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(nisi causa inter nos et partes juxta tenorem and a Council we still adhere, nor do we inCasareæ proximæ citationis amice in caritate tend, nor would it be possible for us to forsake composita, sedata, et ad Christianam con- it by this or any other document, unless the cordiam reducta fuerit) deserere intendimus matter between us and the other party should, aut possumus ; de quo hic etiam solenniter et in accordance with the tenor of the latest publice protestamur.

Imperial citation, be adjusted, settled, and brought to Christian concord, in friendship and love; concerning which appeal we here also make our solemn and public protest.

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CHIEF ARTICLES OF FAITH.

ARTICULI FIDEI PRÆCIPUI.'
ART. I.-De Deo.

Art. I.-Of God. Ecclesiæ magno consensu [ein- The churches, with common conträchtiglich] apud nos docent, De- sent among us, do teach that the cretum Nicænæ Synodi, de uni- decree of the Nicene Synod contate essentiæ divinæ et de tribus cerning the unity of the divine espersonis, verum et sine ulla du- sence and of the three persons is bitatione credendum esse. Vi- true, and without doubt to be bedelicet, quod sit una essentia lieved: to wit, that there is one didivina, que et

et appellatur et vine essence which is called and is est Deus, æternus, incorporeus God, eternal, without body, indivisiimpartibilis [ohne Stück), im- ble (without part], of infinite powmensa potentia, sapientia, boni- er, wisdom, goodness, the Creator tate, creator et conservator om- and Preserver of all things, visible nium rerum, visibilium et in- and invisible; and that yet there visibilium; et tamen tres sint are three persons of the same espersona, ejusdem essentiæ et po- sence and power, who also are cotentiæ, et coæternæ, Pater, Filius eternal, the Father, the Son, and et Spiritus Sanctus. Et nomine the Holy Ghost. And they use the personce utuntur ea significa- name of person in that significatione, qua usi sunt in hac causa tion in which the ecclesiastical Scriptores Ecclesiastici Edie Pä- writers [the fathers] have used it ter], ut significet non partem aut in this cause, to signify, not a part qualitatem in alio, sed quod pro- or quality in another, but that which prie subsistit.

properly subsists. I Germ. ed.: Artikel des Glaubens und der Lehre. VOL. III.-B

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Damnant omnes hæreses, con- They condemn all heresies which tra hunc articulum exortas, ut have sprung up against this Article, Manichæos, qui duo principia po- as the Manichees, who set down two nebant, Bonum et Malum, item principles, good and evil; in the Valentinianos, Arianos, Euno- same manner the Valentinians, mianos, Mahometistas et omnes Arians, Eunomians, Mohammedans, horum similes. Damnant et Sa- and all such like. They condemn mosatenos, veteres et neotericos,' also the Samosatenes, old and new;' qui, cum tantum unam perso- who, when they earnestly contend nam esse contendant, de Verbo that there is but one person, do et de Spiritu Sancto astute et craftily and wickedly trifle, after impie rhetoricantur, quod non the manner of rhetoricians, about sint persona distinctæ, sed quod the Word and Holy Ghost, that they Verbum significet verbum vocale, are not distinct persons, but that et Spiritus motum in rebus crea- the Word signifieth a vocal word, tum (geschaffene Regung in Cre- and the Spirit a motion created in aturen].

things.

ART. II.-De Peccato Originis.

ART. II.-Of Original Sin. Item docent, quod post lapsum Also they teach that, after Adam's Adæ omnes homines, secundum fall, all men begotten after the comnaturam propagati, nascantur mon course of nature are born with cum peccato, hoc est, sine metu sin; that is, without the fear of God, Dei, sine fiducia erga Deum, .et without trust in him, and with fleshcum concupiscentia; quodque hic ly appetite; and that this disease, morbus, seu vitium originis vere or original fault, is truly sin, consit peccatum, damnans et afferens demning and bringing eternal death nunc quoque ceternam mortem his, now also upon all that are not born qui non renascuntur per Baptis- again by baptism and the Holy mum et Spiritum Sanctum.?

Spirit. Damnant Pelagianos et alios, They condemn the Pelagians, and qui vitium originis negant esse others, who deny this original fault peccatum, ct, ut extenuent glo- to be sin indeed; and who, so as to riam meriti et beneficiorum Chri- lessen the glory of the merits and

· The Antitrinitarian Anabaptists, Denk, Hetzer, etc., but not Servede and the Socinians, who appeared after 1530. See Zöckler, Die Augsb. Conf. p. 137.

: Much enlarged in the edition of 1540.

sti, disputant hominem propriis benefits of Christ, argue that a man viribus rationis coram Deo justi- may, by the strength of his own ficari posse.

reason, be justified before God.

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ART. III.-De Filio Dei.

