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idea of building a chapel for themselves. OPENING OF THE UNITARIAN CHAPEL AT
Their first aspirations were humble enough, HEYWOOD, LANCASHIRE.
—a plain room which might be built for Heywood is a large and thriving manu- £250. The munificent offer of Mr. Thos, facturing village, situated midway between Wrigley, of Bury, to contribute £100 to the important towns of Bury and Roch- the building fund, induced them to enlarge dale. The inhabitants probably number their scheme. The handsome subscriptions 15,000, and the prevalent character is of friends at Bury and elsewhere enabled that so strongly marked in the natives of them to purchase an excellent site and to the adjacent portions of Lancashire and erect a chapel at the cost of £1300, which Yorkshire, — strong sense, independence for neatness and simple architectural eleand habitual self-reliance. Not infrequent gance may without disadvantage be comhave been the attempts of the apostles of pared with many buildings of greater cost. Secularism and Infidelity to win over to The Heywood Unitarians gave liberally their cause the people of this district : if according to their means, not only money, in some instances they have succeeded in but time and labour, thus materially discattering their doubts and disbeliefs, there minishing the cost of the chapel. For the yet remains among the mass of the people first two years, the services were mainly a hearty attachment to religion and its conducted by Mr. Benjamin Glover, helped institutions. In few districts do places of occasionally by Mr. Wright and other mi. worship more quickly arise than in Hey- nisters of the district. Since that time, wood. We owe it to the sagacity and they have formed part of the valuable indomitable zeal of the Rev. John Wright, organization of the Missionary Society of of Bury, and of his associates in mission- East Lancashire. ary work in that part of the country, that Wednesday, November 14th, was the Unitarianism has now taken its place in day appointed for the opening services. Heywood, side by side with Episcopalian. A fine morning (succeeded, however, by ism, Methodism and Independency. Four one of those drenching afternoons so often years ago, only a single Unitarian Chris- experienced in this district) assisted to tian was known to live in the township. bring together a very large congregation, By missionary preaching, doctrinal lec- composed not only of people of the immetures, pastoral visits, and the help of a diate district, but of friends from London, Sunday-school, an Unitarian interest has Bury, Rochdale, Manchester, Liverpool, now been planted in the place which pro Dukinfield, Oldham, Swinton, Blackley, mises to take root and produce important Sheffield, Stannington, and many other fruit. The first Unitarian service was con- places. Amongst the ministers present were ducted in the Temperance Hall. At the Rev. John Wright, Rev. W. H. Channing, first lecture there were but five persons Rev. F. Baker, Rev. W. Gaskell, Rev. in attendance; but Mr. Wright and Mr. Dr. Beard, Rev. R. B. Drummond, Rev. Glover persevered, and soon succeeded in James Bayley, Rev. G. Hoade, Rev. J. C. arousing and sustaining the attention and Street, Rev. John Robberds, Rev. Charles interest of the public. The attendance Robberds, Rev. John Gordon, Rev. S. was progressively good. At the end of Macdonald, Rev. E. Hopkinson, Rev. L. twelve months, a meeting was called of Taplin, Rev. — Lunn, Rev. J. Harrop, those that were favourable to the establish- Rev. James Whitehead, Rer. W. Moon. ment of a Unitarian congregation. There The new chapel stands on an elevated were found then to be sixty persons willing site, just clear of other buildings, but near to become subscribing members. A new the best part of Heywood. Its front eleand better room for meeting was engaged. vation is, we believe, due West. It is The expenses of the early Unitarian ser. cruciform, the transepts being N. and S. vices were borne by the Bury congregation; It is a plain but substantial stone edifice, but as soon as the Heywood congregation possessing enough of the architectural and was organized, they resolved, while grate. ecclesiastical character to please the eye, fully acknowledging the valuable aid they without having anything expended in mere had received, to be for the future inde- ornament. It is light within, the windows pendent. As soon as they had a room of