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the interval from the accession of Rehoboam to the dispersion of the apostate tribes, would have agreed with every recorded criterion of the intermediate times.
This period may conveniently be divided into two parts.
1. From the death' of Ahaziah to that of Uzziah, kings of Judah, the sum of the reigns is 127. Uzziah and Pekahiah, king of Israel, died in the same year. From the 12th of Joram, exclusively, to the death of Pekahiah, must likewise intervene 127 years. Jeroboam II, in Samaria, died 14 years after the beginning of Uzziah's personal reign in Judah, which was the 13th from the death of Amaziah ; and 13 + 14 = 27, connect the 41st, or last, year of Jeroboam with the 27th of Uzziah, thus : · Athalia - 6
Jehu . 28
Amaziah - 29 Joah - 16 ... Uzziah - 27 Jeroboam 41
Uzziah reigned 52 years, and consequently lived 25 after Jeroboam. But the reigns of Jeroboam's succesfors, from Zachariah to Pekahiah, both included, make but 12 years 7 months. Here is a deficiency of it years 5 months, the complement of 25:
It must be presumed, that from the 27th to the 38th of Uzziah, when Zachariah ascended the vacant throne, was a season of anarchy in Samaria. Suppose it to have lasted 11 years nearly; for though Zachariah's fix months began in the 38th, they ended in the 39th.
In this year he was slain by Shallum ; and Shallurring after one full month, by Menahem. According to the usual rule of computation, the whole year should have been reckoned to Menahem. But his right to the throne was not immediately recognized. Of a throne, acquired by blood, he could not obtain possession, without violence. Those inhabitants, who would not open their cities to him, he smote with the sword, and ripped up the women with child. At last, despairing of success, he bribed Pul, king of Assyria, with 1000 talents of silver, to confirm the kingdom in his hand, and prevailed.
The time of this confli&t for domination, it is reasonable to suppose, was two years, including the few months alligned to Zachariah and Shallum. Having forcibly invaded the throne, he reigned 10 years, and was succeeded by Pekaiah, his son, who died after two years. The reigns in Samaria subsequent to the demise of Jeroboam, adjusted to the remaining years of Uzziah in Jerusalemn, are as follow: Uzziah - 27. Jeroboam dies.
38 II Interreign - - II 39 1 Zachariah and Shallum I 40 1 Interreign - - I
50 10 Menahem - 10 Uzziah dies - 52 2 Pekaiah dies
11. The remaining division of this period comprehends the two reigns of Jocham and Ahaz with the firt six years of Hezekiah:- 16 +16+6= 38. In the chronicle of the contemporary kings in Ifrael, 20 years only are assigned to Pekah, and 9 to Holhea; the deficiency 9. Two notations in the regifler indicate a successful expedient for ascertaining the equality of the numbers.
I. PEKAH was flain in the 20th year from the death of Uzziah, or 4th of Alaz, which the facred historian, by a very unusual mode of expression, calls the 20th of Jotham the son of Uzziah *. Jorham reigned but: 16 years. Pekah was, therefore, murdered in the fourth of his successor. But here an objection occurs. “. In the second year of Pekah, king of Israel, began Jorham, king of Judah, 10 reign t.". Consequently the firk of Pekah was coincident both with the second of his predecessor Pekaliah, and also with the 52d of Uzziah, on the throne of Judah. But, if one invariable rule in computation be applied, the objedion will disappear. Pekah most probably ascended the throne of Israel a few days or weeks before the death of Uzziah, who it may be presumed did survive the then cnsuing month of Abib, whence the second of Pekah, according to the usual snode of computation, began. From the same term likewise was counted the first of Jotham. Yet, the far greater part of the same year being common to both princes, the facred historian, by connecting the
20th of Pekah with the 20th from the demise of Uzziah exclusively, intimates, that, in this one instance, he deviates from the general rule of counting a few days or weeks a whole year.
2. The reign of Hoshea, int Samaria, is dated from the 12th of Ahaz *; that is, eight full years after the murder of Pekah. Here is a decisive intimation of an interreign in Israel. To Hofhea is afligned a reign of nine years. But the 20 years of Pekah, the nine of Hofhea, and the eight of an interreign, is no more than 37, or less by unity than 38, the interval from the death of Uzziah to the sixth of Hezekiah inclusively. This defect may be supplied, by supposing, that, in the 12th of Ahaz, Hofhea, either by force, or by the consent of the people, had surmounted the resistance of an opposite faclion, and that his reign is to be computed from the 13th of Ahaz. Thus are the reigns of the kings, in the rival states, brought to an exact equation. Jotham - 16
Pekah - 20
USHER allows but 254 years from the revolt to the removal of the ten tribes. The reason of this abbre. viation has already been assigned. In the Annals the birth of Arphaxad and of Abraham is anticipated each by one year. A third is retrenched from the reign of Jehoash, and a fourth from that of Ahaz. These mis. takes being rectified, the redu&tion of Samaria is brought down to its true date A. M. 3288, not 3284.
• They who make operose explications of little difficulties, are more solicitous in defending the chronology of the scripture, than it needeth. In reckoning the times, the sacred writers do not insist on the niceties, of odd months, days, or parts of a year *.” Even this remark is more than it needeth. No other historians are so careful to distinguish incomplete from full years, to characterize excurrent months, and days, by the years of co-existent reigns, and to suggest more hints than are ftrialy necessary to the truth of computation. Of the inspired authors this is one peculiar mark of perfection. In the foregoing arrangements the utmost regard has been had to those numbers of reference, without which it would have been impossible to methodise the hilory of this period; and it is, with much satisfaction, discovered, that all are perfectly consistent. Subjoined are the synchronisms in the reigns from the 93d year subsequent to the death of Solomon, exhibited at one view.
• Wall's note on 2 Kings, ix. 29.