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Vol. LIII.

MAY, 1857.

No. 5.

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American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Horthern Armenian Mission.-Turkey. furniture. The brethren are welcomed

warmly in all of them, and are expected BAGHCHEJUK.

to read and expound the Scriptures. LETTER FROM MR. J. W. PARSONS, FEB- From ten to thirty in each place, form RUARY 19, 1857.

the circle of listeners. The teacher of The intelligence from this station, it will

the school is much sought for, being a be seen, continues to be of a most cheering good reader and a ready talker. He says character. “During the past month,” Mr. he is often called in when passing, and Parsons says, “two persons have been added sometimes for two or three hours he keeps to the church. The congregations have been increasing, owing to the coming in from the

the attention of his hearers, who often mountains of a large number of colliers, many

entirely forget, meanwhile, their chooof whom are enlightened.” Of this class,

books and coffee. He called recently at there are several hundred whose time is spent a shop where formerly Protestants were in the mountains except when the snow is on

not admitted. There was no Bible there, the ground. There are, besides, several hun- and he had none with him. Those presdreds who have no work in the winter, and of these “ enough wish to listen to the truth to

ent would not believe that he was withwarrant a full congregation every day. To the

out a New Testament, until they had extent of our preaching ability, we meet this searched him. “What!" they said, “you demand for the truth by extra public services

a Protestant, and without the New Tesduring the week.” The faithful efforts of tament.” On another occasion he took members of the church, the wide door which is opened for these efforts, and the great pro

with him his New Testament, and was gress which the cause of truth is making, are

welcomed. After talking awhile the cofclearly seen from the following statements of fee-jee said, “That's enough, this is not

a church.” The people replied, “We Preaching in the Coffee-shops.

don't hear the gospel in the church, we

wish it to go on." The coffee-shop is The members of the church have been controlled by the wishes of those who active and faithful in improving the op- frequent it

, rather than by the proprietor ; portunities occurring daily, in the coffee the coffee-jee is a public servant. Our shops

, of disseminating the light. In brother proceeded. Soon the church many of these shops, the Bible has be- board sounded; the coffee-jee called the as much so as a piece of attention of the hearers to the fact, but


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this brief letter.

come a fixture,


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in vain. They said, “This is our varta- Protestantism is irreligion and infidelity, bed, this is our church, this is the gos- but, on the contrary, that it is the true repel.” There are many of the brethren ligion, pleasing to God. An illustration thus employed daily, during the intervals of this fact is the case of a woman, who, of labor. The blacksmiths finish their during a severe illness, made a vow that day's work before noon, and thus have if she recovered she would attend the several hours daily for self-improvement Protestant chapel. She got well, and for and their labors of love. Many of our some months she has been one of the brethren are blacksmiths.

regular hearers of the word.

Females constitute about one-third of The Past and the Present.

the usual congregations. In their behalf, These brethren say, in comparing the in a remarkable manner, the grace of God present with the last winter, that there is has proved stronger than the power of a great difference. There is less excite- the priests and superstition. One after ment, but more thought and feeling. another, they have dropped away from There are now no loud discussions, but the confessional and become regular ata serious examination of the truth. There tendants at the chapel. The mother of is a hungering for the word.

one of the now Protestant families, when It is so, and to a remarkable extent called to confess, went and confessed God has provided warm-hearted Christian that she had sinned in various ways, brethren, who delight in the work of and was by nature a lost sinner. But dispensing the Word to those who are that which lay heaviest on her heart was, hungering for it. These simple-minded that she had looked to her fastings and believers take it for granted that there is confessions, and the sacrifices of the saa demand for the Word of Life wherever crament, and the absolutions of the priest, they go, and so they go every where instead of Christ, the only and all-sufpreaching the gospel.

ficient Savior. At this the priest cast In traveling, I have heard it remarked her from him as a viper. that the Protestants of this place are the

At the close of his letter Mr. Parsons says, worst of all, that they disregard all rules “The church in Adabazar is enjoying a seaof politeness, and talk in coffee-shops as son of excitement which they hope may prove if they were in the church. Those of to be a season of refreshing from above." The the pital, and Nicomedia and Adaba

attendance at the chapel in Nicomedia is inzar, are said to be more civil.

creasing under the labors of Baron Serope, a The

licensed preacher. brethren usually reply to the complainants, “Brethren, what shall we do? Without faith in Christ, men will perish

SIVAS. forever."


