« PoprzedniaDalej »
was, “ to urge on them perpetual- / we have preached unto you, 1 ly those truths and precepts about him be accursed!" which there was little contention?" “Though the apostles were in Had they done so, possibly they vested with an extraordinary autho might not have been “ made the ity, yet you will certainly admi offscouring of all things," and been that in their love and zeal for th " exposed to deaths oft;":—but truth, and (due allowance bein have enjoyed singular prosper- made for change of circumstance ity,"
”? 6 found themselves respected in the manner of performing thei by all classes of society,” and been ministry, they are examples for a si distinguished by the eminent,” the ministers of Christ. If the and by those whom the world you and your liberal brethren hav would call “ the enlightened chosen to adopt “a general sys and the good.” But did they tem” of conduct in the ministry, al not act upon an entirely opposite together different from theirs, w
system?” Did they not preach, must entreat you not to think i 6 with much contention,” a doc- strange, if there are some who can trine which was “to the Jews a not accord to you all the praise, stumbling block, and to the Greeks which you have thought that you foolishness”-a doctrine which was deserved.” And notwithstanding s every where spoken against?" the assurance and the pathos, with Were not their epistles all of them which you make your appeal to controversial, in a greater or less your people, you must not expect degree, and some of them almost that the minds of all will be entireentirely? Did they not zealously ly relieved from the painful apprecontend for sentiments which were hension, that both you and your denied and opposed--and the more people may be under some decepzealously, in proportion as the op- tion ; or from the distressing position was more powerful and doubt, whether, at the appearing of determined ? Did they not earnest- the Lord Jesus, you will be able in ly • denounce' false doctrines and his presence to say to them, “We false teachers? warn the churches take you to record this day, that and all men against every preva- we are pure from the blood of all lent error? and with the utmost men; for we have not shunned to de· solemnity say, “If we, or an an clare unto you all the counsel of gel from Heaven preach any other God." gospel unto you, than that which [Remainder of this No. in our next.]
SWEDENBORGIANISM. en, it is of the utmost importance MR. EDITOR,
that it be spread; if it be the work As there are now at least a doz- of man, it ought to be discouraged. en societies of Swedenborgians in That a person of talents may now our country, and as great exertions and then profess to believe it, is are making to propagate their te no argument in its favour. Every nets, I have thought it desirable system of religion has been upheld that the public should have a clear more or less by talents. How men view of this system of religion, of learning and sound judgment in before they are called upon to em- other respects, can pretend to bebrace it. This system occupies no lieve in the greatest absurdities middle ground. If it be from heav- I that were ever invented, I pretend
not to explain. That no system impetuous and headstrong in his is so absurd as to want followers, feelings, ardent in his pursuits, is a fact, which I leave to be ac and probably honest in his profescounted for by others. So long as sions. His diligence was aston- the heart governs the understand - ishing. Besides many works coning,” talents and learning are no nected with the sciences, he has shield against error. Great and left more than 30 octavo volumes, powerful minds, like the most har- | besides many of a smaller size, ali dened and polished steel, are liable of which are filled with revelations to be sullied and tarnished. I or explanations of that system of propose to give your readers as religion, of which he was the founclear and candid a view of this der. All these were written after “ new dispensation,” can be he was 54 years of age. To the drawn from the works of its foun- contents of these works, the readder, pledging myself to assert er is soon to be introduced. Swenothing for which I cannot show denborg died at London in 1772, authority. *
aged 84. During his life, his folEmmanuel Swedenborg, whose lowers were very few. His works writings I am now about to exam were published at his own expense, ine, was born at Stockholm, in and little noticed. It is here to 1689. We know little respecting be observed, that both he and his his childhood and youth, except followers claim that all his writings that he appears to have been well are “inspired by God;" that “he educated by his father, who was a is the new star in the Northern bishop in the Lutheran church at hemisphere, to guide and comfort Westrogothia. At the age of 21, the bewildered traveller on his he travelled over the greater part way to Bethlehem,” and that his of the continent of Europe, at which 6 New dispensation is the last and time he seems to have faithfully most magnificent of all." studied human nature. At 27, he Before attempting to analyze was appointed Assessor of a Me- the system of Swedenborg, I shall tallic college, by Charles XII. permit him to give his own acKing of Sweden, and received the count of his first vision, which took title of Baron three years after place in 1743. “I dined very In his 45th year, he published his late at my lodgings at London, and "Regnum Minerale, in three folio ate with great appetite, till at the volumes, and soon after, treatises close of my repast, I perceived a on Tides and Planets. He was a kind of mist about my eyes, and man of great learning for his day, the floor of my chamber was covand possessed natural talents of ered with hideous reptiles. They the highest order. Before publish-soon disappeared, and the darkness ing his system of religion, he was was dissipated, and I saw clearly extensively known in Europe, and in the midst of a brilliant light, a had gained an enviable reputation. man seated in the corner of the He possessed a vigorous mind, a chamber, who said to me in a terbold and daring imagination, was rible voice, Eat not so much. At • The principal authorities consulted scured; afterwards it became clear
those words my sight became obon this subject, are Arcana Cælestia, 12 yolg.–True Christian Religion, 2 vols.
