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they were created, was their eating | exciderunt, erat comestio fructus in

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Quæs. Totumne genus humanum cecidit in prima Adami transgressione?

Resp. Quandoquidem fœdus cum

Ans. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, Adamo ictum fuerat non suo tantum but for his posterity, all mankind sed et posterorum suorum nomine; descending from him by ordinary exinde factum est ut totum genus generation, sinned in him, and fell humanum ab illo generatione ordiwith him, in his first transgres-naria procreatum, in eo peccaverit, sion. cumque eo ceciderit, in prima ejus transgressione.

Ques. 17. Into what estate did the fall bring mankind?

Ans. The fall brought mankind into an estate of sin and misery.

Ques. 18. Wherein consists the sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell?

Quæs. In quem vero statum præcipitavit lapsus iste humanum genus?

Resp. Lapsus iste humanum genus in statum peccati ac miseria præcipitavit.

Quæs. In quo consistit status illius in quem lapsus est homo peccaminositas?

Resp. Status in quem lapsus est homo peccaminositas consistit in reatu primi illius peccati quod Adamus admisit, in defectu originalis ju

Ans. The sinfulness of that estate whereinto man fell, consists in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the want of original righteousness, and the corruption of his whole nature, stitiæ, totiusque naturæ corruptione, which is commonly called original quod Peccatum originale vulgo disin; together with all actual transgressions which proceed from it. Ques. 19. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?

citur; una cum omnibus peccatis
actualibus exinde profluentibus.

Quæs. Quæ miseria est illius sta-
tus in quem homo lapsus est?

Ans. All mankind by their fall Resp. Universum genus humanum lost communion with God, are un- lapsu suo communionem cum Deo der his wrath and curse, and so perdidit, sub ira ejus et maledictione made liable to all the' miseries in est constitutum, adeoque cunctis hu

1 Older editions omit the.


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this life, to death itself, and to the jus vitæ miseriis, ipsi morti, infernipains of hell forever. que cruciatibus in æternum est obnoxium.

Ques. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?

Quæs. An vero Deus humanum genus universum in statu peccati ac miseriæ periturum dereliquit ?

Resp. Deus cum ex mero suo beneplacito nonnullos ad vitam æternam ab omni retro æternitate elegisset, fœdus gratiæ cum eis iniit; se nempe liberaturum eos e statu pec

Ans. God, having out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them cati ac miseriæ, atque in statum into an estate of salvation by a Re- salutis per redemptorem translatudeemer.

Ques. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?

Ans. The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who being the eternal Son of God became man, and so was, and continueth to be, God and man, in two distinct natures, and one person forever.

Ques. 22. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?


Quæs. Quis est Redemptor electorum Dei?

Resp. Dominus Jesus Christus est electorum Dei Redemptor unicus, qui æternus Dei Filius cum esset, factus est homo; adeoque fuit, est, eritque Osávрwπоç, e naturis duabus distinctis persona unica in sempiternum.

Quæs. Qui autem Christus, Filius Dei cum esset, factus est homo?

Ans. Christ, the Son of God, be- Resp. Christus Filius Dei factus came man, by taking to himself a est homo, dum corpus verum, anitrue body, and a reasonable soul, mamque rationalem assumeret sibi being conceived by the power of vi Spiritus Sancti in utero eque subthe Holy Ghost, in the womb of stantia Virginis Maria conceptus, the Virgin Mary, and born of her, et ex eadem natus, immunis tamen yet without sin. a peccato.

Ques. 23. What offices doth Christ

execute as our Redeemer?

Ans. Christ, as our Redeemer,

Quæs. Quæ munera Christus ut Redemptor noster obit?

Resp. Christus quatenus Redemp

executeth the offices of a Prophet, tor noster obit munera Prophetæ,

of a Priest, and of a King, both | Sacerdotis ac Regis, cum in humiin his estate of humiliation and liationis tum in exaltationis suæ exaltation.

Ques. 24. How doth Christ execute the office of a Prophet?

Ans. Christ executeth the office of a Prophet, in revealing to us by his Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.

Ques. 25. How doth Christ exeeute the office of a Priest?

Ans. Christ executeth the office of a Priest, in his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice, and reconcile us to God, and in making continual intercession for us.

Ques. 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a King?

Ans. Christ executeth the office of a King, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us,


Quæs. Quomodo Prophetae munere defungitur Christus?

Resp. Christus defungitur Prophetæ munere, voluntatem Dei in salutem nostram nobis per verbum suum spiritumque revelando.

Quæs. Qua ratione exequitur Christus munus Sacerdotale?

Resp. Christus exequitur Sacerdotale munus, semetipsum semel in sacrificium offerendo, quo justitiæ divinæ satisfaceret, nosque Deo conciliaret; prout etiam perpetuo pro nobis intercedendo.

