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received an order from the Kâim Makâm, subject to him, but to the Persian.govgiven after our arrival at Tabreez, urg ernment. Thus it appeared, that he did ing him forward in the execution of his not intend to regard these documerits in instructions relative to our missions, and the least, and that he did not consider threatening him with heavy penalties in the order of the Kaim Makâm as given case of neglect. The Persian agent had in good faith. requested the Kâim Makâm to furnish a

The same day he summoned Deacon written document to Mar Gabriel and Yoosuph, of Degalla, our translator, who Mar Yoosuph, constituting them the had ventured to preach in his village heads of the people, and committing to after he had forbidden it. He treated them the supervision of all our labors. him with great indignity, threatening to This document was not given; but the put him in irons and send him to TehKâim Makâm directed him to assure ran. He took a written obligation, with those Bishops, that in case they did the a penalty of a hundred dollars' fine, from government good service in this matter, the people of that village, that they they would be remembered and rewarded. would inform him in case any one there On the receipt of this order, the agent did not keep all the Nestorian fasts; or proceeded to act with new vigor. A in any way did not live according to teacher of one of our village schools Nestorian usages. He demanded an obwas brought to the city, and beaten, be- ligation from Deacon Yoosuph, that he cause Mar Gabriel complained that he would not preach; but the demand was would not obey him. One of our preach-withdrawn when we requested it. ers, located in a village, was severely Most of our village schools are dis: beaten by a servant of the agent, without banded, and those few which are still in any reason except that he was in our session will probably be broken up

withemploy. Our friends were summoned out much delay. We are daily expect from all directions, and threatened with ing that a blow will be struck at our te cruel penalties if they did not conform seminaries. A threat has been made to in all things to the usages of the church, gather the issues of our press, scattered as in former times.

among the people, and make a bonfire of

them. So far from being led to relax his opposition by the order of the Kàim Makâm, Asker Aly Khan eems rather to have been stirred by it

Death of General Asker Khan. to take yet more decided measures against

In a postscript to this letter, dated Decenia the missionary work; judging, rightly, that ber 19, a new, and, as was supposed, the Kâim Makâm had no desire to see him

what important turn of affairs is mentioned change his course. Dr. Wright continues :

An event has just transpired bere, The day after our return, we sent to

which must have an important bearing him the order of the Kaim Makâm, and upon our matters. Asker Khan, the the letter from the Russian consul, ob- general of the Persian troops in this tained at Tabreez. The next day was the part of the country, was killed yesterSabbath. Early Monday morning, he sent day by a Koordish chief in Mergawet, his secretary to us with the message, eight hours from this city. The corpse that he did not consider the order we was carried past our door only a few brought as annulling previous orders, but minutes ago. The event falls like only directing him to treat us civilly; and thunderbolt upon the community. The moreover that he had new instructions general was on the frontier with his from the Kaim Makâm to proceed in troops, where he was destroying some breaking up our operations. As to the old Koordish fortifications. A Koordish letter from the Russian consul, he direct-chief, the owner of one of these forts ed his Secretary to say, that he was not came to the camp, as though to give, ia

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his submission; and while in the gen with the few native Christians to be found eral's : tent, fell upon him, plunging a

among that population, and his first connec

tion with the missionary work on missionary dagger into his body, killing him on the

ground. spot. The Koord, before he could make his.escape, was cut to pieces by the sol It is three weeks to-day since we diers. This general, wily and deceitful, arrived; and to us, who look on these was no doubt at the bottom of all the an scenes of heathenism for the first time, noyances we are at present experiencing they have been weeks of thrilling interfrom the Persian government. He was est. I had made myself acquainted at court when the famous firman in rela with the character and habits of the tion to us was issued, and probably dic- people, so far as books and converse with tated it.

missionaries could furnish information ; No Change of Policy.

