities. The once

Well-formed, and Young. When I meet with Critics have differed widely in the estimation | notorious Baron Von Hoffman challenged a man

a woman possessed of all these requisites, I of the poetical genius of Tasso, some ranking | for not inviting him to dinner-a cause not like

will marry! the Jerusalem Delivered with the grandest pro- || ly to be avowed, but certainly it was the real ductions of ancient or modern times, and others one. The Baron had lost his trunk in the riv. 1 The most costly book that was ever printed, nearly denying it all claim to merit in that spe- || er with all his letters of introduction, and con. was the Flora Brittannica, at the expense of cies of compositions of which it professed to be

sequently, till more came, his standing was not John, Earl of Bute, (Wilkes' friend.) Only 7 an example. Nothing certainly but the most | well ascertained. Some persons received him, copies were struck off, and the plates were then morbid prejudice could have dictated Boileau's others denounced him ; but this latter class the destroyed. The Earl presented a copy each to peevish allusion to "the tinsel of Tasso,” as Baron, if he could get at them, was always the King and Queen of England, the King and contrasted with the gold of Virgil ;" but al. || ready to fight. He knew very well that the Queen of France, the Pope, the King of Sar. though the former is one of surpassing grace and II ratio ultima regum, the logic of kings, was al. || dinja, and kept one to himself.


hended under that name. This method of fight- Liverpool and Vansittart; Wellington took the In order to refute the many tales and rumors || ing in chariots is very ancient : we have it no- ltowns of Cuidad, Rodrigo and Badajos, and won relative to the occasion which induced the cele. ticed in Homer, and in the book of Exodus, and the battle of Salaunanca ; Spain abolished the brated virtuoso to acquire such a wonderful | thence forward to the book of Kings and Chron. Peerage and the Inquisition, and proclaimed her power of execution on the fourth string of the icles. But this way of fighting was inconvenient, | new Constitution ; all South America was in violin, an Italian publication has lately given the and the Saracens, who were once the best sol. civil war; and Napoleon fought the battles of following particulars, professedly in the words diers in the world in their days, used horses. Wilna, Smolenski, Brodino, and Moscow, and of the great master himself:

These Saracens, it is probable, were descended finally saw his mighty host perish in the snow; "At Lucca I always led the orchestra when from the ancient Parthians, who also fought on the English likewise too kАtmarez and Seville, ever the reigning family attended the opera. Il horseback, and used to fly, with an intention to I and witnessed disgrace and defeat from the was also frequently sent into the Court circle betray into disorder the array of the enemy's Americans at sea and in the Canadas. In this and I gave a grand concert every fortnight. The battle.

| eventful year no less than three millions of Princess Eliza (Bacciocchi, Napoleon's sister) From the Romans and Saracens the nations Christians were armed for reciprocal carnage, always retired before the conclusion, because of Europe might learn to reject the use of chari. and all Europe and America were made slaugh. the harmonic notes of my instrument affected ots in war (if they had not done it sooner,) for al. I ter houses of the human race. It is supposed her nerves too powerfully. A very amiable lady, most all the nations of Europe sent great armies that more than one million of men, women, and whom I had long since adored, was frequently against them to recover the Holy Land. children were butchered or otherwise sacrificed present at these parties, and I soon perceived that Coaches are again found in England in th el in that memora a pleasing secret also attracted her to me. Our days of Queen Elizabeth, when they were im. mutual passion imperceptibly gained strength. ported by the way of France, as our fashions

A FAIR OFFER. One day I promised in the next concert to sur. commonly are; and it is most certain, that the! Make, says Dr. Franklin, a full estimate of all prise her with a musical piece of gallantry, I judges rode on horseback to Westminster-Hall,! you owe, and of all that is owing to you. Re. which should have reference to the terms upon in term time, all the reign of king James I., and duce the same to a note. As fast as you can which we stood. At the same time I caused the possibly a good deal later. At the Restoration, I, collect pay over to those you owe. If you can. Court to be apprzed that I meant to perform a king Charles II. rode on horseback, between not collect, renew your note every year, and get new composition, with the title of · A Love his two brothers, the Dukes of York and Glou the best security you can. Go to business dili. Scene. General curiosity was excited; butcester; and the whole cavalcade, which was ve. gently, and be industrious ; waste no idle mo. what was the amazement of the company whenry splendid, and consisted of a great number of ments; be very economical in all things; dis. I entered with a violin which had but two persons, was performed on horseback.

card all pride; be faithful in your duty to God, strings! I had left only the G and the E strings. | Stowe says, when queen Elizabeth went to by regular and hearty prayer morning and night; The latter was intended to express all the feel- | St. Paul's to return thanks for the defeat of the

