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when, according to the sentence after, to be so, by quotations from then pronounced, saints will enter acknowledged Hopkinsian divines. on a state of perfect, and endless The Divine Inspiration of the Sahappiness, and sinners on a state

cred Scriptures. of complete and endless misery. Though but few, who receive

Bat while the Orthodox might the Scriptures as the word of God, all assent to a creed, couched in will deny their plenary inspiration; such general terms, they would yet, respecting the nature of that differ much in their modes of ex- inspiration, there is a diversity of plaining it, and making deductions opinions. Some suppose, that the from it.

Holy Spirit merely superini ended I shall now attempt to exhibit the sacred penmen, so as to prethe views of some of the leading vent their making mistakes. Othpoints above mentioned, which may ers suppose, that Divine inspirabe considered as, in a great meas tion consisted, principally, in eleure, peculiar to Hopkinsians: in vating and strengthening the natudoing which, for the sake of method | ral powers and faculties of the and brevity, I will class them un. sacred writers. But, Hopkinsians der the following general headsm hold, that, in writing the ScripThe Divine inspiration of the sa- tures, not only the truths exprescred scriptures---The peculiar sed, but the very words in which Mode of the Divine Existence-- they are clothed, were suggested, The Character and Works of God or dictated to the inspired pen- The free, moral agency of man men, by the Holy Spirit. This The native character and condi-only, can, with truth and propriety, tion of mankind-- The Character be called Divine inspiration; since and Work of the Redeemer-The a mere superintendency, or even Terms of the Gospel – The Work the highest elevation, has nothing. of the Holy Spirit in Regeneration in it of a miraculous nature, and and Sanctification—The present is not different in kind, if in deJustification and future Reward of gree, from the common influences true Believers.

of the Spirit, and cannot, thereUpon these subjects, in their or- fore, impart Divine authority to der, it is proposed, concisely, to the sacred writings, any more, state the sentiments of Hopkins- than to the works of any wise and ians, with a few of the reasons good man. As it will not be deadduced to support them. In such nied, that God was able to suggest a brief sketch, as the limits of to the several writers, whatever these essays will admit, it is not they wrote; so it was necessary thought necessary to mention the that he should suggest the whole; particular Authors, and the pages that they might always be conscious of their works, in which the senti- of a Divine inspiration, and might ments stated, may be found. It be able to say, as they do, that will be sufficient to refer, general- they were moved by the Holy Ghost ly, to the works of Dr. Bellamy, -that they received what they President Edwards, Dr. Hopkins, wrote by the revelation of Jesus Dr. Edwards, Dr. Stephen West, Christ-and that they expressed Dr. Emmons; and to the Essays themselves in the words which the in the Theological and Mass. Miss. Holy Ghost teacheth.' Magazines. Should it be thought, The peculiar Mode of the Divine however, that any thing advanced,

Existence. is not strictly Hopkinsiar; it may, All, who make pretensions to when pointed out, be shown, here- 1 orthodoxy, admit, that the mode


of the Divine Existence, is pecul- | are One God, the same in sub iar and mysterious; and that it is stance, and equal in Power and such, as to render it proper to ap- Glory.” This is a doctrine, no ply to God, the distinct names of discoverable by reason, or the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. But light of nature: but it is a doctrine they differ respecting the kind of clearly taught in Divine revelation, distinction in the Godhead, which in which the Father, Word and these names import, and, conse- Holy Spirit are represented as havquently, respecting the seat of the ing distinct volitions, as performmystery, which the doctrine of the ing separate parts in the work of Trinity involves. Some suppose, redemption, and as speaking to that the distinction, in the mode of and of each other, as distinct perthe Divine Existence, is inexpli- sons; while, to each of them, Dicable; and in this distinction, there- vine names, attributes and works fore, they place the mystery of the are ascribed; and, at the same sacred Trinity. Others suppose, time, it is uniformly asserted, that that the distinction in the Godhead, there is but One Gou. This docîis that of attributes and offices trine, so plainly and fully taught merely-that the Father denotes in the Scriptures, is above, but not the attribute of understanding, or contrary to reason; as it neither the office of lawgiver and sover- | implies, that three persons are one eign-that the Son denotes the person, or that three Gods are one attribute of wisdom, or the office God; but only, that there is One of communicating light and truth God in Three Persons. There is and that the Holy Ghost denotes nothing mysterious in the distinethe attribute of .wer, or the office tion of Persons in the Godhead: of creating and of upholding and the mystery lies in the union of moving the creatures and things Three Persons in One God. This that are made. Whether divines is, indeed, a profound mystery: of this class, suppose, that there is and what is more reasonable, than any mystery in the Trinity; or, if to suppose, that the uncreated and so, where they think it lies, I am eternal Being should have someunable to say:

thing, in the mode of his existence, In opposition to the above no- incomprehensible; or that creattions of the mode of the Divine ures cannot, óby searching, find Existence, Hopkinsians hold, that out God?' But, though the docthere is a distinction of Persons trine of the Trinity is mysterious, in the Godhead. They agree with ! yet it is not unintelligible: it may the Assembly of Divines, that be stated and understood, and, * there are ihree Persons in the therefore, as rationally believed, Godhead, the Father, the Son, and as any other doctrine taught in the the Holy Ghost; and these Three sacred volume.