being in lancet form, and sufficient in their own, they established a Sunday. number to dissipate the dim religious light, school, which became in a few weeks full which, however poetical, is practically far to overflowing. The rapid progress of the from convenient. As a whole, the buildcongregation and the school suggested the ing is considerably larger than the congre. gation at present needs, and is capable of the attendance that several of the tables holding 500 worshipers. It is intended had to be twice served. to devote the whole of the East end of the Tea being over, the chair was taken by building, including the two transepts, to Mr. Ivie Mackie, who has just retired with the purposes of the Sunday-school, which great honour from fulfilling for three conis already a large one, and is well con- secutive years the important duties of the ducted by the Unitarians of Heywood. Mayoralty of Manchester. He discharged This portion of the building will be sepa- the office of Chairman with urbanity and rated from the rest by a removable parti- remarkable success, giving just the right tion and by drapery. In front of these tone to the proceedings, and sustaining the the pulpit will stand, and there will be hearty sympathy which the occasion inample accommodation for an ordinary con- spired and deserved. We must not attempt gregation of from 200 to 300 persons. to give even a sketch of the speeches, but The building is approached by a porch at must content ourselves with naming the the West end, measuring 10 ft. 6 in. by speakers and their topics. The Chairman 8 ft. 9 in., and communicates with the opened the proceedings with an interesting chapel, which is 42 ft. 9 in. long by 35 ft. outline of his own theological history and broad. The school-room at the East end, a review of the leading doctrines of the formed by the transepts and chancel, mea- orthodox church. He bore animated testisures 51 ft. 3 in. by 24 ft. 6 in., and is mony to the power of Unitarianism to intended to be added to the chapel when satisfy the understanding and the affecthe present accommodation afforded by the tions, and to make a man a good servant, chapel becomes too small. The height of a good master, a good citizen and a good the building to the eaves is 18 ft., and to Christian. Rev. Wm. Gaskell proposed a the ridge 41 ft. The roof is an open one, resolution expressive of the good wishes of and, together with the pews, is stained the meeting towards the Heywood congreand varnished. The chapel is built in the gation, and enforced it by a powerful and Gothic style of architecture, and its cost most cheering speech. Mr. John Grundy, when thoroughly completed will amount to of Summerseat, proposed a sentiment re£1300, towards which about £800 had cognizing the importance of Unitarian misbeen raised by subscription before the open- sions, one of the first and best fruits of ing services commenced. Mr. Joseph Chatt- which was before them in the Heywood wood, Union Square, Bury, is the architect, congregation and chapel. A fine, manly, and Messrs. Hobson and Glasebrook, Horn- earnest tone of thought characterized Mr. by Street, Heywood, are the builders. Grundy's address. It was presently fol
The service was opened impressively by lowed by addresses of great power from Mr. Rev. John Wright and Rev. F. Baker. Thomas Wrigley and Rev. John Wright. Rev. W. H. Channing, of Liverpool (from Mr. Benjamin Glover, to whose able and John xi. 52), preached an instructive and zealous labours the Heywood congregation eloquent sermon in illustration of the aim is so largely indebted, gave a very spirited and power of Christianity in gathering sketch of its history and growth. In nearly together and uniting the scattered children all these addresses (and we have rarely lisof God. In justice to the occasion, the tened to better) there were references to preacher explained with great clearness the desirableness of an early extinction of and force the distinctive doctrines of Uni- the debt on the chapel. The statement of tarian Christianity. The sacred music was the exertions and sacrifices of the Heywood assisted by a harmonium and by the ex- people evidently made a deep impression. cellent choir of the Bury Unitarian congre. At this period, the members of the deputagation. At the close of the sermon a tion in attendance from the Unitarian Ascollection was made, which amounted to sociation, composed of Mr. J. T. Hart, Mr. the liberal sum of £77.
