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CONTENTS. NORTHERN ARMENIAN MISSION.

Letter from Mr. Bliss. Kharpoot :- Letters from Mr. Allen.

Protestants of Broosa,

248 Palu District-Prejudices-Hoshmat, 233 Diffused Influence of Truth-InterViolent Opposition, 234 esting Converts,

249 Conduct of officials-Work at Palu,. 235 Feelings of Turks-Greeks of DemirExtent of the Kharpoot Field-Ha

desh,

250 boosi and the Helper there,

236 Adrianople - Letter from Mr. Morse: A Petition from Geghi,

237 The City-Turkish Bigotry Yielding, 251 Yozgat :-Letter from Mr. Ball.

Mohammedans reading the Scriptures The Field and the People,

238 --Prospects among the Bulgarians, 252 Cesarea :

-Letter from Mr. Farnsworth. Other Nationalities Greeks and Promise at Nigda-An Enlightened

Jews-Call for present Effort, 253 School Teacher,

239 ASSYRIA MISSION :-Letter from Mr. Fuller Instruction Needed-A Varta

Williams. bed become Protestant Excite

The Jacobite Archbishop - Conferment-Influence of his Change, 240 ence with the Missionaries - ReEfforts to win him Back-His Reply

newed Petition for an English to a Letter,

241 Clergyman-Papal Officiousness, 254 Doubts-The Case interesting-Later

Firmness of the Archbishop Intelligence, 242 Preaching,

255 Baghchejuk :-Letters from Mr. J. w. ZULU MISSION: -- Annual Report. Parsons.

High School-Churches-Need of Help, 256 Adabazar and the Vicinity-Koord

BOMBAY MISSION: - Letter from Mr. beleng and Arslen beg-Ovajuk and

Harding. its Women-Improvement,

243 Visit to the Ahmednuggur FieldBillejik-Nice-Baghchejuk'-Varta

Conversions,

256 beds-- Protestant Meetings,

244 Obstacles at Bombay - Missionary Cases of Persecution -Interest at

Efforts-Encouragements,

257 Geiveh-Efforts to regain Protestants, 245

Efforts among Mahars,

258 Constantinople :-Letter from Mr. Peabody.

SHANGHAI MISSION :- Letter from Mr. Persecution at Moosh-Call for Test

Bridgman. aments and Preaching,

246 The Book and Colloquial Language A Young Man from a Monastery

of China,

258 Geghi,

247 The Field Calling for Cultivation

RECENT INTELLIGENCE,

260 Constantinople - Mussulman InHOME PROCEEDINGS,.

260 quirers, 248 DONATIONS,

260

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In making devises and legacies to the Board, the entire corporate zame, --- The American

The Corresponding Secretaries of the Board are Rev. RUFUS ANDERSON, Rev. Selan B. TREAT, Rev. Swan L. POMROY, and Rev. George W. Wood. Letters relating to the Missions and General Concerns of the Board, may be addressed

SECRETARIES OF THE A. B. C. F. M.

Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston. Letters intended for the Corresponding Secretary resident in New York may be addressed

Rev. GEORGE W. Wood, Bible House, Astor Place, New York city, Donations and letters relating to the Pecuniary Concerns of the Board, (except letters on the subject of the Missionary Herald,) should be addressed

JAMES M. GORDON, Treasurer of the A. B. C. F. M.

Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston, Letters relating to the Missionary Herald, Journal of Missions and Youth's Dayspring, and remittances for them, should be addressed

AUGUSTUS DURANT, Missionary House, 33 Pemberton Square, Boston. The following arrangement has been made in the system of General Agencies by the Prudential Committee, with a view to greater efficiency in the organizations for raising funds, on Districts.

District Secretaries. NORTHERN NEW ENGLAND: Maine, New Hampshire and Eastern Vermont,. Rev. WILLIAM WARREN, Gorham, Me. MASSACHUSETTS :

Rev. ISAAC R. WORCESTER, Auburndale, Ms. SOUTHERN NEW ENGLAND: Connecticut and Rhode Island,

Rev. ORSON COWLES, North Haven, Ct.
NEW YORK CITY:
New York city, Long Island, River Counties as [The care of this district is among the duties
far as Columbia and Greene, and East Jersey, devolving on Mr. Wood.]

EASTERN NEW YORK:
Delaware, Otsego, Oneida and Lewis Cos. for a

Western boundary, including Berkshire Co., in
Massachusetts, and Bennington, Rutland, Ad-
dison, Chittenden, and Franklin Cos., Vermont, Rev. J.H.PETTINGELL, 122 Statest. Albany, N.Y.

WESTERN NEW YORK:
All West of the Eastern District,

Rev. FREDERICK E. CANNON, Geneva, N. Y.
PHILADELPHIA:
Pennsylvania, West Jersey, Delaware, Maryland,
and District of Columbia,

Rev. JOHN MCLEOD, Philadelphia.
NORTHERN OHIO:
Western Reserve, and Counties West,

Rev. S. G. CLARK, Brooklyn, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio.
CINCINNATI:
Southern Ohio, Southern Indiana, and Southern
Illinois,

. Rev. H. A. TRACY, Cincinnati, Ohio. MICHIGAN AND NORTHERN INDIANA: Rev. 0. P. Hoyt, Kalamazoo, Mich.