18, 1856. Superstitions rejected-A Confession.

The first subject to which Dr. Jewett refers The patron saint of this place is St. in this letter is one of deep interest, not only James. On his day the old church is

to himself, but to the several missionary famcrowded. This year it was not crowded.

ilies at Sivas, Arabkir, Tocat, and Cesarea. The vartabed took occasion to say, for

It is, the great importance of having at least

one more missionary physician in that region. the encouragement of the weak and des. At all the stations mentioned, the missionponding, that Saint James had a special aries now look to him for medical attendance. regard for the place and a good stock of Yet the distance from Sivas to Tocat is eightmerit to be used in its behalf. Upon

een hours, about fifty-four miles; to Cesarea,

thirty hours; and to Arabkir, thirty-six hours. this sixty persons arose and left in a

Within the past few months, he writes, "I body, creating a great sensation.

have been once to Arabkir, twice to Cesarea, The idea is no longer abroad, that and three times to Tocat. Since the tenth of



urge, as he

July, I have traveled eleven hundred miles ; merous surrounding towns and villages. and that not leisurely in a carriage, over a

At least twenty preachers, teachers and good road, but on horseback, and generally at “post rate. Several times I have made colporters are at work under the direc

tion of that station. The missionaries the journey between Tocat and Sivas in a single day, a distance of fifty or sixty miles over

resident there, Messrs. Richardson and a mountainous road. While I was in Cesa- Pollard, have a great and responsible rea, a special messenger arrived, bringing a work to perform, in directing and overletter from Tocat announcing Mr. Van Len

seeing the numerous native laborers connep's dangerous illness, and urging me to go there as soon as possible. The next morn

nected with the work in the city and its ing I mounted my horse, and after four days' | large out-stations.

Toward Erzengan hard riding I was able to reach Tocat. I ar- and Egin on the north, Keban Maden rived there nine days after Mr. Van Lennep and Malatia on the south, and Divrik on was taken ill, and not until the crisis of his

the west, their attention must be condisease had nearly or quite passed.” Under

stantly directed. Their native preachers such circumstances, he may well

and teachers, and native churches, all does, “the necessities of these eight mission families;

the wants of the missionary work require constant oversight and direction. at his own station, where he " sees a great Many of the Armenians of Arabkir amount of direct missionary labor” which he and its villages are merchants, who spend earnestly wishes to peform; his duties to his months in Erzroom and Aleppo, engaged own family, who may be, as they have been,

in trade, and then return to their native urgently needing his medical attendance when he is far away; and regard for his health, city or village. Many who have thus which is in danger of seriously suffering from gone to those cities, have come back ensuch continued labor and exposure, as rea- lightened men, Protestants. Thus the sons why another physician should be sent. missionaries who have been sowing the Who will go ?

good seed in Erzroom and Aleppo, though The Work at other Stations-Arabkir. they may not have seen it spring up in

the place where it has been sown, may Having been thus called to visit different portions of the missionary field, Dr. Jewett yet have the blessed assurance that the has had much opportunity to observe the good

seed has not been lost, but that it has work which is going forward; and the state- sprung up, and is bearing good fruit in ments which he makes respecting the differ- another portion of the Master's vineyard. ent stations will be read with the more inter

The same is true in Sivas. Here also est, as coming from one not connected with these stations. He writes :

the light came first from Erzroom. What

an encouragement do these facts afford, Since the first of September last, it to cast our bread upon the waters, ashas been my precious privilege to be a sured that it will be found again, even personal observer of the progress which though it be after many days, and in a the work of God has made, and is still distant place. making, in Arabkir, Divrik, Tocat, and Cesarea ; and to become acquainted with