ART. III.-Of the Son of God. Item docent, quod Verbum, hoc Also they teach that the Word, est, Filius Dei, assumpserit hu- that is, the Son of God, took unto manam naturam in utero beatæ him man's natnre in the womb of Mariæ virginis, ut sint duce na- the blessed Virgin Mary, so' that ture, divina et humana, in uni- there are two natures, the divine tate personæ inseparabiliter con- and the human, inseparably joined juncto, unus Christus, vere Deus together in unity of person; one et vere homo, natus ex virgine Christ, true God and true man: who Maria, vere passus, crucifixus, was born of the Virgin Mary, truly mortuus et sepultus, ut reconcili- suffered, was crucified, dead, and aret nobis Patrem, et hostia esset buried, that he might reconcile the non tantum pro culpa originis, Father unto us, and might be a sacsed etiam pro omnibus actualibus rifice, not only for original guilt, hominum peccatis.

but also for all actual sins of men. Idein descendit ad inferos, et The saine also descended into vere resurrexit tertia die, deinde hell, and truly rose again the third ascendit ad coelos, ut sedeat ad day. Afterward he ascended into dexteram Patris, et perpetuo re- the heavens, that he might sit at gnet et dominetur omnibus crea- the right hand of the Father; and turis, sanctificet credentes in ip- reign forever, and have dominion sum, misso in corda eorum Spi- over all creatures; might sanctify ritu Sancto, qui regat (heilige, those that believe in him, by sendreinige, stärke), consoletur ac vi- ing the Holy Spirit into their hearts, vificet eos, ac defendat adversus who shall rule (sanctify, purify, diabolum et vim peccati. strengthen), comfort, and quicken

them, and shall defend them against

the devil, and the power of sin. . Idem Christus palam est redi- The same Christ shall openly

"The edition of 1540 changes this sentence as follows: Dannant Pelagianos, qui negant peccatum originis, et sentiunt defectus illos seu concupiscentiam esse res indifferentes seu penas tantum, nec esse res sua natura damnatas, et somniant hominem legi Dei satisfacere posse, et propter hanc propriam obedientiam coram Deo justum pronunciari.

turus, ut judicet vivos et mor-come again, to judge the quick and tuos, etc., juxta Symbolum Apo- the dead, according as the Aposstolorum.

tles' Creed declareth'. these and other things.

--?T: Art. IV.-De Justificatione.

Art. IV:-Of Justification. Item docent, quod homines non Also they teach that men can not possint justificari [Vergebung be justified [obtain forgiveness of der Sünde und Gerechtigkeit er- sins and righteousness] before God langen] coram Deo propriis viri- by their own powers, merits, or bus, meritis aut operibus, sed works; but are justified freely (of gratis [qus Gnaden] justificentur grace) for Christ's sake through propter Christum per fidem, cum faith, when they believe that they credunt se in gratiam recipi, et are received into favor, and their peccata remitti propter Christum, sins forgiven for Christ's sake, who qui sua morte pro nostris pec- by his death hath satisfied for our catis satisfecit. Hanc fidem im- sins. This faith doth God impute putat Deus pro justicia coram for righteousness before him. Rom. ipso. Rom. III. et IV.

iii. and iv.

ART. V. -De Ministerio Ecclesiastico.

Art. V.-Of the Ministry of the Church. Ut hanc fidem consequamur, For the obtaining of this faith, institutum est ministerium do- the ministry of teaching the Goscendi Evangelii et porrigendi pel and administering the SacraSacramenta.

ments was instituted. Nam per verbum et Sacra- For by the Word and Sacramenta, tanquam per instrumenta, ments, as by instruments, the Holy donatur Spiritus Sanctus, qui Spirit is given : who worketh faith, fidem efficit, ubi et quando vi- where and when it pleaseth God, sum est Deo, in iis, qui audiunt in those that hear the Gospel, to Evangelium, scilicet, quod Deus wit, that God, not for our merit's non propter nostra merita, sed sake, but for Christ's sake, doth propter Christum justificet hos, justify those who believe that they qui credunt, se propter Christum for Christ's sake are received into in gratiam recipi.

favor. Damnant Anabaptistas et alios, They condemu the Anabaptists

Much enlarged in the edition of 1540.

qui sentiunt, Spiritum Sanctum and others,' who imagine that the contingere sine verbo externo ho- Holy Spirit is given to men withminibus per ipsorum prepara- out the outward word, through their tiones et opera.?

own preparations and works.

ART. VI.-De Nova Obedientia.

Art. VI.-Of New Obedience. Item docent, quod fides illa Also they teach that this faith debeat bonos fructus parere, et should bring forth good fruits, and quod oporteat bona opera, man- that men ought to do the good works data a Deo, facere, propter vo- commanded of God, because it is luntatem Dei, non ut confida- God's will, and not on any confimus, per ea opera justificatio-dence of meriting justification benem coram Deo mereri.

fore God by their works. Nam remissio peccatorum et For remission of sins and justijustificatio fide apprehenditur, fication is apprehended by faith, as sicut testatur et vox Christi also the voice of Christ witnesseth: (Luc. xvii. 10): Cum feceritis hæc When ye have done all these omnia, dicite, servi inutiles su- things, say, We are unprofitable mus.

servants.' Idem docent et veteres Scri- The same also do the ancient ptores Ecclesiastici. Ambrosius writers of the Church teach; for enim inquit: Hoc constitutum Ambrose saith : “This is ordained est a Deo, ut qui credit in Chri- of God, that he that believeth in stum, salvus sit, sine opere, sola Christ shall be saved, without fide, gratis accipiens remissio- works, by faith alone, freely receivnem peccatorum.

ing remission of sins.'

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ART. VII.-De Ecclesia,

ART. VII.- Of the Church. Item docent, quod una Sancta Also they teach that one holy Ecclesia pepetuo mansura sit. Church is to continue forever. Est autem Ecclesia congregatio But the Church is the congregaSanctorum [Versammlung aller tion of saints [the assembly of all Gläubigen], in qua Evangelium believers), in which the Gospel is

· The Roman theologians, who teach that men receive the Holy Ghost through the Sacraments ex opere operato. Apol., German text, p. 71, Rechenb. edition.

* This Article is also much enlarged in the edition of 1540. · Edition of 1540: Congregatio membrorum Christi, hoc est, Sanctorum, qui vere credunt et

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