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ABSTRACT of the chronology from Saul to the apo

stacy of the ten tribes. Years after the Exodus - 435 W. J. P. B.C. David begins to reign in Hebron 436 2951 3656 1057

-- in Jerusalem 343 2958 3663 1050 Uriah Ilain in battle - 354 2969 3674 1039 Solomon born - 456 2971 3676 1037 Amnon flain, Absalom flees 1 158 20

malom tees > 458 2973 3678 1035 to Gefhur

Absalom recalled - - 461 2976 3681 1032 Goes to Hebron, and rebels 462 2980 3685 1028 Solomon anointed, David dies 473 2991 3696 1017 Solomon's sole reign begins 474 2992 3697 1016 The Temple founded - 480 2995 3700 1013 Dedicated - - 8 3003 3708 1005 Rehoboam born

1 3004 3709 1004 Solomon dies, revolt of the

the 26 3030 3735 998 ten tribes

. The subsequent years are not counted from the date of the Temple ; but from a prophetical period of 390 years, commencing with the first of Rehoboam, A. M. 3031, and ending with the breaking up of the city, in the irth of Zedekiah, 3421. If the 36 years prior to the accession of Rehoboam be comprehended in the reckoning, the whole duration of the first Temple is 426 years,

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CH A P. II. Chronology from Solomon to Athalia. W i th the defection of ten tribes from the house

of David, the sceptre of Rehoboam, and a pure worship, begins á new series of contemporary and independent kings. The two royal calendars, being exact counterparts, augment the labour of comparing dates, but hence computation acquires precision and certainty. In Judah the reigns are longer than those in Samaria, and, as fewer broken years occur, the register of the former claims the preference, as a regulating measure : The years characterised as coincident do not always run parallel. Sufficient it is, that they touch in one common point. . Sometimes the fame year, making a part of two reigns, is twice counted. To discriminate such notations is the province of critical skill. In this period the sum of the reigns in Jerusalem is 95, and at Samaria 98. As Rehoboam and Jeroboam ascended their respective thrones at the same time, fo Ahaziah and Jehoram perished together. The interyal, there fore, ought to be the same by both calendars. To bring them to an equation, it is previously requisite to examine, whether all the years in the Chronicles of the Fings in Judah were full.

It has already been noted, that the 41st of Ala, and the 25th of Jehoshaphat, being incomplete, are severally accounted the first of the subsequent reigns. Thus is the duration of the fix reigns in Judah reduced to 93. The nine in Samaria, tried by this standard, may be circumscribed within the same limits.

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ANALYSIS of the reigns from A. M. 3030, to 3123.
Judah. . Samaria.

Judah. Samaria.
Rehoboam 17 Jeroboam 17 17 1 Jehothaphat 20 Ahaziah 1 80
Abijah 3

20 201 Jehoram's 71 21

21 21 joint reign 2 22 Joram 1 82 2 Nadab 1 22 22

323 3 Baatha 2 I 23

4 24 Elah 1 24 46 Sole reign i 25

barami

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Al

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Zimri
Omri

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9 go 10 91

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schofhaphat 41

61 Ahaziah

11 92

12 93

19

From the scheme of co-existent sovereigns it is ok. vious, that the four years assigned to Nadab and Ela are comprehended in the reigns of Jeroboam, Baasha, and Omri, on the throne of lfrael. The last of Jero. boam coincides with the firit of Afa, and the first of Omri with the 27th; so that the intermediate years in the kingdom of Samaria are, by the numbers of reference, reduced from 30 to 26. Ahab began to reign in the 38th of Asa, which was the 12th of Omri, who dying before its termination, the whole year is ac. founted the first of Ahab.

..Abp. Ulaer extends this period to gs.

F4

IN cach chronicle a few notations, seemingly dis, cordant, occur.

“ In the 36th year of Asa, Baasha came up against Judah *.” But, “ In the 26th of Afa, Elah the fon of Baasha began to reign over Israel +.” Of this invafion the true date was certainly the 26th of Afa; for Josephus appositely remarks, that Baasha, after a repulse, returned immediately to his own country, and being prevented by death, had no leisure to meditate expeditions against Judah. .

“ In the 27th of Afa, Omri set fire to Zimri's palace, and burnt it over him, so that he perished in the conflagration 1.” But Omri's reign is dated from the 31st of Asas. This apparent incongruity is obviated in the context. The people was divided. One faction made Omri king, another declared in favour of Tibni: “After a conflict of four years Tibni died, and Omri reigned.

" AHAZIAH the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in the 17th of Jeholhaphat, king of Judah, and reigned two years 11." From the history it is probable that Ahab, alarmed by the awful threatenings denounced against him on account of Nabal's murder, took his son Ahaziah into a partnership in the sovereignty three years before his death, though these, conformably to the usual mode of computation, are included in his reign of 32 years. The true date of this conjunct reign is the {7th of Jebolhaphat, as above expressed, and the two * 2 Chr. xvi. 1.

t : K. xvi. 8.
I k. xvi. 19. Ver. 23. ll - K. xxii. sr.

years

years of the sun's fole reign are counted from the decease of the father.

“ JEHORAM, the son of Ahab, king of Israel, began to reign in the 18th of Jeholhaphat, king of Judah, and reigned 12 years *.” This arrangement excludes two years from the reign of Ahab with the two subsequent years of his immediate successor, Ahaziah, and extends the reign of this Jehoram to 16. But certain it is, that prior to the accession of Jehoram king of Sa. maria, his brother Ahaziah consulted with Jeholhaphat, concerning an expedition to Ophir, in the interval from the death of Ahab. Jehoram, therefore, was not invested with sovereignty so early as the 18th of Jeho. shaphat, for in the 19th Ahab died. By some incidental mistake in transcribing this text, 18 is substituted for 22; and the error is repeated in the Septuagint, and other versions.

The reign of Jehoram, the son of Jeholhaphat, had a double commencement; the one in his father's lifetime, the other at the vacancy of the throne. For Ahaziah, the son of Ahab, in Samaria, having died without a son, was succeeded by his brother Jehoram, in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah t; and, “in the fifth of Joram, the son of Ahab, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, began his son Jehoram to reign t."

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