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in that home cherished by the ima- of fashion. He became, to his own gination, is made very apparent. amusement, the idol of Paris. The dearness which enhances the He tells his daughter that incredible offence, the warm personal feel- lions of him, 'some to be set in the

numbers had been sold of clay medaling, the tendency to feel everything lids of snuff-boxes, and some so small a slight, and angry astonishment as to be worn in rings. Pictures, with which the champion colonist busts, and prints have made your finds out that the people at home, father's face as well known as that of disturbed by a thousand little the moon.' A great Parisian lady quarrels of their own, have really wrote fifty years later to the respectvery little leisure to think of him plied that she thought Bostonians and

able Ticknor in language which imand his concerns, are all most char- Patagonians kindred peoples. After acteristic. And when he goes the same fashion Versailles was never, across the Channel, and is received, perhaps, quite certain that the New so to speak, in a neighbour's house England philosopher was not of Red with

much greater warmth · Indian descent. But love does not and admiration, the comparison is reason. Paris had fallen in love with

Franklin, and in homage to him grew

He does perfectly carried out.

enamoured of simplicity." not ask so much from the French, and they give him more; he has Perhaps this early example set no criticism for them, but only the fashion of that sentiment tofriendliness and gratitude. At wards France, which the American home he foresees all kinds of cal- people have never departed from. amities about to happen, but his The trans-Atlantic observer is in eyes are veiled in the other case; many ways far more at his ease and though the Revolution is close in France than in his mother, or at hand, he sees no trace of any shall we say grandmother, country. harm.

There no perpetual comparison is

in his mind-he is at liberty to "In England his diplomacy had take things at his ease without only exasperated. In France he ac- the irritated vanity and jealous. complished as much against England claim of importance which he feels as Washington with all his victories. among his once estranged relations. His knowledge of French was so in- The bitterness of the family quardifferent that on one occasion, during a sitting of the Academy, he was obrel has died away, but he cannot served to 'applaud the loudest at his get rid of a lingering pique, a own praises.' In Paris his defects tendency to feel himself affronted, were virtues. As a politician, he which is quite absent from his was to the Court the dire enemy of mind on the other side of the England — to the jaded society of Channel. Such traces of a domesParis he was the representative of tic convulsion continue after all a new world of feeling and thought. His New England astuteness seemed deeper importance has died out to Parisian courtiers patriarchal inno- of them. And it is very curious cence. His naive stories and illustra- that Franklin, so acute, so sagations, which a thousand admirers were cious, and, as might have been ready to translate and repeat in every supposed, so well acquainted with circle of the town, were as bracing as the manifestations of popular feelquinine. His very costume, his hair

ing, should have remained insenhanging, his spectacles on his nose, his white hose, and white hat under sible to any prognostic of the his arm, in the midst of absurd perukes storm about to break in that and embroidered suits, came like a friendly country. He bade Engrevelation of free nature to the slaves lishmen scornfully to “dissolve



your present old crazy constitu- uality of the men which is very tion;" but he flattered his French pleasant, and has a delightfully friends in '88 with the cheerful vivifying influence. Amid prophecy that " when this fer- series of admirable literary pormentation

over, and

the traits, these two are the best. The troubling parts subsided, the wine only occasion on which Mr Stebwill be fine and good, and cheer bing really objects to the judgthe hearts of those who drink it.” ment of posterity, is in the case of Strange deception of judgment ! Cowley, once “the incomparable," He did not live to see the terrible now so little known. Mr Stebbing character of the fermentation he thinks that the neglect which has took so lightly. On the other fallen justly upon many of the hand, this good-natured genial celebrities of his time is to him a philosopher thought King George's wrong. " His works could not obstinacy and mistaken conclu- perhaps be now a text-book; they sions about American affairs, “the deserve to be a classic,” he says, best evidence for immortality." with a little confusion of numbers. “ The more I see the impossibility We have no objection to allow from the number and extent of that our own opinion on this his crimes of giving equivalent subject is no opinion at all, but punishment in this life, the more the judgment of ignorance crysI am convinced of a future state tallised by time. We do not know in which all that here appears to what we neglect, and consequently be wrong shall be set right." go on neglecting it as if it were

Poor king ! so well-intentioned, not worth the effort of knowing. so unfortunate. He had trouble "I have more than once referred enough in this life, after all, with- to that famous ode to the Royout calling forth so much unpro- al Society," Mr Stebbing says. fitable speculation about his fu- Men, when they hear it, seem ture fate. What with Franklin's to recognise it though they never truculent insinuation of fire and read it before ; it rings throughbrimstone, and Southey's foolish out literature. In those to Hobbes apotheosis, and Byron's blasphe- and Scarborough and Harvey, and mous vision, his eternal concerns in the Hymn to Light, are lines gave the literary community a equally grand though fewer. They great deal of occupation first and cry shame upon our neglect. Any last.