by degrees, and I found myself Heaven and Hell Hindmarsh—North alone. The night following, the Amer. Review-Remarks upon the writ. same man, radiant with light, apings of Swedenborg --Buck--New Jeru. peared to me and said, "I am salem Miss. &C.
God, the Lord, Creator and Re
deemer; I have chosen you to un From this world of spirits, the fold to men the internal and spirit- soul, if prepared, is introduced inual sense of the sacred writings, to heaven. Here we find every and will dictate to you what you thing almost precisely as it is on are to write.” At that time I was earth. There are three distinct not terrified, and the light, though heavens, the inhabitants of which very brilliant, made no unpleasant are not permitted to hold any comimpression upon my eyes. The munion with each other, though Lord was clothed with purple, and Swedenborg was allowed even this the vision lasted a quarter of an privilege. The angels are divided hour. That same night, the eyes into innumerable societies, and of my internal man were opened, seem to continue in their respecand fitted to see things in the world tive places, with little or slow imof spirits, and in hell, in which provement. “That the universal places I found many persons of heaven resembles the human form, mine acquaintance, some of them is a secret hitherto unknown in long since, and others lately de- this world;" but it is even so,
though we can get no idea of the From the time that he thus saw proposition.
ngels are the personal appearance of God, human forms of men,” says Sweto the day of his death, Sweden- denborg, “ I have seen a thousand borg enjoyed uninterrupted inter- times, and have conversed with course with the world of spirits. them, as one man with anotherHe informs us that he conversed nor did I ever see any thing that with angels on many subjects, “at differed from the human form." least a thousand times.”
He informs us that there is a real lates the most ludicrous ideas and sun and moon in heaven, though stories with such a wonderful de: they are both spiritual. This idea gree of gravity, that the reader of is highly poetical, but not original: his works often finds it difficult to the heathen poet expresses it more keep his risible muscles under pro-clear and elegant: per discipline. I am first to give a
- solemque suum, et sua sidera norunt.' faint picture of heaven and hell, as drawn by our author in a large There is also heat, light and darkvolume, and of which he most sol ness in heaven; and one is almost emnly assures us on his dying bed, i tempted to set Milton down as a “ every word is true.”
Swedenborgian, botwithstanding At death, then, the soul does he lived some time before Swedennot immediately go either to heav-borg. en er hell, as the scriptures teach
• There is a care us, but to a world of spirits, situat Within the mount of God, fast by the ed exactly between. This 6 valley tbrone, of spirits,” has heaven above it, where light and darkness in perpetual and hell beneath it; but it is so
round well guarded by rocks, mountains, Lodge and dislodge by turns, which
wakes thro' beaven &c. that the spirits cannot escape. Grateful vieissitude, like day and night." They remain here, some for days, some for weeks, or even for years, There are four cardinal points though none are allowed to remain in heaven, corresponding to ours; longer than thirty years. Whether and what is remarkable, the angels this valley becomes full, or why are never permitted to turn their they are not permitted to remain faces from the east.
