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they were created, was their eating exciderunt, erat comestio fructus inthe forbidden fruit.

terdicti. Ques. 16. Did all mankind fall in Quæs. Totumne genus humanum Adam's first transgression 1 cecidit in prima Adami transgres

sione ? Ans. The covenant being made Resp. Quandoquidem fædus cum with Adam, not only for himself, Adamo ictum fuerat non suo tantum bnt for his posterity, all mankind sed et posterorum suorum nomine ; descending from him by ordinary exinde factum est ut totum genus generation, sinned in him, and fell humanum ab illo generatione ordiwith him, in his first transgres- naria procreatum, in eo peccaverit, sion.

cumque eo ceciderit, in prima ejus

transgressione. Ques. 17. Into what estate did the Quæs. In quem vero statum præfall bring mankind ?

cipitavit lapsus iste humanum genus? Ans. The fall bronght mankind Resp. Lapsus iste humanum geiuto an estate of sin and misery. nus in statum peccati ac miserice

præcipitavit. Ques. 18. Wherein consists the Quæs. In quo consistit status ilsinfulness of that estate whereinto lius in quem lapsus est homo peccaman fell?

minositas? Ans. The sinfulness of that es- Resp. Status in quem lapsus est tate whereinto man fell, consists in homo peccaminositas consistit in the guilt of Adam's first sin, the reatu primi illius peccati quod Adawant of original righteousness, and mus admisit, in defectu originalis juthe corruption of his whole nature, stitiæ, totiusque naturæ corruptione, which is commonly called original quod Peccatum originale vulgo disin; together with all actual trans- citur ; una cum omnibus peccatis gressions which proceed from it. actualibus exinde profluentibus.

Ques. 19. What is the misery of Quæs. Quæ miseria est illius stathat estate whereinto man fell ? tus in quem homo lapsus est ?

Ans. All mankind by their fall Resp. Universum genus humanum lost communion with God, are un lapsu suo communionem cum Deo der his wrath and curse, and so perdidit, sub ira ejus et maledictione made liable to all the miseries in est constitutum, adeoque cunctis hu

* Older editions omit the. VOL. III.-XX

rum.

this life, to death itself, and to the jus vitæ miseriis, ipsi morti, inferni, pains of hell forever.

que cruciatibus in æternum est ob

noxium. Ques. 20. Did God leave all man- Quæs. An vero Deus humanum, kind to perish in the estate of sin genus universum in statu peccati ac and misery 1

miseriæ periturum dereliquit ? Ans. God, having out of his mere Resp. Deus cum ex mero suo begood pleasure, from all eternity, neplacito nonnullos ad vitam æterelected some to everlasting life, did nam ab omni retro æternitate elegisenter into a covenant of grace, to set, fædus gratiæ cum eis iniit ; se deliver them out of the estate of nempe liberaturum eos e statu pecsin and misery, and to bring them cati ac miseriæ, atque in statum into an estate of salvation by a Re- salutis per redemptorem translatudeemer.

Ques. 21. Who is the Redeemer Quæs. Quis est Redemptor electoof God's elect?

rum Dei? Ans. The only Redeemer of God's Resp. Dominus Jesus Christus elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who est electorum Dei Redemptor unicus, being the eternal Son of God be- qui æternus Dei Filius cum esset, came man, and so was, and con- factus est homo; adeoque fuit, est, tinueth to be, God and man, in eritque Osáv. pwroç, e naturis duatwo distinct natures, and one per- bus distinctis persona unica in semson forever.

piternum. Ques. 22. How did Christ, being Quæs. Qui autem Christus, Filithe Son of God, become man ? us Dei cum esset, factus est homo?

Ans. Christ, the Son of God, be- Resp. Christus Filius Dei factus came man, by taking to himself a est homo, dum corpus verum, anitrue body, and a reasonable soul, mamque rationalem assumeret sibi being conceived by the power of vi Spiritus Sancti in utero eque subthe Holy Ghost, in the womb of stantia Virginis Mariæ conceptus, the Virgin Mary, and born of ler, et ex eadem natus, immunis tamen yet without sin.

a peccato. Ques. 23. What offices doth Christ Quæs. Quæ munera Christus ut execute as our Redeemer ?

Redemptor noster obit? Ans. Christ, as our Redeemer, Resp. Christus quatenus Redempexecuteth the offices of a Prophet, tor noster obit munera Propheta, of a Priest, and of a King, both | Sacerdotis ac Regis, cum in humiin his estate of humiliation and liationis tum in exaltationis suæ exaltation.

statu. Ques. 24. How doth Christ exe- Quæs. Quomodo Prophetæ munere cute the office of a Prophet ? defungitur Christus ?

Ans. Christ execnteth the office Resp. Christus defungitur Proof a Prophet, in revealing to us by phetæ munere, voluntatem Dei in his Word and Spirit, the will of salutem nostram nobis per verbum God for our salvation.

suum spiritumque revelando. Ques. 25. How doth Christ exe- Quæs. Qua ratione exequitur cute the office of a Priest

Christus munus Sacerdotale ? Ans. Christ executeth the office Resp. Christus exequitur Sacerof a Priest, in his once offering up dotale munus, semetipsum semel in of himself a sacrifice to satisfy di- sacrificium offerendo, quo justitiæ vine justice, and reconcile us to divinæ satisfaceret, nosque Deo conGod, and in making continual in- ciliaret; prout etiam perpetuo pro tercession for us.

nobis intercedendo. Ques. 26. How doth Christ exe- Quæs. Qui exequitur Christus cute the office of a King ?