reader who is sceptical has but to The character of Cobbett, with study Cowley as a whole and not its daring egotism, its endless en- in fragments, and his conversion ergy, its pluck and brag, its in- is certain. He may commence tense and poetic sense of the by despising Cowley's contemporabeauty of English landscapes, its ries for worshipping his genius ; rude and flaming eloquence, is he will end by blushing for the also very attractive to Mr Steh- modern desertion of the shrine.” bing, and comes fresh from his This temperate enthusiasm will hand with much of the same dis no doubt send some readers of leicrimination and graphic force of sure back to the “incomparable" the picture of Franklin. In songster to revise their judgment; neither is there any revision of the but we have no space here to folcommon verdict, but there is a low Mr Stebbing's suggestion and glow of amused interest and pleas- review his poet. ure in the characteristic individ- We have now happily got to the


conclusion of the Greville Memoirs, Though most have passed away, some to the satisfaction probably of both

still remain, Mr Greville's editor and Mr Gre- To whom such scandals are a needless

pain; ville's readers. Those who had And while they laughing cry,

« 'Tis hoped at first to find valuable

only Greville,' side-lights cast upon the inner They wish his Memoirs with him at

the history of British politics by these volumes, have long ago owned their disappointment; while that larger No man is a hero to his valet, class of readers who devour scan- and to the Clerk of the Council it dal with a toothsome relish, have is possible that our greatest of refound the later volumes too stale cent statesmen may present themfor their taste. Whether it may selves as lesser luminaries than they be said of Mr Greville, as was re- appear to the public which gazes on corded on her tombstone of the them from a distance. Certainly, old lady of Bath who died at the if we were to credit the diarist, age of a hundred and twelve, that we might well exclaim at the quan

during the later years of her life tula sapientia with which our Minshe was distinguished by both vir- isters discharge their duties. tue and propriety," we do not then it must be remembered they care to inquire ; but the jo:tings had, according to his own showing, of his later years are certainly less Mr Greville's experience and judgreprehensible than many of his ment as a light to their feet and earlier entries. An attempt has a lamp to their path. If these been made to elevate Mr Greville Memoirs serve no other purpose, into a nineteenth-century Pepys, they certainly supply what but the comparison is a very fear would otherwise have been strained one. Mr Greville's vin

au omitted feature in historytage is not of the stuff that im- the part which Mr Greville played proves with age, but is more likely in the haute politique and Cabinetto prove pure vinegar. Much as making of his time. Mr Greville's his Memoirs have been criticised, generation is by no means extinct, we do not think book and author and to many of his contemporaries have been more happily reviewed in public life his conception of than in an impromptu epigram de- himself as a Cabinet-maker, as a livered by a noble sportsman one Minister without a portfolio, as morning on Newmarket Heath, the fly-wheel of the British Govat the time when the earlier vol- ernment, will occasion surprise if umes were in every one's hands, not amusement. Mr Greville was and which we now reproduce, naturally brought into most intiwe believe for the first time in mate contact with Ministers; they print:

could discuss with him matters

with which he had become ex “ For fifty years he listened at the door, officio acquainted, but which they Heard many secrets, but invented niore.

were precluded from talking over These he wrote down, and statesmen, with others; and his long experi


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queens, and kings Were all all degraded into

ence would enable him to furnish them with suggestions that might



1 A Journal of the Reign of Queen Victoria, from 1852 to 1866. By the late Charles C. F. Greville, Esq., Clerk to the Council. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. 1887.

serve at a pinch. But we much on the authority of the Duke of fear that in these volumes he Bedford, that his advice was conallows himself to overrate his fidentially asked by the Queen on own political importance; and the this occasion, and that his Grace public will not be the more dis- had recommended her Majesty to posed to take him at his own es- send for both Lansdowne and timate, that he takes no trouble to Aberdeen, and had said that “it conceal his contempt for others was evident Lord John Russell whose capacity no one would ever could not make a Government, think of placing on a level with and that he himself was conscious his own. When, however, suffici- of it.” Thus was formed the illent deductions have been made for starred Coalition Administration, egotism, imagination, and inaccur- which satisfied no party unless acy, Mr Greville's concluding vol- the Peelites, who secured the umes may be skimmed over both lion's share of office, disappointed with interest and amusement. the Whigs, on whom it had

