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CHA P. III.

· From Athalia to the Reduction of Samaria. .

In his Treatise on the Sacred Chronology the vene,

rable Primate remarks, that the sum of the reigns over Judah, in this period, is 165 ; those over Ifrael 143 years 7 months; the deficiency being 21 years 5 inonths. With șespe&t to the former series, the author deviates from his arrangement in the Annals, where the interval is restricted to 163: The larger nụmber is a correction justified by the sacred registers. Yet by a strange fatality, he proceeds to an equation, and retrenching one year from the reign of Jehoash, another from Abaz, restores the deficient number, As no hint of an incomplete year, or of a joint administration, occurs in either case, this abridgement is inadınisible. In the former period, the subject of the preceding chapter, it is recorded, that Asa died in the 41st year from his accession, and that the first of Jehoram's sole reign, began while Jeholhaphat was king of Judah. These hints, had the Metropolitan attended to them, gave him full authority for reducing the space between Solomon and Athalia from 95 to 93 years. If no other unchronological abbreviations had been made, the length of

the

the interval from the accession of Rehoboam to the dispersion of the apostate tribes, would have agreed with every recorded criterion of the intermediate times,

This period may conveniently be divided into two parts.

1. From the death' of Ahaziah to that of Uzziah, kings of Judah, the sum of the reigns is 127. Uzziah and Pekahiah, king of Israel, died in the same year. From the 12th of Joram, exclusively, to the death of Pekahiah, must likewise intervene 127 years. Jeroboam II, in Samaria, died 14 years after the beginning of Uzziah's personal reign in Judah, which was the 13th from the death of Amaziah ; and 13 + 14 = 27, connect the 41st, or last, year of Jeroboam with the 27th of Uzziah, thus : · Athalia , 6

Jehu - 28
Jehoash - 40

Jehoahaz 17 Amaziah - 29 Joach - 16 -,. Uzziah - 27

Jeroboam 41

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UZZIAH reigned 52 years, and consequently lived 25 after Jeroboam. But the reigns of Jeroboam's fucceffors, from Zachariah to Pekahiah, both included, make but 12 years 7 months. Here is a deficiency of II years 5 months, the complement of 25.

It must be presumed, that from the 27th to the 38th of Uzziah, when Zachariah ascended the vacant throne, was a season of anarchy in Samaria. Suppose it to have lasted 11 years nearly; for though Zachariah's fix months began in the 38th, they ended in the 39th.

IN THESE two notations imply, that Jehoram began twice to reign in Judah, while his father was living, and both are accurate. In the 21st of Jehofhaphat began the conjunét reign ; so that tlie 22d was the firkt of Joranı in Samaria, and the second of Jehoram in Judah. Again, Jehoshaphat died during the currency of his 25th year, which being incomplete, was accounted the first of his son's sole reign, coincident with the fifth of Joram in Samaria. At the beginning of this year Jeholhaphat was living; but his reign in full years did not exceed 24. The result of a minute scrutiny into the phraseology of the facred writers, is sufficient to convince every intelligent and candid reader, that fome expressions, seemingly contradictory, are examples of the frictest precision.

Both the eleventh and twelfth of Joram in Israel are asigned for the one year of Ahaziah, ibe fun of Jeho. ram in Judah *. These dates exclude both perplexity and error. In the last year of his father's reign and life, Ahaziah had been invested with royalty, as copart. ner in the government. But as the senior sovereign lived to the end of that year, the son's accession is computed from the 12th of Joram, king of Israel.

The age of Jehoram, king of Judah, when he began to reigo, was 32 t.' The subsequent genealogies require, that his reign be computed from the 21st of his father inclusively. In the first of his sole reign he was 36 years old, and after a reign of eight years, he died at the age of 44. His son Ahaziah succeeded him

* 2 Kings, ix. 29. and viii. 25. + 2 Kings, viii. 17.

at the age of 42*. This egregious mistake in the original text, is, as Kennicott observes, happily corrected in an excellent MS. supposed to be 8c0 years old, where the number is 22, and in the Syriac and Arabic verfions. This is likewise the reading in the editions of the Septuagint, by Aldus, and by Wechelius, 1697. But the most decisive authority is that of the parallel Hebrew text t, where all the copies, manuscript and printed, with all the versions, exhibit the less number, which seems to have been originally marked with the numerical letters 23, 22, and afterwards inadvertently changed into a 0, 42, in one copy of the text in the Chronicles. In process of time the erroneous notation became general, while the true reading in the parallel passage was retained. In computation it is an invariable rule, that historical consistency is more to be regarded, than notes of number, which, if casually interchanged, or otherwise varied, are a source of perplexity in reckoning by generations.

By the aid of chronological characters, applied to coexistent reigns, are the years of the kings of Israel, adjusted to those of Judah, in this period, the common measure being 93, in perfect harmony with the reports of the Sacred Chronicle. Two numbers only deviate from the truth of computation, the 36th of Afa is put for the 26th, and the 18th for the 22d of Jeholhaphat. But such mistakes, as are discoverable by comparing the context with itself, lead to no deception. + 2 Chrop. xxi. 2. † 2 Kings, viii. 26. .

СНАР.

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· From Athalia to the Reduction of Samaria. .

In his Treatise on the Sacred Chronology the vene,

rable Primate remarks, that the sum of the reigns over Judah, in this period, is 165; those over Israel 143 years 7 months; the deficiency being 21 years 5 anonths. With șespect to the former series, the author deviates from his arrangement in the Annals, where the interval is restricted to 163: The larger nụmber is a correction justified by the facred regillers. Yet by a strange fatality, he proceeds to an equation, and retrenching one year from the reign of Jehoash, another from Abaz, restores the deficient number. As no hint of an incomplete year, or of a joint administration, occurs in either case, this abridgement is inadmisible. In the former period, the subject of the preceding chapter, it is recorded, that Asa died in the 41st year from his accession ; and that the first of Jehoram's sole reign, began while Jeholhaphat was king of Judah. These hints, had the Metropolitan attended to them, gave him full authority for reducing the space between Solomon and Athalia from 95 to 93 years. If no other unchronological abbreviations had been made, the length of

the

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