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EDINBURGH:
SUTHERLAND & KNOX. — LONDON: PARTRIDGE & CO.

V DCCC LV,

INDEX TO VOLUME XXII.

PAGE

526

PAGE American Humbug, The Great . . . . . 73 Maine Liquor Law Movement, The . . . 423 Arctic Enterprise . . . . . . . . . 129 Martial Success, Historic Illustrations of the Avenging Ghost, The . . . . . . 209, 268 Secret of . . . . . . . . . . 358 Baily, Samuel, On Mental Philosophy . . . 263 Mary

Mary Sutherland. A Tale . . . 612, 658, 711 Brown Town, The .

Men and Movements of Our Times :. . ... . .

I. The New“National” Party . . . . 1 Celts in Brittany, The ....... 555

II. Aberdeen and Palmerston .. . 65 Chaucer, Gower, and Old England . . . . 513 III. Lord John Russell and the Earl of Derby 173 Claims of the English, The . . . . . . 385 IV. Non-Intervention and Arbitration . . 293 Coffee Houses of the Restoration, The . . 104

V. Administrative Reform . . . . . 429 Commanders, The Two—The People's and the

Minstrelsy of the Middlesex Border, A . Premier's. . ........ 756

Glance at. . . . . . . . . . 352 Copper Works of Swansea, The . . . . 149 Monopoly of Money, The ...... 705 Count and the Emperor, The ..... 321 | Montgomery, Life of James . ..159, 744 Diggings and Diggers of the West Country, The 193

Nicholas and his Successor— The Congress and Eastern Question, Historical “ Studies” of the 111 the Fast . . . . . . . . . . 237 Freedom? What is . . . . . . . . 14 Notice of a Volume Printed for Private CirGenius, Literature, and Devotion. No. III.

culation . . . . . . . . . . 88 Edward Irving. . . . . . . ..

.: 8 | “Only a Woman's Pamphlet” . . . . . 549 Genteel Thieves, on . . . . . . . . 289 Our House at Home . . . . . . . . 601 Great Debate, The . . . . . . . . 166 Paris, A Few Days in . . . . . . . 449 Greely, Horace, the Hero of Cheap Journalism 229 Path of Roses, The 200, 274, 345, 408, 466, 539 Grievances of the Civil Service .... 729 Phillips, The Late Professor, T. K. Hunt, and Hall, Ruth, The Position of the Literary Man 218

1 J. G. Lockhart . . . . . . . . 41 Hungary's Present State Described by an

Poetry :-Hungarian . . . . . . . .

Baby Talk .......... 677

. 170 Irish Reminiscences, Some .

Dei Sepoichri ......... 595

. . . . . Italian Idyll and Iliad, An . . . . . . 681

Elegy. Written on a Wet Morning . . 300

Eleventh Hour, The . . . . . Italy since the Revolution . . 302, 363

. . . . 51

Farewell . . . . . . . . . . . 743 Jewish Subjects of the Russian Czar, The . 23

Mansfield at Temeswar...... 499 Kinborn and the Cossacks ......741

Natures Voices . . . . . . . . . 165 Kings of the East ? Who are the . ... 747 | Political Jingles . . . . . . . . 759 Last Ministerial Escape, The . . . . . 370 Song . . . . . . . . . . . . 729 Life Assurance Companies, 63, 127, 191, 255, 318 | “Swarthy Bigotries” . . . . . . . 502

383, 446, 511, 573, 638, 703 Poetry of Death, The . . . . . . . . 157 Literary Diversions, Some . . . . . . 649 Political Novels, A Brace of . . . . . . 483 Literary Register . . . . . . . . . 762 Political Register 51, 116, 281, 242, 308, 373, 435 Literature, 54, 119, 183, 243, 311, 374, 436, 504

502, 562, 627, 692, 761

Poor Man's Market in London, The ... 337 London, The World of ..;... . 214 Prescott's History of the Reign of Philip II. 732 Lost Love, A, by Ashford Owen, and Owen Printing and Printers . . . . . . . . 390

Meredith's Poems, . . . . . . 677 | Prussia, A Point at . . . . . . . . 257

rary Register 19,183, 243, 311, 364, 630, 695. Prescott's Hist

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PAGE
Rank-Jobbing in the Army . . . . . . 331 | Retrospections of a Reverist; or, How I
Reading Raids :-

IIave Lived and Loved . .. 17, 81
I. American Literature : Poe, Haw. Sailor, The Life of . . . . . . . . 582

thorne . . . . . . . . . 33 Saunter near Sborncliffe . . . . . . . 547
II. American Poets: Alice Carey, T. B. Sicily, A Glance at . . . . . . . . 754