but one look at these crowded streets,

one half hour in this region of mature Eight days later, December 27, Dr. Wright

heathenism, gives me a clearer idea of wrote again:

its terrible power, and makes a deeper There is no change in the aspect of impression, than all that I have ever read Our : affairs. Since the death of gen

or heard. eral Asker Khan, a letter has been re

We landed soon after sunrise; and ceived from the Kàim Makâm, addressed

you will understand our feelings as we to the general, commending him for sup- met that half-clad throng upon the porting Asker Aly Khan in breaking up

wharf, and heard the strange jargon of our schools and in opposing our labors,

many voices all around us, and the disand alluding to our having been at Ta

tant roar of busy life in the city. It breez, and to the order he gave the Turk

really seemed like a second Babel. As ish consul for us, as in no way to modify

we passed along, through the native his previous instructions.

Asker Aly

town, I could not but ask myself the Khan is, consequently, pursuing the

questions, “Whạt has Christianity done same line of opposition to us as before

here? Where are the signs, that it the death of his supporter here. He

exists at all ?' And to the eye of a firmly believes that he will be sustained

stranger, there hardly appeared a single by the central government.

eddy in the broad, deep current of heathenism. Everything seemed to speak

of superstition, debasement and idolatry. Bombay Mission.— India.

But a brief residence in this place has LETTER FROM MR. HARDING, FEBRUARY

given us pleasing and abundant evidence 2, 1857.

that Christianity has an existence, though Mr. and Mrs. HARDING, of the mission

its general effect hardly appears on the ary company whose arrival at Bombay was face of society. There are living witannounced in the last number of the Herald, nesses of the power of the gospel here, have been convinced that it is their duty, in and we have been much cheered in view of the necessities of the Bombay mis- meeting with these native Christians. sion to remain for a time at that place. Others of the company have gone on, Mr.

Their meek and Christlike deportment and Mrs. Wood to Satara, and Messrs. Fair

contrasts strangely with the haughty bạnk and Dean, with their wives, to Ahmed-bearing of their countrymen generally.

We have also received a most hearty First Impressions.

welcome, by letter, from those rative In this letter, in a few graphic sentences,

pastors, beloved for their worki's sake, in Mr. Harding presents the impressions made Ahmednuggur. The good work seems upon his mind by his first actual contact with

to be progressing as rapidly. as ever in heathen population, his first intercourse I all that region, and we long to be shar

nuggur.:

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ers with our brethren there, in their toils might gather around me, but was not able to and their rejoicings.

continue this labor the whole year. I felt it

my duty, under the circumstances, to give my Increased Interest in Missions. whole time and strength to the English

school.” He is unable to report any con I need not say that we are very happy

versions during the year in this school...A in view of the work before us. I cannot

few have apparently been more than conconceive of a higher privilege than to vinced of the divine authority of the Bible, a spend a lifetime in such a field and in

few have had their consciences more or less such a service. If I had any zeal and

awakened to the momentous realities of eterlove for this work in America, it has

nity, and I have thought, that could I have

secured them that protection which they felt been increased a hundredfold since

that they must have if they renounced Hincoming to this land. And I verily be dooism, more than one would have made lieve, could American Christians but see profession of Christianity. I was unwilling with their own eyes what heathenism is,

to protect them farther than this, I would they would be astonished at their pres

render them every assistance in my power,

that their spiritual and legal rights, which ent apathy. I am sure, if they realized the laws of Britain guarantee to all under the condition of these perishing millions, their jurisdiction, should be preserved. ! there could be no lack of interest in the was willing to make my house a place missionary cause. A debt resting on

refuge till after the first storm of rage the American Board would be an impos

persecution should have spent its force, and

then I must insist that they should find a sibility. The treasury would always

home in the house of some one of the Chrisoverflow with grateful offerings. Self tian families of our church." denial and personal sacrifice for the heathen, together with fervent prayer,