Divrik and Villages around. the missionary brethren and native as- Divrik (an out-station) is twelve hours, sistants laboring at these several stations. that is about thirty-six miles, nearly west Arabkir and Divrik I had not visited be- of Arabkir. I was able to make but a fore, and it gave me great pleasure to brief stop in the city. I saw, however, behold the work of the Lord in those sufficient to assure me that the good places.

hand of the Lord has been, and still is, Arabkir is well known to the readers at work there, and was much gratified of the Herald, as one of the most inter- with all I saw. The spirit of humility, esting and flourishing stations in this of intelligence and devotion to his work, mission. A great work seems to be in manifested by the native preacher, was progress in that city; and also in its nu- l especially, gratifying. The evidence of

6 How long

brotherly love among the members of had left the old church, in whose docthe church and community, was very

trines and ceremonies he appeared to remarked and pleasing. I was informed tain the fullest confidence. that the wives and families, as well as is it since this new Protestant religion the husbands, in Divrik, are Protestants. was got up? Where are your churches ? At many of the stations this is not so. You have no churches as we Armenians The women, ordinarily, are much more have. How can you worship God withignorant and degraded than the men, out a church?” This is a specimen of and consequently are much more under the poor old man's talk. The other was the influence of the priesthood, and much an intelligent-appearing, serious-minded more opposed to the reception of the young man, not an open Protestant, but truth. In calling upon the Turkish gov- a reader of the gospel, and very friendly ernor of the city, and the Judge, I was to the truth. He said that he was one of pleased to find that they manifested about a dozen young men of Divrik, who much friendly interest in the Protest- were accustomed, on the Sabbath, to reants.

sort to a shady nook by the river side, Returning from Divrik, I stopped for there to read the gospel, and discuss toan hour in the middle of the day, at a gether the truths of God's word. These sınall village among the mountains. young men, he said, were not quite ready While seated, taking some refreshment, to come out and be known as Protesta villager came in and extended his hand ants, but were earnestly searching the toward me with words of welcome. I Scriptures in order to learn the way of was not a little surprised to find one in God more perfectly. that secluded village ready to give so cordial a greeting to an entire stranger.

Tocat. Soon, another man came in, and repeated

At Tocat, Dr. Jewett "was pleased to notice the same kind salutation. They said, that there had been a slight increase in the “We are brothers, and are Protestants." attendance upon Sabbath worship since last They gave me a pressing invitation to spring." He was told, however, by one of call at their house, which I accepted,

the helpers, that in the city generally, the

same indifference to the reception of the and there had a very pleasant talk with

truth, and disinclination to engage in religthese two rude mountaineers, their aged

ious discussion, which has been apparent mother, and the wife of one of them, there for a considerable period, still exists. upon things pertaining to the kingdom. Said the helper, “ Tocat was neglected too They all seemed very glad to see and

long. It should have had a missionary

sooner." converse with me; and when we parted,

The Tocat seminary for young men, Dr. they expressed many kind wishes, and

o continues to flourish finely, sent many Christian salaams to the breth

and most of the pupils give promise of much ren in Sivas. One of these villagers is a usefulness in the future.” member of the Divrik church. They have suffered persecution for the truth's

Cesarea and its Women. sake, but have remained firm, and assured

The statements which follow, respecting me that they preached the gospel to their

the woman of Cesarea as contrasted with the friends and neighbors as they had oppor- women of other places in Turkey, are intertunity.

esting and important, as they are very sugAt another mountain village, where I gestive. spent the night, I found two men from At Cesarea I spent a number of days, Divrik, trading in the village. One of and was exceedingly gratified to notice these was quite an old man, the father of the marked progress which the work of the Protestant preacher in Divrik. He God in that city has made, since my

visit seemed to feel very badly that his son there two years ago this month.

Jewett says,


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