Read, O. W. Holwes, J. R. Lowell, Sidney, Spenser, and Elizabethan Romance . 577

J. G. Whittier . . . . . . 93 Slaver, The . . . . . . . . . . . 597
III. Modern Asceticism versus Modern

Spencer, The Patrons and Genius of... 641
Fiction . . . . . . . . . 138 Story, A Model ........ . 145
IV. The Cheap Press. .... .223 Story, A Poor Fellow's ....... 29
V. Representative Women : Nell Gwynne 282

Supplementary Despatches and Debates . . 494
VI. Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. . . 416

Swedenborg, Emanuel ....... 586
VII. William Paley . . . . . . . 476
VIII. Maud, and other Poems ....

Telse Wollersien. A Page from the Tragedy

of War..... 399, 459, 520, 592
X. Apropos of Mr. Thackeray . . . 670 War, The : Who's to Blame ? .... 45
XI. A Gossip over the Winter Fire . . 723 | Where are we to stop? . . . . . . . 345

Charles Kingsley :....270 War. The : Who's to Blame .

.

. . 345

TAIT’S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1855.

MEN AND MOVEMENTS OF OUR TIMES..

NO. 1. -THE NEW “NATIONAL” PARTY.

The history of English parties since the enact-stung into political death by the fangs of a com ment of the Reform Bill, is one of the most in- bination of parties internally harmonious as “a structive chapters in the political history of any jar of Egyptian cels, every one wriggling to the people. Much that is interesting lies upon the top." surface. There is seen at a glance the presence Parties were not dead, they were only subof new political elements. From the commence- divided. In that subdivision there appeared a ment of Parliamentary government there had great chance of popular gain. The balance of existed the distinction, more or less broadly parties was destroyed, and it could only be remarked, of conservative politicians from re- stored by accessions of public confidence to this forming politicians,-a distinction generally | party or to that. There was no political quesequivalent to the defence of prerogative on the tion sufficiently commanding public interest to one hand and of popular rights on the other. In constitute a new principle of cohesion. The the struggle for the Reform Bill, kingly prero- Whig doctrine of finality and the popular wearigative was exerted on the side of popular rights, ness of Chartism had set aside the suffrage quesand the idols of the populace became at once the tion. The ecclesiastical relations of the State sycophants and the masters of the Court. Pre-permanently interested only a few Churchmen sently was seen the recovery of Conservatism and some Dissenters. It was, therefore, around from an unnecessary alarm, and the recoil of some man, or group of men, at the head of one Democracy from an inevitable disappointment. of the many parliamentary parties, that the inThe vanquished adherents of corrupted consti- Auences which make a government must collect. tutional usages quickly discovered that what Russell, Derby, Aberdeen, and Cobden, were the they most valued had been retained, and much rival nuclei. Russell had the advantage of presof the rest might be retrieved. The victims of tige and of actual possession. Office fell to him, an exaggerated expectation of improvement on Peel's overthrow, by a most significant necesalmost as quickly discovered that they had /sity. But neither the admiration of his heredigained nothing if not the power of gaining more. tary followers nor the influence of office could The formation of the great Peel party was the save him from the natural fate of little men unresult of the one discovery Chartism, the re- blessed by the possession of a great principle. sult of the other. The Peel party placed its Languid efforts in the old civil-and-religiouschiefs in power ; Chartism saw its chiefs dis- liberty interest, even aided by the inveterate appear into prison, thence to emerge into im- fidelity of Radicals, failed to avert an ignominious potence. But the instructive contrast was not doom. Disraeli, Derby's lieutenant, overthrew him yet complete. Peel destroyed his party in in 1852, as Peel, Wellington's lieutenant, had carrying out the objects of a resistless popular overthrown him in 1835 and 1840. A second movement, and was forced from office because he time Whiggism perished of inanition-a second had exchanged for the headship of a party the time demonstrated its incapacity of independent idolatry of a nation. Then was demonstrated existence. But this time Russell made friends what Democracy had gained by the triumph with Aberdeen, as before he had made friends that seemed to have shattered Conservatism. with O'Connell; in both cases, aided by the inAnd then, too, was exhibited the fatuity of con- definite fears and hopes of Democracy. A coalitemporary impressions. While every one was tion was constituted. Aberdeen and Russell took shouting “ Party is dead !" Peel was being office, with more than the acquiescence of

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