English School. would not be unusual in the daily expe Respecting this school, to which, as stated. rience of Christians. But alas ! how above, he had devoted his time and strength, anomalous, at present, are these charac Mr. Hurd writes : teristics in the church! Where are the The most important change made in men who are really making sacrifices, the English school during the year, was who even practice economy, that the introducing, in the month of June, the gospel may be published in all lands! system of requiring lads to pay for their Meanwhile these souls are perishing tuition. The rate is little more than precious souls, made in the image of nominal, yet it is the establishing of a God, capable of an eternal weight of principle of no small moment in this glory, and for whom Christ has died

country. The effect upon the school and they perish without a knowledge of was considerable, reducing the daily this amazing truth!

regular attendance from 259 to 152. This reduction would not have been so

great if all the mission schools in Madras Madras Mission.—India. had adopted the same plan; but this LETTER FROM MR. HURD, JANUARY 7,

none of the schools in Black Town have 1857.

as yet done. Though we lost in num.

bers, in several respects we have gained Review of the Year.

much. The daily attendance of the LOOKING back upon the year which had lads has been more regular, and they passed, Mr. Hurd says the routine of his have applied themselves more duties had been so regular and uniform that to their studies. In a word, the change he had no striking incidents to relate. "My has imparted a more permanent charac duties in the school, prohibited me from doing much among the masses around me.

ter to the school. No considerations In the early part of the year, I went out would induce me to recede in this matdaily in the morning to speak to such as ter. The time has passed in Madras

,

diligently

for any necessity for giving an education olic church, and, at the time he came, was gratuitously to the Hindoos. Christian attending the Roman Catholic high school in

Black Town. He broke his caste without the schools may now take their stand by the

least hesitation.” The friends of this young side of the large heathen schools, in re

man have manifested a bitter feeling towards quiring the boys to pay for their educa- him, but he has not suffered active persecution. Considering the important changes tion. He is laboring to support himself in a in the school, and the changes in the printing office, learning the business of a pupils , I have some reason to be satis

compositor. “He has given me great satis

faction, and seems to be imbued with the fied with the result of the mere educa

Spirit of God. The members of the church, tional effort; and I have not been with

without an exception, gave their cheerful and out hope, that more than one heart has unqualified approbation to his admission. been taken captive by the truth. But He is about eighteen years of age, and will the Lord has not permitted us to see the by and by come into possession of a little

property. I have not seen the first indication, captive freed from the chains of Hin

that he had a thought of support in his desire dooism.

to follow Christ.”

It was hoped that another person, a female The public examination of the school took

employed in the girls' school, would unite place on the evening of December 16. A

with the church at the same time. Mr. Hurd goodly number of Europeans were present,

says it is her full purpose to join the people and Honorable Walter Elliot was in the

of God at the next communion season, though chair. Mr. Hunt, of this mission, writes,

her parents had told her that “if she united that the chairman and others have expressed

with the church they should cast her into the themselves as highly gratified with the im

street.” proved appearance of the school. He adds : "Mr. Hamilton very kindly aided, and examined the larger class in Matthew, which gave 'much satisfaction. It was really interesting

Ceylon Mission. and encouraging to notice the views he elic

CHAVAGACHERRY. ited from them, by his nice mode of drawing them out. The native teachers joined in

LETTER FROM MR. HASTINGS, OCTOBER taking some of the classes and did well. The more I see of Lyman, the head teacher, the

2, 1856. more he rises in my estimation as a scholar This letter, which was long on the way, and a man."

makes some report of matters connected with

the Chavagacherry station and its out-staVernacular Schools - The Church. tions, for the six months ending September 30.

The work, Mr. Hastings says, “has been The vernacular schools, Mr. Hurd writes, have remained much the same as when Mr.

carried on as in previous months. One cate

chist has been removed to another station, --Winslow left. I have abolished one school, because a Christian teacher whom I employed

in consequence of sickness in his family, and could not succeed in obtaining pupils. I have

the portion of the field assigned to him has

been left for the most part unoccupied. grown skeptical in relation to the utility of

Regular services on the Sabbath have been heathen schools, unless the missionary can

continued in four places in the forenoon, and exercise over them a careful supervision, and place in them a faithful and reliable Christian

in six places in the afternoon. The attendteacher. I think of uniting, this year,

ance at these services has been somewhat three

less than during the prece six months, avernacular schools in one, so that I can look after them myself.” The number of pupils

but the congregations have been such as to connected with these schools during the year

encourage us. At Varany, though the catehas been about 229 boys and 48 girls.”