Religious Intelligence.

The Translations of the Bible by moir on the Translations. The the English Baptist Missionaries, New Testament is published in have been very extensive. twenty of the languages of India. The London Missionary Register 1 of the Bengalce, the 6th edition for November, just received, con- is in the press. 2 of the Hindee, tains an abstract of their 9th me. the ed in press. 3 of the Sanscrit,

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e in press. 4 of the Orissa, 2d in 1600 to 3000 copies, was upwards press. 5 of the Mahratta, 2d in of 15,000 dols. "The Missionaries press. Of the 15 following, one gratefully acknowledge the pecunedition of each is published: Te iary aid which has been afforded laghi, Sikh, Gujuratee, Kunkun, them by the munificence of the Kurnata, Pushtoo or Affgan, As- British and Foreign Bible Society. samee, Wuch or Mooltanee, Bick

Christ. Watch. 3 adeer, Kashmeer, Bhugulkhund,

Marwar, Nepalee, Harotee, and Slavery. In 1820 the slave populaKanoje. A second edition of the tion of the country was 1,500,000.

Gospels, is also published in the Their annual increase is estimat** Chinese. Ten other versions of the ed at 35,000. Their number dou

New Testament in other languages bles in less than 20 years. Things of India, are also in press, and now remaining as they now are, in 1840 Dearly completed. None of these we shall have 3,000,000 of slaves,

have been hurried through the -in 1860, 6,000,000_and in 1880, w press; but much care has been tak- | 12,000,000-a nation of slaves,

es that they should be both cor- larger by 4,000,000, than the whole

rectly translated and printed.- present" white population of the : Seven years have been the shortest United States. " What a state of

period occupied in translating and things will this be! printing. The Missionaries re

Christ. Spect. { mark respecting the happy tendenricy of the circulation of the scrip Colleges.—It is stated in the

tures in these versions, that no Christian Almanack, that “there translation has ever yet been pub-are in all 51 incorporated Colleges lished in any country, however in the United States. In our Thestall the number of its inhabitants, ological Seminaries are more than which did not make numbers wise 550 pious Students: in our Colunto salvation. On twenty of the leges, more than 700: and more versions which have been wholly | than 200 in our Academies." or in part executed, the testimo “ In the various Colleges of our nies of learned natives have been country, there are about 3000 stuobtained, and are published with dents

, of these, between 7 and the versions. In all cases the ap- 800 are hopefully pious. The proprobation is explicit; and in nearly portion of pious students, is much all it is declared, the several ver- greater than it has usually been, sions will be universally intelligi. since the establishment of our Colble to the people for whom they leges; and affords just ground of

encouragement to those who weep The memoir further states, that over the desolations of Zion. And after sixteen years of unremitting yet, if we allow to the unsanctified labour, the Missionaries are ena

man an equal influence in society bled, through the good hand of God with that of the true Christian upon them to redeem their pledge and in a wicked world it is likely to the Christian public, by pre- to be much greater, unless pre

senting them with a Chinese Bi- vented by intinite goodness--the Tre BLE complete. It is printed on balance is altogether against the

snoveable metallic types. Parts i cause of religion. Is there, then, of the New Testament had been no need of the 6 effectual fervent previously printed in the Chinese prayer of the righteous man,” in manner, on wood blocks. The behalf of our Colleges?" expense of this edition of from


are designed.

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Religious Periodical Publications. receipts amount to somewhat less -In the United States, there are than one million of dollars. published, monthly, about 21 reli In the United States, there are gious Magazines ; and weekly, ten Domestick Missionary Socieabout 22 religious Newspapers. ties, all instituted since the year

1798, whose annual receipts, pro Missionary and Education Soci- bably, fall short of 20,000 dollars. eties. There


in the Christian The number of Education Socia world, thirteen principal Foreign eties in the United States, is 12, Missionay Societies, whose annual | all instituted since the year 1810.