NORTH-WESTERN DISTRICT: Wisconsin, Northern Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota,

Rev. CALVIN CLARK. NOTICE TO COLLECTORS AND DONORS. The Herald will be sent gratuitously-To every Donor, who does not prefer taking it as a subscriber, and contributes to the Board, in a year, not less than ten dollars: To every Collector, who collects, during the year, not less than fifteen dollars : To the Treasurer of pastor or stated supply of every congregation which contributes to the treasury of the Board every association or society, contributing, during one year, not less than twenty dollars : To the through the monthly concert or otherwise. It may be proper to add that the Herald is not sent to the members of the Board, as such, whether corporate, corresponding or honorary

Persons entitled to the Herald, as subscribers, or gratuitously, according to the foregoing regulations, who do not receive it

, are requested to give information of the failure. Persons receiving it

, but not entitled to it as subscribers, or gratuitously, are requested to return itir Those

who are entitled to a copy of the Herald gratuitously, can have a copy of the Journal and Dayspring instead, if they prefer it. (See last page of Cover.)

A copy of the Annual Report of the Board will be given to every association that con

Treasurers of Associations and Auxiliaries are requested to give information respecting the number of gratuitous Heralds and Reports required.

LEGACIES the testator may be defeated.

THE

MISSIONARY HERALD.

VOL. LIV.

AUGUST, 1858.

No. 8.

men.

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Morthern Armenian Mission.—Turkey. I we found the people generally very

strongly prejudiced against Protestants. KHARPOOT.

They had all heard of us; and judging LETTERS FROM MR. ALLEN, MARCH 19, | from their usually hostile attitude, had AND APRIL 17, 1858.

heard only evil reports. One prevalent In the first of these letters, Mr. Allen re report was, that our object was to enlist Sports a tour, in company with Mr. Dunmore, This story the priests diligently to a portion of the field connected with the

circulate. Many times we were asked Kharpoot station, respecting which little ac

whether we gave monthly wages. My count has heretofore been given. It lies northeast from Kharpoot, on both sides of the east | writing materials, which I used occasionbranch of the Euphrates, in the vicinity of ally, strengthened their suspicions; but Palu. The account which he furnishes of generally we were able to dispel their different towns, villages, and clusters of vil fears and soften their prejudices. In lages, upon different plains bordering on the

many instances, also, the truth seemed tiver, and in various positions among the

to take hold upon their minds, and we mountains and hills, as well as most of the details of the journey and of incidents in trust that, with God's blessing, a little of different places, must be omitted. Some in the good seed sown may have fallen on teresting general statements, and an ac- good ground, and will spring up and count of an exciting scene of violence, in bear fruit. which the lives of our brethren were put in jeopardy, will be found in portions of the

Hoshmat. letter here presented. The Palu DistrictPrejudices.

Towards evening, on Monday, March

7, we reached a large village, HoshThere are at least 200 villages in mat. It is a little elevated from the the Palu district; some containing half plain, overlooking the numerous vila dozen houses, while others have 400 or lages which we had been visiting for 500: Fifty thousand is probably a low es

several days previously. We found actimate of the population of that part of commodations for ourselves and our

a large proportion being Ar- horses, and spent some time upon the menian. During our tour we visited roof, noting the bearing of the villages twenty vill a ges. Most of them had never

which lay scattered around us. At the been visited by missionaries before, and time of evening service we went with VOL. LI Y.

16

our field;

the people to their church, sat with them sides, beating our heads and faces, with until their services were concluded, and hands and sticks. I continued facing then went quietly away.

As we came the ringleader, warding off his blows, into the street a large crowd of people and those of others, as well as I could. was assembled, with whom we began to Stunned by repeated strokes, I had fallen converse in a very friendly manner. nearly to the ground, when one fellow They asked if we knew who built their struck me on my forehead with a càne, church, saying that it was built by the and another tried to stamp my head.to Apostle Thaddeus. We endeavored to the ground; but I sprang to my feet 80 show them that they were mistaken, quickly that he failed in his murderous telling them that in the time of Thad- purpose. Having started, this part of the deus, the Armenian nation was far to the crowd pressed forward, pushing me beeastward, in Persia ; and more than all fore them down the steep descent, tothis, the Armenians were not Christian wards the street. The ringleader was ized until the time of Gregory the Illu next to me, still beating me on the head, minator, who lived several hundred years when in warding off his blows I chanced later than Thaddeus. “ But admitting

to run my hand into his hair, which I that your church was built by that apos clenched and bore him to the ground, as tle,” we said, “ of what use is that to

the crowd were pushing me down the you ? Here is the Testament which we descent, and pulled him down with me; know was written by many apostles. and over and over he rolled, to the botHere are recorded the commands of tom. I also fell, having been crowded Christ, which we are to obey first of all.” off the side of the terrace wall, but was Violent Opposition.

up again before any one had a chance to fall on me.