chist has continued his labors as usual, there Five persons were admitted to the church in

has been no manifest progress, but we cherish 1856, and Mr. Hurd says, “The first Sabbath

the hope that the seed sown will take root of the new year, I had the pleasure of receiv

and yet produce fruit." ing to the church Chinnasauny, a young man Who came to me in June last, expressing an

Pleasing facts at Usan and its eatnest wish to become a Christian. He was

Vicinity. of good caste, a member of the Roman Cath There is still much that is interesting at

PASTOR.

gle with poverty has been so severe that

U san, from which place encouraging facts In July, Messrs. Sanders and Hastings, were reported in April, 1856.

with three native assistants, visited the

northern district of the main island, called One individual there, mentioned in my the “Wanny.” They were much interested last, has continued to give pleasing evi in what they saw, and were impressed with dence of genuine interest in the truth, | the desirableness of supplying that hitherto and we are encouraged to hope that he neglected district with the preaching of the is a true child of God. A relative of

gospel.

At the close of his letter, Mr. Hastings menn his, to whom also I have alluded before,

tions the sad case of Goodrich, who, after is still reading the Bible, and expresses being for years a preacher of the gospel, had a determination to take that as his guide. renounced the faith and labored to destroy the Of these two the catechist says, “ They the influence of that truth which oncë she seem to be earnest in seeking the truth. preached. There will be apostates as well as

scoffers. They have together purchased a Bible and are regularly observing the Sabbath. The people of the village are greatly

LETTER FROM MR. HUNT, THE NATIVE surprised at seeing such a change in them.” He adds that “some of their

A LETTER has also been received from Mr. relatives also are inquiring about reli- Hunt, the native pastor of the church at gion.” The Romanists in that vicinity, the six months ending in September and

Charagacherry, who reports his labors for at times, have seemed to be somewhat

says: “ Though the state of things immediaroused and disposed to give heed to the ately around the station are not so cheering, truth, but have again relapsed into indif yet there are enough signs of good to encourference. Still, in one village, the cate

age us to more labor. The Lord continuing chist reports, “ four or five among the

to bless us, we hope soon to see one and Romanists freely confess that Romanism

another casting his lot among the people of

God.” Much of his letter has reference to is false, and that the Bible, portions of facts which are also spoken of by Mr. Hastwhich they have received and read, is ings. He had visited Usan, and Mokammaz, true. They frequently attend our meet and was encouraged by what he saw. "At Of another he says, “ he has

the latter place especially, he thinks there scarcely been absent from our meetings

is a real working of the gospel leaven.". on the Sabbath for the past year, and he

Visit to Karadive. has abandoned the practice of gambling and intemperance to which he was form

In September he visited Karadive and other

islands. He writes : erly addicted. He still, however, engages in secular work on Sabbath after At Karadive I stopped over the Sabnoon.” The Romanists in that locality bath, and preached in the morning. to? are very much addicted to gambling, the little church assembled, from the intemperance and Sabbath-breaking.

words of our Savior, “Remember Lot's wife.”

In the afternoon, in company At Kutchy, the Sabbath service has been with Rev. Mr. Cornelius, I attended a continued, though the attendance has some

meeting in the house of a brother named what declined. tried at that place of sustaining a regular service of idols came to the service of

The experiment was being Paul. There the drum used once in the service without the aid of a school. experiment, thus far, has succeeded better Jehovah, and called the people to the than was expected.” The native pastor of meeting. While they were assembling the church at Chavagacherry has prose- Mr. Cornelius was conversing in come cuted his labors with little interruption,

corner with a female church member and Mr. Hastings thinks, “with increasing satisfaction to his congregation.” One

who was absent from the morning ser individual has been excommunicated from vice for want of clothing. Her husbajd the church for heathenish practices. None

also was with her. Though their strög have been admitted during the six months.

ings."

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