ORDINATIONS AND INSTALLATIONS. 1824. February 4th. Ordained at Back | Congregational Church and Society in land, Mags. over the Congregational Williamstown, Ver. Rev. JOEL Davis. Church and Society in that place, Rev. Sermon by Rev. John Lawton, of Hills. BENJAMIN F. CLARKE. Sernion by Rev. borough, N. H. from Acts xxx. 24. Charles Jenkins, from II. Cor. ii. 16. 1824. March 10th. Installed associate

1824. February 4th. Ordained, Rev. Pastor of the Congregational Church in Ruros AUSTIN POTNAM, 'over the Church Northampton, Mass. the Rey, MARK in Fitchburg, in connexion with the Cal TUCKER. vinistick Society in that place. Sermon Installed Pastor of the Congregational by Rev. John M. Putnam, from I. Thess. Church in South-Hadley, the Rev. ARii. 4.'

TEMAS BOYES. Sermon by Rev. Mr. Os. 1824. February 25th. Ordained over good, of Springfield. the Congregational Church and Society 1824. March 24th. Ordained as Pastor in Ashburnham, the Rev. GEORGE PER of the First Congregational Church in KINS. Sermon by Rev. John Sabin, of Salsbury, N. M. Rev. ABIJAH Cross. Ser Fitzwilliam.

mon by Rev. Mr. Parker, of London. 1824. March 4th, Installed over the I derry, from I. Corin. ii. 3.

THE GABBATH MORN. But on the sacred altar laid,
By J. W. Cunningham.

The fire descends and dries them all. Dear is the hallow'd morn to me,

Then when the world, with iron bands, When village bells awake the day,

Had bound me in her six-days' chain, And by their sacred minstrelsy, Call me from earthly cares away.

Didst burst them, like the strong man's

bands, And dear to me the winged hour,

And let my spirit loose again.
Spent in thy hallow'd courts, O Lord,
To feel devotion's soothing power,

Then dear to me the Sabbath Morn,
And catch the manna of thy word.

The village bells, the Shepherd's voice :

These oft have found my heart forlorn, Dear is the simple melody,

And always bade that heart rejoice.
Sung with the pomp of rustic art,
That boly, heavenly harmony,

Go, man of pleasure, strike thy lyre,

Of broken Sabbaths sing the charms; The musick of a thankful heart.

Ours be the Prophet's car of fire,

That bears us to a Father's arms.
Io secret I have often pray'd,
And still the anxious tears would fall ;

TO CORRESPONDENTS. PHLO-Hopkinstan is received, and will, probably, appear in our next. The Ex position of Betu will be inserted. The ad No. of MORALIS on the Sabbath is omitted, this month, for wast of room. Those, who send original cominunications for the Magazine, are requested to annex Signatures to them.

Brratum.--In our last number, page 55, 3d line from the top, for Sabbath, reati Retreath



Vol. 1.]

MAY, 1824.

[No. 5.


no excuse.

Divine purposes.

any other; I shall make it the ob

ject of the following essay to prove, The Divine Decrees afford no ex that the decrees of God afford no cuse for the wicked conduct of excuse for the wicked conduct of mankind.

mankind. In pursuing the subIt is a remarkable fact, thatject, I shall endeavour to show, mankind are ever ready to excuse

I. That God has decreed the themselves for their wicked con wicked conduct of mankind, and, duct. For this purpose, they re

II. That his decrees afford them sort to several pleas and subter

fuges. Though they naturally hate 1. I am to show, that God has t's the doctrines and duties of the Bi- decreed the wicked conduct of

ble; yet they are very willing to mankind. And, avail themselves of one or other of 1. God could not have been inthese doctrines and duties, to jus- different respecting the wicked tify them in errors both of faith conduct of mankind. To


that and practice. When they are ex God was indifferent respecting the horted to repent and embrace the wicked conduct of mankind, is the gospel, for instance, they will say same as to say that He did not care they are unable, because of the whether their wicked conduct took When the Di- place or not.

But this is highly to vine purposes are clearly stated impeach the character of God. and vindicated, they will quarrel, Are holiness and sin a matter of and reject them ; because, they indifference? Is it not derogatory say, the Divine purposes are in to the character of God, to say, consistent with their own free He did not care whether his creaagency and accountability. When tures were holy or sinful? God the free agency and accountability cannot be indifferent respecting of mankind are clearly exhibited; any action of any of his creatures. and it is plainly shown, that they we will take, for example, a sinare able, and under moral obliga- gle instance. How could God have tion to believe the doctrines and been indifferent respecting the imperform the duties of the gospel; portant event of Christ's crucifixagain they are angry, and say,

ion ? Did not God care whether This is entirely inconsistent with Christ was crucified or not? Was the purposes of God. Thus they it no concern of his, whether the alternately admit and reject the Divine Redeemer made an atonedoctrines of the Bible, as they find I ment for the remission of sins or convenient, to promote their own not? It is presumed, that no one sinful conduct. As the doctrine will entertain such a reproachful of Divine Decrees is, perhaps, as

idea of the great and eternal Jehooften wrested for this purpose as

vah. It is generally admitted, that

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