Quæs. Qui exequitur Christus munus Regium ?

Resp. Christus exequitur munus Regium nos sibi subjugando, nos gubernando, tuendoque, ut etiam hostes

and in' restraining and conquering suos nostrosque coërcendo ac debel

all his and our enemies.

Ques. 27. Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?


Quæs. In quo constitit Christi humiliatio?

Ans. Christ's humiliation con- Resp. Humiliatio Christi in eo sisted in his being born, and that constitit quod fuerit natus, et quiin a low condition, made under dem humili conditione, factus sub the law, undergoing the miseries lege, quodque vitæ hujus miserias, of this life, the wrath of God, iram Dei mortemque crucis execraand the cursed death of the cross; bilem subierit; quod sepultus fuerit, in being buried, and continuing et sub potestate mortis aliquandiu under the power of death for a commoratus.


1 Older editions omit in.

Ques. 28. Wherein consisteth Christ's exaltation?

Quæs. In quo consistit Christi exaltatio?

Ans. Christ's exaltation consist- Resp. Exaltatio Christi consistit eth in his rising again from the in resurrectione ejus a mortuis tertio dead on the third day, in ascend-die, ascensu in cœlum, sessione ad ing up into heaven, in sitting at dextram Dei Patris, adventu ejus the right hand of God the Father, ad mundum judicandum die novisand in coming to judge the world simo. at the last day.

Ques. 29. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?

Ans. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us by his Holy Spirit.

Ques. 30. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?

Ans. The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.

Ques. 31. What is effectual calling?

Quæs. Qua ratione participes efficimur redemptionis per Christum acquisita?

Resp. Redemptionis per Christum acquisitæ participes efficimur ejusdem nobis efficaci per Spiritum ejus Sanctum, applicatione.

Quæs. Quomodo nobis applicat Spiritus redemptionem per Christum acquisitam?

Resp. Spiritus nobis applicat redemptionem per Christum acquisitam fidem in nobis efficiendo, ac per eandem nos Christo in vocatione nostra efficaci uniendo.

Quæs. Quid est vocatio efficax ?

Ans. Effectual calling is the Resp. Vocatio efficax est Spiritus work of God's Spirit, whereby, Dei opus, quo nos peccati ac miconvincing us of our sin and mis- seriæ nostræ arguens, mentes noery, enlightening our minds in the stras cognitione Christi illuminans, knowledge of Christ, and renew-voluntates nostras renovans, proring our wills, he doth persuade sus nobis persuadet, et vires suffiand enable us to embrace Jesus cit, ut Jesum Christum amplectaChrist, freely offered to us in the mur, gratuito nobis oblatum in gospel. Evangelio.

Ques. 32. What benefits do they

Quæs. Quænam beneficia in hac

that are effectually called partake | vita consequuntur ii qui sunt vocati

of in this life?


Ans. They that are effectually Resp. Qui vocati sunt efficaciter, called do in this life partake of jus- justificationem, adoptionem, et sanctification, adoption, sanctification, tificationem in hac vita consequuntur, and the several benefits which, in una cum omnibus iis beneficiis quæthis life, do either accompany or cunque solent in hac vita comitari flow from them. illas, aut ab iisdem promanare.

Ques. 33. What is justification? Ans. Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith


Ques. 34. What is adoption? Ans. Adoption is an act of God's free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges, of the sons of God.

Ques. 35. What is sanctification? Ans. Sanctification is the work of God's free grace, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.

Ques. 36. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or

Quæs. Quid est justificatio? Resp. Justificatio est actus gratiæ Dei gratuitæ, quo peccata nobis condonat omnia, nosque tanquam justos in conspectu suo acceptat, propter solam Christi justitiam nobis imputatam, per fidem tantum appre


Quæs. Quid est adoptio?

Resp. Adoptio est actus gratiæ Dei gratuitæ, quo in numerum recipimur ac jus obtinemus ad omnia privilegia filiorum Dei.

Quæs. Quid est sanctificatio?

Resp. Sanctificatio est opus gratia Dei gratuitæ, quo in toto homine secundum imaginem Dei renovamur, et potentes efficimur, qui magis in dies magisque peccato quidem moriamur, justitiæ autem vivamus.

Quæs. Quænam sunt illa beneficia quae justificationem, adoptionem et

flow from justification, adoption, sanctificationem in hac vita vel co

and sanctification?

mitantur, vel ab eis promanant?

Resp. Quæ justificationem, adoptionem et sanctificationem in hac vita vel comitantur vel ab eis promanant

Ans. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God's love, beneficia, sunt certitudo amoris Dei,

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