The new volumes of the Me- to depend for existence, and moirs open during the last days blundered on through two of of Lord Derby's first ministry, the most disastrous years in our with an account of the depressed annals. From his intimacy with condition of the Whigs, whose Lord Clarendon, who took the fortunes had been brought to a seals of the Foreign Office after very low ebb by the dissensions Lord John Russell's short term, Mr between Lord Palmerston and Greville seems to have considered Lord John Russell. The Conser- himself a species of terrestrial provative Government, weakened by vidence to the Coalition Governthe Peelites, was in no condition to ment, endeavouring to patch up carry on long; but the difficulties its dissensions and prevent the in the way of constructing a Whig constantly threatening danger of Cabinet were by no means confined explosion from some one or other to the Premiership, but extended of the recalcitrant Ministers. Lord almost to the whole personnel of Palmerston and Lord John Rusthe Cabinet. On October 22d, sell were the most difficult subjects 1852, Mr Greville writes: “Lord to deal with, and the reader will John Russell declares he will take require to exercise caution regardno office but that of Premier, con- ing what Mr Greville says of both sidering any other a degradation. these statesmen. Thus, on De

.. Palmerston professes personal cember 23, 1852, Mr Greville regard for Lord John, but declares writes of an interview between he will never again serve under Lords Aberdeen and Palmerston, him, though he would with him.” relative to the latter joining the Lord Lansdowne was the only Coalition Cabinet: “ Palmerston leader who presented a possibility replied that he had no hostile feelof uniting the discordant elements. ing towards him, but they had for But Lord Lansdowne's health was so many years been in strong opthen uncertain, and as the Peelites position to each other that the had coalesced with the Whigs im- public would never understand nis mediately the fate of Lord Der- taking office in Aberdeen's Governby's Government was sealed, Lord ment, and he was too old to expose Derby advised the Queen to send himself to such misconceptions. for Lord Aberdeen as well as Lord And so they parted on ostensibly Lansdowne. Mr Greville states, very friendly terms, which will

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probably not prevent Palmerston's terest. The position of the differjoining Derby and going into furi- ent Ministers with relation to the ous opposition.” Had Palmerston negotiations by means of which contemplated joining the opposi- the country was allowed to drift tion, Mr Disraeli had previously into war may be very clearly disgiven him an excellent opportunity, cerned. With a Premier who for after the debate on Charles objected to everything and proVilliers's “resolution," which closed posed nothing, no Foreign Secrethe free-trade discussion, he had tary could have successfully carried been formally asked to join Lord us through the critical diplomacy Derby's Government. Mr Gre- of the time; and though Lord ville represents Palmerston as dis- Clarendon, down to the time when satisfied with the Home Office, war became inevitable, showed far and he speaks of his conduct of its too sanguine a temperament, the duties in very disparaging terms. failure must rest with his chief. Lord Palmerston's own correspond- Sir Theodore Martin, in a recent ence shows that the Home Office letter to the · Times,' has shown us was his choice.

He could not have an instance of how recklessly Mr been Foreign Secretary under a Greville deals with even the most Premier from whom he differed on exalted personages in his jottings. points of European policy so much While we were in search of foras he did from Lord Aberdeen. eign allies during the heat of “I had long settled in my own the Crimean struggle, “it is mind," writes Lord Palmerston to not known,” remarks Mr Greville, his brother, “ that I would not go " that our Government earnestly back to the Foreign Office, and pressed the Portuguese Governthat if I ever took any office it ment to join in the war and to should be the Home. It does not send a contingent; and that, on do for a man to pass his whole the refusal of the latter to do so, life in one department, and the the Ministers made the Queen apHome Office deals with the con- peal personally to Livradio to urge cerns of the country internally, him to persuade his Government and brings one in contact with to comply with our wishes. This," one's fellow - countrymen.” And as Mr Greville severely remarks, certainly, so far as the administra- " was a most extraordinary protion of affairs went, the Home ceeding, and it was contrary to all Office, under Palmerston, was the usage as well as all propriety to one department of Government make the Queen interpose in perthat worked satisfactorily during son on such an occasion.” It was the Aberdeen Administration. more extraordinary.still that a man

The most valuable part of the of Mr Greville's penetration should Memoirs is that which relates to have credited such a report or taken the Eastern question and its issue the trouble to write it down; and in the Crimean War. From his Sir Theodore Martin's statement close relations with Lord Claren- that the story is wholly without don, Mr Greville had good oppor- foundation was hardly required to tunities of noting the progress of stamp its incredibility: the imbroglio ; and if he does not Passing to the social side of the add much to our existing sources Greville Memoirs, we comof information, his account of the pelled to mark a decrease of inmovements that went on behind terest in the new volumes. Of the scenes is of considerable in- pure scandal, which bulked so



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