munus Regium ? Ans. Christ executeth the office Resp. Christus exequitur munus of a King, in subduing us to him- Regium nos sibi subjugando, nos guself, in ruling and defending us, bernando, tuendoque, ut etiam hostes and in' restraining and conquering suos nostrosque coërcendo ac debelall his and our enemies.

lando. Ques. 27. Wherein did Christ's Quæs. In quo constitit Christi humiliation consist ?

humiliatio ! Ans. Christ's humiliation con- Resp. Humiliatio Christi in eo sisted in his being born, and that constitit quod fuerit natus, et quiin a low condition, made under dem humili conditione, factus sub the law, undergoing the miseries lege, quodque vitae hujus miserias, of this life, the wrath of God, iram Dei mortemque crucis execraand the cursed death of the cross; bilem subierit ; quod sepultus fuerit, in being buried, and continuing et sub potestate mortis aliquandiu under the power of death for a commoratus. time.

* Older editions omit in.

Ques. 28. Wherein consisteth Quæs. In quo consistit Christi Christ's exaltation ?

exaltatio? Ans. Christ's exaltation consist- Resp. Exaltatio Christi consistit eth in his rising again from the in resurrectione ejus a mortuis tertio dead on the third day, in ascend- die, ascensu in cælum, sessione ad ing up into heaven, in sitting at dextram Dei Patris, adventu ejus the right hand of God the Father, ad mundum judicandum die norisand in coming to judge the world simo. at the last day.

Ques. 29. How are we made par- Quæs. Qua ratione participes eftakers of the redemption purchased ficimur redemptionis per Christum by Christ?

acquisito ? Ans. We are made partakers of Resp. Redemptionis per Christum the redemption purchased by Christ, acquisitæ participes efficimur ejusby the effectual application of it to dem nobis efficaci per Spiritum ejus us by his Holy Spirit.

Sanctum, applicatione. Ques. 30. How doth the Spirit ap- Quæs. Quomodo nobis applicat ply to us the redemption purchased Spiritus redemptionem per Chriby Christ ?

stum acquisitam ? Ans. The Spirit applieth to us the Resp. Spiritus nobis applicat reredemption purchased by Christ, demptionem per Christum acquisiby working faith in us, and there- tam fidem in nobis efficiendo, ac per by uniting us to Christ in our ef- eandem nos Christo in vocatione fectual calling

nostra efficaci uniendo. Ques. 31. What is effectual call- Quæs. Quid est vocatio efficax ?

ing ?

Ans. Effectual calling is the Resp. Vocatio efficax est Spiritus work of God's Spirit, whereby, Dei opus, quo nos peccati ac miconvincing us of our sin and mis- serice nostræ arguens, mentes noery, enlightening our minds in the stras cognitione Christi illuminans, knowledge of Christ, and renew- voluntates nostras renovans, proring our wills, he doth persuade sus nobis persuadet, et vires suffiand enable us to embrace Jesus cit, ut Jesum Christum amplectaChrist, freely offered to us in the mur, gratuito nobis oblatum in gospel.

Evangelio. Ques. 32. What benefits do they Quæs. Quænam beneficia in hac that are effectually called partake vita consequuntur ii qui sunt vocati of in this life?

efficaciter ? Ans. They that are effectually Resp. Qui vocati sunt efficaciter, called do in this life partake of jus- justificationem, adoptionem, et sanctification, adoption, sanctification, tificationem in hac vita consequuntur, and the several benefits which, in una cum omnibus iis beneficiis quæthis life, do either accompany or cunque solent in hac vita comitari flow from them.

illas, aut ab iisdem promanare. Ques. 33. What is justification ? Quæs. Quid est justificatio?

Ans. Justification is an act of Resp. Justificatio est actus graGod's free grace, wherein he par- tice Dei gratuitæ, quo peccata nobis doneth all our sins, and accepteth condonat omnia, nosque tanquam juus as righteous in his sight, only stos in conspectu suo acceptat, propfor the righteousness of Christ im- ter solam Christi justitiam nobis imputed to us, and received by faith putatam, per fidem tantum apprealone.

hensam. Ques. 34. What is adoption ? Quæs. Quid est adoptio ?

Ans. Adoption is an act of God's Resp. Adoptio est actus gratiæ free grace, whereby we are received Dei gratuita, quo in numerum reinto the number, and have a right to cipimur ac jus obtinemus ad omnia all the privileges, of the sons of God. privilegia filiorum Dei.

Ques. 35. What is sanctification ? Quæs. Quid est sanctificatio ?

Ans. Sanctification is the work Resp. Sanctificatio est opus graof God's free grace, whereby we tia Dei gratuitæ, quo in toto homine are renewed in the whole man after secundum imaginem Dei renovamur, the image of God, and are enabled et potentes efficimur, qui magis in more and inore to die unto sin, and dies magisque peccato quidem morilive unto righteousness.

amur, justitiæ autem vivamus. Ques. 36. What are the benefits Quæs. Quænam sunt illa beneficia which in this life do accompany or quæ justificationem, adoptionem et flow from justification, adoption, sanctificationem in hac vita vel coand sanctification 1

mitantur, vel ab eis promanant ? Ans. The benefits which in this Resp. Quæ justificationem, adoptilife do accompany or flow from onem et sanctificationem in hac vita justification, adoption, and sanctifi- vel comitantur vel ab eis promanant cation, are, assurance of God's love, beneficia, sunt certitudo amoris Dei,

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