David Martineau and Rev. R. Brook AspFrom the chapel the friends proceeded land, presented themselves to the meeting. to the Mechanics' Institution, which was Mr. Hart handed in the amount of a grant completely filled by the assembled guests by the Association of £25, and Mr. Aspand presented a very animated sight. The land gave a cheque from Mr. Alfred LawChairman, Ivie Mackie, Esq., ex-Mayor of rence, who had been appointed in the deManchester, and principal guests (includ- putation, but who was prevented by busiing Thomas Wrigley, Esq., John Grundy, ness from attending; and presently the Esq., R. T. Heape, Esq., and his brother, Chairman announced a series of additional T. A. Ward, Esq., Robert Heywood, Esq., subscriptions — from Mr. Wrigley, £50; David Martineau, Esq., J. T. Hart, Esq., Mr. John Grundy, £50 ; Mr. Benjamin and many ladies) were seated on a dais. Heape, £25; Mr. R. T. Heape, £10 (the The refreshments provided were on a more latter gentleman had previously given than usually liberal scale. So large was £100). These and other subscriptions swelled the contributions of the day to Bury congregation, the Heywood people £246. After an interval and some sacred feel that they owe a heavy debt of gratimusic effectively given by the Bury choir, tude. They look with complacency and the proceedings were resumed, and Rev. joy on the religious building that has been John Gordon in a beautifully lucid and erected. The debt now remaining, not thoughtful speech, in which he passed in much exceeding £200, will, we doubt not, review many of the religious signs of the be soon wiped off; and we cordially recomtimes, proposed a resolution recognizing mend the case of this promising congregathe importance and value of the British tion to the consideration of all our Societies and Foreign Unitarian Association. It was and Fellowship Funds, and to the aid of seconded by Mr. R. T. Heape, and suitably individual generosity. When the building acknowledged by the Secretary, Rev. R. is free of debt, steps will probably be taken Brook Aspland, who followed up the obser- to secure the services of a stated minister. vations of Mr. Gordon by dwelling on some of the grounds of hope and confidence on which Unitarians might cheerfully rest.
HALF-AN-HOUR AT SCISSETT. It was much regretted that the early hour One of the pleasing and hopeful features at which the Liverpool train left, deprived of the progress of our religious views may the meeting of the pleasure of listening to be found in the fact, that many of the Mr. Channing. But the meeting did not villages throughout our country are now forget (at the instance of Rev. John Wright) favoured with their Unitarian meetinggratefully to acknowledge his admirable houses, where those who have adopted our opening sermon. The time for departure views can meet for the worship of God the arrived long before the role of the evening's Father, in the name and as the disciples proceedings was fulfilled, and many topics of Christ. and speakers were with regret passed over. A short time ago, being in the neighThe proceedings terminated with a vote of bourhood of Huddersfield, we were induced thanks to the Chairman, received by the to go a few miles into the country towards meeting, somewhat thinned by previous Clayton West and Scissett, large manufacsuccessive departures, with that enthusi- turing villages, where we had the pleasure asm with which a Lancashire Unitarian of joining in worship with a congregation audience recognizes the faithful and able in a neat and commodious Unitarian chapel performance on the part of their friends in the village. It appears that a gentleman of public duties.
in the neighbourhood, William Robinson, Thus terminated a most interesting and Esq., has taken a lively and active interest satisfactory meeting, one which greatly for some time past to establish among the encouraged the congregation at Heywood people a place of Unitarian Christian worand made a very great impression on the ship and instruction. His character, zeal people of the district, who learnt from it and labours have proved very successful that Unitarianism is not the cold and among the people, and we have no doubt chilling religion which its opponents de- but ultimately a minister will be settled scribe, but one which can rouse its friends in this place. The service was well atto united, zealous and liberal action. tended, and we never united with a people
On the following Sunday, notwithstand in worship who seemed more firmly joined ing intense cold, preceding a fall of snow, together and attentive to the whole of the very large congregations again assembled; religious duties of their church. A large that in the afternoon filled every part of Sunday-school, we were informed, had been the building in which seats were placed. established, and the teaching and the atAgain there were kind friends present to tendance had been very successful. Many help from Rochdale and Bury, but of course adult persons were attending the classes in less numbers than on the opening day. and learning reading and writing and sum. The services were conducted by Rev. Ř. ming as well, whose early schooling had Brook Aspland, of Hackney, who took oc- been neglected. The kindness of the memcasion to discourse on the moral influences bers of this little church who had been of social worship, and on the proper cha- more favoured in their youth is duly valued racteristics of Christian and spiritual wor- by the pupils. We found as well a library ship. Collections were again made amount of about 700 vols. of books had been formed ing to £31. The total amount raised by since the opening of the chapel. It is these opening services was £277, and when called “The Scissett Circulating and Sun. it is remembered that the Heywood con- day-school Library,” which is stated to be gregation is composed almost exclusively of the inalienable and irremovable property working men, such a result must be hailed of the Unitarian congregation assembling with a feeling of surprise. --To their Uni- in the Mission church at Scissett. We were tarian neighbours, and especially to the gratified to learn that the Committee was
always to be formed of eleven of the mem- to what Cardinal Wiseman alleged some bers of the congregation ; for we have years ago, that our views, promulgated known one or two places where our friends among the uneducated and working classes in the largeness of their hearts have allowed of the country, would lead them to abanthe books and funds collected by them- don not only what we considered superstiselves and contributed by ministers and tions, but all religion as well.