St. Paul's to return thanks for the defeat of the attend church and meeting regular every Sun. ings of a young female ; the former to imitate Armada, “she did come in a chariot throne,” the day, and do unto all men as you would they the voice of a despairing lover. In this manner same being “drawn by two white horses ;" and should do unto you. If you are too ncedy in I executed a kind of impassioned dialogue, in Wilson adds that “the rest crept in by degrees, your circumstances to give to the poor, do whatwhich the tenderest tones succeeded expressions | as men at first venture to sea ;" and that she in ever else is in your power for them chcerfully ; of jealousy. At one time they were caressing "her old age used reluctantly such an effeminate but if you can, always help the worthy, poor at another, tearful accords, cries of anger and conveyance."

li and unfortunate. Pursue this course dilligently of rapture, of pain and of felicity. A recon. In the year 1672, at which period, throughout and sincerely for seven years; and if you are ciliation formed the close ; the lovers, more ena he kingdom, there were only six stage coaches not happy, comfortable and independent in your moured than ever, of each other, performed a constantly running, a pamphlet was written and circumstances, come to me and I will pay your pas de deux, which terminated in a brilliant published by Mr. John Cressed, of the Charter- debts. coda. This Scene' was highly applauded. I house, urging their suppression, and amongst the

WONDERS OF CHEMISTRY. say nothing of the delighted looks which the li grave reasons given against their continuance, lady of my thoughts cast upon me. . The Prin-| the author says, “These stage coaches make

Aquafortis and the air which we breathe are cess Eliza, after loading me with praises, said to | gentlemen come to London on every small oc

made of the same materials. Linen, and sugar, me, flatteringly, • You have done the impossible || casion, which otherwise they would not do, but

and the spirits of wine, are so much alike in on two strings; would not a single one be upon urgent necessity; nay, the convenience of

their chemical composition, that an old shirt can enough for your talent? I promised immediately the passage makes their wives often come up,

be converted into its own weight in sugar, and to make the trial. This idea flattered my ima. || who, rather than come such long journeys on

the sugar into spirits of wine. Water is made gination, and in a few weeks I composed for the horseback, would stay at home. Then, when

of two substances, one of which is the cause of fourth string a sonata entitled Napoleon, which they come to town, they must presently be in the

almost all combustion or burning, and the other I performed on the 25th of August, before a mode, get fine cloths, go to plays and treats,and

will burn with more rapidity than almost any numerous and brilliant Court. The success by these means get such a habit of idleness and

thing in nature. The famous peruvian bark, so surpassed my expectations. From that time love of pleasure, as make them uneasy ever af.

much used to strengthen weak stomachs, and dates my predeliction for the G string. People ter."

the poisonous principle of opium, are formed of were never tired of listening to my pieces com- || One remarkable fact concerning the increase

the same materials. posed for that string. As one keeps learning of coaches among us, that it is computed that

THE DEATH CLOCK. from day to day, so I gradually attained that not less than 10,000 persons are daily on the road || In the courtyard of the Palace of Versailles proficiency in which there ought now to be noth- || in stage coaches, in different parts of the king.llis a clock with one hand called. ! Horologe de ing astonishing.” dom ; this, however astonishing, is not at all im

limort de le Roi. It contains no works, but probable. Our present number of hackney

consists merely of a face in the form of a sun HISTORICAL ACCOUNT OF COACHES. coaches that ply in the streets of the metropolis,

surrounded by rays. On the death of a King An able and ingenious author has treated the is 1,200, besides cabriolets, which, in imitation

the hand is set to the moment of his demise, and subject that gives a title to the present paper, in of the French vehicle, have so recently been in.

remains till his successor has rejoined him in the a manner so generally interesting, that it neces. || troduced among us.

grave. The custom originated under Louis sarily requires some apology for the following ad

(London Mirror.

Thirteenth, and continued till the revolution.dition to it, but it is presumed to contain some


| It was revived on the death of Louis Eighfew particulars that may have escaped the no- The year 1812 was probably the most event

teenth; and the hand still continues fixed on the tice of that agreeable writer.

| ful of any in history, ancient or modern. Eng. Il precise moment of that monarch's death. Julius Cæsar found chariots here eighteen land was convulsed by the riots in the manufac. hundred years ago; for all wheel-carriages which turing districts; Mr. Percival lost his life, and There are no two things so much talked of, warriors rode and fought in, are fairly compre. Il at his death commenced the detestable reign ofll and so seldom seen, as virtue and the funds.

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