How they longer, we are not informed. are comfortable or happy in this
eternal position, it is difficult to from thence.” To many it may conceive. The angels are clad in be new to learn, that there never real garments, which our author was such a being as satan or the saw and handled times without devil; that there never was any number. They have houses, gar- order of spirits superior to man; dens, walks, groves, &c. like our- and that
every inhabitant of heaven selves. They have temples and and hell originally came from this social worship, though to what de- world; but Swedenborg says it is nomination they belong we are not It may also be new, to learn told. Swedenborg frequently at that there is never to be any restended their meetings, and even urrection, except what takes place assisted in conducting them.- at death, when a spiritual body is ** That I might be an eye witness taken oat of our natural bodies; to the manner of their assemblies that there is never to be a day of in their temples, I have been in- judgment, except what took place Julged with permission to enter in 1757, which was the second and them, and hear the preaching: - last judgment;" but Swedenborg The preacher stands in a pulpit on says these truths were all thus rethe east side; before him sit those vealed to him. Just one third part who are most eminent for wisdom, of the inhabitants of heaven are and on either band the inferior. infants, who are cducated with They sit in something of a circular great care by females appointed for form, so that all can see the face that purpose. The rich and poor of the preacher; but no one is to retain their respective characters be out of his sight, no one is allow in the other world. The lot of the ed to stand behind the pulpit; for rich, when transplanted to heaven, Should one do so, it would confuse is that of being in a condition of the preacher, as would be the case greater splendour than others:should any one dissent from his some of them dwell in stately paldoctrine." The power of angels aces, richly furnished and ornais described as very great over mented as with gold and silver, matter. “ I have seen mountains together with abundance of all that had been occupied by evil things ministering to the delight spirits, cast down and overturned, of life. Our Saviour declares that or shaken from top to bottom, as there is “ neither marriage nor by an earthquake; rocks also rent giving in marriage” in heaven; asunder to their very foundations, but Swedenborg, in a long and and the evil spirits upon them, dismal chapter on this subject, swallowed up." The angels all says there are marriages in heavspeak one language, which, as our author so readily understood it, is The description which he gives probably Swedish. Writings are of hell resembles that of heaven. numerous among the angels, though He says there are three hells, corthey seem to be applied to no use. responding to the three heavens ; These are probably Hebrew. “On that there are the same number of a certain tíme a little paper was societies; that there is an exact sent me from heaven, on which equilibrium between heaven and were written some words in He- hell, to prevent the freedom of brew characters, and it has told man from being destroyed by the me that every letter contained over balancing of good or evil; some secrets of wisdom, nay the that all the inhabitants of hell are very flexures and curvatures of the of one race; and that as all heaven letters, and the sounding them resembled one man, so all hell
resembles one devil. These three , properly represented to consist iu hells are described as under huge unrestrained passions. But fī this, mountains, hills and rocks; as we find the inhabitants representdark and dismal, though here and ed as suffering from heat, cold, there lighted up with burning coals. hunger, as being beaten, driven Some of the dwellings of the suf- into narrow and filthy places, &c. ferers, are described as resembling in a manner that almost wholly dens of wild beasts, some as full destroys that awe and dread with of fire, some as ruined cottages, which this subject is surrounded towns and streets; others are like by the language of the New Testadeserts, caves and gloomy woods. ment. The punishment of hell is very
[To be continued.)
FOR TRE HOPKISSIAX MAGAZINE.
It is presumed, that, with a few ESSAYS UPON HOPKIYSIANISM.
exceptions, the orthodox, whether No. IV.
they choose to be called HopkinSKETCH OF HOPKINSIAN SENTIMENTS.
sians or Calvinists, will all assent Having traced the origin of the to the following propositions: that epithet Hopkinsian, and shown its there is One only living and true propriety and utility, I now come, God, the Maker, Possessor and agreeably to the plan proposed in Governour of the world—that the my first essay, to draw the outlines Scriptures of the Old and New of*the system, properly denominat- Testaments, were written by Died Hopkinsian. A brief sketch is vine inspiration--that, in the Unity all that can be reasonably expect of the Godhead, there is a Trinity ed; since, to exhibit a Hopkinsian of Father, Son and Holy Ghostconfession of faith, in all its rami- that the purposes and providence fications, would be a greater task, of God, are universal—that manthan the writer was willing to im- kind are free, moral agents, acpose upon himself, and would oc countable to God for their concupy more room in the Magazine, duct--that men, by nature, are than the Editor would, probably, depraved, guilty, lost creatures be able to spare. In the brief that Jesus Christ is truly God, and, sketch proposed, it will be a lead-by his submission to death, made a ing object, to present a discriminat-proper atonement for the sins of ing view of Hopkinsian tenets, or men--that salvation is sincerely to point out the difference between offered to men in the Gospel, upon them, and the tenets of others, the condition of repentance and who are called Orthodox, and par faith--that, in order to repent and ticularly of such, as lay an exclu- believe in Christ, men must be give claim to Calvinism.
regenerated by the special operaRespecting many of the funda- tion of the Holy Spirit--that those, mental doctrines of revealed re whoin the Holy Spirit regenerates ligion, the Orthodox, in general, in time, were given to Christ in of every name, express their belief eternity, or chosen to salvation in nearly the same terms: the dif- from the beginning—that all true ference between them, consists in believers will be preserved from the sense, in which they use those final apostacy--that the bodies of terms, and the inferences, which men will be raised to life, at the they deduce from the ideas, under- last day; when Christ will judge stood to be expressed hy them. ! the world in righteousness; and