“Never friends of our church, to lapse into the yet," said the Cardinal, “had it been able hands of men who were not members of to exercise a salutary influence on that our churches, and who cared nothing for class.” The contrary we know to be the worship, and helped to exile religion from fact. At our meetings we have heard the the very place that had established the rough-handed quarrymen and the pitmen other means of improvement. The books declare they had found a joy and peace in at Scissett were of a really instructive and our views that had saved them from infiinteresting nature. We found the preachers delity; and we have seen the poor fisherwho conducted the services every Sunday man sitting in his humble home reading belonged to the Yorkshire Unitarian Mis- his Bible, to which he was drawn through sion Society. We forget the number of our representations of Christian truth. We preachers on the plan ; but among the lay say to our village churches, God-speed you ; men appointed we were pleased to find the go on and prosper! You will make a home regular ministers of the district were taking of acceptable worship for many, both rich a fair share of appointments among the and poor, who are sick and weary with the villagers. They spoke highly of the kind- dogmas of the Trinitarian faith. ness of the ministers and lay preachers. It was pleasing to hear the remark, that they always thought the last sermon, who
CHESTERFIELD SUNDAY - SCHOOL AND CONever preached it, was the best. Nothing could better shew their appreciation of the The annual sermon in behalf of the Sun. labours of those who come among them day-school connected with the place was than this, and the benevolent and devo- preached in Elder-Yard chapel, Chestertional character, rather than the fastidious field, by the Rev. A. M. Creery, B.A., of and critical, which distinguished them, and Stockport, on the evening of Sunday, Oct. so well becomes members of Christian 28. The chapel was well filled, and at the churches.
close of the discourse a collection was made We repeat, it is pleasing and cheering for the benefit of the school, amounting to to find in different parts of our country £17. 128. 6d. ministers and laymen are joining hands to On the following evening, Monday, the keep open chapels that for a time have no 29th, the annual soirée of the congregation appointed ministers, and opening out new was held in the large school-room, and places of worship in our towns and villages. was very fully attended, about 250 adults We had recently a plan of lay preachers of having sat down to tea. The room was one of our northern districts in our hand very beautifully decorated with festoons of for supplying our chapels, and among the evergreen and with numerous large engentlemen who had thus volunteered we gravings and paintings, lent chiefly by Mr. found four of them were the principal Barnes, a member of the congregation. editors and contributors to four of the Frederick Swanwick, Esq., of Whittington, leading papers of that part of the country. was in the chair, and the meeting was adSilently and effectually are our views find- dressed by Revds. J. J. Bishop, B.A., of ing their way to all the towns and villages Loughborough, J. Page Hopps, of Sheffield, of the country. Among the villagers there A. M. Creery, B.A., A. W. Worthington, is a great deal of Bible reading; and they B.A., of Mansfield, T. R. Elliott, of Ilkehave but to be shewn the truths we incul- ston, Henry Solly, of Lancaster, and F. cate are of the Scripture, and those views Bishop, of Chesterfield. The latter gave we oppose are unscriptural, and they will an encouraging report of the different inadhere to us. If our good friends who are stitutions of the congregation, especially helping on this work in their several places of the Sunday-school, which he spoke of not only support a character of high moral as being in a very flourishing condition. worth and intelligence, but of godly since- Messrs. Woodhead, W. Glossop, Barnes and rity and piety and faithful attendance to Sterland, members of the congregation, public worship, added to the other nume- also addressed the meeting. Several hymns rous good qualities so many of them pos- were sung by the whole assembly in the sess, many will be led to the adoption of a course of the evening, and the proceedings more simple, scriptural and rational faith, altogether were of a cheering and interestand to glorify our father in heaven. ing character.