· At this moment I saw. Mr. In this manner we talked with them for Dunmore near me, his face covered with some time. Some of them asked insult blood. He threw his arm about me, as ing questions, and others talked in a very if to shield me from farther violence, loud tone, becoming more and more ex crying out to the mob, “Stop! For mercited. The crowd had pressed close cy's sake stop! will you kill us!” But no around us, as we stood on an elevated sooner were we thus a little separated terrace, descending to the street. Mr. from the crowd, than a dozen or more of Dunmore was my right, a little sepa them seized large stones and hurled them rated from Hohannes and myself. The

at us.

Some of these were of two or chief speaker, evidently choosing his three pounds' weight. One struck me in position at a little distance from Mr.

the breast, and another hit Hohannes' Dunmore, who had a heavy cane, came

It is due only to an overruling up to Hohannes and began to talk in a Providence, that one or all of us were very loud tone. At length he said that not killed outright by the many stones we had cursed their church. Hohannes that were thrown. The man who struck replied, rather sharply, that it was not

me with a cane, son of the head-man of 80, whereupon the fellow suddenly struck the village, seeing to what length they him in the face. I immediately inter

were going, tried to restrain their fury, fered, trying to quiet the man and pre and there was a temporary lull of the vent any further harm, when he dealt me storm of rage. a blow on my head, and followed it by

When the ringleader began to strike, repeated blows which almost stunned

Mr. Dunmore tried to interfere. He used He cried out, at the same time:

no violence, however, though he might 6. Whoever loves God, let him beat them."

have crippled many of them with his We were all separated from each other, cane. while the mob pressed upon us on all

turned upon him, striking him in the facé.

arm.

me.

A part of them immediately

and on the head. His efforts to come to wounds. Mr. Dunmore's face was well

my rescue were unavailing, and he was nigh covered with blood, he having reEl borne with the rush of the crowd, down ceived a severe blow on his nose, which o the descent, where we joined each other had caused the blood to run profusely.

in the midst of a shower of stones. We Hohannes' arm was badly swollen. The had no sooner picked up our hats, which blow from the cane had made a gash in were lost off in the melee, than the my forehead, an inch long; while the crowd again rushed upon us, pushing and swelling covered a space three inches pulling, to hurry us to our lodging place. long by one and a half broad. The vaOne fellow came rushing after us, as we keel was very kind to us, had water went along, his eyes glaring like a furi- brought for us to wash, sent us a nice ous wild beast's, and attempted to strike supper, and insisted on our occupying us with his fist; but we were so sur his guest's room. Nice, clean beds were rounded by other enemies that he could brought, and after prayer we laid us not come near enough to reach us. Hav- | down and slept sweetly till morning. ing reached the house where we were to The vakeel came at an early hour, had stop for the night, two men planted them- breakfast brought, and ate with us. He selves in the door-way, saying that we

afterwards sent several cavasses to bring could not enter, it would defile the house. the men from Hoshmat. Hohannes acSeveral others ran to the stable and companied them and made a list of thirty brought our horses ; and as we did not persons who were engaged in the asimmediately take the halters, they threw sault upon us. Twenty-three of these them, and let the horses loose. But the were brought and put in prison, and after animals did not seem at all in sympathy two or three days a few more were with our persecutors, remaining quiet in brought. We recognized some of them, the midst of the rabble while we made pointed them out to the vakeel, and left ready to go.

The crowd cried out to him to inflict such punishment on them Away! away with you from our as he thought best. village.” We said to them: “ The Jews

The ringleader in this affair, it is stated, beat Christ and his Apostles in the same

murdered his own father a few years since. way. We are unworthy of such honor, The missionaries were beset with entreaties and we are not only willing to suffer, but that they would suffer the men to be let off to die even for the sake of Christ. May without punishment, which they thought it God have mercy upon you."

More

not wise or safe to do; but when they had

been in prison four days, the Moodir arrived stones were thrown at us as we started,

and at once released them. On returning to but we left without further harm, re

Kharpoot the brethren made a statement of joicing that we were counted worthy to the case to the Pasha, who appeared friendly suffer shame for His name, who loved us

and had sent cavasses to arrest the guilty and laid down his life for us. We rode

individuals. .-.-an hour and a half in the darkness, over a very bad road, in some places being

The Work at Palu. obliged to get off and feel out our way On account of this Hoshmat affair, we

were detained some days in Palu, and

had a good opportunity to observe what Conduct of Officials.

progress the work has made there. We At length we reached Palu, and went have two helpers in the place, who directly to the house of the Moodir's preach the truth in the midst of violent

vakeel (deputy). The Moodir himself, opposition. One of them, the teacher having been recently appointed, had not of the school, was turned out of doors by

to the city. We represented his parents when he first embraced the the cage

us :

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with a cane.

yet come

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