The facts before us are a complete answer A local paper gave a full report of the meeting; and the circumstance of three of Bible an oak box was provided, lined with the ministers who took part in it having crimson velvet. A magnificent readingbeen converts to Unitarianism from ortho- stand was also procured, of carved oak and dox bodies, excited considerable notice in covered with crimson velvet. The marthe town, and drew forth in the paper fol. riage ceremony took place at Lewin's-Mead lowing that which contained the report an chapel, Bristol, in the presence of an anill-natured and uncandid comment from a usually large and brilliant assembly of writer signing himself “Veritas.” As there friends, and with such a concourse of was good reason to believe that this letter, spectators as probably was never before unworthy as was its tone, was from an in- gathered within the walls of that building. fuential quarter, it was met with a plain The service was read by Rev. R. Brook and fitting rebuke by Rev. Francis Bishop Aspland and Rev. Wm. James. At the in the same paper of the following week, conclusion of the ceremony, Mr. Aspland and also by a member of the Elder-Yard introduced a deputation, consisting of Mr. congregation, who signs himself A Unita- Wm. Wansey, Mr. Henry A. Palmer, Rev. rian Christian,
Edwin Chapman, Rev. Wm. James and himself, who were charged with a peculiar
and pleasing duty. Mr. Wansey then, NEWINGTON-GREEN CHAPEL.
pointing to the beautiful folio which was This ancient Presbyterian meeting-house, placed on the reading-stand within the with which so many names dear to piety altar rails, addressed Sir John Bowring in and to literature are associated, was re- these words: “As one of a deputation apopened on Sunday, November 11th, after pointed for the purpose, I have the honour having been closed during the preceding and pleasure of presenting to you a Bible, four months for repairs and enlargement. which is offered to you by the body to The sermon was preached by the Rev. T. which we all belong, as a testimony of the Madge, and was marked by all his usual high sense they entertain of your worth strength and clearness both of thought and and merit, of your consistency and courage, expression. There was a special musical and of your perseverance in the assertion service, in which the choir received the of your principles, through a long and honkind aid of Miss Philp and other friends ourable life. It is not my province to from the Free Christian Church, Camden trespass much on your time, or that of the Town. The collection towards the repairing ladies and gentlemen present this morning. and enlarging fund was liberal, and all I will only say that we all join heartily in strangers present expressed their gratifica- our congratulations to you and Lady Bowtion at the entire success with which the ring on this important and deeply-interestalterations had been carried out. Several ing occasion, and would express to you our persons overstayed the service, to contem- best wishes and our ardent desire that plate with interest the memorial - tablets health and happiness may attend you for to Mrs. Barbauld, Dr. Price and the poet many, many years. Of the rest, the inRogers, which are replaced in the enlarged scription on this book will be the best tesbuilding with greatly improved effect. timony, and will remain a standing memo
rial of the views we entertain." Mr. Wansey
then read the inscription, as follows: "This A REMARKABLE TRIBUTE OF RESPECT.
Bible was presented at Lewin's-Mead ChaThe recent marriage of Sir John Bow. pel, Bristol, November 8th, 1860, to Sir ring to Miss Castle, of Clifton, afforded an John Bowring, Kt., LL.D., &c., on the opportunity to his numerous Unitarian morning of his marriage to Miss Castle, as friends of testifying their feeling towards an offering of respect and affection, from him. Two magnificent Bibles were pro- Unitarians of the United Kingdom, Amecured. That for Sir John Bowring was a rica, Transylvania and Australia, including large paper copy of Bagster's Polyglot Bible persons of many ranks and classes, minis(consisting of versions of the Bible in eight ters, missionaries, students and Sunday. different tongues). This noble volume had school teachers, to mark their appreciation been the property of the late Dr. S. Lee, of his fidelity to religious convictions, and the editor of this Polyglot, and may be of the services which he has rendered, by considered in some respects unique. It his writings and example, to the cause of was splendidly bound by Mr. Bagster. pure Christianity.”. The Bible designed for Lady Bowring was Rev. R. Brook Aspland, holding in his a large paper copy of Bagster's Comprehen- hands the quarto Bible, said, “The honour sive Bible in quarto, bound in blue mo- is entrusted to me of presenting to you, rocco, with gilt clasps and ornaments, and Lady Bowring, a Bible which is the offering the gilt edges beautifully illuminated with of many friends in Bristol and elsewhere. Scripture passages in scroll. For each It will suffice if I read you the inscription,